Étiquette : politique sanitaire

An update on cannabis use disorder with comment on the impact of policy related to therapeutic and recreational cannabis use, Alan J. Budney et al., 2019

An update on cannabis use disorder with comment on the impact of policy related to therapeutic and recreational cannabis use Alan J. Budney,· Michael J. Sofis,· Jacob T. Borodovsky European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, 2019 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00406-018-0976-1 © Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019   Abstract : Confusion and controversy related to the potential for cannabis use to cause harm, or alternatively to provide benefit, continues globally. This issue has grown in intensity and importance with the increased recognition of the public health implications related to the escalation of the legalization of cannabis and cannabinoid products. This selective overview and commentary attempt to succinctly [...]

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Self-reported cannabis use characteristics, patterns and helpfulness among medical cannabis users, 2014

Self-reported cannabis use characteristics, patterns and helpfulness among medical cannabis users M.O. Bonn-Miller, M.T. Boden, M.M. Bucossi, K.A. Babson The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 2014, 40, (1), 23-30. doi : 10.3109/00952990.2013.821477.   OBJECTIVES Little research has investigated the demographic and symptom profile of medical cannabis users in states in the USA that have legalized cannabis use. METHODS In the present cross-sectional study, we investigated the demographic profile of 217 adults currently receiving medical cannabis, as well as differences in problematic use and perceived helpfulness in terms of (i) symptoms of psychological disorders and pain, and (ii) motives for use. RESULTS Findings indicated that medical cannabis users (i) [...]

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Drugs, Religion, and Cultural Heritage : An Analysis of the Public Policies Regarding the Use of Ayahuasca in Brazil, Henrique Fernandes Antunes, 2018

Drugs, Religion, and Cultural Heritage : An Analysis of the Public Policies Regarding the Use of Ayahuasca in Brazil Henrique Fernandes Antunes The International Journal of Religion and Spirituality in Society, 2018, Volume #, Issue #, http://doi.org/######################   Abstract : In 1985, ayahuasca was banned for a short period of time by the Federal Council of Drugs (CONFEN). After more than two decades of debates and public policies, the Brazilian government consolidated the regulation of ayahuasca consumption for religious purposes and recognized ayahuasca groups as legitimate religions and part of the cultural heritage of the Amazon region. The aim of this work is to demonstrate that [...]

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Ayahuasca, Psychedelic Studies and Health Sciences: The Politics of Knowledge and Inquiry into an Amazonian Plant Brew, Kenneth W. Tupper and Beatriz C. Labate, 2014

Ayahuasca, Psychedelic Studies and Health Sciences: The Politics of Knowledge and Inquiry into an Amazonian Plant Brew Kenneth W. Tupper, and Beatriz C. Labate Current Drug Abuse Reviews, 2014, 7, 71-80   Abstract : This article offers critical sociological and philosophical reflections on ayahuasca and other psychedelics as objects of research in medicine, health and human sciences. It situates 21st century scientific inquiry on ayahuasca in the broader context of how early modern European social trends and intellectual pursuits translated into new forms of empiricism and experimental philosophy, but later evolved into a form of dogmatism that convenienced the political suppression of academic inquiry into [...]

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The moderating effect of psychedelics on the prospective relationship between prescription opioid use and suicide risk among marginalized women, Elena Argento et al., 2018

The moderating effect of psychedelics on the prospective relationship between prescription opioid use and suicide risk among marginalized women Elena Argento, Melissa Braschel, Zach Walsh, M. Eugenia Socias and Kate Shannon Journal of Psychopharmacology, 2018, 1–7 DOI : 10.1177/0269881118798610   Abstract Background/aims : Given high rates of depression and suicide among marginalized women, and increasing calls to integrate trauma-informed biomedical and community-led structural interventions, this study longitudinally examines the potential moderating effect of psychedelic use on the relationship between other illicit drug use and suicide risk. Methods : Data (2010–2017) were drawn from a community-based, prospective open cohort of marginalized women in Vancouver, Canada. Extended Cox regression [...]

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Psychedelic drug use in healthy individuals : a review of benefits, costs, and implications for drug policy, James W.B. Elsey, 2017

Psychedelic drug use in healthy individuals : a review of benefits, costs, and implications for drug policy James W.B. Elsey Drug Science, Policy and Law, 2017, Vol 3, 1-11 DOI: 10.1177/2050324517723232   Abstract The potential of psychedelic drugs in the treatment of mental health problems is increasingly being recognized. However, relatively little thrust has been given to the suggestion that individuals without any mental health problems may benefit from using psychedelic drugs, and that they may have a right to do so. This review considers contemporary research into the use of psychedelic drugs in healthy individuals, including neurobiological and subjective effects. In line with findings [...]

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LSD Psychotherapy by Stanislas GROF, 1997

LSD Psychotherapy Stanislas GROF Hunter House Ed., 1979   LIST OF CONTENTS 1. History of LSD Therapy The Discovery of LSD and its Psychedelic Effects Early Laboratory and Clinical LSD Research Therapeutic Experimentation With LSD Studies of Chemotherapeutic Properties of LSD LSD-Assisted Psychotherapy The Need for a Comprehensive Theory of LSD Therapy 2. Critical Variables in LSD Therapy Pharmacological Effects of LSD Personality of the Subject Personality of the Therapist or Guide Set and Setting of the Sessions 3. Psycholytic and Psychedelic Therapies with LSD : Towards an Integration of Approaches The Search for an Effective Technique of LSD Psychotherapy Advantages and Drawbacks of the Psycholytic Approach Pros and Cons of Psychedelic Therapy 4. Principles of LSD Psychotherapy The Preparation Period Psychedelic Sessions Integration [...]

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Ayahuasca and Public Health: Health Status, Psychosocial Well-Being, Lifestyle, and Coping Strategies in a Large Sample of Ritual Ayahuasca Users, Genís Ona et al., 2019

Ayahuasca and Public Health : Health Status, Psychosocial Well-Being, Lifestyle, and Coping Strategies in a Large Sample of Ritual Ayahuasca Users Genís Ona, Maja Kohek, Tomàs Massaguer, Alfred Gomariz, Daniel F. Jiménez, Rafael G. Dos Santos, Jaime E. C. Hallak, Miguel Ángel Alcázar- Córcoles & José Carlos Bouso Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, 2019, DOI: 10.1080/02791072.2019.1567961   ABSTRACT Assessing the health status of ayahuasca users has been challenging due to the limitations involved in randomized clinical trials and psychometric approaches. The main objective of this study is the implementation of an approach based on public health indicators. We developed a self-administered questionnaire that was administered to long-term [...]

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Harm potential of magic mushroom use : A review, Jan van Amsterdam et al., 2011

Harm potential of magic mushroom use : A review Jan van AMSTERDAM, Antoon OPPERTHUIZEN, Wim van den BRINK Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology, 2011, 59, 423-429. Doi : 10.1016/j.yrtph.2011.01.006   Abstract In 2007, the Minister of Health of the Netherlands requested the CAM (Coordination point Assessment and Monitoring new drugs) to assess the overall risk of magic mushrooms. The present paper is an updated redraft of the review, written to support the assessment by CAM experts. It summarizes the literature on physical or psychological dependence, acute and chronic toxicity, risk for public health and criminal aspects related to the consumption of magic mushrooms. In the Netherlands, the [...]

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Medical Use of Cannabis in 2019, Kevin P. Hill, 2019

Medical Use of Cannabis in 2019 Kevin P. Hill, MD, MHS JAMA, Published online August 9, 2019 doi:10.1001/jama.2019.11868   Nearly 10% of cannabis users in the United States report using it for medicinal purposes.1 As of August 2019, 33 states and the District of Columbia have initiated policies allowing the use of cannabis or cannabinoids for the management of specific medical conditions. Yet, the federal government still classifies cannabis as illegal, complicating its medical use and research into its effectiveness as a treatment for the various conditions purported to benefit from cannabis pharmacotherapy. Because of this conflict and restrictions on cannabis research, evidence of the [...]

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