Étiquette : safety

Ketamine Promising in Cocaine Addiction, Batya Swift Yasgur, 2019

Ketamine Promising in Cocaine Addiction Batya Swift Yasgur, MA, LSW Medscape.com, July 05, 2019 https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/915260_print   A single ketamine infusion combined with mindfulness-based relapse prevention therapy (MBRP) improves abstinence and cuts cravings in cocaine-dependent adults, new research suggests. Results of a randomized control trial show that rates of abstinence were significiantly higher in patients who received ketamine plus MBRP compared to control patients. Moreover, those in the group that received ketamine were significantly less likely to experience relapse compared to control persons, and cravings were also significantly lower in the ketamine group throughout the trial. "In individuals receiving MBRP, a single ketamine infusion led to significantly greater odds [...]

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The Psychiatric Consequences of Cannabinoids, Joao P. De Aquino et al., 2018

The Psychiatric Consequences of Cannabinoids Joao P. De Aquino, Mohamed Sherif, Rajiv Radhakrishnan, John D. Cahill, Mohini Ranganathan and Deepak C. D’Souza Clinical Therapeutics, 2018, 40, (9), 14481456 Doi : 10.1016/j.clinthera.2018.03.013   ABSTRACT With rising rates of cannabis use in the general population and an increasing number of US states legalizing both recreational and medical cannabis use, it is important to be informed about the adverse consequences of cannabinoids. This Commentary provides an overview of the psychiatric effects of plant-based and synthetic cannabinoids, differentiating acute effects from effects associated with persistent use. Cannabinoids produce multiphasic and dose dependent effects on anxiety, mood, and perception, in addition [...]

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The epidemiology of 5-Methoxy-N,N-Dimethyltryptamine (5-MeO-DMT) use: Benefits, consequences, patterns of use, subjective effects, and reasons for consumption, Alan K. Davis et al., 2018

The epidemiology of 5-Methoxy-N,N-Dimethyltryptamine (5-MeO-DMT) use: Benefits, consequences, patterns of use, subjective effects, and reasons for consumption Alan K. Davis, Joseph P. Barsuglia, Rafael Lancelotta, Robert M. Grant, and Elise Renn Journal of Psychopharmacology, 2018, 32, (7), 779–792. doi : 10.1177/0269881118769063   Abstract Background/Aim : 5-Methoxy-N,N-Dimethyltryptamine (5-MeO-DMT) is a psychoactive compound found in several plants and in high concentrations in Bufo alvarius toad venom. Synthetic, Toad, and Plant-sourced 5-MeO-DMT are used for spiritual and recreational purposes and may have psychotherapeutic effects. However, the use of 5-MeO-DMT is not well understood. Therefore, we examined patterns of use, motivations for consumption, subjective effects, and potential benefits and consequences [...]

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Species-specific susceptibility to cannabisinduced convulsions, Benjamin J Whalley et al., 2018

Species-specific susceptibility to cannabis-induced convulsions Benjamin J Whalley, Hong Lin, Lynne Bell, Thomas Hill, Amesha Patel, Roy A Gray, C Elizabeth Roberts, Orrin Devinsky, Michael Bazelot, Claire M Williams and Gary J Stephens British Journal of Pharmacology, 2018, 1-18. Doi : 10.1111/bph.14165   BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Numerous claims are made for cannabis’ therapeutic utility upon human seizures, but concerns persist about risks. A potential confounder is the presence of both Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), variously reported to be pro- and anticonvulsant, and cannabidiol (CBD), widely confirmed as anticonvulsant. Therefore, we investigated effects of prolonged exposure to different THC/CBD cannabis extracts on seizure activity and associated measures of endocannabinoid [...]

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Cannabinoids in Pain Management and Palliative Medicine, Winfried Häuser et al., 2017

Cannabinoids in Pain Management and Palliative Medicine An Overview of Systematic Reviews and Prospective Observational Studies Winfried Häuser, Mary-Ann Fitzcharles, Lukas Radbruch, Frank Petzke The Deutsches Ärzteblatt International,  2017, 114, 627–634. Doi : 10.3238/arztebl.2017.0627   SUMMARY Background : There are conflicting interpretations of the evidence regarding the efficacy, tolerability, and safety of cannabinoids in pain management and palliative medicine. Methods : We conducted a systematic review (SR) of systematic reviews of randomized controlled trials (RCT) and prospective long-term observational studies of the use of cannabinoids in pain management and palliative medicine. Pertinent publications from January 2009 to January 2017 were retrieved by a selective search in the Cochrane [...]

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Neurocognitive Consequences of Chronic CannabisUse : A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis, Pedro Rafael Figueiredo et al., 2019

Neurocognitive Consequences of Chronic CannabisUse : A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Pedro Rafael Figueiredo, Serenella Tolomeo, J. Douglas Steele, Alexander Baldacchino Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 2019 Doi : 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2019.10.014   "Une méta-analyse échoue à mettre en évidence une "toxicité" de l'usage du cannabis à long terme, sur les fonctions neuropsychologiques cognitives"   Highlights  A meta-analysis was conducted to assess the neuropsychological impact of cannabis.  A limited association was found between chronic cannabis use and neurocognitive deficits.  Memory and chronic cannabis smoking were linked. ABSTRACT Cannabis is currently the most used illicit substance in the world with a global widespread distribution. Although its acute neurocognitive effects on human behaviour have [...]

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Accounting for Microdosing Classic Psychedelics, Blake Beaton et al., 2019

Accounting for Microdosing Classic Psychedelics Blake Beaton, Heith Copes, Megan Webb, Andy Hochstetler, and Peter S. Hendricks Journal of Drug Issues, 2019, 1–12 Doi : 10.1177/0022042619871008   Abstract Microdosing classic psychedelics (e.g., LSD [lysergic acid diethylamide] and psilocybin) is the practice of taking small amounts of these substances to bring about various positive life changes. Little is known about the subjective experiences and perceptions of those who engage in the practice. Accordingly, we use the sociology of accounts as a theoretical framework to explore the ways that those who microdose excuse or justify their practice. Using data from semistructured interviews with 30 people who had microdosed, [...]

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Medicinal cannabis for psychiatric disorders: a clinically-focused systematic review, Jerome Sarris et al., 2020

Medicinal cannabis for psychiatric disorders: a clinically-focused systematic review Jerome Sarris, Justin Sinclair, Diana Karamacoska, Maggie Davidson and Joseph Firth BMC Psychiatry, 2020, 20, 24, 1-14. Doi : 10.1186/s12888-019-2409-8   Abstract Background : Medicinal cannabis has received increased research attention over recent years due to loosening global regulatory changes. Medicinal cannabis has been reported to have potential efficacy in reducing pain, muscle spasticity, chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting, and intractable childhood epilepsy. Yet its potential application in the field of psychiatry is lesser known. Methods : The first clinically-focused systematic review on the emerging medical application of cannabis across all major psychiatric disorders was conducted. Current evidence regarding [...]

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Psilocybin Benefits in Cancer Sustained Nearly 5 Years Later, Nancy A. Melville, 2020

Psilocybin Benefits in Cancer Sustained Nearly 5 Years Later Nancy A. Melville Medscape, January 28, 2020 Medscape Medical News © 2020 Cancer patients who were treated with a one-time, single dose of the psychedelic drug psilocybin, combined with psychotherapy, showed significant benefits on measures of emotional and existential distress nearly 5 years after receiving the therapy, new research indicates. In addition to reporting improved well-being or life satisfaction, some patients rated the treatment as being "among the most personally meaningful and spiritually significant experiences of their lives," the authors note. The study, the longest-spanning evaluation to date of the effects of psilocybin in the treatment of cancer-related psychiatric distress, was [...]

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