Étiquette : psychedelics

Book Review : The psychedelic religion of mystical consciousness, Rick Strassman, 2018

Book Review : The psychedelic religion of mystical consciousness, Rick Strassman William A. Richards Sacred Knowledge: Psychedelics and Religious Experiences Columbia University Press, New York, 2016, 244 pp. Hardback ISBN: 978-0-231-17406-0 Journal of Psychedelic Studies, 2018 Doi : 10.1556/2054.2018.003   With an extreme range of terms for psychedelic drugs – from “schizotoxic” to “entheogenic” – “psychedelic,” nonetheless remains the most salient one. These substances manifest or disclose aspects of the mind of those who take them as well as the mind of those who study them. Proponents for the innumerable terms for these drugs are all able to adduce supportive evidence. Necessarily, this evidence is a subjective experience, [...]

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Review of Sacred Knowledge : Psychedelics and Religious Experience, William A. Richards, 2016

Review of Sacred Knowledge : Psychedelics and Religious Experience William A. Richards New York, NY: Columbia University Press, 2016. 269 pp. ISBN 978-0-231-17406-0 $29.95 Reviewed by Michael J. Winkelman http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0040299   Abstract Reviews the book, Sacred knowledge: Psychedelics and religious experiences, by William A. Richards. Richards’s career of clinical research with psychedelics and professional formation in theology, comparative religion and the psychology of religion bring integrative perspectives to understanding psychedelic experiences. Clinical accounts, scientific research and his personal experiences with psychedelics enable Richards to address issues of core importance in religious studies, medicine and society in general. Clinical studies with psychedelics provide findings that contribute to assessment of [...]

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Ayahuasca, Psychedelic Studies and Health Sciences: The Politics of Knowledge and Inquiry into an Amazonian Plant Brew, Kenneth W. Tupper and Beatriz C. Labate, 2014

Ayahuasca, Psychedelic Studies and Health Sciences: The Politics of Knowledge and Inquiry into an Amazonian Plant Brew Kenneth W. Tupper, and Beatriz C. Labate Current Drug Abuse Reviews, 2014, 7, 71-80   Abstract : This article offers critical sociological and philosophical reflections on ayahuasca and other psychedelics as objects of research in medicine, health and human sciences. It situates 21st century scientific inquiry on ayahuasca in the broader context of how early modern European social trends and intellectual pursuits translated into new forms of empiricism and experimental philosophy, but later evolved into a form of dogmatism that convenienced the political suppression of academic inquiry into [...]

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Of Roots and Fruits : A Comparison of Psychedelic and Non-psychedelic Mystical Experiences, David B. Yaden et al., 2017

Of Roots and Fruits : A Comparison of Psychedelic and Non-psychedelic Mystical Experiences David B. Yaden, Khoa D. Le Nguyen, Margaret L. Kern, Alexander B. Belser, Johannes C. Eichstaedt, Jonathan Iwry, Mary E. Smith, Nancy A. Wintering, Ralph W. Hood Jr., and Andrew B. Newberg Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 2017, Vol. 57, (4), 338–353 DOI: 10.1177/0022167816674625   Abstract Experiences of profound existential or spiritual significance can be triggered reliably through psycho-pharmacological means using psychedelic substances. However, little is known about the benefits of religious, spiritual, or mystical experiences (RSMEs) prompted by psychedelic substances, as compared with those that occur through other means. In this study, 739 self-selected [...]

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2018 : A Watershed Year for Psychedelic Science ?, Jacob S. Aday et al., 2019

2018 : A Watershed Year for Psychedelic Science ? Jacob S. Aday, Christopher C. Davoli, & Emily K. Bloesch Article, ·August 2019 DOI: 10.1177/2050324519872284 Abstract While interest in the study of psychedelic drugs has increased over much of the last decade, in this article we argue that 2018 marked the true turning point for the field. Substantive advances in the scientific, public, and regulatory communities in 2018 significantly elevated the status and long-term outlook of psychedelic science, particularly in the United States. Advances in the scientific community can be attributed to impactful research applications of psychedelics as well as acknowledgement in preeminent journals. In the [...]

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Psychedelics and the new behaviourism : considering the integration of third-wave behaviour therapies with psychedelic-assisted therapy, Zach Walsh and Michelle S. Thiessen, 2018

Psychedelics and the new behaviourism : considering the integration of third-wave behaviour therapies with psychedelic-assisted therapy REVIEW ARTICLE Zach Walsh and Michelle S. Thiessen INTERNATIONAL REVIEW OF PSYCHIATRY, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1080/09540261.2018.1474088   ABSTRACT This narrative review examines evidence related to the potential for third wave behaviour therapies to serve as adjuncts to psychedelic-assisted therapy. It identifies shared theoretical foundations for both approaches, and notes enhanced mindfulness, decentering, emotion regulation, and distress tolerance as common mechanisms of action. It also identifies potential targets for which both approaches have demonstrated therapeutic potential, including problematic substance use, self-directed and other directed violence, and mood disorders. Based on these commonalities, there is [...]

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Psychedelic drugs in the treatment of anxiety, depression and addiction, Tor-Morten  KVAM et al., 2018

Psychedelic drugs in the treatment of anxiety, depression and addiction Tor-Morten  KVAM, Lowan H. STEWART, Ole A. ANDREASSEN  Tidsskrift for Den norske legeforening, 2018. Doi : 10.4045/tidsskr.17.1110   B A C K G R O U N D There is growing interest in the use of psychedelic drugs for the treatment of mental disorders. The drugs are considered safe when administered within a clinical framework. Older studies performed prior to 1970 had methodological shortcomings, but studies in recent years have shown promising results regarding the use of psychedelic drugs in unipolar depression, depression in life-threatening illness, anxiety and addiction. The aim of this literature review is [...]

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Psilocybine mindfulness training modulates self-consciousness and brain default mode network connectivity with lasting effects, SMIGIELSKI Lukasz et al., 2019

Psilocybine mindfulness training modulates self-consciousness and brain default mode network connectivity with lasting effects SMIGIELSKI Lukasz, SCHEIDEGGER Milan, KOMETER Michael, VOLLENWEIDER Franz X. NeuroImage, 2019, 196, 207-215 Doi : 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2019.04.009   A B S T R A C T Both psychedelics and meditation exert profound modulatory effects on consciousness, perception and cognition, but their combined, possibly synergistic effects on neurobiology are unknown. Accordingly, we conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study with 38 participants following a single administration of the psychedelic psilocybin (315 μg/kg p.o.) during a 5-day mindfulness retreat. Brain dynamics were quantified directly pre- and post-intervention by functional magnetic resonance imaging during the resting state and [...]

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The moderating effect of psychedelics on the prospective relationship between prescription opioid use and suicide risk among marginalized women, Elena Argento et al., 2018

The moderating effect of psychedelics on the prospective relationship between prescription opioid use and suicide risk among marginalized women Elena Argento, Melissa Braschel, Zach Walsh, M. Eugenia Socias and Kate Shannon Journal of Psychopharmacology, 2018, 1–7 DOI : 10.1177/0269881118798610   Abstract Background/aims : Given high rates of depression and suicide among marginalized women, and increasing calls to integrate trauma-informed biomedical and community-led structural interventions, this study longitudinally examines the potential moderating effect of psychedelic use on the relationship between other illicit drug use and suicide risk. Methods : Data (2010–2017) were drawn from a community-based, prospective open cohort of marginalized women in Vancouver, Canada. Extended Cox regression [...]

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Psilocybin, Lysergic Acid Diethylamide, Mescaline, and Drug-Induced Synesthesia, Berit Brogaard & Dimitria Electra Gatz, 2016

Psilocybin, Lysergic Acid Diethylamide, Mescaline, and Drug-Induced Synesthesia Berit Brogaard, Dimitria Electra Gatzia Neuropathology of Drug Addictions and Substance Misuse, 2016, Volume 2, chapter 83, 890-905. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-800212-4.00083-2 Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved   INTRODUCTION Synesthesia typically involves either the stimulation of one sensory modality giving rise to an experience in a different sensory modality (such as when a smell or taste gives rise to a color experience) or the stimulation of a single sensory modality giving rise to an unusual qualitative experience (such as when an achromatic grapheme appears colored) (Baron-Cohen, Wyke, & Binnie, 1987; Brogaard, 2012; Cytowic, 1989; Day, 2005; Rich & Mattingley, [...]

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