Catégorie : Cannabis et santé mentale

Reduction of Benzodiazepine Use in Patients Prescribed Medical Cannabis, Chad Purcell,

Reduction of Benzodiazepine Use in Patients Prescribed Medical Cannabis Chad Purcell, Andrew Davis, Nico Moolman, and S. Mark Taylor Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, 2019, Volume 4, Number 3, Doi : 10.1089/can.2018.0020   Abstract Background : Benzodiazepines are a class of medication with sedative properties, commonly used for anxiety and other neurological conditions. These medications are associated with several well-known adverse effects. This observational study aims to investigate the reduction of benzodiazepine use in patients using prescribed medical cannabis. Methods : A retrospective analysis was performed on a cohort of 146 medical cannabis patients (average age 47 years, 61% female, 54% reporting prior use of cannabis) who reported [...]

Lire la suite

Pharmacotherapy for the Treatment of Cannabis Use Disorder. A Systematic Review, Karli K. Kondo et al., 2020,

Pharmacotherapy for the Treatment of Cannabis Use Disorder. A Systematic Review Karli K. Kondo, PhD; Benjamin J. Morasco, PhD; Shannon M. Nugent, PhD; Chelsea K. Ayers, MPH; Maya E. O’Neil, PhD; Michele Freeman, MPH, and Devan Kansagara, MD, MCR Annals of Internal Medicine, 2020, 172, 398-412. doi : 10.7326/M19-1105   Background : Cannabis use disorder (CUD) is a growing concern, and evidence-based data are needed to inform treatment options. Purpose : To review the benefits and risks of pharmacotherapies for the treatment of CUD. Data Sources : MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and clinical trial registries from inception through September 2019. Study Selection : Pharmacotherapy trials [...]

Lire la suite

Neural Mechanisms for the Cannabinoid Modulation of Cognition and Affect in Man : A Critical Review of Neuroimaging Studies, Sagnik Bhattacharyya et al., 2012,

Neural Mechanisms for the Cannabinoid Modulation of Cognition and Affect in Man : A Critical Review of Neuroimaging Studies Sagnik Bhattacharyya, Zerrin Atakan, Rocio Martin-Santos, Jose A. Crippa and Philip K. McGuire Current Pharmaceutical Design, 2012, 18, 5045-5054   Abstract Pharmacological challenge in conjunction with neuroimaging techniques has been employed for over two decades now to understand the neural basis of the cognitive, emotional and symptomatic effects of the main ingredients of cannabis, the most widely used illicit drug in the world. This selective critical review focuses on the human neuroimaging studies investigating the effects of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD), the two main cannabinoids [...]

Lire la suite

Frequent Cannabis Use in Depression Tripled Over Past Decade, Batya Swift Yasgur, 2020

Frequent Cannabis Use in Depression Tripled Over Past Decade Batya Swift Yasgur, MA, LSW Medscape, August 19, 2020 Not only are individuals with depression at significantly higher risk for cannabis use compared with those without depression, this trend has increased dramatically over the last decade, new research shows. Investigators analyzed data from more than 16,000 US adults between the ages of 20 and 59 years and found that those with depression had almost twice the odds of any past-month cannabis use compared with those without depression. Odds rose from 1.5 in the 2005-2006 period to 2.3 in the 2015-2016 period. Moreover, the odds ratio (OR) [...]

Lire la suite

Cannabidiol for the treatment of cannabis use disorder : a phase 2a, double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomised, adaptive Bayesian trial, Tom P. Freeman et al., 2020

Cannabidiol for the treatment of cannabis use disorder : a phase 2a, double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomised, adaptive Bayesian trial Tom P Freeman, Chandni Hindocha, Gianluca Baio, Natacha D C Shaban, Emily M Thomas, Danica Astbury, Abigail M Freeman, Rachel Lees, Sam Craft, Paul D Morrison, Michael A P Bloomfield, Dominic O'Ryan, Jane Kinghorn, Celia J A Morgan, Ali Mofeez, H Valerie Curran The Lancet Psychiatry, 2020, doi : 10.1016/S2215-0366(20)30290-X  Abstract Background : A substantial and unmet clinical need exists for pharmacological treatment of cannabis use disorders. Cannabidiol could offer a novel treatment, but it is unclear which doses might be efficacious or safe. Therefore, we aimed to identify efficacious doses and eliminate inefficacious doses in a phase 2a trial using [...]

Lire la suite

The association between cannabis use and mood disorders : A longitudinal study, Daniel Feingold et al., 2015

The association between cannabis use and mood disorders : A longitudinal study Daniel Feingold, Mark Weiser, Jürgen Rehme, Shaul Lev-Ran Journal of Affective Disorders, 2015, 172, 211–218. doi : 10.1016/j.jad.2014.10.006   a b s t r a c t Background : The association between cannabis use and mood disorders is well documented, yet evidence regarding causality is conflicting. This study explored the association between cannabis use, major depressive disorder (MDD) and bipolar disorder (BPD) in a 3-year prospective study. Methods : Data was drawn from waves 1 and 2 of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC). MDD and BPD were controlled at baseline [...]

Lire la suite

Adolescent Treatment Admissions for Marijuana Following Recreational Legalization in Colorado and Washington, Jeremy Mennis, Gerald J Stahler, 2020

Adolescent Treatment Admissions for Marijuana Following Recreational Legalization in Colorado and Washington Jeremy Mennis, Gerald J Stahler Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 2020 May 1, 210, 107960. doi : 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2020.107960 Abstract Introduction : There is concern that recreational marijuana legalization (RML) may lead to increased cannabis use disorder (CUD) among youth due to increased marijuana use. This study investigates whether adolescent substance use disorder treatment admissions for marijuana use increased in Colorado and Washington following RML. Methods : Annual data on 2008-2017 treatment admissions for marijuana use from the SAMHSA TEDS-A dataset for adolescents age 12-17 were used to model state treatment admissions trends. [...]

Lire la suite

Après la crise du Covid-19 il faut légaliser le cannabis, vite !, François-Michel LAMBERT député des Bouches du Rhône, 2020

Après la crise du Covid-19 il faut légaliser le cannabis, vite ! François-Michel LAMBERT député des Bouches du Rhône   En juin 2019 avec une vingtaine de députés nous déposions une proposition de loi, relative « à la légalisation contrôlée de la production, de la vente et de la consommation de cannabis ». La même semaine le « conseil d’analyse économique », think tank rattaché à Matignon, préconisait dans un rapport très documenté la légalisation du cannabis récréatif et une tribune dans l’Obs signée par 70 médecins, économistes et élus nationaux et locaux, plaidait pour cette légalisation. Ces initiatives pour la légalisation du cannabis dénoncent [...]

Lire la suite

Short and Long-Term Effects of Cannabis on Symptoms of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Emily M. LaFrance et al., 2020,

Short and Long-Term Effects of Cannabis on Symptoms of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Emily M. LaFrance, Nicholas C. Glodosky, Marcel Bonn-Miller, Carrie Cuttler Journal of Affective Disorders, 2020, 274, 298–304 Doi : 10.1016/j.jad.2020.05.132   A B S T R A C T Background : Many individuals use cannabis to manage symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and evidence indicates that the endocannabinoid system represents a viable target for treating these symptoms. Method : Data from 404 medical cannabis users who self-identified as having PTSD were obtained from Strainprint®, a medical cannabis app that patients use to track changes in symptoms as a function of different strains and doses [...]

Lire la suite

Does cannabidiol reduce severe behavioural problems in children with intellectual disability? Study protocol for a pilot single-site phase I/II randomised placebo controlled trial, Daryl Efron et al.,

Does cannabidiol reduce severe behavioural problems in children with intellectual disability? Study protocol for a pilot single-site phase I/II randomised placebo controlled trial Daryl Efron, Kaitlyn Taylor, Jonathan M Payne, Jeremy L Freeman, Noel Cranswick, Melissa Mulraney, Chidambaram Prakash, Katherine J Lee, Katrina Williams BMJ Open, 2020, 10, e034362. doi : 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-034362   Abstract Introduction : Severe behavioural problems (SBPs) are a common contributor to morbidity and reduced quality of life in children with intellectual disability (ID). Current medication treatment for SBP is associated with a high risk of side effects. Innovative and safe interventions are urgently needed. Anecdotal reports and preliminary research suggest that medicinal [...]

Lire la suite