Catégorie : Cannabis et santé mentale

Cannabidiol (CBD) in the Self-Treatment of Depression-Exploratory Study and a New Phenomenon of Concern for Psychiatrists, Gniewko Wieckiewicz et al., 2022,

Cannabidiol (CBD) in the Self-Treatment of Depression-Exploratory Study and a New Phenomenon of Concern for Psychiatrists Gniewko Wieckiewicz, Iga Stokłosa, Maciej Stokłosa, Piotr Gorczyca and Robert Pudlo Frontiers in Psychiatry, March 2022 | Volume 13 | Article 837946 doi : 10.3389/fpsyt.2022.837946   Cannabis sativa, whose flowers are also known as marijuana or marihuana, is a recreational plant that contains many chemicals that are constantly being studied by scientists around the world. One of these substances is cannabidiol (CBD), which has gained widespread popularity on the internet as a cure for mental health problems, leading many people to use CBD to self-treat depression and anxiety. This [...]

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OTC Cannabidiol Products Tied to Improved Pain, Sleep, Anxiety, Liz Scherer, Medscape.com, 2022

OTC Cannabidiol Products Tied to Improved Pain, Sleep, Anxiety Liz Scherer https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/967088?uac=292598PZ&faf=1&sso=true&impID=4065214&src=mkm_ret_220305_mscpmrk_neuro_pain Medscape Medical News © January 24, 2022   Over-the-counter cannabidiol (CBD) products appear to improve pain, sleep, and anxiety disorders, preliminary research suggests. Interim findings from the Advancing CBD Education and Science (ACES), a 100% virtual, open label, randomized controlled trial, show study participants experienced various degrees of "clinically meaningful" improvements in sleep quality, anxiety, and pain. “ACES is the largest clinical trial ever conducted on commercially available CBD products and provides first-of-its-kind real world evidence into what conditions users may experience benefit from CBD usage, whether these benefits are clinically meaningful, what attributes of CBD [...]

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Cannabis in the management of PTSD : a systematic review, Yasir Rehman et al., 2021

Cannabis in the management of PTSD : a systematic review, Yasir Rehman, Amreen Saini, Sarina Huang, Emma Sood, Ravneet Gill and Sezgi Yanikomeroglu AIMS Neuroscience, 2021, 8, (3), 414-434. Doi : 10.3934/Neuroscience.2021022   Abstract : Introduction : Existing reviews exploring cannabis effectiveness have numerous limitations including narrow search strategies. We systematically explored cannabis effects on PTSD symptoms, quality of life (QOL), and return to work (RTW). We also investigated harm outcomes such as adverse effects and dropouts due to adverse effects, inefficacy, and all-cause dropout rates. Methods : Our search in MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycInfo, CINAHL, Web of Science, CENTRAL, and PubMed databases, yielded 1 eligible RCT and 10 [...]

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Endocannabinoid System as Therapeutic Target of PTSD : A Systematic Review, Luca Steardo, Jr. et al., 2021

Endocannabinoid System as Therapeutic Target of PTSD : A Systematic Review Luca Steardo, Jr., Elvira Anna Carbone, Giulia Menculini, Patrizia Moretti, Luca Steardo and Alfonso Tortorella Life, 2021, 11, 214. Doi : 10.3390/life11030214 Abstract : Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a complex disorder involving dysregulation of stress-related hormones and neurotransmitter systems. Research focused on the endocannabinoid system (eCBS) for anxiety and stress regulation, cognitive and emotional responses modulation and aversive memories extinction, leading to the hypothesis that it could represent a possible alternative treatment target for PTSD. In this systematic review, we summarize evidence about the efficacy and safety of medicinal cannabidiol (CBD), D9-tetrahydrocannabinol (D9-THC), and [...]

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Expérimentation clinico-pharmacologique de la prescription de CBD en clinique addictologique, Dr Christian SUEUR, GRECC, version 3-5, mars 2022

Expérimentation clinico-pharmacologique de la prescription de CBD en clinique addictologique Projet CBD Thérapeutique, GRECC, version 3-5 Dr Christian SUEUR, mars 2022 112 pages       Aujourd’hui, il n’est plus tabou au plan international de penser et d’appliquer des prescriptions de cannabinoïdes en clinique psychiatrique et addictologique.[1]   En France, lors de la première séance du C.S.S.T. « Évaluation de la pertinence et de la faisabilité de la mise à disposition du cannabis en France », le 12 décembre 2018, c’est « le membre psychiatre » du C.S.S.T., le docteur George Brousse lui-même, qui souhaitait d’emblée « que soit mentionnée l’utilisation potentielle du CBD dans les troubles psychiatriques et de l’addiction, tout en précisant [...]

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Cannabinoids and Neurogenesis : The Promised Solution for Neurodegeneration ?, Andrea Valeri and Emanuela Mazzon, 2021

Cannabinoids and Neurogenesis : The Promised Solution for Neurodegeneration ? Andrea Valeri and Emanuela Mazzon Molecules, 2021, 26, 6313, 1-26. doi : 10.3390/molecules26206313   Abstract : The concept of neurons as irreplaceable cells does not hold true today. Experiments and evidence of neurogenesis, also, in the adult brain give hope that some compounds or drugs can enhance this process, helping to reverse the outcomes of diseases or traumas that once were thought to be everlasting. Cannabinoids, both from natural and artificial origins, already proved to have several beneficial effects (e.g., anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidants and analgesic action), but also capacity to increase neuronal population, by replacing the [...]

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The Impact of Cannabidiol on Human Brain Function : A Systematic Review, Albert Batalla et al., 2021

The Impact of Cannabidiol on Human Brain Function : A Systematic Review Albert Batalla, Julian Bos, Amber Postma and Matthijs G. Bossong Frontiers in Pharmacology, January 2021 | Volume 11 | Article 618184, 1-15. doi : 10.3389/fphar.2020.618184   Background : Accumulating evidence suggests that the non-intoxicating cannabinoid compound cannabidiol (CBD) may have antipsychotic and anxiolytic properties, and thus may be a promising new agent in the treatment of psychotic and anxiety disorders. However, the neurobiological substrates underlying the potential therapeutic effects of CBD are still unclear. The aim of this systematic review is to provide a detailed and up-todate systematic literature overview of neuroimaging studies [...]

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Birth Outcomes of Neonates Exposed to Marijuana in Utero. A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis, Greg Marchand et al., 2022

Birth Outcomes of Neonates Exposed to Marijuana in Utero. A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis Greg Marchand, MD; Ahmed Taher Masoud, MD; Malini Govindan, MD; KellyWare, MS; Alexa King, BS; Stacy Ruther, BS; Giovanna Brazil, BS; Hollie Ulibarri, BS; Julia Parise, BS; Amanda Arroyo, BS; Catherine Coriell, BS; Sydnee Goetz, BS; Amitis Karrys, BS; Katelyn Sainz, MD JAMA Network Open, 2022, 5, (1), e2145653, 1-13. doi : 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.45653   Abstract IMPORTANCE While some studies have found an association between marijuana use and adverse neonatal outcomes, results have not been consistent across all trials. OBJECTIVE To assess available data on neonatal outcomes in marijuana-exposed pregnancies. DATA SOURCES PubMed, Medline, ClinicalTrials.gov, [...]

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EDITORIAL : Cannabinoids in psychiatry : they are here to stay, Julia Jiyeon Woo et al., 2022

EDITORIAL : Cannabinoids in psychiatry : they are here to stay Julia Jiyeon Woo, Emma van Reekum, Sagnik Bhattacharyya and Zainab Samaan The British Journal of Psychiatry, 2022, 1-3. doi : 10.1192/bjp.2021.216   Summary Cannabinoids are commonly perceived by the public as safe and effective for improving mental health, despite limited evidence to support their use. We discuss reasons why cannabinoids may be particularly compelling for our patients and provide strategies for how psychiatrists can counsel and educate patients on the evidence regarding cannabinoids. Keywords : Cannabis; drug interactions and side-effects; drugs of dependence disorders; marijuana; education and training.   Vignette A young man sits in his psychiatrist’s office. After [...]

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