Catégorie : Cannabis et santé mentale

Use of Genetically Informed Methods to Clarify the Nature of the Association Between Cannabis Use and Risk for Schizophrenia, Nathan A. Gillespie, Kenneth S. Kendler, 2020

Use of Genetically Informed Methods to Clarify the Nature of the Association Between Cannabis Use and Risk for Schizophrenia Nathan A. Gillespie, Kenneth S. Kendler JAMA Psychiatry,  Published online November 4, 2020   Cohort studies and meta-analyses have documented a robust association between cannabis use, heavy use, and misuse with future risk of schizophrenia.1-3 Despite adjusting for covariates, including current psychotic symptoms, other psychopathology, and social integration,(1) the ability of these models to determine the degree to which cannabis causes schizophrenia is limited and dependent on their ability to capture all relevant confounders. When evaluating efforts to reduce cannabis use as a means of [...]

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Δ 9‑Tetrahydrocannabinol Toxicity and Validation of Cannabidiol on Brain Dopamine Levels : An Assessment on Cannabis Duplicity, Swapnali Chetia & Gaurab Borah, 2020

Δ 9‑Tetrahydrocannabinol Toxicity and Validation of Cannabidiol on Brain Dopamine Levels : An Assessment on Cannabis Duplicity Swapnali Chetia · Gaurab Borah Natural Products and Bioprospecting, 2020, 10, 285–296 doi : 10.1007/s13659-020-00263-z   Abstract Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) of cannabis is the main psychoactive component which is a global significant concern to human health. Evaluation on THC reported its drastic effect on the brain dopaminergic (DAergic) system stimulating mesolimbic DA containing neurons thereby increasing the level of striatal DA. Cannabidiol (CBD), with its anxiolytic and anti-psychotic property, is potent to ameliorate the THC-induced DAergic variations. Legal authorization of cannabis use and its analogs in most countries led to [...]

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Du cannabis de synthèse dangereux sur le marché noir, RESPADD, 11 octobre 2020

Du cannabis de synthèse dangereux sur le marché noir   RESPADD, Actualité des Addictions, Savoirs , Connaissances et Pratiques, 11 octobre 2020   Il y a un an déjà, le canton de Zurich lançait l'alerte sur la présence de cannabinoïdes de synthèse dangereux sur le marché noir. Aujourd'hui, ils gagneraient la Suisse romande. Les associations de drug checking adaptent leurs offres pour intégrer les tests à ces substances. Les sites internet multiplient les alertes. Une situation qui appelle à accélérer la mise en place de dispositifs de drug checking dans toute la Suisse et d'une règlementation spécifique. Après Zurich, Bâle et Berne, du cannabis synthétique [...]

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Trajectories of Nicotine and Cannabis Vaping and Polyuse. From Adolescence to Young Adulthood, H. Isabella Lanza, 2020

Trajectories of Nicotine and Cannabis Vaping and Polyuse. From Adolescence to Young Adulthood H. Isabella Lanza, PhD; Jessica L. Barrington-Trimis, PhD; RobMcConnell, MD; Junhan Cho, PhD; Jessica L. Braymiller, PhD; Evan A. Krueger, PhD, MPH, MSW; Adam M. Leventhal, PhD JAMA Network Open, 2020, 3, (10), :e2019181. doi : 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.19181   Abstract IMPORTANCE : Little is known about cannabis vaping trajectories across adolescence and young adulthood or the co-occurrence with nicotine vaping. OBJECTIVE : To evaluate nicotine vaping and cannabis vaping trajectories from late adolescence to young adulthood (18 years of age) and the extent of polysubstance vaping. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS : In this prospective cohort study, 5 surveys [...]

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Adolescent treatment admissions for marijuana following recreational legalization in Colorado and Washington Jeremy Mennis, Gerald J. Stahler, 2020

Adolescent treatment admissions for marijuana following recreational legalization in Colorado and Washington Jeremy Mennis, Gerald J. Stahler Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 2020, 210, 107960 Doi : 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2020.107960   A B S T R A C T Introduction : There is concern that recreational marijuana legalization (RML) may lead to increased cannabis use disorder (CUD) among youth due to increased marijuana use. This study investigates whether adolescent substance use disorder treatment admissions for marijuana use increased in Colorado and Washington following RML. Methods : Annual data on 2008–2017 treatment admissions for marijuana use from the SAMHSA TEDS-A dataset for adolescents age 12–17 were used to model state treatment [...]

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The role of cannabinoid transmission in emotional memory formation : implications for addiction and schizophrenia, Huibing Tan et al., 2014

The role of cannabinoid transmission in emotional memory formation: implications for addiction and schizophrenia Huibing Tan, Tasha Ahmad, Michael Loureiro, Jordan Zunder and Steven R. Laviolette Frontiers in Psychiatry, 2014,Vol 5, Article 73, 1-12 doi : 10.3389/fpsyt.2014.00073   Emerging evidence from both basic and clinical research demonstrates an important role for endo-cannabinoid (ECB) signaling in the processing of emotionally salient information, learning, and memory. Cannabinoid transmission within neural circuits involved in emotional processing has been shown to modulate the acquisition, recall, and extinction of emotionally salient memories and importantly, can strongly modulate the emotional salience of incoming sensory information. Two neural regions in particular, the [...]

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Reduction of Benzodiazepine Use in Patients Prescribed Medical Cannabis, Chad Purcell,

Reduction of Benzodiazepine Use in Patients Prescribed Medical Cannabis Chad Purcell, Andrew Davis, Nico Moolman, and S. Mark Taylor Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, 2019, Volume 4, Number 3, Doi : 10.1089/can.2018.0020   Abstract Background : Benzodiazepines are a class of medication with sedative properties, commonly used for anxiety and other neurological conditions. These medications are associated with several well-known adverse effects. This observational study aims to investigate the reduction of benzodiazepine use in patients using prescribed medical cannabis. Methods : A retrospective analysis was performed on a cohort of 146 medical cannabis patients (average age 47 years, 61% female, 54% reporting prior use of cannabis) who reported [...]

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Pharmacotherapy for the Treatment of Cannabis Use Disorder. A Systematic Review, Karli K. Kondo et al., 2020,

Pharmacotherapy for the Treatment of Cannabis Use Disorder. A Systematic Review Karli K. Kondo, PhD; Benjamin J. Morasco, PhD; Shannon M. Nugent, PhD; Chelsea K. Ayers, MPH; Maya E. O’Neil, PhD; Michele Freeman, MPH, and Devan Kansagara, MD, MCR Annals of Internal Medicine, 2020, 172, 398-412. doi : 10.7326/M19-1105   Background : Cannabis use disorder (CUD) is a growing concern, and evidence-based data are needed to inform treatment options. Purpose : To review the benefits and risks of pharmacotherapies for the treatment of CUD. Data Sources : MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and clinical trial registries from inception through September 2019. Study Selection : Pharmacotherapy trials [...]

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Neural Mechanisms for the Cannabinoid Modulation of Cognition and Affect in Man : A Critical Review of Neuroimaging Studies, Sagnik Bhattacharyya et al., 2012,

Neural Mechanisms for the Cannabinoid Modulation of Cognition and Affect in Man : A Critical Review of Neuroimaging Studies Sagnik Bhattacharyya, Zerrin Atakan, Rocio Martin-Santos, Jose A. Crippa and Philip K. McGuire Current Pharmaceutical Design, 2012, 18, 5045-5054   Abstract Pharmacological challenge in conjunction with neuroimaging techniques has been employed for over two decades now to understand the neural basis of the cognitive, emotional and symptomatic effects of the main ingredients of cannabis, the most widely used illicit drug in the world. This selective critical review focuses on the human neuroimaging studies investigating the effects of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD), the two main cannabinoids [...]

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Frequent Cannabis Use in Depression Tripled Over Past Decade, Batya Swift Yasgur, 2020

Frequent Cannabis Use in Depression Tripled Over Past Decade Batya Swift Yasgur, MA, LSW Medscape, August 19, 2020 Not only are individuals with depression at significantly higher risk for cannabis use compared with those without depression, this trend has increased dramatically over the last decade, new research shows. Investigators analyzed data from more than 16,000 US adults between the ages of 20 and 59 years and found that those with depression had almost twice the odds of any past-month cannabis use compared with those without depression. Odds rose from 1.5 in the 2005-2006 period to 2.3 in the 2015-2016 period. Moreover, the odds ratio (OR) [...]

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