Catégorie : Cannabis et santé mentale

Prolonged Cannabidiol Treatment Lacks on Detrimental Effects on Memory, Motor Performance and Anxiety in C57BL/6J Mice, Eva M. Schleicher et al., 2019

Prolonged Cannabidiol Treatment Lacks on Detrimental Effects on Memory, Motor Performance and Anxiety in C57BL/6J Mice Eva M. Schleicher, Frederik W. Ott, Melanie Müller, Barbara Silcher, Marius E. Sichler, Maximilian J. Löw, Jannek M. Wagner and Yvonne Bouter Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 2019, Volume 13, Article 94 doi : 10.3389/fnbeh.2019.00094   The Cannabis plant contains more than 100 currently known phytocannabinoids. Regarding the rising consumption of the non-psychotropic phytocannabinoid cannabidiol (CBD) in people’s everyday life (e.g., beauty products, food and beverages), the importance of studies on the influence of CBD on healthy humans and rodents is evident. Therefore, the behavioral profile of CBD was investigated with [...]

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A behavioural comparison of acute and chronic D9-tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol in C57BL/6JArc mice, Leonora E. Long et al., 2010

A behavioural comparison of acute and chronic D9-tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol in C57BL/6JArc mice Leonora E. Long, Rose Chesworth, Xu-Feng Huang, Iain S. McGregor, Jonathon C. Arnold and Tim Karl International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology, 2010, 13, 861–876. doi : 10.1017/S1461145709990605   Abstract Cannabis contains over 70 unique compounds and its abuse is linked to an increased risk of developing schizophrenia. The behavioural profiles of the psychotropic cannabis constituent D9 tetrahydro-cannabinol (D9-THC) and the non-psychotomimetic constituent cannabidiol (CBD) were investigated with a battery of behavioural tests relevant to anxiety and positive, negative and cognitive symptoms of schizophrenia. Male adult C57BL/6JArc mice were given 21 daily intraperitoneal injections of vehicle, [...]

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Cannabinoid Regulation of Fear and Anxiety : an Update, Eleni P. Papagianni & Carl W. Stevenson, 2019

Cannabinoid Regulation of Fear and Anxiety : an Update Eleni P. Papagianni & Carl W. Stevenson Current Psychiatry Reports, 2019, 21, 38 doi : 10.1007/s11920-019-1026-z   Abstract Purpose of Review : Anxiety- and trauma-related disorders are prevalent and debilitating mental illnesses associated with a significant socioeconomic burden. Current treatment approaches often have inadequate therapeutic responses, leading to symptom relapse. Here we review recent preclinical and clinical findings on the potential of cannabinoids as novel therapeutics for regulating fear and anxiety. Recent Findings : Evidence from preclinical studies has shown that the non-psychotropic phyto-cannabinoid cannabidiol and the endocannabinoid anandamide have acute anxiolytic effects and also regulate learned fear [...]

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IACM-Bulletin du 13 Janvier 2020

IACM-Bulletin du 13 Janvier 2020 Italie: Selon la Haute Cour, cultiver de petites quantités de cannabis à la maison n'est pas un crime Science/Homme: L'apport oral de graisse peut augmenter de deux fois la biodisponibilité systémique du THC Science/Homme: L'exercice a réduit le nombre de maux de tête et les niveaux d'anandamide chez les personnes souffrant de migraine Science/Homme: Selon une enquête les patients atteints du syndrome de la Tourette préfèrent le cannabis médical au THC pur et au Sativex En bref Un coup d'œil sur le passé Italie: Selon la [...]

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Patient-reported use of medical cannabis for pain, anxiety, and depression symptoms : Systematic review and meta-analysis, Jesse D. Kosiba et al., 2019

Patient-reported use of medical cannabis for pain, anxiety, and depression symptoms : Systematic review and meta-analysis Jesse D. Kosiba, Stephen A. Maisto, Joseph W. Ditre Social Science & Medicine, 2019, 181-192. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2019.06.005 This study is the first to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of empirical studies that assess patient-reported reasons for using medical cannabis to alleviate pain, anxiety, and depression. The present review further assessed the quality of studies and identified several methodological flaws in extant research. Highlights •Systematically reviewed studies why patients use medical cannabis. •Pain was a common reason for medical cannabis use (64%). •Anxiety (50%) and depression (34%) were [...]

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The Role of Cannabis in Treating Anxiety : An Update, Michael Van Ameringen et al., 2019

The Role of Cannabis in Treating Anxiety : An Update Michael Van Ameringen; Jasmine Zhang; Beth Patterson; Jasmine Turna Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 2019, 33, (1), 1-7. DOI : 10.1097/YCO.0000000000000566 https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/922111?nlid=133169_425&src=WNL_mdplsfeat_191224_mscpedit_psyc&uac=292598PZ&spon=12&impID=2219742&faf=1 Abstract and Introduction Abstract Purpose of review: Cannabis use for medical purposes has become increasingly common, including as treatment for mental health disorders such as anxiety. Unfortunately, the evidence examining its use in mental health has been slow to evolve, but is emerging. Given the widespread use of cannabis, it is important for both clinicians and those who suffer with anxiety to understand the effects of cannabis on symptoms of anxiety. In this review, we present [...]

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ON THE PREPARATIONS OF THE INDIAN HEMP, OR GUNJAH, (Cannabis Indisa) Their Effects on the Animal System in Health, and their Utility in the Treatment of Tetanus and other Convulsive Diseases, W. B. O’SHAUGHNESSY, 1843

ON THE PREPARATIONS OF THE INDIAN HEMP, OR GUNJAH, (Cannabis Indisa) Their Effects on the Animal System in Health, and their Utility in the Treatment of Tetanus and other Convulsive Diseases. By W. B. O'SHAUGHNESSY, M.D., Bengal Army, Late Professor of Chemistry and Materia Medica in the Medical College of Calcutta. PROVINCIAL MEDICAL JOURNAL and Retrospect of the Medical Science No. 123. London, Saturday, February 4, 1843. [Concluded from p. 347.] experiments by the Author-Inferences as to the Acton of the Drug on Animals and Man.  

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Effects of CBD-Enriched Cannabis sativa Extract on Autism Spectrum Disorder Symptoms : An Observational Study of 18 Participants Undergoing Compassionate Use, Paulo Fleury-Teixeira et al., 2019

Effects of CBD-Enriched Cannabis sativa Extract on Autism Spectrum Disorder Symptoms : An Observational Study of 18 Participants Undergoing Compassionate Use Paulo Fleury-Teixeira, Fabio Viegas Caixeta, Leandro Cruz Ramires da Silva, Joaquim Pereira Brasil-Neto and Renato Malcher-Lopes Frontiers in Neurology, October 2019, Volume 10, Article 1145 doi : 10.3389/fneur.2019.01145   Autism Spectrum Disorders comprise conditions that may affect cognitive development, motor skills, social interaction, communication, and behavior. This set of functional deficits often results in lack of independence for the diagnosed individuals, and severe distress for patients, families, and caregivers. There is a mounting body of evidence indicating the effectiveness of pure cannabidiol (CBD) and [...]

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Therapeutic Effects of Prolonged Cannabidiol Treatment on Psychological Symptoms and Cognitive Function in Regular Cannabis Users : A Pragmatic Open-Label Clinical Trial, Nadia Solowij et al., 2019yang

Therapeutic Effects of Prolonged Cannabidiol Treatment on Psychological Symptoms and Cognitive Function in Regular Cannabis Users : A Pragmatic Open-Label Clinical Trial Nadia Solowij, Samantha J. Broyd, Camilla Beale, Julie-Anne Prick, Lisa-marie Greenwood, Hendrika van Hell, Chao Suo, Peter Galettis, Nagesh Pai, Shanlin Fu, Rodney J. Croft, Jennifer H. Martin, and Murat Yücel Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, 2018, 3, 1,21-35 Doi : 10.1089/can.2017.0043   Abstract Introduction : Chronic cannabis use has been associated with impaired cognition and elevated psychological symptoms, particularly psychotic-like experiences. While D9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is thought to be primarily responsible for these deleterious effects, cannabidiol (CBD) is purported to have antipsychotic properties and to [...]

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Prolonged Cannabidiol Treatment Effects on Hippocampal Subfield Volumes in Current Cannabis Users, Camilla Beale et al., 2018

Prolonged Cannabidiol Treatment Effects on Hippocampal Subfield Volumes in Current Cannabis Users Camilla Beale, Samantha J. Broyd, Yann Chye, Chao Suo, Mark Schira, Peter Galettis, Jennifer H. Martin, Murat Yücel and Nadia Solowij Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, 2018, 3, 1, 94-107. Doi : 10.1089/can.2017.0047 Abstract Introduction : Chronic cannabis use is associated with neuroanatomical alterations in the hippocampus. While adverse impacts of cannabis use are generally attributed to D9 tetrahydro-cannabinol, emerging naturalistic evidence suggests cannabidiol (CBD) is neuroprotective and may ameliorate brain harms associated with cannabis use, including protection from hippocampal volume loss. This study examined whether prolonged administration of CBD to regular cannabis users [...]

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