Étiquette : recherche

Determination of cannabinoids in Cannabis sativa L. samples for recreational, medical, and forensic purposes by reversed-phase liquid chromatography-ultraviolet detection, Sanja Zivovinovic, et al., 2018

Determination of cannabinoids in Cannabis sativa L. samples for recreational, medical, and forensic purposes by reversed-phase liquid chromatography-ultraviolet detection Sanja Zivovinovic, Ruth Alder, Martina D. Allenspach and Christian Steuer Journal of Analytical Science and Technology, 2018, 9, 27, 1-10 doi : 10.1186/s40543-018-0159-8   Abstract Background : Currently, an increasing demand of cannabis-derived products for recreational and medical use is observed. Therefore, the reliable and fast quantification of cannabinoids in hemp samples is essential for the control of product from Cannabis sativa, L. strains. In general, gas chromatography (GC) is the method of choice for the quantification of cannabinoids whereas this method is time consuming and the [...]

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IACM : Le premier webinaire gratuit de l’IACM commence dans 3 heures : Dr Roger Pertwee

Dans 3 heures, le premier webinaire de la série d'événements gratuits de l'IACM commencera, qui se déroulera jusqu'au 3 décembre 2020. Tous les webinaires peuvent être consultés gratuitement jusqu'au 31 mars 2021. Il n'y a donc aucun problème si vous manquez un rendez-vous. O. k. Vous pouvez copier le Magath ici https://new.cannabis-med.org/e2020 15 octobre 2020, 18 heures (CET) Dr. Roger Pertwee Les utilisations thérapeutiques potentielles de certains cannabinoïdes dérivés du cannabis et synthétiques révélées par leurs propriétés pharmacologiques -- Quels sont les médicaments cannabinoïdes approuvés qui ont déjà été développés ? -- Existe-t-il des cannabinoïdes végétaux (phytocannabinoïdes) ayant des propriétés pharmacologiques, pour lesquels des applications thérapeutiques [...]

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Soignera-t-on un jour grâce au LSD et aux champignons hallucinogènes ?, Vincent Verroust et Bertrand Lebeau Leibovici, The Conversation, 8 octobre 2020

Soignera-t-on un jour grâce au LSD et aux champignons hallucinogènes ? The Conversation, 8 octobre 2020,  Mis à jour le 9 octobre 2020, https://theconversation.com/soignera-t-on-un-jour-grace-au-lsd-et-aux-champignons-hallucinogenes-127760 Auteur Vincent Verroust Chercheur associé à l’Institut des humanités en médecine (Lausanne), doctorant en histoire des sciences à l’École des hautes études en sciences sociales (Paris), centre Alexandre-Koyré (EHESS-CNRS-MNHN), Muséum national d’histoire naturelle (MNHN) Déclaration d’intérêts : Vincent Verroust est président de la Société psychédélique française.   Cet article a été co-écrit avec Bertrand Lebeau Leibovici, médecin addictologue à l’hôpital Saint-Antoine (Paris) et à l’hôpital Paul Brousse (Villejuif).   Partenaires Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle apporte un financement en tant que membre adhérent [...]

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5-HT1A receptors are involved in the cannabidiol-induced attenuation of behavioural and cardiovascular responses to acute restraint stress in rats, Leonardo B.M. Resstel et al., 2009

5-HT1A receptors are involved in the cannabidiol-induced attenuation of behavioural and cardiovascular responses to acute restraint stress in rats Leonardo B.M. Resstel, Rodrigo F. Tavares, Sabrina F.S. Lisboa, Sâmia R.L. Joca, Fernando M.A. Corrêa and Francisco S. Guimarães British Journal of Pharmacology, 2009, 156, 181–188; doi : 10.1111/j.1476-5381.2008.00046.x Background and purpose : Cannabidiol (CBD) is a non-psychotomimetic compound from Cannabis sativa which induces anxiolytic- and antipsychotic-like effects in rodents. These effects could be mediated by facilitation of the endocannabinoid system or by the activation of 5-HT1A receptors. As either of these mechanisms could promote adaptation to inescapable stress, the aim of the present work [...]

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Infection VIH et cannabinoides. Etat des lieux et pistes en recherche clinique, Roland Tubiana et Fabienne Caby, RESPADD – GRECC, 2019

Infection VIH et cannabinoides. Etat des lieux et pistes en recherche clinique Roland Tubiana et Fabienne Caby, 24e Rencontres du RESPADD - GRECC, "Usages Cliniques des Cannabinoïdes" 21 juin 2019   (...) Inflammation/ Activation immune et CB Chez les PVVIH traités efficacement, la consommation de CB a été associée: – À des niveaux moins élevés de marqueurs d’inflammation (L B TNF-α+ )/ activation immune (L TCD4+ et CD8+ HLA-DR+CD38+) – A une décroissance plus rapide du niveau d’ADN proviralVIH Mécanismes sous jacents CB (Cannabis Sativa) : > 60 cannabinoides, > 200 non cannabinoides • Cannabinoides: Composant capables d’activer la proteine G couplée aux récepteurs CB1 ou CB2 • Les 2 plus étudiés: Δ9-THC [...]

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Anti-inflammatory Effects of Lenabasum, a Cannabinoid Receptor Type 2 Agonist, on Macrophages From Cystic Fibrosis, Abdullah A. Tarique et al., 2020

Anti-inflammatory Effects of Lenabasum, a Cannabinoid Receptor Type 2 Agonist, on Macrophages From Cystic Fibrosis Abdullah A Tarique, Tama Evron, George Zhang, Mark A Tepper, Mohammed M Morshed, Isabella S G Andersen, Nelufa Begum, Peter D Sly, Emmanuelle Fantino Journal of Cystic Fibrosis, 2020, S1569-1993, (20), 30094-1 doi : 10.1016/j.jcf.2020.03.015. Abstract Background : Lenabasum is an oral synthetic cannabinoid receptor type 2 agonist previously shown to reduce the production of key airway pro-inflammatory cytokines known to play a role in cystic fibrosis (CF). In a double-blinded, randomized, placebo-control phase 2 study, lenabasum lowered the rate of pulmonary exacerbation among patients with CF. The present study was undertaken to investigate anti-inflammatory [...]

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Activation of CB1R Promotes Lipopolysaccharide-Induced IL-10 Secretion by Monocytic Myeloid-Derived Suppressive Cells and Reduces Acute Inflammation and Organ Injury, Jérémie Joffre et al., 2020,

Activation of CB1R Promotes Lipopolysaccharide-Induced IL-10 Secretion by Monocytic Myeloid-Derived Suppressive Cells and Reduces Acute Inflammation and Organ Injury Jérémie Joffre, Che-Chung Yeh, Erika Wong, Mayuri Thete, Fengyun Xu, Ivana Zlatanova, Elliot Lloyd, Lester Kobzik, Matthieu Legrand, and Judith Hellman The Journal of Immunology, 2020, 204: 1–20. doi : 10.4049/jimmunol.2000213   Cannabis sativa and its principal components, D9-tetrahydrocannabinol (D9-THC) and cannabidiol, are increasingly being used to treat a variety of medical problems, including inflammatory conditions. Although studies suggest that the endocannabinoid system has immunomodulatory properties, there remains a paucity of information on the effects of cannabinoids on immunity and on outcomes of infection and injury. [...]

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Totality of the Evidence Suggests Prenatal Cannabis Exposure Does Not Lead to Cognitive Impairments : A Systematic and Critical Review, Ciara A. Torres et al., 2020

Totality of the Evidence Suggests Prenatal Cannabis Exposure Does Not Lead to Cognitive Impairments : A Systematic and Critical Review Ciara A. Torres, Christopher Medina-Kirchner, Kate Y. O'Malley and Carl L. Hardt Frontiers in Psychology, 2020, Vol 11, Art 816, 1-28. Doi : 10.3389/fpsyg.2020.00816   Background: Despite limited data demonstrating pronounced negative effects of prenatal cannabis exposure, popular opinion and public policies still reflect the belief that cannabis is fetotoxic. Methods: This article provides a critical review of results from longitudinal studies examining the impact of prenatal cannabis exposure on multiple domains of cognitive functioning in individuals aged 0 to 22 years. A literature search was [...]

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The Therapeutic Effectiveness of Full Spectrum Hemp Oil Using a Chronic Neuropathic Pain Model, Jacob M. Vigil et al., 2020

The Therapeutic Effectiveness of Full Spectrum Hemp Oil Using a Chronic Neuropathic Pain Model Jacob M. Vigil, Marena A. Montera, Nathan S. Pentkowski, Jegason P. Diviant, Joaquin Orozco, Anthony L. Ortiz, Lawrence J. Rael  and Karin N. Westlund Life, 2020, 10, 69, 1-12 doi : 10.3390/life10050069   Abstract : Background : Few models exist that can control for placebo and expectancy effects commonly observed in clinical trials measuring ‘Cannabis’ pharmacodynamics. We used the Foramen Rotundum Inflammatory Constriction Trigeminal Infraorbital Nerve injury (FRICT-ION) model to measure the effect of “full-spectrum” whole plant extracted hemp oil on chronic neuropathic pain sensitivity in mice. Methods : Male BALBc mice were [...]

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Beneficial effects of the phytocannabinoid Δ9-THCV in L-DOPA-induced dyskinesia in Parkinson’s disease, Isabel Espadas et al., 2020

Beneficial effects of the phytocannabinoid Δ9-THCV in L-DOPA-induced dyskinesia in Parkinson's disease Isabel Espadas, Ettel Keifman, Cristina Palomo-Garo Sonia Burgaz, Concepción García, Javier Fernández-Ruiz, Rosario Moratalla Neurobiology of Disease, 2020, 141, 104892 doi : 10.1016/j.nbd.2020.104892   A B S T R A C T The antioxidant and CB2 receptor agonist properties of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabivarin (Δ9-THCV) afforded neuroprotection in experimental Parkinson's disease (PD), whereas its CB1 receptor antagonist profile at doses lower than 5 mg/kg caused anti-hypokinetic effects. In the present study, we investigated the anti dyskinetic potential of Δ9-THCV (administered i.p. at 2 mg/kg for two weeks), which had not been investigated before. This objective was investigated [...]

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