Étiquette : recherche

5-HT1A receptors are involved in the cannabidiol-induced attenuation of behavioural and cardiovascular responses to acute restraint stress in rats, Leonardo B.M. Resstel et al., 2009

5-HT1A receptors are involved in the cannabidiol-induced attenuation of behavioural and cardiovascular responses to acute restraint stress in rats Leonardo B.M. Resstel, Rodrigo F. Tavares, Sabrina F.S. Lisboa, Sâmia R.L. Joca, Fernando M.A. Corrêa and Francisco S. Guimarães British Journal of Pharmacology, 2009, 156, 181–188; doi : 10.1111/j.1476-5381.2008.00046.x Background and purpose : Cannabidiol (CBD) is a non-psychotomimetic compound from Cannabis sativa which induces anxiolytic- and antipsychotic-like effects in rodents. These effects could be mediated by facilitation of the endocannabinoid system or by the activation of 5-HT1A receptors. As either of these mechanisms could promote adaptation to inescapable stress, the aim of the present work [...]

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Infection VIH et cannabinoides. Etat des lieux et pistes en recherche clinique, Roland Tubiana et Fabienne Caby, RESPADD – GRECC, 2019

Infection VIH et cannabinoides. Etat des lieux et pistes en recherche clinique Roland Tubiana et Fabienne Caby, 24e Rencontres du RESPADD - GRECC, "Usages Cliniques des Cannabinoïdes" 21 juin 2019   (...) Inflammation/ Activation immune et CB Chez les PVVIH traités efficacement, la consommation de CB a été associée: – À des niveaux moins élevés de marqueurs d’inflammation (L B TNF-α+ )/ activation immune (L TCD4+ et CD8+ HLA-DR+CD38+) – A une décroissance plus rapide du niveau d’ADN proviralVIH Mécanismes sous jacents CB (Cannabis Sativa) : > 60 cannabinoides, > 200 non cannabinoides • Cannabinoides: Composant capables d’activer la proteine G couplée aux récepteurs CB1 ou CB2 • Les 2 plus étudiés: Δ9-THC [...]

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Anti-inflammatory Effects of Lenabasum, a Cannabinoid Receptor Type 2 Agonist, on Macrophages From Cystic Fibrosis, Abdullah A. Tarique et al., 2020

Anti-inflammatory Effects of Lenabasum, a Cannabinoid Receptor Type 2 Agonist, on Macrophages From Cystic Fibrosis Abdullah A Tarique, Tama Evron, George Zhang, Mark A Tepper, Mohammed M Morshed, Isabella S G Andersen, Nelufa Begum, Peter D Sly, Emmanuelle Fantino Journal of Cystic Fibrosis, 2020, S1569-1993, (20), 30094-1 doi : 10.1016/j.jcf.2020.03.015. Abstract Background : Lenabasum is an oral synthetic cannabinoid receptor type 2 agonist previously shown to reduce the production of key airway pro-inflammatory cytokines known to play a role in cystic fibrosis (CF). In a double-blinded, randomized, placebo-control phase 2 study, lenabasum lowered the rate of pulmonary exacerbation among patients with CF. The present study was undertaken to investigate anti-inflammatory [...]

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Activation of CB1R Promotes Lipopolysaccharide-Induced IL-10 Secretion by Monocytic Myeloid-Derived Suppressive Cells and Reduces Acute Inflammation and Organ Injury, Jérémie Joffre et al., 2020,

Activation of CB1R Promotes Lipopolysaccharide-Induced IL-10 Secretion by Monocytic Myeloid-Derived Suppressive Cells and Reduces Acute Inflammation and Organ Injury Jérémie Joffre, Che-Chung Yeh, Erika Wong, Mayuri Thete, Fengyun Xu, Ivana Zlatanova, Elliot Lloyd, Lester Kobzik, Matthieu Legrand, and Judith Hellman The Journal of Immunology, 2020, 204: 1–20. doi : 10.4049/jimmunol.2000213   Cannabis sativa and its principal components, D9-tetrahydrocannabinol (D9-THC) and cannabidiol, are increasingly being used to treat a variety of medical problems, including inflammatory conditions. Although studies suggest that the endocannabinoid system has immunomodulatory properties, there remains a paucity of information on the effects of cannabinoids on immunity and on outcomes of infection and injury. [...]

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Totality of the Evidence Suggests Prenatal Cannabis Exposure Does Not Lead to Cognitive Impairments : A Systematic and Critical Review, Ciara A. Torres et al., 2020

Totality of the Evidence Suggests Prenatal Cannabis Exposure Does Not Lead to Cognitive Impairments : A Systematic and Critical Review Ciara A. Torres, Christopher Medina-Kirchner, Kate Y. O'Malley and Carl L. Hardt Frontiers in Psychology, 2020, Vol 11, Art 816, 1-28. Doi : 10.3389/fpsyg.2020.00816   Background: Despite limited data demonstrating pronounced negative effects of prenatal cannabis exposure, popular opinion and public policies still reflect the belief that cannabis is fetotoxic. Methods: This article provides a critical review of results from longitudinal studies examining the impact of prenatal cannabis exposure on multiple domains of cognitive functioning in individuals aged 0 to 22 years. A literature search was [...]

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The Therapeutic Effectiveness of Full Spectrum Hemp Oil Using a Chronic Neuropathic Pain Model, Jacob M. Vigil et al., 2020

The Therapeutic Effectiveness of Full Spectrum Hemp Oil Using a Chronic Neuropathic Pain Model Jacob M. Vigil, Marena A. Montera, Nathan S. Pentkowski, Jegason P. Diviant, Joaquin Orozco, Anthony L. Ortiz, Lawrence J. Rael  and Karin N. Westlund Life, 2020, 10, 69, 1-12 doi : 10.3390/life10050069   Abstract : Background : Few models exist that can control for placebo and expectancy effects commonly observed in clinical trials measuring ‘Cannabis’ pharmacodynamics. We used the Foramen Rotundum Inflammatory Constriction Trigeminal Infraorbital Nerve injury (FRICT-ION) model to measure the effect of “full-spectrum” whole plant extracted hemp oil on chronic neuropathic pain sensitivity in mice. Methods : Male BALBc mice were [...]

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Beneficial effects of the phytocannabinoid Δ9-THCV in L-DOPA-induced dyskinesia in Parkinson’s disease, Isabel Espadas et al., 2020

Beneficial effects of the phytocannabinoid Δ9-THCV in L-DOPA-induced dyskinesia in Parkinson's disease Isabel Espadas, Ettel Keifman, Cristina Palomo-Garo Sonia Burgaz, Concepción García, Javier Fernández-Ruiz, Rosario Moratalla Neurobiology of Disease, 2020, 141, 104892 doi : 10.1016/j.nbd.2020.104892   A B S T R A C T The antioxidant and CB2 receptor agonist properties of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabivarin (Δ9-THCV) afforded neuroprotection in experimental Parkinson's disease (PD), whereas its CB1 receptor antagonist profile at doses lower than 5 mg/kg caused anti-hypokinetic effects. In the present study, we investigated the anti dyskinetic potential of Δ9-THCV (administered i.p. at 2 mg/kg for two weeks), which had not been investigated before. This objective was investigated [...]

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Report colloque UFCM – I Care, 2020

Cette année, nous avions prévu que le 9e colloque international se déroulerait en juin, chez nous, à Strasbourg et qu’il aborderait la thématique de la recherche sur les cannabinoïdes et les cancers. Aux vues des circonstances de ce début d’année 2020, nous avons pris la décision de reporter cet évènement à une date encore inconnue. Nous allons faire au mieux pour maintenir notre programme. Vous trouverez de plus amples détails dans le communiqué ci-dessous.

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SARS-CoV2 induced respiratory distress : Can cannabinoids be added to anti-viral therapies to reduce lung inflammation ?, Siddappa N. Byrareddy, Mahesh Mohan, 2020

SARS-CoV2 induced respiratory distress : Can cannabinoids be added to anti-viral therapies to reduce lung inflammation ? Siddappa N. Byrareddy, Mahesh Mohan Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, 2020, 1-2. doi : 10.1016/j.bbi.2020.04.079   Keywords : SARS-CoV2, Rhesus macaque, Cannabinoids, Inflammation, Cytokine, Lung   Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19), caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome coronoavirus-2 (SARS-CoV2) has emerged as a global pandemic, which was first reported in Wuhan, China. Recent reports have suggested that acute infection is associated with a cytokine superstorm, which contributes to the symptoms of fever, cough, muscle pain and in severe cases bilateral interstitial pneumonia characterized by ground glass opacity and focal chest infiltrates that can [...]

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A Phase 1, Randomised, Placebo-Controlled, Dose Escalation Study to Investigate the Safety, Tolerability and Pharmacokinetics of Cannabidiol in Fed Healthy Volunteers, Daniel Perkins et al., 2020

A Phase 1, Randomised, Placebo-Controlled, Dose Escalation Study to Investigate the Safety, Tolerability and Pharmacokinetics of Cannabidiol in Fed Healthy Volunteers Daniel Perkins · Juliet Butler · Katherine Ong · Tri‑Hung Nguyen · Susan Cox · Barbara Francis · Michelle Mcintosh · Brian Lilley European Journal of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics, 2020, Doi : 10.1007/s13318-020-00624-6 Abstract Background : There is increasing interest in the use of purified cannabidiol (CBD) as a treatment for a wide range of conditions due to its reported anti-inflammatory, anxiolytic, antiemetic and anticonvulsant properties. Objective : The objective of this study was to assess the [...]

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