Catégorie : Substances psychédéliques et therapeutique

Transient Stimulation with Psychoplastogens Is Sufficient to Initiate Neuronal Growth, Calvin Ly et al., 2020

Transient Stimulation with Psychoplastogens Is Sufficient to Initiate Neuronal Growth Calvin Ly, Alexandra C. Greb, Maxemiliano V. Vargas, Whitney C. Duim, Ana Cristina G. Grodzki, Pamela J. Lein, and David E. Olson ACS Pharmacology and Translational Science, 2020. doi : 10.1021/acsptsci.0c00065   ABSTRACT Cortical neuron atrophy is a hallmark of depression and includes neurite retraction, dendritic spine loss, and decreased synaptic density. Psychoplastogens, small molecules capable of rapidly promoting cortical neuron growth, have been hypothesized to produce long-lasting positive effects on behavior by rectifying these deleterious structural and functional changes. Here we demonstrate that ketamine and LSD, psychoplastogens from two structurally distinct chemical classes, promote [...]

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A single dose of psilocybin increases synaptic density and decreases 5-HT2A receptor density in the pig brain, Nakul Ravi Raval, 2020

A single dose of psilocybin increases synaptic density and decreases 5-HT2A receptor density in the pig brain Nakul Ravi Raval, Annette Johansen, Lene Lundgaard Donovan, Nidia Fernandez Ros, Brice Ozenne, Hanne Demant Hansen, Gitte Moos Knudsen Preprints (www.preprints.org) | NOT PEER-REVIEWED | Posted: 30 November 2020 doi : 10.20944/preprints202011.0742.v1   Abstract : A single dose of psilocybin, a psychedelic and serotonin 2A receptor (5 HT2AR) agonist, may be associated with antidepressant effects. The mechanism behind its antidepressive action is unknown but could be linked to increased synaptogenesis and down-regulation of cerebral 5-HT2AR. Here, we investigate if a single psychedelic dose of psilocybin changes synaptic vesicle protein 2A [...]

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Low-Dose Nitrous Oxide Shows Benefit for Resistant Depression, Batya Swift Yasgur, Medscape.com, 2021

Low-Dose Nitrous Oxide Shows Benefit for Resistant Depression Batya Swift Yasgur, MA, LSW Medscape.com, 2021 June 17, 2021 A 1-hour treatment with a low concentration of nitrous oxide, commonly known as "laughing gas," appears to relieve symptoms of treatment-resistant major depression (TRMD), with effects lasting as long as several weeks, new research suggests. In a trial with a crossover design, investigators randomly assigned 28 patients with severe TRMD to receive a single 1-hour inhalation of placebo or nitrous oxide once a month over a 3-month period. Participants received an inhalation of placebo; a 25% concentration of nitrous oxide; and a 50% concentration of nitrous oxide. Sessions were [...]

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Bibliographie : Kétamine, Dr Christian Sueur, GRECC, mai 2021

Bibliographie : Kétamine Dr Christian Sueur, GRECC, (mai 2021)   Kétamine en Psychiatrie : 1 - 3 Usages thérapeutiques en médecine psychédélique : 4 Kétamine et psychose : 5 - 6 Kétamine et traitement de la dépression : 7 - 20 Kétamine et prise en charge de l’idéation suicidaire : 21 - 22 Kétamine et traitement de la dépression chez les enfants et adolescents : 23 - 24 Kétamine et prise en charge des troubles psychotraumatiques (PTSD) : 25 - 27 Ketamine et addictions : 28 - 29 Kétamine et sevrage des opiacés : 30 Kétamine et prise en charge de la douleur : 31 - 32 Kétamine et prise en charge de [...]

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A qualitative and quantitative account of patient’s experiences of ketamine and its antidepressant properties, Rachael L. Sumner et al., 2021

A qualitative and quantitative account of patient’s experiences of ketamine and its antidepressant properties Rachael L. Sumner, Emme Chacko, Rebecca McMillan, Meg J. Spriggs, Christie Anderson, James Chen, Amelia French, SungHun Jung, Akshaya Rajan, Gemma Malpas, John Hay, Rhys Ponton, Suresh D. Muthukumaraswamy and Frederick Sundram Journal of Psychopharmacology, 2021, 1-16 Doi : 10.1177/0269881121998321 Abstract Background : Ketamine is central to one of the most rapidly growing areas of neuroscientific research into novel treatments for depression. Limited research has indicated that the psychedelic properties of ketamine may play a role in its antidepressant effects. Aim : The aim of the current study was to explore the [...]

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Within-treatment changes in a novel addiction treatment program using traditional Amazonian medicine, David M. O’Shaughnessy et al., 2021

Within-treatment changes in a novel addiction treatment program using traditional Amazonian medicine David M. O’Shaughnessy , Ilana Berlowitz, Robin Rodd, Zoltán Sarnyai and Frances Quirk Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology, 2021, Vol. 11,  1–18 DOI : 10.1177/2045125320986634 Abstract Aims : The therapeutic use of psychedelics is regaining scientific momentum, but similarly psychoactive ethnobotanical substances have a long history of medical (and other) uses in indigenous contexts. Here we aimed to evaluate patient outcomes in a residential addiction treatment center that employs a novel combination of Western and traditional Amazonian methods. Methods : The study was observational, with repeated measures applied throughout treatment. All tests were administered in [...]

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MDMA-assisted therapy for severe PTSD : a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase 3 study, Jennifer M. Mitchell et al., 2021,

MDMA-assisted therapy for severe PTSD : a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase 3 study Jennifer M. Mitchell, Michael Bogenschutz, Alia Lilienstein, Charlotte Harrison, Sarah Kleiman6, Kelly Parker-Guilbert7, Marcela Ot’alora G., Wael Garas, Casey Paleos, Ingmar Gorman 11, Christopher Nicholas12, Michael Mithoefer5,9,13, Shannon Carlin, Bruce Poulter 8,9, Ann Mithoefer9, Sylvestre Quevedo2,14, Gregory Wells 14, Sukhpreet S. Klaire, Bessel van der Kolk16, Keren Tzarfaty9, Revital Amiaz17, Ray Worthy18, Scott Shannon, Joshua D. Woolley2, Cole Marta20, Yevgeniy Gelfand21, Emma Hapke, Simon Amar, Yair Wallach, Randall Brown11, Scott Hamilton25, Julie B. Wang5, Allison Coker 1,5, Rebecca Matthews, Alberdina de Boer5, Berra Yazar-Klosinski, Amy Emerson and Rick Doblin Nature Medicine | www.nature.com/naturemedicine, 2021, 1-12. doi : [...]

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Trial of Psilocybin versus Escitalopram for Depression, Robin Carhart-Harris et al., 2021

Trial of Psilocybin versus Escitalopram for Depression Robin Carhart-Harris, Ph.D., Bruna Giribaldi, B.Sc., Rosalind Watts, D.Clin.Psy., Michelle Baker-Jones, B.A., Ashleigh Murphy-Beiner, M.Sc., Roberta Murphy, M.D., Jonny Martell, M.D., Allan Blemings, M.Sc., David Erritzoe, M.D. and David J. Nutt, M.D.New England Journal of Medicine, 2021, 384, 1402-1411Doi : 10.1056/NEJMoa2032994 Abstract Background Psilocybin may have antidepressant properties, but direct comparisons between psilocybin and established treatments for depression are lacking. Methods In a phase 2, double-blind, randomized, controlled trial involving patients with long-standing, moderate-to-severe major depressive disorder, we compared psilocybin with escitalopram, a selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitor, over a 6-week period. Patients were assigned in a 1:1 ratio to receive [...]

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Psilocybin for treatment-resistant depression : fMRI-measured brain mechanisms, Robin L. Carhart-Harris et al., 2017

Psilocybin for treatment-resistant depression : fMRI-measured brain mechanisms Robin L Carhart-Harris, Leor Roseman, Mark Bolstridge, Lysia Demetriou, J Nienke Pannekoek, Matthew B Wall, Mark Tanner, Mendel Kaelen, John McGonigle, Kevin Murphy, Robert Leech, H Valerie Curran & David J Nutt Nature, Scientific Reports, 2017, 7, 13187 |1-11 Doi : 10.1038/s41598-017-13282-7   Abstract Psilocybin with psychological support is showing promise as a treatment model in psychiatry but its therapeutic mechanisms are poorly understood. Here, cerebral blood flow (CBF) and blood oxygen-level dependent (BOLD) resting-state functional connectivity (RSFC) were measured with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) before and after treatment with psilocybin (serotonin agonist) for treatment-resistant depression (TRD). [...]

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Psilocybin Delivers ‘Remarkable’ Relief in Severe Depression, Batya Swift Yasgur, Medscape.com, 2020

Psilocybin Delivers 'Remarkable' Relief in Severe Depression Batya Swift Yasgur, MA, LSW Medscape Medical News, November 05, 2020   Psilocybin, the psychedelic compound in "magic mushrooms," rapidly improves symptoms and produces remission in as little as two sessions for patients with major depression, new research suggests. Results of a small randomized trial showed that treatment with psilocybin was associated with a greater than 50% reduction in depressive symptoms in 67% of study participants. In addition, 71% showed improvement at 4-week follow-up, with more than 50% achieving remission. "The finding that the majority of people whom we treated showed efficacy was quite a remarkable and gratifying finding [...]

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