Étiquette : psychose

Reefer Madness : A Case of Cannabis-Induced Psychosis, Matthew C. Ballenberger et al., 2019

Reefer Madness : A Case of Cannabis-Induced Psychosis Matthew C. Ballenberger,  Robert D. Glatter,  Daniel P. Klein,  Steven Mandel, Medscape Psychiatry,  August 15, 2019 Clinical Presentation A 32-year-old woman with a history of iron-deficiency anemia was brought in by ambulance because of altered mental status. The patient's sister and boyfriend reported that 1 day before presentation, the patient had ingested a marijuana edible and a few hours later developed fatigue and nausea, followed by at least 15 episodes of nonbloody, nonbilious, projectile vomiting throughout the night. In the morning, she became very pale, her lips turned blue, and she became stiff, losing consciousness for [...]

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Model Psychoses Induced by LSD-25 in Normals. I. Psychophysiological Investigations, with Special Reference to the Mechanism of the Paranoid Reaction, Nicolas A. Bercelet al., 1956

Model Psychoses Induced by LSD-25 in Normals. I. Psychophysiological Investigations, with Special Reference to the Mechanism of the Paranoid Reaction Nicolas A. Bercel, Lee E. Travis, Leonard B. Olinger & E. Dreikurs AMA Archives of Neurology and Psychiatry, 1956, 588-611 republishing :Psychopathology: A Source Book (pp. 605–639). DOI: https://doi.org/10.4159/harvard.9780674367012 Keywords : Cardiovascular Agents, Ergot Alkaloids, adverse effects, Lysergic Acid Diethylamide, Mental Disorders, Oxytocics, Paranoid Disorders, Psychotic Disorders INTRODUCTION Experimental psychosis has a long history. It might have started with the administration of Cannabis indica boiling in wine to the ancient Hun warriors, resulting in mental obfuscation, as they were prepared for surgery because of wounds sustained in battle. [...]

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Psychopathology and Psychophysiology of Minimal LSD-25 Dosage. A Preliminary Dosage-Response Spectrum, Theodore GREINER et al., 1958

Psychopathology and Psychophysiology of Minimal LSD-25 Dosage. A Preliminary Dosage-Response Spectrum Theodore GREINER, Neil R. BURCH, Robert  EDELBERG AMA, Archives of  Neurology & Psychiatry, 1958, 79, (2), 208-210. doi:10.1001/archneurpsyc.1958.02340020088016 Abstract Despite 14 years of investigation, as intensive as accorded any biologically active chemical, a gap remains in the systematic description of human response to lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD-25). The dramatic schizophrenic-like symptoms after doses of 40 μg to 100 μg have drawn the main interest. The threshold for activity is placed at 20 μg by general consensus, while perfunctory administration of smaller doses has left their effect uncertain. Accompanying those pharmacologic demonstrations has been [...]

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Hallucinogen-persisting perception disorder, Leo Hermle et al., 2012

Hallucinogen-persisting perception disorder Leo Hermle, Melanie Simon, Martin Ruchsow and Martin Geppert Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology, 2012, 2, (5), 199–205 DOI: 10.1177/2045125312451270   Abstract : A 33-year-old female patient developed a hallucinogen-persisting perception disorder (HPPD) after lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) abuse for a year at the age of 18. Specifically, she reported after images, perception of movement in her peripheral visual fields, blurring of small patterns, halo effects, and macro- and micropsia. Previous treatment with antidepressants and risperidone failed to ameliorate these symptoms. Upon commencing drug therapy with lamotrigine, these complex visual disturbances receded almost completely. Based on its hypothesized neuroprotective and mood-stabilizing effects, the antiepileptic [...]

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Survey study of challenging experiences after ingesting psilocybin mushrooms : Acute and enduring positive and negative consequences, Theresa M. Carbonaro et al., 2016

Survey study of challenging experiences after ingesting psilocybin mushrooms : Acute and enduring positive and negative consequences Theresa M. Carbonaro, Matthew P. Bradstreet, Frederick S. Barrett, Katherine A. MacLean, Robert Jesse, Matthew W. Johnson and Roland R. Griffiths Journal of Psychopharmacology, 2016, 1 –11 DOI: 10.1177/0269881116662634 Abstract Acute and enduring adverse effects of psilocybin have been reported anecdotally, but have not been well characterized. For this study, 1993 individuals (mean age 30 yrs; 78% male) completed an online survey about their single most psychologically difficult or challenging experience (worst “bad trip”) after consuming psilocybin mushrooms. Thirty-nine percent rated it among the top five most challenging [...]

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Functional Connectivity Measures After Psilocybin Inform a Novel Hypothesis of Early Psychosis, Robin L. Carhart-Harris et al., 2012

Functional Connectivity Measures After Psilocybin Inform a Novel Hypothesis of Early Psychosis Robin L. Carhart-Harris, Robert Leech, David Erritzoe, Tim M. Williams, James M. Stone, John Evans, David J. Sharp, Amanda Feilding, Richard G. Wise, and David J. Nutt Schizophrenia Bulletin, 2012 doi: 10.1093/schbul/sbs117   model of psychosis. This study measured the effects of psilocybin on resting-state network and thalamo-cortical functional connectivity (FC) using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Fifteen healthy volunteers received intravenous infusions of psilocybin and placebo in 2 task-free resting-state scans. Primary analyses focused on changes in FC between the default-mode- (DMN) and task-positive network (TPN). Spontaneous activity in the DMN is orthogonal [...]

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From experimental psychosis to resolving traumatic pasts – Psychedelic Research in Communist Czechoslovakia, 1954‑1974, Sarah Marks, 2015

From experimental psychosis to resolving traumatic pasts - Psychedelic Research in Communist Czechoslovakia, 1954‑1974 De la psychose expérimentale à la guérison des traumatismes du passé : la recherche psychédélique en Tchécoslovaquie communiste, 1954‑1974 Sarah Marks Cahiers du monde russe, 2015, 56, 1, 53-75. DOI: 10.4000/monderusse.8165   The mid‑twentieth century saw an abundance of new theories of human behaviour and mental disorder, many of which were inspired by new developments in broader scientific fields, from cybernetics and genetics, to pharmaceuticals and new technologies of psychological testing1. There is a developing historical literature on the development of psychiatry in Western Europe and North America, yet we know little [...]

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LSD before Leary – Sidney Cohen’ s Critique of 1950s Psychedelic Drug Research, Steven J. Novak, 1997

LSD before Leary - Sidney Cohen' s Critique of 1950s Psychedelic Drug Research Steven J. Novak Isis, 1997, Vol. 88, No. 1, pp. 87-110. http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0021-1753%28199703%2988%3A1%3C87%3ALBLSCC%3E2.0.CO%3B2-W   ABSTRACT In 1962 Sidney Cohen presented the medical community with its first warning about the dangers of the drug LSD. LSD had arrived in the United States in 1949 and was originally perceived as a psychoto-mimetic capable of producing a model psychosis. But in the mid 1950s intellectuals in Southern California redefined LSD as a psychedelic capable of producing mystical enlightenment. Though LSD was an investigational drug, authorized only for experimental use, by the late 1950s psychiatrists and psychologists were [...]

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The LSD Therapy Career of Jan Bastiaans, M.D. Stephen Snelders, 1998

The LSD Therapy Career of Jan Bastiaans, M.D. Stephen Snelders Newsletter of the Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies, MAPS : 1998, Vol 8, N° 1, pp. 18-20   JAN BASTIAANS WAS 23 YEARS OLD and a medical student at the University of Amsterdam when the German army invaded the Netherlands. The German occupation (1940-1945) had a lasting influence on his life and work. The first aim of Bastiaans' use of LSD and psilocybin in psychotherapy was to help victims of World War II: the survivors of the war who had become extremely traumatized by their experiences in the German and Japanese prisons and concentration [...]

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The Association of Salvia divinorum and Psychotic Disorders: A Review of the Literature and Case Series, Joseph El-Khoury & Nayiri Sahakian, 2015

The Association of Salvia divinorum and Psychotic Disorders: A Review of the Literature and Case Series Joseph El-Khoury & Nayiri Sahakian Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, 2015, 47, 4, 286-292 https://doi.org/10.1080/02791072.2015.1073815   Abstract The association of substance abuse and psychotic disorders is of interest to clinicians, academics, and lawmakers. Commonly abused substances, such as cannabis, cocaine, amphetamines, and alcohol, have all been associated with substance-induced psychosis. Hallucinogens can induce desired psychedelic effects and undesirable psychomimetic reactions. These are usually transient and resolve once the duration of action is over. Sometimes, these effects persist, causing distress and requiring intervention. This article focuses on the hallucinogenic substance Salvia divinorum, [...]

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