Mois : septembre 2019

The endocannabinoid system : an overview, Natalia Battista et al., 2012

The endocannabinoid system : an overview Natalia Battista, Monia Di Tommaso, Monica Bari and Mauro Maccarrone Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 2012|Volume 6|Article 9 | 1 doi: 10.3389/fnbeh.2012.00009   Upon the identification of anandamide (AEA) in the porcine brain, numerous studies contributed to the current state of knowledge regarding all elements that form the “endocannabinoidsystem (ECS).” How this complex system of receptors, ligands, and enzymes is integrated in helping to regulate fundamental processes at level of central nervous and peripheral systems and how its regulation and dysregulation might counteract disturbances of such functions, is now a days still under investigation. However, the most recent advances on [...]

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Cannabinoids, Endocannabinoids and Cancer, Daniel J. Hermanson and Lawrence J. Marnett , 2011

Cannabinoids, Endocannabinoids and Cancer Daniel J. Hermanson and Lawrence J. Marnett Cancer Metastasis Reviews, 2011, 30, (3-4), 599–612. doi:10.1007/s10555-011-9318-8.   1. Introduction 1.1 Cannabinoid Function Endocannabinoids are bioactive lipids that have a range of interesting activities mediated by two G-protein-coupled receptors (CB1 and CB2) and other putative targets [1-3]. The CB1 receptor is present in the central nervous system and mediates the psychotropic effects of exogenous cannabinoids such as Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the active component of marijuana. In the brain, endocannabinoids and cannabinoids combine with CB1 cannabinoid receptors on axon terminals and regulate ion channel activity and neurotransmitter release [4]. Binding to the CB1 receptor is responsible for [...]

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Opportunities for cannabis in supportive care in cancer, Amber S. Kleckner et al., 2019

Opportunities for cannabis in supportive care in cancer Amber S. Kleckner , Ian R. Kleckner, Charles S. Kamen, Mohamedtaki A. Tejani, Michelle C. Janelsins, Gary R. Morrow and Luke J. Peppone Therapeutic Advances in Medical Oncology, 2019, Vol. 11, 1–29 DOI: 10.1177/1758835919866362   Abstract Cannabis has the potential to modulate some of the most common and debilitating symptoms of cancer and its treatments, including nausea and vomiting, loss of appetite, and pain. However, the dearth of scientific evidence for the effectiveness of cannabis in treating these symptoms in patients with cancer poses a challenge to clinicians in discussing this option with their patients. A review was [...]

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Legal highs : staying on top of the flood of novel psychoactive substances, David Baumeister et al., 2015

Legal highs : staying on top of the flood of novel psychoactive substances David Baumeister, Luis M. Tojo and Derek K. Tracy Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology, 2015, Vol. 5, (2), 97–132 DOI: 10.1177/2045125314559539   Abstract : There has been growing clinical, public, and media awareness and concern about the availability and potential harmfulness of so-called ‘legal highs’, which are more appropriately called new or novel psychoactive substances (NPS). A cat-and-mouse process has emerged wherein unknown chemists and laboratories are producing new, and as yet nonproscribed, compounds for human consumption; and as soon as they are banned, which they inevitably are, slightly modified analogues are produced to [...]

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Psychedelics, David E. Nichols, 2016

Psychedelics David E. Nichols Pharmacological Review, 2016, 68, 264–355 http://dx.doi.org/10.1124/pr.115.011478   Abstract . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . .266 I. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [...]

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« Heureusement qu’il y a l’herbe ! », Anne Coppel, Chimères, 2014

« Heureusement qu’il y a l’herbe ! » Anne Coppel ERES | « Chimères », 2014/1 N° 82 | pages 33 à 42 https://www.cairn.inforevue-chimeres-2014-1-page-33.htm « On ne trouve pas trace dans les livres, ni ailleurs, du nom de Govan- Eremetus, ni du pays d’Archaos où il régna, entre la fin des Temps- Barbares et le commencement des Temps-Barbares. Pourtant quelque chose manque là, à la fois dans le temps et dans l’espace. À ce tournant mal éclairé de l’histoire, il y a comme un trou, des événements postérieurs restent inexpliqués. Les coordonnées ne se rejoignent pas ; à partir d’un certain point on les [...]

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Il y a herbe et herbe, Michka Seeliger-Chatelain, Chimères, 2014

Il y a herbe et herbe Michka SEELIGER-CHATELAIN ERES | « Chimères », 2014/1 N° 82 | pages 43 à 48 https://www.cairn.inforevue-chimeres-2014-1-page-43.htm   Jean-Philippe Cazier : Vous dites que fumer de l’herbe vous a permis d’échapper à une forme de rationalité trop stricte. Est-ce que vous diriez que le cannabis a rendu possible, pour vous, un nouveau rapport au monde et à soi, de produire une forme de subjectivité ? M. : Le mot « cannabis » est encore plus vague que le mot « vin ». Il y a un monde entre le gros rouge de base et un grand cru élevé avec amour. Le [...]

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Could Cannabidiol be a Treatment Option for Intractable Childhood and Adolescent Epilepsy ?, Chung Mo Koo et al., 2017

Could Cannabidiol be a Treatment Option for Intractable Childhood and Adolescent Epilepsy ? Chung Mo Koo, Hoon-Chul Kang Journal of Epilepsy Research, 2017, 7, 16-20. pISSN 2233-6249 / eISSN 2233-6257 www.kes.or.kr   Epilepsy is an important disease that affects brain function, particularly in those under 3 years old. Uncontrolled seizures can affect cognitive function and quality of life. For these reasons, many trials have been conducted to investigate treatments for pediatric epilepsy. Currently, many antiepileptic drugs are available for the treatment of epilepsy, but cases of intractable epilepsy continue to exist. In the past, cannabis has been tested as a potential treatment of intractable epilepsy. Since [...]

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Don’t Fear the Reefer—Evidence Mounts for Plant-Based Cannabidiol as Treatment for Epilepsy, Commentary, M. Scott Perry, 2019

Don’t Fear the Reefer—Evidence Mounts for Plant-Based Cannabidiol as Treatment for Epilepsy - Commentary M. Scott Perry Epilepsy Currents, 2019, Vol. 19, (2), 93-95 DOI: 10.1177/1535759719835671   Effect of Cannabidiol on Drop Seizures in the Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome Devinsky O, Patel AD, Cross JH, et al; GWPCARE3 Study Group. N Engl J Med, 2018, 378, 1888-1897. Background : Cannabidiol has been used for treatment-resistant seizures in patients with severe early-onset epilepsy. We investigated the efficacy and safety of cannabidiol added to a regimen of conventional antiepileptic medication to treat drop seizures in patients with the Lennox-Gastaut syndrome, a severe developmental epileptic encephalopathy. Methods : In this double-blind, placebo-controlled trial conducted [...]

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Dosage Related Efficacy and Tolerability of Cannabidiol in Children With Treatment-Resistant Epileptic Encephalopathy : Preliminary Results of the CARE-E Study, Richard J. Huntsman et al., 2019

Dosage Related Efficacy and Tolerability of Cannabidiol in Children With Treatment-Resistant Epileptic Encephalopathy : Preliminary Results of the CARE-E Study Richard J. Huntsman, Richard Tang-Wai, Jane Alcorn, Stephanie Vuong, Bryan Acton1,5, Scott Corley, Robert Laprairie, Andrew W. Lyon, Simona Meier, Darrell D. Mousseau, Doris Newmeyer, Erin Prosser-Loose, Blair Seifert, Jose Tellez-Zenteno, Linda Huh, Edward Leung and Philippe Major Frontiers in  Neurology, 2019, 10:716. doi: 10.3389/fneur.2019.00716   Purpose : There is uncertainty regarding the appropriate dose of Cannabidiol (CBD) for childhood epilepsy. We present the preliminary data of seven participants from the Cannabidiol in Children with Refractory Epileptic Encephalopathy (CARE-E) study. Methods : The study is an open-label, [...]

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