Étiquette : psychiatrie

Modulation of Social Cognition via Hallucinogens and “Entactogens”, Katrin H. Preller and Franz X. Vollenweider, 2019

Modulation of Social Cognition via Hallucinogens and “Entactogens” Katrin H. Preller and Franz X. Vollenweider Frontiers in Psychiatry, décembre 2019 doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00881 Social cognition is a fundamental ability in human everyday lives. Deficits in social functioning also represent a core aspect of many psychiatric disorders. Yet, despite its significance, deficits in social cognition skills are insufficiently targeted by current treatments. Hallucinogens and entactogens have been shown to have the potential to modulate social processing. This article reviews the literature on the influence of hallucinogens and entactogens on social processing in controlled experimental studies in humans and elucidates the underlying neurobiological and neuropharmacological mechanisms. Furthermore, [...]

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Emergency department presentations related to acute toxicity following recreational use of cannabis products in Switzerland, Yasmin Schmid et al., 2019

Emergency department presentations related to acute toxicity following recreational use of cannabis products in Switzerland Yasmin Schmid, Irene Scholz, Laura Mueller, Aristomenis K. Exadaktylos, Alessandro Ceschi, Matthias E. Liechti, Evangelia Liakoni Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2019.107726   A B S T R A C T Background : Concomitant use of cannabis and other psychoactive substances is common and it is often difficult to differentiate its acute effects from those of other substances. This study aimed to characterize the acute toxicity of cannabis with and without co-use of other substances. Methods : Retrospective analysis of cases presenting at the emergency departments of three large hospitals in Switzerland due [...]

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Prevalence and Correlates of Cannabis Use in Outpatients with Serious Mental Illness receiving treatment for Alcohol Use Disorders, Jordan Skalisky et al., 2017

Prevalence and Correlates of Cannabis Use in Outpatients with Serious Mental Illness receiving treatment for Alcohol Use Disorders Jordan Skalisky, Emily Leickly, Oladunni Oluwoye, Sterling M. McPherson, Debra Srebnik, John M. Roll, Richard K. Ries, and Michael G. McDonell Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, 2017, 2, 1, 133-138. Doi : 10.1089/can.2017.0006   Abstract Introduction : People with serious mental illness (SMI) use cannabis more than any other illicit drug. Cannabis use is associated with increased psychotic symptoms and is highly comorbid with alcohol use disorders (AUDs). Despite the national trend toward decriminalization, little is known about the prevalence, correlates, and impact of cannabis use on those with SMI [...]

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Psychiatry & the psychedelic drugs. Past, present & future, James J.H. Rucker et al., 2018

Psychiatry & the psychedelic drugs. Past, present & future James J.H. Rucker, Jonathan Iliff, David J. Nutt Neuropharmacology, 2018, 142, 200e218 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropharm.2017.12.040   a b s t r a c t The classical psychedelic drugs, including psilocybin, lysergic acid diethylamide and mescaline, were used extensively in psychiatry before they were placed in Schedule I of the UN Convention on Drugs in 1967. Experimentation and clinical trials undertaken prior to legal sanction suggest that they are not helpful for those with established psychotic disorders and should be avoided in those liable to develop them. However, those with so-called ‘psychoneurotic’ disorders sometimes benefited considerably from their tendency to [...]

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Comment le cannabis peut favoriser les troubles psychotiques : conséquences, dépistage et prise en charge, Alain Dervaux, 2019

Comment le cannabis peut favoriser les troubles psychotiques : conséquences, dépistage et prise en charge Alain Dervaux L’Information Psychiatrique, 2019, 95, (8), 672-678 * Travail présenté aux 37es journées de la Société de l’Information Psychiatrique, Antibes, 4-6 octobre 2018. Résumé Les relations complexes entre cannabis et psychoses ont fait l’objet de nombreux travaux depuis une vingtaine d’années. La consommation de cannabis peut s’accompagner de symptômes psychotiques chez certains sujets (jusqu’à 15 % des consommateurs) qui disparaissent avec l’élimination du -9-THC de l’organisme. Elle peut aussi augmenter par deux le risque de troubles psychotiques, notamment de schizophrénie. Le risque est d’autant plus élevé que la consommation de cannabis [...]

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Could cannabidiol be used as an alternative to antipsychotics ?, Marc Fakhoury, 2016

Could cannabidiol be used as an alternative to antipsychotics ? Marc Fakhoury Journal of Psychiatric Research · May 2016 Doi : 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2016.05.013   Abstract Schizophrenia is a mental disorder that affects close to 1% of the population. Individuals with this disorder often present signs such as hallucination, anxiety, reduced attention, and social withdrawal. Although antipsychotic drugs remain the cornerstone of schizophrenia treatment, they are associated with severe side effects. Recently, the endocannabinoid system (ECS) has emerged as a potential therapeutic target for pharmacotherapy that is involved in a wide range of disorders, including schizophrenia. Since its discovery, a lot of effort has been devoted to the [...]

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Cannabinoids for the treatment of mental disorders and symptoms of mental disorders : a systematic review and meta-analysis, Nicola Black et al., 2019,

Cannabinoids for the treatment of mental disorders and symptoms of mental disorders : a systematic review and meta-analysis Nicola Black, Emily Stockings, Gabrielle Campbell, Lucy T. Tran, Dino Zagic, Wayne D. Hall, Michael Farrell, Louisa Degenhardt Lancet Psychiatry, 2019 https://doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(19)30401-8   Summary Background : Medicinal cannabinoids, including medicinal cannabis and pharmaceutical cannabinoids and their synthetic derivatives, such as tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD), have been suggested to have a therapeutic role in certain mental disorders. We analysed the available evidence to ascertain the effectiveness and safety of all types of medicinal cannabinoids in treating symptoms of various mental disorders. Methods : For this systematic review and meta-analysis [...]

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In Vivo Availability of Cannabinoid 1 Receptor Levels in Patients With First-Episode Psychosis, Faith Borgan et al., 2019

In Vivo Availability of Cannabinoid 1 Receptor Levels in Patients With First-Episode Psychosis Faith Borgan, Heikki Laurikainen, Mattia Veronese, Tiago Reis Marques, Merja Haaparanta-Solin, Olof Solin, Tarik Dahoun, Maria Rogdaki, Raimo KR Salokangas, Max Karukivi, Marta Di Forti, Federico Turkheimer, Jarmo Hietala, Oliver Howes for the METSY Group JAMA Psychiatry, 2019. doi : 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2019.1427   IMPORTANCE Experimental and epidemiological studies implicate the cannabinoid 1 receptor (CB1R) in the pathophysiology of psychosis. However, whether CB1R levels are altered in the early stages of psychosis and whether they are linked to cognitive function or symptom severity remain unknown. OBJECTIVE To investigate CB1R availability in first-episode psychosis (FEP) without the [...]

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Therapeutic potential of cannabinoids in schizophrenia, KUCEROVA J. et al., 2014

Therapeutic potential of cannabinoids in schizophrenia, KUCEROVA J., TABIOVA K., DRAGO F., MICALE V. Recent Patents on CNS Drug Discovery, 2014, 9, (1), 13-25. Doi : 10.2174/1574889809666140307115532   Abstract Increasing evidence suggests a close relationship between the endocannabinoid system and schizophrenia. The endocannabinoid system comprises of two G protein-coupled receptors (the cannabinoid receptors 1 and 2 [CB1 and CB2] for marijuana's psychoactive principle Δ(9)-tetrahydro-cannabinol), their endogenous small lipid ligands (namely anandamide [AEA] and 2-arachidonoyl-glycerol [2-AG], also known as endocannabinoids), and proteins for endocannabinoid biosynthesis and degradation. It has been suggested to be a pro-homeostatic and pleiotropic signalling system activated in a time- and tissue-specific manner during [...]

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Medical use of cannabis. Cannabidiol : a new light for schizophrenia ?, Serena Deiana, 2013

Medical use of cannabis. Cannabidiol: a new light for schizophrenia ? Serena Deiana Drug Testing and Analysis, 2013, 5, (1), 46-51 doi: 10.1002/dta.1425. Abstract The medical properties of cannabis have been known for many centuries; its first documented use dates back to 2800 BC when it was described for its hallucinogenic and pain-relieving properties. In the first half of the twentieth century, a number of pharmaceutical companies marked cannabis for indications such as asthma and pain, but since then its use has sharply declined, mainly due to its unpredictable effects, but also for socio-political issues. Recently, great attention has been directed to the medical properties [...]

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