Étiquette : THC

Cannabis in the management of PTSD : a systematic review, Yasir Rehman et al., 2021

Cannabis in the management of PTSD : a systematic review, Yasir Rehman, Amreen Saini, Sarina Huang, Emma Sood, Ravneet Gill and Sezgi Yanikomeroglu AIMS Neuroscience, 2021, 8, (3), 414-434. Doi : 10.3934/Neuroscience.2021022   Abstract : Introduction : Existing reviews exploring cannabis effectiveness have numerous limitations including narrow search strategies. We systematically explored cannabis effects on PTSD symptoms, quality of life (QOL), and return to work (RTW). We also investigated harm outcomes such as adverse effects and dropouts due to adverse effects, inefficacy, and all-cause dropout rates. Methods : Our search in MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycInfo, CINAHL, Web of Science, CENTRAL, and PubMed databases, yielded 1 eligible RCT and 10 [...]

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Endocannabinoid System as Therapeutic Target of PTSD : A Systematic Review, Luca Steardo, Jr. et al., 2021

Endocannabinoid System as Therapeutic Target of PTSD : A Systematic Review Luca Steardo, Jr., Elvira Anna Carbone, Giulia Menculini, Patrizia Moretti, Luca Steardo and Alfonso Tortorella Life, 2021, 11, 214. Doi : 10.3390/life11030214 Abstract : Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a complex disorder involving dysregulation of stress-related hormones and neurotransmitter systems. Research focused on the endocannabinoid system (eCBS) for anxiety and stress regulation, cognitive and emotional responses modulation and aversive memories extinction, leading to the hypothesis that it could represent a possible alternative treatment target for PTSD. In this systematic review, we summarize evidence about the efficacy and safety of medicinal cannabidiol (CBD), D9-tetrahydrocannabinol (D9-THC), and [...]

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Genomic and Chemical Diversity in Cannabis, C. Lynch et al., 2015

Genomic and Chemical Diversity in Cannabis Ryan C. Lyncha,e, Daniela Vergaraa, Silas Tittesa, Kristin Whitea, C. J. Schwartzb, Matthew J. Gibbsb, Travis C. Ruthenburgc,d, Kymron deCesarec, Donald P. Landc, and Nolan C. Kanea CRITICAL REVIEWS IN PLANT SCIENCES, 2016, VOL. 35, NOS. 5–6, 349–363 Doi : 10.1080/07352689.2016.1265363 ABSTRACT Plants of the Cannabis genus are the only prolific producers of phytocannabinoids, compounds that strongly interact with the evolutionarily ancient endocannabinoid receptors shared by most bilaterian taxa. For millennia, the plant has been cultivated not only for these compounds, but also for food, rope, paper, and clothing. Today, specialized varieties yielding high-quality textile fibers, nutritional seed oil, or high cannabinoid [...]

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Medical cannabis for severe treatment resistant epilepsy in children : a case-series of 10 patients, Rayyan Zafar, David Nutt et al., 2021

Medical cannabis for severe treatment resistant epilepsy in children : a case-series of 10 patients Rayyan Zafar, Anne Schlag, Lawrence Phillips, David J Nutt BMJ Paediatrics Open, 2021, 5, e001234. doi : 10.1136/bmjpo-2021-001234 ABSTRACT Objectives : To report the findings of a case-series of 10 children suffering with intractable epilepsies in the UK to determine the feasibility for using whole-plant cannabis medicines to treat seizures in children. Setting : This study was conducted retrospectively through collecting clinical data from caretakers and clinicians on study outcome variables. Participants were recruited through the MedCann Support and End our Pain charity groups which are patient representative groups that support children [...]

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Whole-plant Cannabis Linked to Large Reduction in Seizures Kelli Whitlock Burton, Medscape, 2021.

Whole-plant Cannabis Linked to Large Reduction in Seizures Kelli Whitlock Burton Medscape - Dec 29, 2021. https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/965756   Whole-plant cannabis is linked to a significant reduction in seizures in children with severe treatment-resistant epilepsy, early research suggests. In a small case series, children with severe treatment-resistant epilepsy treated with a range of whole-plant extract cannabis-based medical products (CBMPs) reported an 86% reduction in monthly seizures. All participants had no improvement with traditional antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). The study adds to a small but growing body of research investigating whole-plant cannabis medicines containing tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in pediatric epilepsies. Rayyan Raja Zafar "Although we have previously noted the superior efficacy of whole-plant medical cannabis is a previous [...]

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Epidiolex Plus THC May Lower Seizures in Pediatric Epilepsy Randy Dotinga, Medscape.com, 2021.

Epidiolex Plus THC May Lower Seizures in Pediatric Epilepsy Randy Dotinga  Medscape.com - Oct 14, 2021. https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/960842   Children and young adults with epilepsy had fewer seizures after combination treatment with the drug Epidiolex, which contains the cannabidiol (CBD), and various doses of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the component of cannabis that makes people high in larger quantities, researchers reported. "THC can contribute to seizure control and mitigation some of the side effects of CBD," said study coauthor and Austin, Tex., child neurologist Karen Keough, MD, in an interview. Keough and colleagues presented their findings at the 50th annual meeting of the Child Neurology Society. In a landmark move, the Food and [...]

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Integrating Endocannabinoid Signaling and Cannabinoids into the Biology and Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Matthew N. Hill et al., 2018

Integrating Endocannabinoid Signaling and Cannabinoids into the Biology and Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Matthew N. Hill, Patrizia Campolongo, Rachel Yehuda and Sachin Pate Neuropsychopharmacology REVIEWS, 2018, 43, 80–102. doi : 10.1038/npp.2017.162   Exposure to stress is an undeniable, but in most cases surmountable, part of life. However, in certain individuals, exposure to severe or cumulative stressors can lead to an array of pathological conditions including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), characterized by debilitating trauma-related intrusive thoughts, avoidance behaviors, hyperarousal, as well as depressed mood and anxiety. In the context of the rapidly changing political and legal landscape surrounding use of cannabis products in the USA, [...]

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Short and Long-Term Effects of Cannabis on Symptoms of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Emily M. LaFrance et al, 2020,

Short and Long-Term Effects of Cannabis on Symptoms of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Emily M. LaFrance, Nicholas C. Glodosky, Marcel Bonn-Miller, Carrie Cuttler Journal of Affective Disorders, 2020, 274, 298–304 Doi : 10.1016/j.jad.2020.05.132   A B S T R A C T Background : Many individuals use cannabis to manage symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and evidence indicates that the endocannabinoid system represents a viable target for treating these symptoms. Method : Data from 404 medical cannabis users who self-identified as having PTSD were obtained from Strainprint®, a medical cannabis app that patients use to track changes in symptoms as a function of different strains and doses [...]

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Cannabinoid-based Medications for Pain Raymond M. St. Marie, Raphael J. Leo, 2021

Cannabinoid-based Medications for Pain Raymond M. St. Marie, MD; Raphael J. Leo, MA, MD Current Psychiatry, 2021, 20(5), 21-33. Abstract and Introduction Introduction Against the backdrop of an increasing opioid use epidemic and a marked acceleration of prescription opioid–related deaths,[1,2] there has been an impetus to explore the usefulness of alternative and co-analgesic agents to assist patients with chronic pain. Preclinical studies employing animal-based models of human pain syndromes have demonstrated that cannabis and chemicals derived from cannabis extracts may mitigate several pain conditions.[3] Because there are significant comorbidities between psychiatric disorders and chronic pain, psychiatrists are likely to care for patients with chronic pain. As [...]

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Clinical Evidence of Magistral Preparations Based on Medicinal Cannabis, Sara Arias et al., 2021

Clinical Evidence of Magistral Preparations Based on Medicinal Cannabis Sara Arias, Marta Leon, Diego Jaimes and Rosa-Helena Bustos Pharmaceuticals, 2021, 14, 78, 1-13. Doi :10.3390/ph14020078   Abstract : Cannabis has been widely used as a medicinal plant for millennia; however, studies related to its main components were first conducted in 1960. Subsequently, laboratories have produced new components and structures related to its active biological properties. Countries that have approved the medicinal use of cannabis impose regulations that govern its clinical and scientific use. One means of administering medicinal cannabis is via a magistral preparation that must have a medical prescription and be prepared in an establishment [...]

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