Étiquette : THC

Comparison of the Neurotoxic and Seizure-Inducing Effects of Synthetic and Endogenous Cannabinoids with Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol

Comparison of the Neurotoxic and Seizure-Inducing Effects of Synthetic and Endogenous Cannabinoids with Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol Chris S. Breivogel, Jacob R. Wells, Amreen Jonas, Artik H. Mistry, Morgan L. Gravley, Rajul M. Patel, Brianna E. Whithorn, and Bonnie M. Brenseke Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, 2019, Volume X, Number X DOI: 10.1089/can.2019.0003 Abstract Introduction : Synthetic cannabinoids (SCs) are commonly found in preparations used as recreational drugs. Although severe adverse health effects are not generally associated with cannabis use, a rising number of studies document seizures and even death after SC use. In this study, a mouse model is used to investigate the hypothesis that SCs are more [...]

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Adolescent‐onset heavy cannabis use associated with significantly reduced glial but not neuronal markers and glutamate levels in the hippocampus, Grace Blest‐Hopley et al., 2019

Adolescent‐onset heavy cannabis use associated with significantly reduced glial but not neuronal markers and glutamate levels in the hippocampus Grace Blest‐Hopley | Aisling O'Neill | Robin Wilson | Vincent Giampietro | David Lythgoe | Alice Egerton | Sagnik Bhattacharyya Addiction Biology, 2019, e12827, 1-11. DOI: 10.1111/adb.12827   Abstract Cannabis use has been associated with adverse mental health outcomes, the neurochemical underpinnings of which are poorly understood. Although preclinical evidence suggests glutamatergic dysfunction following cannabis exposure in several brain regions including the hippocampus, evidence from human studies have been inconsistent. We investigated the effect of persistent cannabis use on the brain levels of N‐acetyl aspartate (NAA) and myo-inositol, [...]

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The Consumption of Psychoactive Plants During Religious Rituals : The Roots of Common Symbols and Figures in Religions and Myths, H. Umit Sayin, 2014

The Consumption of Psychoactive Plants During Religious Rituals: The Roots of Common Symbols and Figures in Religions and Myths H. Umit Sayin NeuroQuantology | June 2014 | Volume 12 | Issue 2 | Page 276-296 DOI: 10.14704/nq.2014.12.2.753   ABSTRACT Psychoactive plants which contain hallucinogenic molecules that induce a form of altered states of consciousness (HASC) have been widely used during the religious rituals of many cultures throughout the centuries, while the consumption of these plants for spiritual and religious purposes is as old as human history. Some of those cultures were shaman and pagan subcultures; African native religions; Bwiti Cult; South American native religions; Amazon Cultures; [...]

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Heavy cannabis use, dependence and the brain : a clinical perspective, Emese Kroon et al., 2019

Heavy cannabis use, dependence and the brain : a clinical perspective Emese Kroon, Lauren Kuhns, Eva Hoch & Janna Cousijn Addictions, 2019, 1-12. doi : 10.1111/add.14776   ABSTRACT Aims : To summarize and evaluate our knowledge of the relationship between heavy cannabis use, cannabis use disorder (CUD) and the brain. Methods : Narrative review of relevant literature identified through existing systematic reviews, meta-analyses and a PubMed search. Epidemiology, clinical representations, potential causal mechanisms, assessments, treatment and prognosis are discussed. Results : Although causality is unclear, heavy and dependent cannabis use is consistently associated with a high prevalence of comorbid psychiatric disorders and learning and memory impairments that seem [...]

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Renseignements destinés aux professionnels de la santé : Le cannabis (marijuana, marihuana) et les cannabinoïdes, Santé Canada, dernière version octobre 2018

Renseignements destinés aux professionnels de la santé : Le cannabis (marijuana, marihuana) et les cannabinoïdes (Version PDF - 2,690 Ko) https://www.canada.ca/fr/sante-canada/services/drogues-medicaments/cannabis/renseignements-medecins/renseignements-destines-professionnels-sante-cannabis-cannabinoides.html Santé Canada Auteur : Hanan Abramovici Ph.D. Co-auteurs : Sophie-Anne Lamour, Ph.D. et George Mammen, Ph.D. Nous republions cet excellent document de Santé Canada, et surtout, le résumé des indications reconnues, et envisagées, du cannabis thérapeutique.   Aperçu des énoncés récapitulatifs Les énoncés récapitulatifs suivants visent à résumer le contenu des sections 4.0 (Usages thérapeutiques possibles) et 7.0 (Effets indésirables) et leurs sous-sections respectives. Les énoncés récapitulatifs peuvent être également trouvés dans leurs sections et sous-sections respectives dans le corps même du document. Remarque: la plupart des études [...]

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Acute effects of delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) on resting state brain function and their modulation by COMT genotype, Matthijs G. Bossong et al., 2019

Acute effects of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) on resting state brain function and their modulation by COMT genotype Matthijs G. Bossong, Hendrika H. van Hell, Chris D. Schubart, Wesley van Saane, Tabitha A. Iseger, Gerry Jager, Matthias J.P. van Osch, J. Martijn Jansma, René S. Kahn, Marco P. Boks, Nick F. Ramsey European Neuropsychopharmacology, 2019, 13, 56, 1–11 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.euroneuro.2019.03.010   Abstract Cannabis produces a broad range of acute, dose-dependent psychotropic effects. Only a limited number of neuroimaging studies have mapped these effects by examining the impact of cannabis on resting state brain neurophysiology. Moreover, how genetic variation influences the acute effects of cannabis on resting state brain function [...]

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The Potential of Cannabidiol as a Treatment for Psychosis and Addiction : Who Benefits Most ? A Systematic Review, Albert Batalla et al., 2019

The Potential of Cannabidiol as a Treatment for Psychosis and Addiction : Who Benefits Most ? A Systematic Review Albert Batalla, Hella Janssen, Shiral S. Gangadin and Matthijs G. Bossong Journal of Clinical Medicine, 2019, 8, 1058 doi : 10.3390/jcm8071058 Abstract : The endogenous cannabinoid (eCB) system plays an important role in the pathophysiology of both psychotic disorders and substance use disorders (SUDs). The non-psychoactive cannabinoid compound, cannabidiol (CBD) is a highly promising tool in the treatment of both disorders. Here we review human clinical studies that investigated the ecacy of CBD treatment for schizophrenia, substance use disorders, and their comorbidity. In particular, we examined [...]

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Le cannabis thérapeutique expérimenté 2 ans à partir de 2020, Par Public Sénat avec l’AFP, 12 juillet 2019

Le cannabis thérapeutique expérimenté 2 ans à partir de 2020 Par Public Sénat avec l'AFP Vendredi 12 juillet 2019 à 16:06 L’Agence du médicament a donné, jeudi, son accord à une expérimentation du cannabis thérapeutique. Sous l’impulsion d’Esther Benbassa, un débat sur la question avait eu lieu au mois de mai dans l’hémicycle. La sénatrice écologiste se réjouit de cette expérimentation mais regrette la « frilosité » du cadre. Fin 2018, l’Agence du médicament (ANSM) avait mandaté un comité d’experts (CSST) pour lui fournir un projet-cadre d’expérimentation du cannabis thérapeutique. Jeudi, l’ANSM a donc donné son feu vert aux conditions d’une expérimentation qui démarrera [...]

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A Conversion of Oral Cannabidiol to Delta9-Tetrahydrocannabinol Seems Not to Occur in Humans, Gerhard Nahler et al., 2017

A Conversion of Oral Cannabidiol to Delta9-Tetrahydrocannabinol Seems Not to Occur in Humans Gerhard Nahler, Franjo Grotenhermen, Antonio Waldo Zuardi, and Jose´ A.S. Crippa3 Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, 2017, 2, 1, 81-86 DOI: 10.1089/can.2017.0009 Abstract Cannabidiol (CBD), a major cannabinoid of hemp, does not bind to CB1 receptors and is therefore devoid of psychotomimetic properties. Under acidic conditions, CBD can be transformed to delta9 tetrahydro-cannabinol (THC) and other cannabinoids. It has been argued that this may occur also after oral administration in humans. However, the experimental conversion of CBD to THC and delta8-THC in simulated gastric fluid (SGF) is a highly artificial approach that deviates [...]

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The Clinical Significance of Endocannabinoids in Endometriosis Pain Management, Jerome Bouaziz et al., 2017

The Clinical Significance of Endocannabinoids in Endometriosis Pain Management Jerome Bouaziz, Alexandra Bar On, Daniel S. Seidman, and David Soriano Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, 2017, 2, 1, 72-80 DOI : 10.1089/can.2016.0035   Abstract Introduction : Patients with endometriosis often suffer from diffuse and poorly localized severe pain. The current pain management strategies include medical and hormonal therapy, as well as surgery. Medical management of pain is often insufficient and is associated with high rate of recurrence. Better pain management is therefore of urgent need. Methods : Among the various candidates, the endocannabinoid system (ECS) has recently emerged as a relevant pharmacological target for themanagement of endometriosis-related pain. [...]

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