Étiquette : pharmacologie

CANNABIDIOL (CBD), Pre-Review Report, Agenda Item 5.2, Expert Committee on Drug Dependence, WHO, 2017

CANNABIDIOL (CBD), Pre-Review Report, Agenda Item 5.2 Expert Committee on Drug Dependence Thirty-ninth Meeting, Geneva, 6-10 November 2017 39th ECDD (2017) Agenda item 5.2 Cannabidiol (CBD) Contents Acknowledgements .................................................................................................................. 4 Summary ................................................................................................................................... 5 1. Substance identification ........................................................................................................ 6 A. International Nonproprietary Name (INN) .......................................................................... 6 B. Chemical Abstract Service (CAS) Registry Number .............................................................. 6 C. Other Chemical Names .......................................................................................................... 6 D. Trade Names .......................................................................................................................... 6 E. Street Names .......................................................................................................................... 6 F. Physical Appearance .............................................................................................................. 6 G. WHO Review History ............................................................................................................. 6 2. Chemistry ............................................................................................................................... 6 A. Chemical Name ...................................................................................................................... 6 B. Chemical Structure ................................................................................................................. 7 C. Stereoisomers ......................................................................................................................... 7 D. Methods and Ease of Illicit Manufacturing ............................................................................ 7 E. Chemical Properties ............................................................................................................... 9 F. Identification and Analysis ..................................................................................................... 9 3. Ease of [...]

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Bibliographie : Cannabis et Cannabinoides en Psychiatrie, Docteur Christian Sueur, GRECC, mars 2020

Bibliographie : Cannabis et Cannabinoides en Psychiatrie   Docteur Christian Sueur, GRECC, mars 2020.   Généralités : 1 - 8 Cannabidiol anxiolytique : 9 - 10 Cannabidiol antipsychotique : 11 - 16 Cannabinoïdes et dépression : 17 – 20 Cannabidiol antidépresseur : 21 - Cannabinoïdes et Sommeil : 22 Cannabinoïdes et addictions : 23 - 26     2e version, décembre 2019....   Cannabinoides et PTSD : cf la Bibliographie : Cannabinoïdes et PTSD https://www.grecc.org/publications/bibliographies/bibliographie-cannabinoides-et-ptsd-docteur-christian-sueur-grecc-2019/ Substances psychédéliques et Addictions : cf Bibliographie : Substances psychédéliques et  et traitements des Addictions https://www.grecc.org/publications/bibliographies/bibliographie-substances-psychedeliques-et-cannabinoides-et-traitement-des-addictions-dr-christian-sueur-grecc-octobre-2019/

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Is there a role for cannabidiol in psychiatry ?, Julia Machado Khoury et al., 2017

Is there a role for cannabidiol in psychiatry ? Julia Machado Khoury , Maila de Castro Lourenço das Neves, Marco Antônio Valente Roque, Daniela Alves de Brito Queiroz , Andre Augusto Corrêa de Freitas, Angelo de Fatima, Fabrıcio Moreira and Frederico Duarte Garcia The World Journal of Biological Psychiatry, 2017, 16 p. Doi : 10.1080/15622975.2017.1285049   ABSTRACT Objectives : Understanding whether cannabidiol (CBD) is useful and safe for the treatment of psychiatric disorders is essential to empower psychiatrists and patients to take good clinical decisions. Our aim was to conduct a systematic review regarding the benefits and adverse events (AEs) of CBD in the treatment of schizophrenia, psychotic [...]

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Clinical and Toxicological Profile of NBOMes : A Systematic Review, Nino Cesar Marchi et al., 2019

Clinical and Toxicological Profile of NBOMes : A Systematic Review Nino Cesar Marchi, Juliana Nichterwitz Scherer, Letícia Schwanck Fara, Lysa Remy, Rafaela Ornel, Monique Reis, Amanda Zamboni, Mariana Paim, Taís Regina Fiorentin, Carlos Alberto Yasin Wayhs, Lisia Von Diemen, Flavio Pechansky, Felix Henrique Paim Kessler, Renata Pereira Limberger Psychosomatics, 2019 Mar - Apr, 60, (2), 129-138. doi : 10.1016/j.psym.2018.11.002   Background : NBOMes are a new class of potent hallucinogens widely present in illicit drugs. Little is known about this class of drugs, regarding its detection and clinical manifestations of intoxication. Objective : This study aims to enhance care involving NBOMes by reviewing the literature on their [...]

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A novel phytocannabinoid isolated from Cannabis sativa L. with an in vivo cannabimimetic activity higher than Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol : Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabiphorol, Cinzia Citti et al., 2019

A novel phytocannabinoid isolated from Cannabis sativa L. with an in vivo cannabimimetic activity higher than Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol : Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabiphorol Cinzia Citti, Pasquale Linciano, Fabiana Russo, Livio Luongo, Monica Iannotta, Sabatino Maione, Aldo Laganà, Anna Laura Capriotti, Flavio Forni, Maria Angela Vandelli, Giuseppe Gigli & Giuseppe Cannazza Scientific Reports | (2019) 9:20335 | www.nature.com/scientificreports Doi : 10.1038/s41598-019-56785-1   (-)-Trans-Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC) is the main compound responsible for the intoxicant activity of Cannabis sativa L. The length of the side alkyl chain influences the biological activity of this cannabinoid. In particular, synthetic analogues of Δ9-THC with a longer side chain have shown cannabimimetic properties far higher than Δ9-THC [...]

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THCp – Newly discovered and highly potent phytocannabinoid, cannabislifenetwork.com, 2020

THCp – Newly discovered and highly potent phytocannabinoid Source : cannabislifenetwork.com Publié le 1 Fév 2020 We have discovered so much about cannabis over the years, but it’s vast, intricate, pharmacological map is missing many major regions. CBD dominant varieties have exploded in demand, yet the cannabinoid is still only partially understood, and there is still CBG and CBN just around the market’s corner. Now, brand new forms of THC and CBD, THCp and CBDp, respectively, have been discovered; evidence that the map’s expanse is still beyond our grasp. Phytocannabinoids over synthetics Lately, stories of newly discovered cannabinoids are strewn with the accomplishments of a biochemist [...]

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Medicinal cannabis for psychiatric disorders: a clinically-focused systematic review, Jerome Sarris et al., 2020

Medicinal cannabis for psychiatric disorders: a clinically-focused systematic review Jerome Sarris, Justin Sinclair, Diana Karamacoska, Maggie Davidson and Joseph Firth BMC Psychiatry, 2020, 20, 24, 1-14. Doi : 10.1186/s12888-019-2409-8   Abstract Background : Medicinal cannabis has received increased research attention over recent years due to loosening global regulatory changes. Medicinal cannabis has been reported to have potential efficacy in reducing pain, muscle spasticity, chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting, and intractable childhood epilepsy. Yet its potential application in the field of psychiatry is lesser known. Methods : The first clinically-focused systematic review on the emerging medical application of cannabis across all major psychiatric disorders was conducted. Current evidence regarding [...]

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Changing landscape of cannabis : novel products, formulations, and methods of administration, Tory R Spindle et al., 2019

Changing landscape of cannabis : novel products, formulations, and methods of administration Tory R Spindle, Marcel O Bonn-Miller and Ryan Vandrey Current Opinion in Psychology, 2019, 30, 98–102 Doi : 10.1016/j.copsyc.2019.04.002   Abstract Laws regulating cannabis have changed radically in the U.S. and abroad. Historically, users smoked dried cannabis flowers that contained D9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the primary psychoactive component of cannabis, as the principal product constituent. Coincident with cannabis legalization and increased interest in medicinal use of the plant, there is now an expansive retail cannabis marketplace with novel cannabis products, formulations, and methods of administration. In this review, we describe emergent cannabis product chemotypes (e.g. THC-dominant, [...]

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‘Standard THC units’: a proposal to standardize dose across all cannabis products and methods of administration, T.P. Freeman & V.Lorenzetti, 2019

'Standard THC units': a proposal to standardize dose across all cannabis products and methods of administration T.P. Freeman, V.Lorenzetti Addictions, 2019, Oct 12. doi : 10.1111/add.14842 © 2019 Society for the Study of Addiction. Abstract BACKGROUND AND AIMS : Cannabis products are becoming increasingly diverse, and vary considerably in concentrations of ∆9 -tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD). Higher doses of THC can increase the risk of harm from cannabis, while CBD may partially offset some of these effects. Lower Risk Cannabis Use Guidelines currently lack recommendations based on quantity of use, and could be improved by implementing standard units. However, there is currently no consensus on [...]

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