Étiquette : neurophysiologie

Effects of psilocybin on hippocampal neurogenesis and extinction of trace fear conditionning, Briony J. Catlow et al., 2013

Effects of psilocybin on hippocampal neurogenesis and extinction of trace fear conditionning CATLOW B.J., SONG S., PAREDES D.A., KIRSTEIN C.L., SANCHEZ-RAMOS J. Experimental Brain Research, 2013, 228, 481-491. Doi : 10.1007/s00221-013-3579-0   Abstract Drugs that modulate serotonin (5-HT) synaptic concentrations impact neurogenesis and hippocampal (HPC)-dependent learning. The primary objective is to determine the extent to which psilocybin (PSOP) modulates neurogenesis and thereby affects acquisition and extinction of HPC-dependent trace fear conditioning. PSOP, the 5-HT2A agonist 25I-NBMeO and the 5-HT2A/C antagonist ketanserin were administered via an acute intraperitoneal injection to mice. Trace fear conditioning was measured as the amount of time spent immobile in the presence of the conditioned [...]

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Lysergic Acid Diethylamide and Psilocybin Revisited, Mark A. Geyer, 2015

Lysergic Acid Diethylamide and Psilocybin Revisited Mark A. Geyer Biological Psychiatry, 2015, Volume 78, Issue 8, 544-553 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsych.2015.08.003   The past decade brought the beginnings of a renaissance in research on psychedelic drugs. Two articles in this issue of Biological Psychiatry signify that the resurrection of this long ignored topic has begun to mature and bear at least the promise of fruit. In the early 1970s, the onset of the “War on Drugs” brought with it a near-total hiatus in serious research on psychedelic drugs, especially in the United States. The resumption of credible work in this area has come from Switzerland, where many of [...]

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Implications for psychedelic-assisted psychotherapy : functional magnetic resonnance imaging study with psilocybin, Robin L. Carhart-Harris et al., 2012

Implications for psychedelic-assisted psychotherapy : a functional magnetic resonance imaging study with psilocybin R. L. Carhart-Harris, R. Leech, T. M. Williams, D. Erritzoe, N. Abbasi, T. Bargiotas, P. Hobden, D. J. Sharp, J. Evans, A. Feilding, R. G. Wise and D. J. Nutt British Journal of Psychiatry, 2012, 200, 238-244. Doi : 10.1192/bjp.bp.111.103309   Background Psilocybin is a classic psychedelic drug that has a history of use in psychotherapy. One of the rationales for its use was that it aids emotional insight by lowering psychological defences. Aims To test the hypothesis that psilocybin facilitates access to personal memories and emotions by comparing subjective and neural responses to positive [...]

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Functional Connectivity Measures After Psilocybin Inform a Novel Hypothesis of Early Psychosis, Robin L. Carhart-Harris et al., 2012

Functional Connectivity Measures After Psilocybin Inform a Novel Hypothesis of Early Psychosis Robin L. Carhart-Harris, Robert Leech, David Erritzoe, Tim M. Williams, James M. Stone, John Evans, David J. Sharp, Amanda Feilding, Richard G. Wise, and David J. Nutt Schizophrenia Bulletin, 2012 doi: 10.1093/schbul/sbs117   model of psychosis. This study measured the effects of psilocybin on resting-state network and thalamo-cortical functional connectivity (FC) using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Fifteen healthy volunteers received intravenous infusions of psilocybin and placebo in 2 task-free resting-state scans. Primary analyses focused on changes in FC between the default-mode- (DMN) and task-positive network (TPN). Spontaneous activity in the DMN is orthogonal [...]

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Neural correlates of the psychedelic state as determined by fMRI studies with psilocybine, Robin L. Carhart-Harris et al., 2012

Neural correlates of the psychedelic state as determined by fMRI studies with psilocybine Robin L. Carhart-Harris, David Erritzoe, Tim Williams, James M. Stone, Laurence J. Reed, Alessandro Colasanti, Robin J. Tyacke, Robert Leech, Andrea L. Malizia, Kevin Murphy, Peter Hobden, John Evans, Amanda Feilding, Richard G. Wise, and David J. Nutt PNAS, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, 2012, 109, (6), 2138-2143. doi:10.1073/pnas.1119598109 www.pnas.org/lookup/suppl/doi:10.1073/pnas.1119598109/-/DCSupplemental.   Abstract Psychedelic drugs have a long history of use in healing ceremonies, but despite renewed interest in their therapeutic potential, we continue to know very little about howthey work in the brain. Here we used psilocybin, a classic [...]

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Neurometabolic Effects of Psilocybin, 3,4-Methylenedioxyethylamphetamine (MDE) and d-Meth-amphetamine in Healthy Volunteers. A Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled PET Study with [18 F] FDG, Euphrosyne Gouzoulis-Mayfrank et al., 1999

Neurometabolic Effects of Psilocybin, 3,4-Methylenedioxyethylamphetamine (MDE) and d-Meth-amphetamine in Healthy Volunteers. A Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled PET Study with [18 F] FDG Euphrosyne Gouzoulis-Mayfrank, Mathias Schreckenberger, Osama Sabri, Christoph Arning, Bernhard Thelen, Manfred Spitzer, Ph.D., Karl-Artur Kovar, Leopold Hermle,  Udalrich Büll, and Henning Sass. NEUROPSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY, 1999–VOL 20, NO 6, 565-581. PII S0893-133X(98)00089-X   The neurometabolic effects of the hallucinogen psilocybin (PSI; 0.2 mg/kg), the entactogen 3,4- methylenedioxyethylamphetamine (MDE; 2 mg/kg) and the stimulant d-methamphetamine (METH; 0.2–0.4 mg/kg) and the drugs’ interactions with a prefrontal activation task were investigated in a double-blind, placebo-controlled human [F-18]fluorodeoxyglucoseFDG-positron emission tomographicPET study (each group: n 5 8). Subjects underwent two scans (control: [...]

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Cannabinoid CB1 and CB2 Receptor Signaling and Bias, Mikkel Soes Ibsen et al., 2017

Cannabinoid CB1 and CB2 Receptor Signaling and Bias Mikkel Soes Ibsen, Mark Connor, Michelle Glass Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, 2017, Volume 2.1, 48-60 https://doi.org/10.1089/can.2016.0037   Abstract An agonist that acts through a single receptor can activate numerous signaling pathways. Recent studies have suggested that different ligands can differentially activate these pathways by stabilizing a limited range of receptor conformations, which in turn preferentially drive different downstream signaling cascades. This concept, termed “biased signaling” represents an exciting therapeutic opportunity to target specific pathways that elicit only desired effects, while avoiding undesired effects mediated by different signaling cascades. The cannabinoid receptors CB1 and CB2 each activate multiple pathways, [...]

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Medical Marijuana Use in Oncology : A Review, Gianna Wilkie et al., 2016

Medical Marijuana Use in Oncology : A Review Gianna Wilkie,  Bachir Sakr, Tina Rizack JAMA Oncology, 2016, 2, (5), 670-675. doi:10.1001/jamaoncol.2016.0155   IMPORTANCE : Medicinal marijuana use is currently legal in 23 states and the District of Columbia. As more states approve marijuana use for medical indications, physicians will be asked by their patients for more information regarding the risks and benefits of use. This article reviews the history, adverse effects, and proposed mechanisms of action of marijuana and summarizes the available literature regarding symptom relief and therapeutic value in patients with cancer. OBSERVATIONS : Marijuana in oncologymay have potential for use as an antiemetic, for [...]

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An Update on Non-CB1, Non-CB2 Cannabinoid Related G-Protein-Coupled Receptors, Paula Morales and Patricia H. Reggio, 2017

An Update on Non-CB1, Non-CB2 Cannabinoid Related G-Protein-Coupled Receptors Paula Morales and Patricia H. Reggio Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, 2017, Volume 2.1, 265-273 DOI: 10.1089/can.2017.0036   Abstract The endocannabinoid system (ECS) has been shown to be of great importance in the regulation of numerous physiological and pathological processes. To date, two Class A G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) have been discovered and validated as the main therapeutic targets of this system: the cannabinoid receptor type 1 (CB1), which is the most abundant neuromodulatory receptor in the brain, and the cannabinoid receptor type 2 (CB2), predominantly found in the immune system among other organs and tissues. Endogenous cannabinoid receptor [...]

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Ibogaine : A review – Chapter 1, Kenneth R. Alper, 2001

Ibogaine : A review - Chapter 1 Kenneth R. Alper The Alkaloids. Chemistry and Biology, 2001, 56,  38 pp DOI: 10.1016/S0099-9598(01)56005-8   I. Introduction, Chemical Properties, and Historical Time Line ..................... A. Introduction................................................................................................... B. Chemical Structure and Properties .............................................................. C. Historical Time Line ..................................................................................... II. Mechanisms of Action .................................................................................. A. Neurotransmitter Activities........................................................................... B. Discrimination Studies.................................................................................. C. Effects on Neuropeptides............................................................................... D. Possible Effects on Neuroadaptations Related to Drug Sensitization or Tolerance ....................................................................................................... III. Evidence of Efficacy in Animal Models........................................................ A. Drug Self-Administration .............................................................................. B. Acute Opioid Withdrawal .............................................................................. C. Conditioned Place Preference........................................................................ D. Locomotor Activity........................................................................................ E. Dopamine Efflux............................................................................................. IV Evidence of Efficacy and Subjective Effects in Humans .............................. A. Evidence of Efficacy........................................................................................ B. Subjective Effects ........................................................................................... V. Pharmacokinetics ........................................................................................... A. Absorption....................................................................................................... B. Distribution .................................................................................................... C. Metabolism .................................................................................................... D. Excretion [...]

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