Étiquette : neurophysiologie

Neurocognitive Consequences of Chronic CannabisUse : A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis, Pedro Rafael Figueiredo et al., 2019

Neurocognitive Consequences of Chronic CannabisUse : A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Pedro Rafael Figueiredo, Serenella Tolomeo, J. Douglas Steele, Alexander Baldacchino Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 2019 Doi : 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2019.10.014   "Une méta-analyse échoue à mettre en évidence une "toxicité" de l'usage du cannabis à long terme, sur les fonctions neuropsychologiques cognitives"   Highlights  A meta-analysis was conducted to assess the neuropsychological impact of cannabis.  A limited association was found between chronic cannabis use and neurocognitive deficits.  Memory and chronic cannabis smoking were linked. ABSTRACT Cannabis is currently the most used illicit substance in the world with a global widespread distribution. Although its acute neurocognitive effects on human behaviour have [...]

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Classic Hallucinogens and Mystical Experiences : Phenomenology and Neural Correlates, Frederick S. Barrett & Roland R. Griffiths, 2018

Classic Hallucinogens and Mystical Experiences : Phenomenology and Neural Correlates Frederick S. Barrett, Roland R. Griffiths Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences, 2018, 36, 393–430. doi : 10.1007/7854_2017_474   Abstract This chapter begins with a brief review of descriptions and definitions of mystical-type experiences and the historical connection between classic hallucinogens and mystical experiences. The chapter then explores the empirical literature on experiences with classic hallucinogens in which claims about mystical or religious experiences have been made. A psychometrically validated questionnaire is described for the reliable measurement of mystical-type experiences occasioned by classic hallucinogens. Controlled laboratory studies show that under double-blind conditions that provide significant controls for [...]

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Modern Clinical Research on LSD, Matthias E Liechti, 2017

Modern Clinical Research on LSD Matthias E Liechti Neuropsychopharmacology, 2017, 42, 2114–2127. doi : 10.1038/npp.2017.86   All modern clinical studies using the classic hallucinogen lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) in healthy subjects or patients in the last 25 years are reviewed herein. There were five recent studies in healthy participants and one in patients. In a controlled setting, LSD acutely induced bliss, audiovisual synesthesia, altered meaning of perceptions, derealization, depersonalization, and mystical experiences. These subjective effects of LSD were mediated by the 5-HT2A receptor. LSD increased feelings of closeness to others, openness, trust, and suggestibility. LSD impaired the recognition of sad and fearful faces, reduced left [...]

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Neurocognitive performance and serial intravenous subanesthetic ketamine in treatment-resistant depression, Paulo R. Shiroma et al., 2014

Neurocognitive performance and serial intravenous subanesthetic ketamine in treatment-resistant depression Paulo R. Shiroma, C. Sophia Albott, Brian Johns, Paul Thuras, Joseph Wels and Kelvin O. Lim The International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology, 2014, Volume 17, Issue 11, 1805–1813, Doi : 10.1017/S1461145714001011   Abstract The N-methyl-D-aspartate glutamate receptor antagonist ketamine has demonstrated rapid anti-depressant effects in treatment-resistant depression (TRD). However, evaluation of ketamine's neurocognitive aspects in TRD has started to be explored. This study aims to (1) examine baseline neurocognitive performance and change in severity of depressive symptoms through six ketamine infusions, (2) examine the neurocognitive effects after completion of serial infusions and whether changes were associated to [...]

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Longitudinal Changes in Cognition in Young Adult Cannabis Users, Mary Becker et al., 2018

Longitudinal Changes in Cognition in Young Adult Cannabis Users Mary Becker, Paul F. Collins, Ashley Schultz, Snežana Urošević, Brittany Schmaling, and Monica Luciana The Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 2018, 40, (6), 529–543. doi : 10.1080/13803395.2017.1385729   Abstract Introduction : Adolescent cannabis use (CU) is associated with impaired attention, executive function, and verbal learning/memory. These associations are generally observed in cross-sectional studies. Longitudinal studies of cannabis users are lacking. Method : The present study examines associations between CU and cognition over time in chronic daily adolescent-onset CUs, as compared to non-using controls. Both groups completed a neuropsychological battery at study intake and again two years later. Results [...]

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A Comparative Review of the Neuro- Psychopharmacology of Hallucinogen-Induced Altered States of Consciousness : The Uniqueness of Some Hallucinogens, Ümit Sayin, 2012

A Comparative Review of the Neuro- Psychopharmacology of Hallucinogen-Induced Altered States of Consciousness : The Uniqueness of Some Hallucinogens Ümit Sayin NeuroQuantology, June 2012, Volume 10, Issue 2,  316-340. eISSN 1303-5150   ABSTRACT Altered states of consciousness induced by hallucinogens (H-ASC) is still a vaguely understood phenomenon. Taken the diverse psychological effects they exert, the main mechanism of action of hallucinogens; LSD, ibogaine, THC, PCP, MDMA, methamphetamine, mescaline, psilocybin and DMT, of which psychological effects are discussed in the article, are not properly understood and explained by the modern methods of neuroscience due to the lack of vigorous research. The involvement of some receptors, such as, [...]

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Cannabis and the developing brain : Insights from behavior, Viviana Trezza et al., 2008

Cannabis and the developing brain : Insights from behavior Viviana Trezza, Vincenzo Cuomo, Louk J.M.J. Vanderschuren European Journal of Pharmacology, 2008, 585, 441-452. Doi : 10.1016/j.ejphar.2008.01.058   A B S T R A C T The isolation and identification, in 1964, of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the primary psycho-active compound in cannabis, opened the door to a whole new field of medical research. The exploration of the therapeutic potential of THC and other natural and synthetic cannabinoid compounds was paralleled by the discovery of the endocannabinoid system, comprising cannabinoid receptors and their endogenous ligands, which offered exciting new insights into brain function. Besides its well-known involvement in specific [...]

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