Étiquette : neurophysiologie

d-Lysergic acid diethylamide has major potential as a cognitive enhancer, Felipe Augusto Cini et al., 2019

d-Lysergic acid diethylamide has major potential as a cognitive enhancer Felipe Augusto Cini, Isis Ornelas, Encarni Marcos, Livia Goto-Silva, Juliana Nascimento, Sergio Ruschi, José Salerno, Karina Karmirian, Marcelo Costa, Eduardo Sequerra, Dráulio de Araújo, Luis Fernando Tófoli, César Rennó-Costa, Daniel Martins-de-Souza, Amanda Feilding, Stevens Rehen, Sidarta Ribeiro BioRxiv, 6 december 2019. Doi : 10.1101/866814   Abstract Psychedelic agonists of serotonin receptors induce neural plasticity and synaptogenesis, but their potential to enhance learning remains uncharted. Here we show that a single dose of d-LSD, a potent serotonergic agonist, increased novel object preference in young and adult rats several days after treatment. d- LSD alone did not increase preference [...]

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Psilocybin-Induced Decrease in Amygdala Reactivity Correlates with Enhanced Positive Mood in Healthy Volunteers, Rainer Kraehenmann et al., 2014

Psilocybin-Induced Decrease in Amygdala Reactivity Correlates with Enhanced Positive Mood in Healthy Volunteers Rainer Kraehenmann, Katrin H. Preller, Milan Scheidegger, Thomas Pokorny, Oliver G. Bosch, Erich Seifritz, and Franz X. Vollenweider Biological Psychiatry, 2014. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsych.2014.04.010   Background : The amygdala is a key structure in serotonergic emotion-processing circuits. In healthy volunteers, acute administration of the serotonin 1A/2A/2C receptor agonist psilocybin reduces neural responses to negative stimuli and induces mood changes toward positive states. However, it is little known whether psilocybin reduces amygdala reactivity to negative stimuli and whether any change in amygdala reactivity is related to mood change. Methods : This study assessed the effects of [...]

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BIBLIOGRAPHIE : Substances psychédéliques : Pharmacologie, Neurophysiologie, Psychologie, Spiritualité…, Dr Christian SUEUR, GRECC, décembre 2019

BIBLIOGRAPHIE : Substances psychédéliques : Pharmacologie, Neurophysiologie, Psychologie, Spiritualité…   Dr Christian SUEUR, GRECC, décembre 2019   Cf également : Bibliographie : Thérapies psychédéliques, Bibliographie : Psilocybine, Bibliographie : LSD, Bibliographie : Ayahuasca….  

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The mixed serotonin receptor agonist psilocybin reduces threat-induced modulation of amygdala connectivity, Rainer Kraehenmann et al., 2016

The mixed serotonin receptor agonist psilocybin reduces threat-induced modulation of amygdala connectivity Rainer Kraehenmann, André Schmidt, Karl Friston, Katrin H. Preller, Erich Seifritz, Franz X. Vollenweider NeuroImage : Clinical, 2016, 11, 53–60 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nicl.2015.08.009   a b s t r a c t Stimulation of serotonergic neurotransmission by psilocybin has been shown to shift emotional biases away from negative towards positive stimuli. We have recently shown that reduced amygdala activity during threat processing might underlie psilocybin's effect on emotional processing. However, it is still not known whether psilocybin modulates bottom-up or top-down connectivity within the visual-limbic-prefrontal network underlying threat processing.We therefore analyzed our previous fMRI data using [...]

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Prolonged Cannabidiol Treatment Effects on Hippocampal Subfield Volumes in Current Cannabis Users, Camilla Beale et al., 2018

Prolonged Cannabidiol Treatment Effects on Hippocampal Subfield Volumes in Current Cannabis Users Camilla Beale, Samantha J. Broyd, Yann Chye, Chao Suo, Mark Schira, Peter Galettis, Jennifer H. Martin, Murat Yücel and Nadia Solowij Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, 2018, 3, 1, 94-107. Doi : 10.1089/can.2017.0047 Abstract Introduction : Chronic cannabis use is associated with neuroanatomical alterations in the hippocampus. While adverse impacts of cannabis use are generally attributed to D9 tetrahydro-cannabinol, emerging naturalistic evidence suggests cannabidiol (CBD) is neuroprotective and may ameliorate brain harms associated with cannabis use, including protection from hippocampal volume loss. This study examined whether prolonged administration of CBD to regular cannabis users [...]

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A spider derived peptide, PnPP-19, induces central antinociception mediated by opioid and cannabinoid systems, Daniela da Fonseca Pacheco et al.,

A spider derived peptide, PnPP-19, induces central antinociception mediated by opioid and cannabinoid systems Daniela da Fonseca Pacheco, Ana Cristina Nogueira Freitas, Adriano Monteiro C. Pimenta, Igor Dimitri Gama Duarte and Maria Elena de Lima Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases, 2016, 22, 34, Doi : 10.1186/s40409-016-0091-6   Abstract Background : Some peptides purified from the venom of the spider Phoneutria nigriventer have been identified as potential sources of drugs for pain treatment. In this study, we characterized the antinociceptive effect of the peptide PnPP-19 on the central nervous system and investigated the possible involvement of opioid and cannabinoid systems in its action [...]

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Cannabis Use in Adolescence : A Review of Neuroimaging Findings, Yann Chye et al., 2019

Cannabis Use in Adolescence : A Review of Neuroimaging Findings Yann Chye, Erynn Christensen & Murat Yücel Journal of Dual Diagnosis, 2019 Doi : 10.1080/15504263.2019.1636171   ABSTRACT Objective : Shifting policies and widespread acceptance of cannabis for medical and/or recreational purposes have fueled worries of increased cannabis initiation and use in adolescents. In particular, the adolescent period is thought to be associated with an increased susceptibility to the potential harms of repeated cannabis use, due to being a critical period for neuromaturational events in the brain. This review investigates the neuroimaging evidence of brain harms attributable to adolescent cannabis use. Methods : PubMed and Scopus searches were [...]

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The Role of Cannabis within an Emerging Perspective on Schizophrenia, Jegason P. Diviant et al., 2018

The Role of Cannabis within an Emerging Perspective on Schizophrenia Jegason P. Diviant, Jacob M. Vigil, and Sarah S. Stith Medicines, 2018, 5, 86, 1-11. doi : 10.3390/medicines5030086   Abstract Background : Approximately 0.5% of the population is diagnosed with some form of schizophrenia, under the prevailing view that the pathology is best treated using pharmaceutical medications that act on monoamine receptors. Methods : We briefly review evidence on the impact of environmental forces, particularly the effect of autoimmune activity, in the expression of schizophrenic profiles and the role of Cannabis therapy for regulating immunological functioning. Results : A review of the literature shows that phytocannabinoid consumption may [...]

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