Catégorie : Cannabidiol

Cannabidiol as a potential treatment for psychosis, Cathy Davies and Sagnik Bhattacharyya, 2019

Cannabidiol as a potential treatment for psychosis Cathy Davies and Sagnik Bhattacharyya Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology, 2019, Vol. 9, 1–16 https://doi.org/10.1177%2F2045125319881916   Abstract : Psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia are heterogeneous and often debilitating conditions that contribute substantially to the global burden of disease. The introduction of dopamine D2 receptor antagonists in the 1950s revolutionised the treatment of psychotic disorders and they remain the mainstay of our treatment arsenal for psychosis. However, traditional antipsychotics are associated with a number of side effects and a significant proportion of patients do not achieve an adequate remission of symptoms. There is therefore a need for novel interventions, particularly those with a non-D2 antagonist mechanism of [...]

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Cannabidiol as a potential treatment for psychosis, C.D. Schubart et al., 2014

Cannabidiol as a potential treatment for psychosis C.D. Schubart, I.E.C. Sommer, P. Fusar-Poli, L. de Witte, R.S. Kahn, M.P.M. Boks European Neuropsychopharmacology, 2014, 24 ,(1), 51–64. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.euroneuro.2013.11.002   Abstract Although cannabis use is associated with an increased risk of developing psychosis, the cannabis constituent cannabidiol (CBD) may have antipsychotic properties. This review concisely describes the role of the endocannabinoid system in the development of psychosis and provides an overview of currently available animal, human experimental, imaging, epidemiological and clinical studies that investigated the antipsychotic properties of CBD. In this targeted literature review we performed a search for English articles using Medline and EMBASE. Studies were selected if [...]

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Effects of cannabidiol (CBD) in neuropsychiatric disorders: A review of pre-clinical and clinical findings, Sonja ELSAID, 2019

Effects of cannabidiol (CBD) in neuropsychiatric disorders: A review of pre-clinical and clinical findings. Molecular Basis of Neuropsychiatric Disorders : from Bench to Bedside Sonja ELSAID, Stefan KLOIBER, Bernard Le FOLL Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science, 2019, 167, 25-75. doi : 10.1016/bs.pmbts.2019.06.005. Cannabis sativa (cannabis) is on of the oldest plants cultivated by men. Cannabidiol (CBD) is the major non-psychomimetic compound derived from cannabis. It has been proposed to have a therapeutic potential over a wide range of neuropsychiatric disorders. In this narrative review, we have summarized a selected number of pre-clinical and clinical studies, examining the effects of CBD in neuropsychiatric [...]

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Cannabinoids and Schizophrenia : Risks and Therapeutic Potential, Marc W. Manseau & Donald C. Goff, 2015

Cannabinoids and Schizophrenia : Risks and Therapeutic Potential Marc W. Manseau & Donald C. Goff Neurotherapeutics, 2015, 12, 816–824 DOI 10.1007/s13311-015-0382-6 # The American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics, Inc. 2015   Abstract A convergence of evidence shows that use of Cannabis sativa is associated with increased risk of developing psychotic disorders, including schizophrenia, and earlier age at which psychotic symptoms first manifest. Cannabis exposure during adolescence is most strongly associated with the onset of psychosis amongst those who are particularly vulnerable, such as those who have been exposed to child abuse and those with family histories of schizophrenia. Schizophrenia that develops after cannabis use may have a [...]

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A systematic review of the antipsychotic properties of cannabidiol in humans, T.A. Iseger & M.G. Bossong, 2015

A systematic review of the antipsychotic properties of cannabidiol in humans T.A. Iseger, M.G. Bossong Schizophrenia Research, 2015, 162, (1-3), 153-161 doi: 10.1016/j.schres.2015.01.033 Abstract Despite extensive study over the past decades, available treatments for schizophrenia are only modestly effective and cause serious metabolic and neurological side effects. Therefore, there is an urgent need for novel therapeutic targets for the treatment of schizophrenia. A highly promising new pharmacological target in the context of schizophrenia is the endocannabinoid system. Modulation of this system by the main psychoactive component in cannabis, Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), induces acute psychotic effects and cognitive impairment. However, the non-psychotropic, plant-derived cannabinoid agent cannabidiol (CBD) [...]

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A Systematic Review on the Pharmacokinetics of Cannabidiol in Humans, Sophie A. Millar et al., 2018

A Systematic Review on the Pharmacokinetics of Cannabidiol in Humans Sophie A. Millar, Nicole L. Stone, Andrew S. Yates  and Saoirse E. O’Sullivan Frontiers in  Pharmacology, 26 November 2018 https://doi.org/10.3389/fphar.2018.01365 Background : Cannabidiol is being pursued as a therapeutic treatment for multiple conditions, usually by oral delivery. Animal studies suggest oral bioavailability is low, but literature in humans is not sufficient. The aim of this review was to collate published data in this area. Methods : A systematic search of PubMed and EMBASE (including MEDLINE) was conducted to retrieve all articles reporting pharmacokinetic data of CBD in humans. Results : Of 792 articles retireved, 24 included [...]

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The Potential of Cannabidiol Treatment for Cannabis Users With Recent-Onset Psychosis, Britta Hahn, 2018

The Potential of Cannabidiol Treatment for Cannabis Users With Recent-Onset Psychosis Britta Hahn Schizophrenia Bulletin, 2018, vol. 44, no. 1, 46–53 doi:10.1093/schbul/sbx105 A major factor associated with poor prognostic outcome after a first psychotic break is cannabis misuse, which is prevalent in schizophrenia and particularly common in individuals with recent-onset psychosis. Behavioral interventions aimed at reducing cannabis use have been unsuccessful in this population. Cannabidiol (CBD) is a phytocannabinoid found in cannabis, although at low concentrations in modern-day strains. CBD has a broad pharmacological profile, but contrary to Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), CBD does not activate CB1 or CB2 receptors and has at most subtle subjective [...]

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Cannabidiol Counteracts the Psychotropic Side-Effects of Δ-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol in the Ventral Hippocampus through Bidirectional Control of ERK1–2 Phosphorylation, Roger Hudson et al., 2019

Cannabidiol Counteracts the Psychotropic Side-Effects of Δ-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol in the Ventral Hippocampus through Bidirectional Control of ERK1–2 Phosphorylation Roger Hudson, Justine Renard, Christopher Norris, Walter J. Rushlow and Steven R. Laviolette Journal of Neuroscience, 2019, 39, (44), 8762-8777 Doi : https://doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0708-19.2019   Abstract Evidence suggests that the phytocannabinoids Δ-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) differentially regulate salience attribution and psychiatric risk. The ventral hippocampus (vHipp) relays emotional salience via control of dopamine (DA) neuronal activity states, which are dysregulated in psychosis and schizophrenia. Using in vivo electrophysiology in male Sprague Dawley rats, we demonstrate that intra-vHipp THC strongly increases ventral tegmental area (VTA) DA neuronal frequency [...]

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Preclinical and Clinical Evidence Supporting Use of Cannabidiol in Psychiatry, Gioacchino Calapai et al., 2019

Preclinical and Clinical Evidence Supporting Use of Cannabidiol in Psychiatry Gioacchino Calapai, Carmen Mannucci, Ioanna Chinou, Luigi Cardia, Fabrizio Calapai, Emanuela Elisa Sorbara, Bernardo Firenzuoli, Valdo Ricca, Gian Franco Gensini and Fabio Firenzuoli Hindawi - Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2019, Article ID 2509129, 11 pages https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/2509129   Background : Cannabidiol (CBD) is a major chemical compound present in Cannabis sativa. CBD is a nonpsychotomimetic substance, and it is considered one of the most promising candidates for the treatment of psychiatric disorders. Objective. &e aim of this review is to illustrate the state of art about scientific research and the evidence of effectiveness of CBD [...]

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Neuroanatomical substrates involved in cannabinoid modulation of defensive responses, F.A. Moreira et al., 2012

Neuroanatomical substrates involved in cannabinoid modulation of defensive responses F.A. Moreira, D.C. Aguiar, L.B. Resstel, S.F. Lisboa, A.C. Campos, F.V. Gomes and F.S. Guimaraes Journal of Psychopharmacology, 2012, 26, (1), 40–55 DOI: 10.1177/0269881111400651   Abstract Administration of Cannabis sativa derivatives causes anxiolytic or anxiogenic effects in humans and laboratory animals, depending on the specific compound and dosage used. In agreement with these findings, several studies in the last decade have indicated that the endocannabinoid system modulates neuronal activity in areas involved in defensive responses. The mechanisms of these effects, however, are still not clear. The present review summarizes recent data suggesting that they involve modulation of [...]

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