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Acute and Sustained Reductions in Loss of Meaning and Suicidal Ideation Following Psilocybin-Assisted Psychotherapy for Psychiatric and Existential Distress in Life-Threatening Cancer, Stephen Ross et al., 2021

Acute and Sustained Reductions in Loss of Meaning and Suicidal Ideation Following Psilocybin-Assisted Psychotherapy for Psychiatric and Existential Distress in Life-Threatening Cancer Stephen Ross, Gabrielle Agin-Liebes, Sharon Lo, Richard J. Zeifman, Leila Ghazal, Julia Benville, Silvia Franco Corso, Christian Bjerre Real, Jeffrey Guss, Anthony Bossis, and Sarah E. Mennenga ACS Pharmacology & Translational Science, 2021, 4, 553−562. doi : 10.1021/acsptsci.1c00020   ABSTRACT: People with advanced cancer are at heightened risk of desire for hastened death (DHD), suicidal ideation (SI), and completed suicide. Loss of Meaning (LoM), a component of demoralization, can be elevated by a cancer diagnosis and predicts DHD and SI in this population. We completed [...]

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Efficacy and safety of psilocybin-assisted treatment for major depressive disorder : Prospective 12-month follow-up, Natalie Gukasyan et al., 2022

Efficacy and safety of psilocybin-assisted treatment for major depressive disorder : Prospective 12-month follow-up Natalie Gukasyan, Alan K Davis, Frederick S Barrett, Mary P Cosimano, Nathan D Sepeda, Matthew W Johnson and Roland R Griffiths Journal of Psychopharmacology, 2022, Vol. 36(2) 151–158. Doi : 10.1177/02698811211073759   Abstract Background : Preliminary data suggest that psilocybin-assisted treatment produces substantial and rapid antidepressant effects in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD), but little is known about long-term outcomes. Aims : This study sought to examine the efficacy and safety of psilocybin through 12 months in participants with moderate to severe MDD who received psilocybin. Methods : This randomized, waiting-list controlled study [...]

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Psychedelic science in post-COVID-19 psychiatry, J. R. Kelly et al., 2020

Psychedelic science in post-COVID-19 psychiatry J. R. Kelly, M. T. Crockett, L. Alexander, M. Haran, A. Baker, L. Burke, C. Brennan and V. O’Keane Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine, 2020, 1-6. doi:10.1017/ipm.2020.94   The medium- to long-term consequences of COVID-19 are not yet known, though an increase in mental health problems are pre- dicted. Multidisciplinary strategies across socio-economic and psychological levels may be needed to mitigate the mental health burden of COVID-19. Preliminary evidence from the rapidly progressing field of psychedelic science shows that psilocybin therapy offers a promising transdiagnostic treatment strategy for a range of disorders with restricted and maladaptive habitual patterns of cognition [...]

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Effectiveness of Psilocybin on Depression : A Qualitative Study, Redhwan Ahmed Al-Naggar et al., 2021

Effectiveness of Psilocybin on Depression : A Qualitative Study Redhwan Ahmed Al-Naggar, Hisham Alshaikhli, Gwen Erlam Electronic Journal of General Medicine, 2021, 18, (3), em296. doi : 10.29333/ejgm/10862   ABSTRACT Introduction : Psilocybin mushroom use is well documented in spiritual and religious ceremonies globally. This drug is now the most popular in Europe and the USA. Objective : The objective of this study is to explore the experiences and effects of psilocybin on patients with depression and anxiety. Method : A qualitative study was conducted interviewing ten participants currently taking psilocybin while experiencing depression and/or anxiety. Ethical approval was obtained from the University ethics committee. Participants were recruited [...]

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The effects of psilocybin on cognitive and emotional functions in healthy participants : Results from a phase 1, randomised, placebo-controlled trial involving simultaneous psilocybin administration and preparation, James J Rucker et al., 2021

The effects of psilocybin on cognitive and emotional functions in healthy participants : Results from a phase 1, randomised, placebo-controlled trial involving simultaneous psilocybin administration and preparation James J Rucker, Lindsey Marwood, Riikka-Liisa J Ajantaival, Catherine Bird, Hans Eriksson, John Harrison, Molly Lennard-Jones, Sunil Mistry, Francesco Saldarini, Susan Stansfield, Sara J Tai, Sam Williams, Neil Weston, Ekaterina Malievskaia and Allan H Young     Abstract Background : Psilocybin, a psychoactive serotonin receptor partial agonist, has been reported to acutely reduce clinical symptoms of depressive disorders. Psilocybin’s effects on cognitive function have not been widely or systematically studied. Aim : The aim of this study was to [...]

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Assessing the risk-benefit profile of classical psychedelics : a clinical review of second-wave psychedelic research, David Bender & David J. Hellerstein, 2022.

Assessing the risk-benefit profile of classical psychedelics : a clinical review of second-wave psychedelic research David Bender & David J. Hellerstein Psychopharmacology (Berl), 2022. Doi : 10.1007/s00213-021-06049-6 Abstract Rationale : A broad reassessment of the potential benefits of psychedelic drugs has led to the initiation of multiple major clinical trials in an effort to advance their status to become FDA-approved medications, as well as local legislative efforts to legalize or decriminalize their use. Objectives : To use recently published data to assess potential risks and benefits of psychedelic drugs as therapeutics, as well as to synthesize what is currently known in order [...]

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Serotonin and brain function : a tale of two receptors, RL Carhart-Harris and DJ Nutt, 2017

Serotonin and brain function : a tale of two receptors RL Carhart-Harris and DJ Nutt Journal of Psychopharmacology, 2017, Vol. 31, (9), 1091–1120. Doi : 10.1177/0269881117725915   Abstract Previous attempts to identify a unified theory of brain serotonin function have largely failed to achieve consensus. In this present synthesis, we integrate previous perspectives with new and older data to create a novel bipartite model centred on the view that serotonin neurotransmission enhances two distinct adaptive responses to adversity, mediated in large part by its two most prevalent and researched brain receptors: the 5-HT1A and 5-HT2A receptors. We propose that passive coping (i.e. tolerating a source of stress) [...]

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Powerful substances in tiny amounts: Exploring the practice of microdosing psychedelic drugs, Petter Grahl Johnstad, 2017

Powerful substances in tiny amounts: Exploring the practice of microdosing psychedelic drugs Petter Grahl Johnstad, Pré-Print, 2017.   This article presents an explorative study of microdosing practices with psychedelic drugs. A microdose is defined as a sub-perceptual dose, commonly about one tenth of an ordinary recreational dose, which gives no alteration of consciousness or feeling of intoxication. Respondents (n = 17) were recruited at several Internet fora for individual interviews mediated via private messaging. Every participant was male, and the median respondent was in his 30s with a stable job and relationship and extensive entheogen experience. Respondents tended to experiment with microdosing in phases, [...]

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Hallucinogens in Mental Health : Preclinical and Clinical Studies on LSD, Psilocybin, MDMA, and Ketamine, Danilo De Gregorio et al., 2021

Hallucinogens in Mental Health : Preclinical and Clinical Studies on LSD, Psilocybin, MDMA, and Ketamine Danilo De Gregorio, Argel Aguilar-Valles, Katrin H. Preller, Boris Dov Heifets, Meghan Hibicke, Jennifer Mitchell, and Gabriella Gobbi The Journal of Neuroscience,  2021, 41 (5), 891–900. Doi :10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1659-20.2020   A revamped interest in the study of hallucinogens has recently emerged, especially with regard to their potential application in the treatment of psychiatric disorders. In the last decade, a plethora of preclinical and clinical studies have confirmed the efficacy of ketamine in the treatment of depression. More recently, emerging evidence has pointed out the potential therapeutic properties of psilocybin and LSD, as well as [...]

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Future Directions for Clinical Psychedelic Research : The Relaxed Symptom Network, Evan Lewis-Healey et al., 2021

Future Directions for Clinical Psychedelic Research : The Relaxed Symptom Network Evan Lewis-Healey, Ruben Laukkonen , Michiel van Elk Pre-Print, May 2021 Doi : 10.31234/osf.io/q3ymd Abstract Recent clinical trials have demonstrated that psilocybin may have strong antidepressant effects, and may be effective in the treatment of depressive disorders when embedded in a psychotherapeutic protocol (psychedelic-assisted psychotherapy; PAP). There are now dozens of registered and ongoing clinical trials that intend to test for the efficacy of psilocybin within a psychotherapeutic protocol. Despite promising results, the mechanism(s) that may be responsible for the antidepressant effects of PAP are still hotly contested. In this paper, we provide a [...]

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