Catégorie : Pharmacologie

Cannabinoid-based Medications for Pain Raymond M. St. Marie, Raphael J. Leo, 2021

Cannabinoid-based Medications for Pain Raymond M. St. Marie, MD; Raphael J. Leo, MA, MD Current Psychiatry, 2021, 20(5), 21-33. Abstract and Introduction Introduction Against the backdrop of an increasing opioid use epidemic and a marked acceleration of prescription opioid–related deaths,[1,2] there has been an impetus to explore the usefulness of alternative and co-analgesic agents to assist patients with chronic pain. Preclinical studies employing animal-based models of human pain syndromes have demonstrated that cannabis and chemicals derived from cannabis extracts may mitigate several pain conditions.[3] Because there are significant comorbidities between psychiatric disorders and chronic pain, psychiatrists are likely to care for patients with chronic pain. As [...]

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Reducing Effect of Cannabidiol on Alcohol Self-Administration in Sardinian Alcohol-Preferring Rats, Paola Maccioni et al., 2021

Reducing Effect of Cannabidiol on Alcohol Self-Administration in Sardinian Alcohol-Preferring Rats Paola Maccioni, Jessica Bratzu, Mauro A.M. Carai, Giancarlo Colombo, and Gian Luigi Gessa Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, 2021, Doi : 10.1089/can.2020.0132   Abstract Introduction : Cannabidiol (CBD) is a major cannabinoid extracted from Cannabis sativa with no abuse potential. Data from recent rodent studies suggest that amelioration of alcohol-motivated behaviors may be one of the numerous pharmacological effects of CBD. This study was designed to contribute to this research, assessing the effect of CBD on operant oral alcohol self-administration in selectively bred Sardinian alcohol preferring (sP) rats, a validated animal model of excessive alcohol consumption. [...]

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Cannabinoids, Phenolics, Terpenes and Alkaloids of Cannabis, Mohamed M. Radwan et al., 2021

Cannabinoids, Phenolics, Terpenes and Alkaloids of Cannabis Mohamed M. Radwan, Suman Chandra, Shahbaz Gul and Mahmoud A. ElSohly Molecules, 2021, 26, 2774. Doi : 10.3390/molecules26092774   Abstract : Cannabis sativa is one of the oldest medicinal plants in the world. It was introduced into western medicine during the early 19th century. It contains a complex mixture of secondary metabolites, including cannabinoids and non-cannabinoid-type constituents. More than 500 compounds have been reported from C. sativa, of which 125 cannabinoids have been isolated and/or identified as cannabinoids. Cannabinoids are C21 terpeno phenolic compounds specific to Cannabis. The non-cannabinoid constituents include: non-cannabinoid phenols, flavonoids, terpenes, alkaloids and others. This review discusses [...]

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Effect of two oral formulations of cannabidiol on responses to emotional stimuli in healthy human volunteers : pharmaceutical vehicle matters, Jose´A. Crippa et al., 2021

Effect of two oral formulations of cannabidiol on responses to emotional stimuli in healthy human volunteers: pharmaceutical vehicle matters Jose´A. Crippa, Luiz C. Pereira Junior, Livia C. Pereira, Patricia M. Zimmermann, Liberato Brum Junior, Leticia M. Rechia, Isabella Dias, Jaime E. Hallak, Alline C. Campos, Francisco S. Guimaraes, Regina H. Queiroz, Antonio W. Zuardi Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry, 2021, 1-6. Doi : 10.1590/1516-4446-2020-1684   Objective : To compare plasma concentrations of cannabidiol (CBD) following oral administration of two formulations of the drug (powder and dissolved in oil), and to evaluate the effects of these distinct formulations on responses to emotional stimuli in healthy human volunteers. Methods [...]

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New Insights on Hemp Oil Enriched in Cannabidiol: Decarboxylation, Antioxidant Properties and In Vitro Anticancer Effect, Anca Roxana Petrovici et al., 2021

New Insights on Hemp Oil Enriched in Cannabidiol: Decarboxylation, Antioxidant Properties and In Vitro Anticancer Effect Anca Roxana Petrovici, Natalia Simionescu, Andreea Isabela Sandu, Vasile Paraschiv, Mihaela Silion and Mariana Pinteala Antioxidants, 2021, 10, 738. doi : 10.3390/antiox10050738   Abstract : This study aimed to obtain and characterize extracted hemp oil enriched in cannabidiol (CBD) by decarboxylation of cannabidiolic acid (CBDA) and to give new insights into its antioxidant and anticancer effects. Optimization of CBDA decarboxylation in hemp oil was performed, and CBD and CBDA contents and purities were determined by flash chromatography, 1H- and 13C-NMR. The antioxidant properties of CBD-enriched oil were investigated by Fe2+ [...]

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Cannabis-related diagnosis in pregnancy and adverse maternal and infant outcomes, Gretchen Bandoli et al., 2021

Cannabis-related diagnosis in pregnancy and adverse maternal and infant outcomes Gretchen Bandoli, Laura Jelliffe-Pawlowski, Benjamin Schumacher, Rebecca J. Baer, Jennifer N. Felder, Jonathan D. Fuchs, Scott P. Oltman, Martina A. Steurer, Carla Marienfeld Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 2021, 225, 108757. doi : 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2021.108757   Abstract Background: Cannabis use and cannabis use disorders are increasing in prevalence, including among pregnant women. The objective was to evaluate the association of a cannabis-related diagnosis (CRD) in pregnancy and adverse maternal and infant outcomes. Methods: We queried an administrative birth cohort of singleton deliveries in California between 2011-2017 linked to maternal and infant hospital discharge records. We [...]

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Cannabis and cannabinoid use in autism spectrum disorder : a systematic review, Estácio Amaro da Silva Junior et al., 2021

Cannabis and cannabinoid use in autism spectrum disorder : a systematic review Estácio Amaro da Silva Junior, Wandersonia Moreira Brito Medeiros, Nelson Torro, João Marçal Medeiros de Sousa, Igor Bronzeado Cahino Moura de Almeida, Filipe Barbosa da Costa, Katiúscia Moreira Pontes, Eliane Lima Guerra Nunes, Marine Diniz da Rosa, Katy Lísias Gondim Dias de Albuquerque Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, 2021, 1-10. Doi : 10.47626/2237-6089-2020-0149 Abstract Introduction : Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by persistent deficits in social communication and social interaction, associated with the presence of restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, or activities. Cannabis has been used to alleviate [...]

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Effects of acute cannabidiol administration on anxiety and tremors induced by a Simulated Public Speaking Test in patients with Parkinson’s disease, Stephanie Martins de Faria et al., 2020

Effects of acute cannabidiol administration on anxiety and tremors induced by a Simulated Public Speaking Test in patients with Parkinson’s disease Stephanie Martins de Faria, Daiene de Morais Fabrício, Vitor Tumas, Paula Costa Castro, Moacir Antonelli Ponti, Jaime E.C. Hallak, Antonio W. Zuardi, José Alexandre S. Crippa and Marcos Hortes Nisihara Chagas Journal of Psychopharmacology, 2020, 1–8 doi : 10.1177/0269881119895536   Abstract Background : Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of the main components of Cannabis sativa and has anxiolytic properties, but no study has been conducted to evaluate the effects of CBD on anxiety signs and symptoms in patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD). This study aimed to [...]

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Absence of Entourage : Terpenoids Commonly Found in Cannabis sativa Do Not Modulate the Functional Activity of Δ9-THC at Human CB1 and CB2 Receptors, Marina Santiago et al., 2019

Absence of Entourage : Terpenoids Commonly Found in Cannabis sativa Do Not Modulate the Functional Activity of Δ9-THC at Human CB1 and CB2 Receptors Marina Santiago, Shivani C. Arnold, Iain S., McGregor and Mark Connor Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, 2019, Vol. 4, No. 3 doi : 10.1089/can.2019.0016 Abstract Introduction: Compounds present in Cannabis sativa such as phytocannabinoids and terpenoids may act in concert to elicit therapeutic effects. Cannabinoids such as Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC) directly activate cannabinoid receptor 1 (CB1) and cannabinoid receptor 2 (CB2); however, it is not known if terpenoids present in Cannabis also affect cannabinoid receptor signaling. Therefore, we examined six common terpenoids alone, [...]

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Cannabidiol (CBD) repurposing as antibacterial: promising therapy of 1 CBD plus polymyxin B against superbugs, Nathália Abichabki et al.,,

Cannabidiol (CBD) repurposing as antibacterial: promising therapy of 1 CBD plus polymyxin B against superbugs Nathália Abichabki, Luísa V. Zacharias, Natália C. Moreira, Fernando Bellissimo-Rodrigues, Fernanda L. Moreira, Jhohann R. L. Benzi1, Tânia M. C. Ogasawara, Joseane C.  Ferreira, Leonardo R. L. Pereira, Gilberto Ú. L. Braga, Camila M. Ribeiro, Fernando R.  Pavan, Antonio W. Zuardi, Jaime E. C. Hallak, José A. S. Crippa, Vera L. Lanchote,  Rafael Cantón, Ana Lúcia C. Darini, Leonardo N. Andrade bioRxiv preprint, 2021 doi : 10.1101/2021.04.12.439341   Abstract : Multidrug-resistant (MDR) and extensively drug-resistant (XDR) bacteria are a major worldwide public health problem. In the last decades, resistance to [...]

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