Catégorie : Pharmacologie

Adverse Reactions to Psychedelic Drugs. A Review of the Literature, Rick J. STRASSMAN, 1984.

Adverse Reactions to Psychedelic Drugs. A Review of the Literature Rick J. STRASSMAN, M.D. THE JOURNAL OF NERVOUS AND MENTAL DISEASE, 1984, VOL. 172, NO. 10, 577-595. DOI : 10.1097/00005053-198410000-00001   The use of naturally occurring and synthetically derived compounds for their "psychedelic" effects has been a part of human culture for thousands of years. The basic pharmacology of the major synthetic psychedelic compounds primarily lysergic acid diethylamide [LSD]-25 is described and reference is made to their potentially beneficial psychological effects. Adverse reactions, defined as dysphoric and/or maladaptive/dysfunctional responses to the use of these drugs, sometimes require careful clinical judgment in order to diagnose. These reactions [...]

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Emerging Evidence for Cannabis’ Role in Opioid Use Disorder, Nicolas J. Schlienz et al., 2018

Emerging Evidence for Cannabis’ Role in Opioid Use Disorder Beth Wiese and Adrianne R. Wilson-Poe Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, 2018, Volume 3.1, 179-189. Doi : 10.1089/can.2018.0022   Abstract Introduction : The opioid epidemic has become an immense problem in North America, and despite decades of research on the most effective means to treat opioid use disorder (OUD), overdose deaths are at an all-time high, and relapse remains pervasive. Discussion : Although there are a number of FDA-approved opioid replacement therapies and maintenance medications to help ease the severity of opioid withdrawal symptoms and aid in relapse prevention, these medications are not risk free nor are they successful [...]

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Reduction of Benzodiazepine Use in Patients Prescribed Medical Cannabis, Chad Purcell,

Reduction of Benzodiazepine Use in Patients Prescribed Medical Cannabis Chad Purcell, Andrew Davis, Nico Moolman, and S. Mark Taylor Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, 2019, Volume 4, Number 3, Doi : 10.1089/can.2018.0020   Abstract Background : Benzodiazepines are a class of medication with sedative properties, commonly used for anxiety and other neurological conditions. These medications are associated with several well-known adverse effects. This observational study aims to investigate the reduction of benzodiazepine use in patients using prescribed medical cannabis. Methods : A retrospective analysis was performed on a cohort of 146 medical cannabis patients (average age 47 years, 61% female, 54% reporting prior use of cannabis) who reported [...]

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Cannabis « médical » contre cannabis « récréatif » : une vision trop simpliste, Nicolas Autier, The Conversation, 22 janvier 2020

Cannabis « médical » contre cannabis « récréatif » : une vision trop simpliste Nicolas Authier, The Conversation, 22 janvier 2020 https://theconversation.com/cannabis-medical-contre-cannabis-recreatif-une-vision-trop-simpliste-129090   Ponctuel ou régulier, seul ou en groupe, pour soulager une souffrance ou chercher une convivialité… L’usage du cannabis diffère selon que sa finalité est médicale ou non médicale. En France, l’usage médical du cannabis, sous forme de médicament, est autorisé depuis 2013, sous forme de spécialités pharmaceutiques. Cet usage médical est généralement opposé à l’usage dit « récréatif ». Cependant, si cette description simplifiée facilite les questions de réglementation, elle ne permet pas, du point de vue de la santé publique, de proposer [...]

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Antidepressive, anxiolytic, and antiaddictive effects of ayahuasca, psilocybin and lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) : a systematic review of clinical trials published in the last 25 years, Raphael G. dos Santos et al., 2016

Antidepressive, anxiolytic, and antiaddictive effects of ayahuasca, psilocybin and lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) : a systematic review of clinical trials published in the last 25 years Rafael G. dos Santos, Flávia L. Osório, José Alexandre S. Crippa, Jordi Riba, Antônio W. Zuardi and Jaime E. C. Hallak Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology, 2016, Vol. 6, (3) 193–213 Doi : 10.1177/2045125316638008   Abstract : To date, pharmacological treatments for mood and anxiety disorders and for drug dependence show limited efficacy, leaving a large number of patients suffering severe and persistent symptoms. Preliminary studies in animals and humans suggest that ayahuasca, psilocybin and lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) may have [...]

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Recent Advances in the Neuropsychopharmacology of Serotonergic Hallucinogens, Adam L. Halberstadt, 2015

Recent Advances in the Neuropsychopharmacology of Serotonergic Hallucinogens Adam L. Halberstadt Behavioral Brain Research, 2015, 15, 277, 99–120. doi : 10.1016/j.bbr.2014.07.016   Abstract Serotonergic hallucinogens, such as (+)-lysergic acid diethylamide, psilocybin, and mescaline, are somewhat enigmatic substances. Although these drugs are derived from multiple chemical families, they all produce remarkably similar effects in animals and humans, and they show cross-tolerance. This article reviews the evidence demonstrating the serotonin 5-HT2A receptor is the primary site of hallucinogen action. The 5-HT2A receptor is responsible for mediating the effects of hallucinogens in human subjects, as well as in animal behavioral paradigms such as drug discrimination, head twitch response, prepulse [...]

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Pharmacotherapy for the Treatment of Cannabis Use Disorder. A Systematic Review, Karli K. Kondo et al., 2020,

Pharmacotherapy for the Treatment of Cannabis Use Disorder. A Systematic Review Karli K. Kondo, PhD; Benjamin J. Morasco, PhD; Shannon M. Nugent, PhD; Chelsea K. Ayers, MPH; Maya E. O’Neil, PhD; Michele Freeman, MPH, and Devan Kansagara, MD, MCR Annals of Internal Medicine, 2020, 172, 398-412. doi : 10.7326/M19-1105   Background : Cannabis use disorder (CUD) is a growing concern, and evidence-based data are needed to inform treatment options. Purpose : To review the benefits and risks of pharmacotherapies for the treatment of CUD. Data Sources : MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and clinical trial registries from inception through September 2019. Study Selection : Pharmacotherapy trials [...]

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Oral Cannabidiol Does Not Convert to Δ8-THC or Δ9-THC in Humans : A Pharmacokinetic Study in Healthy Subjects, Jose A.S. Crippa et al., 2020

Oral Cannabidiol Does Not Convert to Δ8-THC or Δ9-THC in Humans : A Pharmacokinetic Study in Healthy Subjects José Alexandre S. Crippa, Antonio Waldo Zuardi, Jaime Eduardo Cecílio Hallak, Bruna Miyazawa, Sandra Aparecido Bernardo, Carmem Maria Donaduzzi, Silvane Guzzi, Wagner Alex Jann Favreto, Alline Campos, Maria Eugênia C. Queiroz, Francisco S. Guimarães, Patrícia Moura da Rosa Zimmermann, Letícia Mello Rechia, Volnei Jose Tondo Filho Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, 2020, Vol. 5, No. 1 Doi : 10.1089/can.2019.0024 Abstract Introduction: Recent studies have suggested that cannabidiol (CBD) could interconvert into Delta-8- and Delta-9- tetrahydrocannabinol. Materials and Methods: Thus, we tested the plasma samples of 120 healthy human subjects [...]

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Cannabidiol for the treatment of cannabis use disorder : a phase 2a, double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomised, adaptive Bayesian trial, Tom P. Freeman et al., 2020

Cannabidiol for the treatment of cannabis use disorder : a phase 2a, double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomised, adaptive Bayesian trial Tom P Freeman, Chandni Hindocha, Gianluca Baio, Natacha D C Shaban, Emily M Thomas, Danica Astbury, Abigail M Freeman, Rachel Lees, Sam Craft, Paul D Morrison, Michael A P Bloomfield, Dominic O'Ryan, Jane Kinghorn, Celia J A Morgan, Ali Mofeez, H Valerie Curran The Lancet Psychiatry, 2020, doi : 10.1016/S2215-0366(20)30290-X  Abstract Background : A substantial and unmet clinical need exists for pharmacological treatment of cannabis use disorders. Cannabidiol could offer a novel treatment, but it is unclear which doses might be efficacious or safe. Therefore, we aimed to identify efficacious doses and eliminate inefficacious doses in a phase 2a trial using [...]

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Cytotoxic Effects of Cannabinoids on Human HT-29 Colorectal Adenocarcinoma Cells: Different Mechanisms of THC, CBD, and CB83, Daniela Cerretani et al., 2020

Cytotoxic Effects of Cannabinoids on Human HT-29 Colorectal Adenocarcinoma Cells : Different Mechanisms of THC, CBD, and CB83 Daniela Cerretani, Giulia Collodel, Antonella Brizzi, Anna Ida Fiaschi, Andrea Menchiari, Elena Moretti, Laura Moltoni, Lucia Micheli International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2020, 21, 5533 Doi : 10.3390/ijms21155533   Abstract In this study, we investigated the effects of exposition to IC50 dose for 24 h of a new synthetic cannabinoid (CB83) and of phytocannabinoids Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) on HT-29 colorectal carcinoma cells. Cell viability and proliferative activity evaluated using the MTT, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and CyQUANT assays showed that cell viability was significantly affected when CB83, THC, and CBD [...]

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