Catégorie : Pharmacologie

Circulating endocannabinoids and genetic polymorphisms as predictors of posttraumatic stress disorder symptom severity : heterogeneity in a community-based cohort, Terri A. deRoon-Cassini et al., 2022

Circulating endocannabinoids and genetic polymorphisms as predictors of posttraumatic stress disorder symptom severity : heterogeneity in a community-based cohort Terri A. deRoon-Cassini, Carisa L. Bergner, Samantha A. Chesney, Nicholas R. Schumann, Tara Sander Lee, Karen J. Brasel and Cecilia J. Hillard Translational Psychiatry, 2022, 12, 48, 1-12. Doi : 10.1038/s41398-022-01808-1   The endocannabinoid signaling system (ECSS) regulates fear and anxiety. While ECSS hypoactivity can contribute to symptoms of established post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), the role of the ECSS in PTSD development following trauma is unknown. A prospective, longitudinal cohort study of 170 individuals (47% non-Hispanic Caucasian and 70% male) treated at a level 1 trauma [...]

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Direct comparison of the acute effects of lysergic acid diethylamide and psilocybin in a double-blind placebo-controlled study in healthy subjects, Friederike Holze et al., 2022

Direct comparison of the acute effects of lysergic acid diethylamide and psilocybin in a double-blind placebo-controlled study in healthy subjects Friederike Holze, Laura Ley, Felix Müller, Anna M. Becker, Isabelle Straumann, Patrick Vizeli, Sebastian Silva Kuehne, Marc A. Roder, Urs Duthaler, Karolina E. Kolaczynska, Nimmy Varghese, Anne Eckert and Matthias E. Liechti Neuropsychopharmacology, 2022, 1-8. Doi : 10.1038/s41386-022-01297-2 Growing interest has been seen in using lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) and psilocybin in psychiatric research and therapy. However, no modern studies have evaluated differences in subjective and autonomic effects of LSD and psilocybin or their similarities and dose equivalence. We used a double blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, [...]

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Chemical and Morphological Phenotypes in Breeding of Cannabis sativa L., Gianpaolo Grassi and John M. McPartland, 2017

Chemical and Morphological Phenotypes in Breeding of Cannabis sativa L. Gianpaolo Grassi and John M. McPartland in S. Chandra et al. (eds.), Cannabis sativa L. - Botany and Biotechnology, Chapter 6, 2017, 137-160. Doi : 10.1007/978-3-319-54564-6_6   Abstract This chapter has two parts. The first part details five characters that contribute to phenotypic diversity in Cannabis. Cannabinoids can be assayed by quantity (dry weight percentage of cannabinoids in harvested material) or by quality (the THC/CBD ratio, or chemotype). Cannabinoid quality is largely genetic, possibly monogenic. We dissect the monogenic inheritance model (two alleles at a single gene locus). Essential oil is composed of volatile, aromatic terpenoids. [...]

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The Cannabis sativa Versus Cannabis indica Debate : An Interview with Ethan Russo, Daniele Piomelli  and Ethan B. Russo, 2016

The Cannabis sativa Versus Cannabis indica Debate : An Interview with Ethan Russo, MD Daniele Piomelli  and Ethan B. Russo Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, 2016, Volume 1.1, 44-46. Doi : 10.1089/can.2015.29003.ebr   Dr. Ethan Russo, MD, is a board-certified neurologist, psychopharmacology researcher, and Medical Director of PHYTECS, a biotechnology company researching and developing innovative approaches targeting the human endocannabinoid system. Previously, from 2003 to 2014, he served as Senior Medical Advisor and study physician to GW Pharmaceuticals for three Phase III clinical trials of Sativex for alleviation of cancer pain unresponsive to optimized opioid treatment and studies of Epidiolex for intractable epilepsy. He has held [...]

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The Case for the Entourage Effect and Conventional Breeding of Clinical Cannabis: No “Strain,” No Gain, Ethan B. Russo,

The Case for the Entourage Effect and Conventional Breeding of Clinical Cannabis: No “Strain,” No Gain Ethan B. Russo Frontiers in Plant Science, 2019, Volume 9, Article 1969, 1-8. Doi : 10.3389/fpls.2018.01969 The topic of Cannabis curries controversy in every sphere of influence, whether politics, pharmacology, applied therapeutics or even botanical taxonomy. Debate as to the speciation of Cannabis, or a lack thereof, has swirled for more than 250 years. Because all Cannabis types are eminently capable of cross-breeding to produce fertile progeny, it is unlikely that any clear winner will emerge between the “lumpers” vs. “splitters” in this taxonomical debate. This is compounded [...]

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Fibromyalgia and the endocannabinoid system, John M. McPartland, 2010

Fibromyalgia and the endocannabinoid system John M. McPartland in Fibromyalgia syndrome : A practitioner’s guide to treatment, chapter 11, 2010, 263-277. Doi : 10.1016/B978-0-443-06936-9.00011-1   CHAPTER CONTENTS Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 263 Cannabis and cannabinoid receptors . . 264 Endocannabinoids and their enzymes . 266 Nociception and pain . . . . . . . . . . 266 Around the edges of fibromyalgia . . . . 269 Enhancing the eCB system . . . . . . . 270 Other approaches . . . . . . . . . . . . 272 Conclusions . . . . [...]

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Genomic and Chemical Diversity in Cannabis, C. Lynch et al., 2015

Genomic and Chemical Diversity in Cannabis Ryan C. Lyncha,e, Daniela Vergaraa, Silas Tittesa, Kristin Whitea, C. J. Schwartzb, Matthew J. Gibbsb, Travis C. Ruthenburgc,d, Kymron deCesarec, Donald P. Landc, and Nolan C. Kanea CRITICAL REVIEWS IN PLANT SCIENCES, 2016, VOL. 35, NOS. 5–6, 349–363 Doi : 10.1080/07352689.2016.1265363 ABSTRACT Plants of the Cannabis genus are the only prolific producers of phytocannabinoids, compounds that strongly interact with the evolutionarily ancient endocannabinoid receptors shared by most bilaterian taxa. For millennia, the plant has been cultivated not only for these compounds, but also for food, rope, paper, and clothing. Today, specialized varieties yielding high-quality textile fibers, nutritional seed oil, or high cannabinoid [...]

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Classic psychedelics in the treatment of substance use disorder: Potential synergies with twelve-step programs, David B. Yaden et al., 2021

Classic psychedelics in the treatment of substance use disorder: Potential synergies with twelve-step programs David B. Yaden, Andrea P. Berghella, Paul S. Regier, Albert Garcia-Romeu, Matthew W. Johnson, Peter S. Hendricks International Journal of Drug Policy, 2021, Doi : 10.1016/j.drugpo.2021.103380   a b s t r a c t Several pilot studies have provided evidence supporting the potential of classic psychedelics like psilocybin in the treatment of substance use disorders (SUDs). If larger trials confirm efficacy, classic psychedelic-assisted psychotherapy may eventually be integrated into existing addiction treatments such as cognitive behavioral therapy, contingency management, and medication-assisted therapies. Many individuals seeking treatment for SUDs also join twelve-step [...]

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Assessing the treatment of cannabidiolic acid methyl ester: a stable synthetic analogue of cannabidiolic acid on c‑Fos and NeuN expression in the hypothalamus of rats Eric Murillo‑Rodríguez, Roger G. Pertwee, Raphael Mechoulam et al., 2021

Assessing the treatment of cannabidiolic acid methyl ester: a stable synthetic analogue of cannabidiolic acid on c‑Fos and NeuN expression in the hypothalamus of rats Eric Murillo‑Rodríguez, Diana Millán‑Aldaco, Gloria Arankowsky‑Sandoval, Tetsuya Yamamoto, Roger G. Pertwee, Linda Parker and Raphael Mechoulam     Abstract Background : Cannabidiol (CBD), the non-psychotropic compound from Cannabis sativa, shows positive results on controlling several health disturbances; however, comparable data regarding additional chemical from C. sativa, such as cannabidiolic acid (CBDA), is scarce due to its instability. To address this limitation, a stable CBDA analogue, CBDA methyl ester (HU-580), was synthetized and showed CBDA-like effects. Recently, we described that HU-580 increased [...]

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Flashback phenomena after administration of LSD and psilocybin in controlled studies with healthy participants, Felix Müller et al., 2022

Flashback phenomena after administration of LSD and psilocybin in controlled studies with healthy participants Felix Müller, Elias Kraus, Friederike Holze, Anna Becker, Laura Ley, Yasmin Schmid, Patrick Vizeli, Matthias E. Liechti, Stefan Borgwardt Psychopharmacology, 2022, 1-11. doi : 10.1007/s00213-022-06066-z   Abstract Background : LSD and psilocybin are increasingly used in phase I trials and evaluated as therapeutic agents for mental disorders. The phenomenon of reoccurring drug-like experiences after the acute substance effects have worn off was described for both substances and especially attributed to LSD. According to the DSM-V, the persisting and distressing manifestation of these experiences is called hallucinogen-persisting perception disorder (HPPD). Data on both conditions [...]

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