Catégorie : Pharmacologie

Medical cannabis authorization and the risk of cardiovascular events : a longitudinal cohort study, Arsene Zongo et al.,

Medical cannabis authorization and the risk of cardiovascular events : a longitudinal cohort study Arsene Zongo, Cerina Lee, Jason R. B. Dyck, Jihane El‑Mourad, Elaine Hyshka, John G. Hanlon and Dean T. Eurich BMC Cardiovascular Disorders, 2021, 21, 426 doi : 10.1186/s12872-021-02229-6   Abstract Background : Cannabis is increasingly used for therapeutic purpose. However, its safety profile is not well known. This study assessed the risk of cardiovascular-related emergency department (ED) visit and hospitalization in adult patients authorized to use medical cannabis in Ontario, Canada from 2014 to 2017. Methods : This is a longitudinal cohort study of patients who received medical cannabis authorization and followedup in [...]

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Cannabinoid CB2 Receptor Activation Attenuates Fentanyl-Induced Respiratory Depression, Carmen A. Zavala et al., 2021

Cannabinoid CB2 Receptor Activation Attenuates Fentanyl-Induced Respiratory Depression Carmen A. Zavala, Ana C. Thomaz, Vishakh Iyer, Ken Mackie, and Andrea G. Hohmann Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, 2021, Volume 6, Number 5, 389-400. DOI: 10.1089/can.2020.0059   Abstract Introduction : Overdose fatalities associated with the opioid epidemic are predictably attributable to druginduced respiratory depression. In terms of illicit opioid abuse, fentanyl is the synthetic opioid responsible for the largest number of overdose deaths. There is, therefore, an urgent need to identify safe and effective therapeutics that can attenuate fentanyl-induced respiratory depression. Identification of effective alternate analgesic strategies that lessen the respiratory depression associated with narcotics would also help [...]

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Real life Experience of Medical Cannabis Treatment in Autism : Analysis of Safety and Efficacy, Lihi Bar-Lev Schleider et al., 2019

Real life Experience of Medical Cannabis Treatment in Autism : Analysis of Safety and Efficacy Lihi Bar-Lev Schleider, Raphael Mechoulam, Naama Saban, Gal Meiri & Victor Novack Scientific Reports, Nature.com, 2019, 9, 200, 1-7 Doi : 10.1038/s41598-018-37570-y   There has been a dramatic increase in the number of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) worldwide. Recently anecdotal evidence of possible therapeutic effects of cannabis products has emerged. The aim of this study is to characterize the epidemiology of ASD patients receiving medical cannabis treatment and to describe its safety and efficacy. We analysed the data prospectively collected as part of the treatment program of [...]

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Current state of evidence of cannabis utilization for treatment of autism spectrum disorders, Rumi Agarwal et al., 2019

Current state of evidence of cannabis utilization for treatment of autism spectrum disorders Rumi Agarwal, Shanna L. Burke and Marlaina Maddux BMC Psychiatry, 2019, 19, 328 Doi : 10.1186/s12888-019-2259-4   Abstract The core symptoms and co-morbidities associated with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) affect daily living and quality of life. Existing pharmacological interventions are only able to attenuate some related symptoms but are unable to address the underlying etiologies associated with ASD. Anecdotal evidence, which claims benefit from the use of cannabis to treat symptoms among this population, has been gaining popularity as families seek solutions. This paper analyzed recent peer-reviewed literature to identify the current state of [...]

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Oral Cannabidiol Use in Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder to Treat Related Symptoms and Co-morbidities, Dana Barchel et al., 2019

Oral Cannabidiol Use in Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder to Treat Related Symptoms and Co-morbidities Dana Barchel, Orit Stolar2, Tal De-Haan, Tomer Ziv-Baran, Naama Saban, Danny Or Fuchs, Gideon Koren and Matitiahu Berkovitch Frontiers in Pharmacology, 2019, volume 9, article 1521, 1-5 Doi : 10.3389/fphar.2018.01521   Objective : Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) commonly exhibit comorbid symptoms such as aggression, hyperactivity and anxiety. Several studies are being conducted worldwide on cannabidiol use in ASD; however, these studies are still ongoing, and data on the effects of its use is very limited. In this study we aimed to report the experience of parents who administer, [...]

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Opioid and healthcare service use in medical cannabis patients with chronic pain : a prospective study, Sharon Sznitman et al., 2021

Opioid and healthcare service use in medical cannabis patients with chronic pain: a prospective study Sharon Sznitman, Carolyn Mabouk, Zahi Said and Simon Vulfsons British Medical Journal, 2021. doi : 10.1136/bmjspcare-2020-002661 Abstract Background Various jurisdictions have legalised medical cannabis (MC) for use in chronic pain treatment. The objective of this study was to determine if the use of MC is related to a reduction in the use of prescription opioids and other prescription medications and healthcare services. Methods : A retrospective cohort study was conducted using the medical files of 68 Israeli patients with chronic pain using MC. Number of prescription medications filled and healthcare services [...]

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A Phase 2, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial to Investigate Potential Drug-Drug Interactions Between Cannabidiol and Clobazam, Kevan E. Van Landingham et al., 2020

A Phase 2, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial to Investigate Potential Drug-Drug Interactions Between Cannabidiol and Clobazam Kevan E. Van Landingham, MD, PhD1, Julie Crockett, PhD2, Lesley Taylor, PhD2*, and Gilmour Morrison, HND2 The Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 2020, 0, (0), 1–10 Doi : 10.1002/jcph.1634   Abstract We investigated the effects of cannabidiol (CBD; 21-day maintenance dose) on the pharmacokinetics (PK) of clobazam (CLB) and monitored the safety of CBD (or placebo) plus CLB in 20 patients with uncontrolled epilepsy on stable doses of CLB. Blood samples collected until 24 hours postdose were evaluated by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. PK parameters of CLB and major metabolite N-desmethylclobazam (N-CLB), [...]

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Cannabinoid-based Medications for Pain Raymond M. St. Marie, Raphael J. Leo, 2021

Cannabinoid-based Medications for Pain Raymond M. St. Marie, MD; Raphael J. Leo, MA, MD Current Psychiatry, 2021, 20(5), 21-33. Abstract and Introduction Introduction Against the backdrop of an increasing opioid use epidemic and a marked acceleration of prescription opioid–related deaths,[1,2] there has been an impetus to explore the usefulness of alternative and co-analgesic agents to assist patients with chronic pain. Preclinical studies employing animal-based models of human pain syndromes have demonstrated that cannabis and chemicals derived from cannabis extracts may mitigate several pain conditions.[3] Because there are significant comorbidities between psychiatric disorders and chronic pain, psychiatrists are likely to care for patients with chronic pain. As [...]

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Reducing Effect of Cannabidiol on Alcohol Self-Administration in Sardinian Alcohol-Preferring Rats, Paola Maccioni et al., 2021

Reducing Effect of Cannabidiol on Alcohol Self-Administration in Sardinian Alcohol-Preferring Rats Paola Maccioni, Jessica Bratzu, Mauro A.M. Carai, Giancarlo Colombo, and Gian Luigi Gessa Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, 2021, Doi : 10.1089/can.2020.0132   Abstract Introduction : Cannabidiol (CBD) is a major cannabinoid extracted from Cannabis sativa with no abuse potential. Data from recent rodent studies suggest that amelioration of alcohol-motivated behaviors may be one of the numerous pharmacological effects of CBD. This study was designed to contribute to this research, assessing the effect of CBD on operant oral alcohol self-administration in selectively bred Sardinian alcohol preferring (sP) rats, a validated animal model of excessive alcohol consumption. [...]

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