Catégorie : Approches sociologiques de la consommation de Cannabis

The Psychiatric Consequences of Cannabinoids, Joao P. De Aquino et al., 2018

The Psychiatric Consequences of Cannabinoids Joao P. De Aquino, Mohamed Sherif, Rajiv Radhakrishnan, John D. Cahill, Mohini Ranganathan and Deepak C. D’Souza Clinical Therapeutics, 2018, 40, (9), 14481456 Doi : 10.1016/j.clinthera.2018.03.013   ABSTRACT With rising rates of cannabis use in the general population and an increasing number of US states legalizing both recreational and medical cannabis use, it is important to be informed about the adverse consequences of cannabinoids. This Commentary provides an overview of the psychiatric effects of plant-based and synthetic cannabinoids, differentiating acute effects from effects associated with persistent use. Cannabinoids produce multiphasic and dose dependent effects on anxiety, mood, and perception, in addition [...]

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Cannabis in Chinese Medicine : Are Some Traditional Indications Referenced in Ancient Literature Related to Cannabinoids ?, E. Joseph Brand and Zhongzhen Zhao

Cannabis in Chinese Medicine : Are Some Traditional Indications Referenced in Ancient Literature Related to Cannabinoids? E. Joseph Brand and Zhongzhen Zhao Frontiers in Pharmacology, 2017, vol 8, Article 108, 1-11. doi : 10.3389/fphar.2017.00108   Cannabis sativa L. (Cannabaceae) has a long history of utilization as a fiber and seed crop in China, and its achenes (“seeds”) as well as other plant parts have been recorded in Chinese medical texts for nearly 2000 years. While the primary applications of cannabis in Chinese medicine center around the use of the achenes, ancient indications for the female inflorescence, and other plant parts include conditions such as pain [...]

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IACM-Bulletin du 14 Février 2020

IACM-Bulletin du 14 Février 2020 Science/Animal: Le cannabigerol est efficace contre les infections par des bactéries résistantes aux antibiotiques Economy/Écologie: Données sur la quantité d'électricité consommée par l'industrie du cannabis Science/Homme: Environ la moitié des patients souffrant de lombalgie ont pu arrêter toute consommation d'opioïdes après avoir commencé la consommation de cannabis Europe/ONU: La Commission Européenne propose un vote unifié de l'UE sur la programmation de l’OMS sur le cannabis Science/Homme: De nombreux patients atteints d'arthrite consomment du cannabis Science/Homme: Le cannabis peut être utile contre l'insomnie chez les personnes âgées souffrant de douleur [...]

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Longitudinal Changes in Cognition in Young Adult Cannabis Users, Mary Becker et al., 2018

Longitudinal Changes in Cognition in Young Adult Cannabis Users Mary Becker, Paul F. Collins, Ashley Schultz, Snežana Urošević, Brittany Schmaling, and Monica Luciana The Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 2018, 40, (6), 529–543. doi : 10.1080/13803395.2017.1385729   Abstract Introduction : Adolescent cannabis use (CU) is associated with impaired attention, executive function, and verbal learning/memory. These associations are generally observed in cross-sectional studies. Longitudinal studies of cannabis users are lacking. Method : The present study examines associations between CU and cognition over time in chronic daily adolescent-onset CUs, as compared to non-using controls. Both groups completed a neuropsychological battery at study intake and again two years later. Results [...]

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Investigation of Sex-Dependent Effects of Cannabis in Daily Cannabis Smokers, Ziva D. Cooper and Margaret Haney, 2014

Investigation of Sex-Dependent Effects of Cannabis in Daily Cannabis Smokers Ziva D. Cooper and Margaret Haney Drug & Alcohol Dependence, 2014 March 1, 136, 85–91. doi :10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2013.12.013   Abstract Background—Women exhibit an accelerated progression from first cannabis use to cannabis use disorder (CUD) and show pronounced negative clinical issues related to CUD relative to men. Whether sex-dependent differences in cannabis’ direct effects contribute to the heightened risk in women is unknown. This analysis directly compared cannabis’ abuse-related subjective effects in men and women matched for current cannabis use. Methods—Data from four double-blind, within-subject studies measuring the effects of active cannabis (3.27–5.50% THC, depending on study) relative to [...]

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Risk of Persistence and Progression of Use of 5 Cannabis Products After Experimentation Among Adolescents, Jessica L. Barrington-Trimis, 2020

Risk of Persistence and Progression of Use of 5 Cannabis Products After Experimentation Among Adolescents Jessica L. Barrington-Trimis, PhD; Junhan Cho, PhD; Esthelle Ewusi-Boisvert, BA; Deborah Hasin, PhD; Jennifer B. Unger, PhD; Richard A. Miech, PhD; Adam M. Leventhal, PhD JAMA Network Open, 2020, 3, (1), e1919792. doi : 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.19792   Abstract IMPORTANCE : While a diverse array of cannabis products that may appeal to youth is currently available, it is unknown whether the risk of persistent cannabis use and progression to higher frequency of use after experimentation differs among cannabis products. OBJECTIVE : To estimate the comparative relative risk of experimental use of 5 cannabis products [...]

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Association Between Recreational Marijuana Legalization in the United States and Changes in Marijuana Use and Cannabis Use Disorder From 2008 to 2016, Magdalena Cerdá et al., 2019

Association Between Recreational Marijuana Legalization in the United States and Changes in Marijuana Use and Cannabis Use Disorder From 2008 to 2016 Magdalena Cerdá, DrPH; Christine Mauro, PhD; Ava Hamilton, BA; Natalie S. Levy, MPH; Julián Santaella-Tenorio, DrPH; Deborah Hasin, PhD; Melanie M.Wall, PhD; Katherine M. Keyes, PhD; Silvia S. Martins, MD, PhD JAMA Psychiatry, 2019. doi : 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2019.3254   IMPORTANCE : Little is known about changes in marijuana use and cannabis use disorder (CUD) after recreational marijuana legalization (RML). OBJECTIVES : To examine the associations between RML enactment and changes in marijuana use, frequent use, and CUD in the United States from 2008 to 2016. DESIGN, SETTING, AND [...]

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Bibliographie Cannabis et Troubles cardio-vasculaires

Bibliographie Cannabis et Troubles cardio-vasculaires   Dr Christian SUEUR, GRECC, 2e édition, janvier 2020.   Actuellement, les méta-analyses ne montrent pas d'augmentation significative des pathologies cardiovasculaire chez les consommateurs de cannabis. (cf en particulier la méta-analyse de Divya RAVI et coll., Annals of Internal Medicine, 2018). Quoiqu'il en soit, l'existence de facteurs de risques liés à la consommation de cannabis fumé est semble-t-il incontestable; de même, les risques sont vraisemblablement augmentés chez les sujets prédisposés, présentant des pathologies cariaques, vasculaires, des troubles de l'excitabilité cardiaque ou de la tension artérielle. La plupart des "Case Report" consistent en des accidents par sténose vasculaire, cérébrale ou cardiaque, [...]

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Characterising heterogeneity in the use of different cannabis products : latent class analysis with 55 000 people who use cannabis and associations with severity of cannabis dependence, Sam Craft et al., 2019

Characterising heterogeneity in the use of different cannabis products : latent class analysis with 55 000 people who use cannabis and associations with severity of cannabis dependence Sam Craft, Adam Winstock, Jason Ferris, Clare Mackie, Michael T. Lynskey and Tom P. Freeman Psychological Medicine, 2019, 1–10. doi : 10.1017/S0033291719002460   Abstract Background. As new cannabis products and administration methods proliferate, patterns of use are becoming increasingly heterogeneous. However, few studies have explored different profiles of cannabis use and their association with problematic use. Methods. Latent class analysis (LCA) was used to identify subgroups of past-year cannabis users endorsing distinct patterns of use from a large international sample [...]

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