Étiquette : santé publique

Renseignements destinés aux professionnels de la santé : Le cannabis (marijuana, marihuana) et les cannabinoïdes, Santé Canada, dernière version octobre 2018

Renseignements destinés aux professionnels de la santé : Le cannabis (marijuana, marihuana) et les cannabinoïdes (Version PDF - 2,690 Ko) https://www.canada.ca/fr/sante-canada/services/drogues-medicaments/cannabis/renseignements-medecins/renseignements-destines-professionnels-sante-cannabis-cannabinoides.html Santé Canada Auteur : Hanan Abramovici Ph.D. Co-auteurs : Sophie-Anne Lamour, Ph.D. et George Mammen, Ph.D. Nous republions cet excellent document de Santé Canada, et surtout, le résumé des indications reconnues, et envisagées, du cannabis thérapeutique.   Aperçu des énoncés récapitulatifs Les énoncés récapitulatifs suivants visent à résumer le contenu des sections 4.0 (Usages thérapeutiques possibles) et 7.0 (Effets indésirables) et leurs sous-sections respectives. Les énoncés récapitulatifs peuvent être également trouvés dans leurs sections et sous-sections respectives dans le corps même du document. Remarque: la plupart des études [...]

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Long-term Heavy Cannabis Use : implications for health education, Niall COGGANS et al., 2004

Long-term Heavy Cannabis Use : implications for health education Niall COGGANS, Phil DALGARNO, Lindsay JOHNSON & David SHEWAN Drugs : education, prevention and policy, 2004, Vol. 11, No. 4, 299–313   ABSTRACT There is growing evidence that cannabis can have negative effects on health. While the ongoing debate about the nature and duration of these effects recognizes mild cognitive impairment, the evidence for irreversibility of cognitive impairment and causal links with psychiatric illness is not conclusive. There is undoubtedly potential for impairment of respiratory functioning, but that will depend on lifetime load and in most cases is confounded with tobacco smoking. There is a [...]

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The association between cannabis use and psychiatric comorbidity in people with personality disorders : A population-based longitudinal study, Nadav Shalita et al., 2019

The association between cannabis use and psychiatric comorbidity in people with personality disorders : A population-based longitudinal study Nadav Shalita, Jürgen Rehmb, Shaul Lev-Ran Psychiatry Research, 2019, 278, 70–77 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2019.05.041 A B S T R A C T Both personality disorders (PD) and cannabis use are highly comorbid with various psychiatric disorders. While previous research indicates specific interactions between cannabis use and schizotypal PD associated with schizophrenia, research into cannabis use among individuals with other PDs and the development of several additional psychiatric disorders is scarce. We explored the prevalence and incidence of psychiatric disorders among individuals with PDs who use cannabis, and whether individuals [...]

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Epidemiology of adolescent Salvia divinorum use in Canada, Cheryl L. Currie, 2012

Epidemiology of adolescent Salvia divinorum use in Canada Cheryl L. Currie Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 2012, 128, (1-2) DOI: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2012.08.008   a b s t r a c t Background : Salvia divinorum is a potent, naturally occurring hallucinogen gaining popularity as a recreational drug in North America. To date, detailed epidemiologic information about the use of this substance among adolescents living outside the United States has been limited. This study provides information on the prevalence and correlates of Salvia divinorum use among adolesecents in Canada using a nationally representative sample. Methods : Data were obtained from a representative sample of 42,179 Canadian adolescents aged 12–17 years living [...]

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Ayahuasca and Public Health : Health Status, Psychosocial Well-Being, Lifestyle, and Coping Strategies in a Large Sample of Ritual Ayahuasca Users, Genis Ona et al., 2019,

Ayahuasca and Public Health : Health Status, Psychosocial Well-Being, Lifestyle, and Coping Strategies in a Large Sample of Ritual Ayahuasca Users Genís Ona, Maja Kohek, Tomàs Massaguer, Alfred Gomariz, Daniel F. Jiménez, Rafael G. Dos Santos, Jaime E. C. Hallak, Miguel Ángel Alcázar-Córcoles & José Carlos Bouso Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, 2019 Doi : 10.1080/02791072.2019.1567961.   Assessing the health status of ayahuasca users has been challenging due to the limitations involved in randomized clinical trials and psychometric approaches. The main objective of this study is the implementation of an approach based on public health indicators. We developed a self-administered questionnaire that was administered to long-term ayahuasca [...]

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Ayahuasca and Public Health: Health Status, Psychosocial Well-Being, Lifestyle, and Coping Strategies in a Large Sample of Ritual Ayahuasca Users, Genís Ona et al., 2019

Ayahuasca and Public Health : Health Status, Psychosocial Well-Being, Lifestyle, and Coping Strategies in a Large Sample of Ritual Ayahuasca Users Genís Ona, Maja Kohek, Tomàs Massaguer, Alfred Gomariz, Daniel F. Jiménez, Rafael G. Dos Santos, Jaime E. C. Hallak, Miguel Ángel Alcázar- Córcoles & José Carlos Bouso Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, 2019, DOI: 10.1080/02791072.2019.1567961   ABSTRACT Assessing the health status of ayahuasca users has been challenging due to the limitations involved in randomized clinical trials and psychometric approaches. The main objective of this study is the implementation of an approach based on public health indicators. We developed a self-administered questionnaire that was administered to long-term [...]

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Harm potential of magic mushroom use : A review, Jan van Amsterdam et al., 2011

Harm potential of magic mushroom use : A review Jan van AMSTERDAM, Antoon OPPERTHUIZEN, Wim van den BRINK Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology, 2011, 59, 423-429. Doi : 10.1016/j.yrtph.2011.01.006   Abstract In 2007, the Minister of Health of the Netherlands requested the CAM (Coordination point Assessment and Monitoring new drugs) to assess the overall risk of magic mushrooms. The present paper is an updated redraft of the review, written to support the assessment by CAM experts. It summarizes the literature on physical or psychological dependence, acute and chronic toxicity, risk for public health and criminal aspects related to the consumption of magic mushrooms. In the Netherlands, the [...]

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Price elasticity of illegal versus legal cannabis: a behavioral economic substitutability analysis, Michael Amlung et al., 2018

Price elasticity of illegal versus legal cannabis: a behavioral economic substitutability analysis Michael Amlung, Derek D. Reed, Vanessa Morris, Elizabeth R. Aston, Jane Metrik & James MacKillop Addiction, 2018, 114, 112–118 doi:10.1111/add.14437   ABSTRACT Background and Aims : The evolving legal status of cannabis world-wide necessitates evidence-based regulatory policies to minimize risks associated with cannabis misuse. A prominent concern is the impact legalization may have on the illegal cannabis market, including whether illegal cannabis will serve as a substitute for legal cannabis. Empirical data on this issue are virtually non-existent. This study used behavioral economics to investigate substitutability of legal and illegal cannabis in legalized catchment areas [...]

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Psychiatry might need some psychedelic therapy, Matthew W. Johnson, 2018

Psychiatry might need some psychedelic therapy Matthew W. Johnson International Review of Psychiatry, 2018, 30, 4, 285-290, DOI: 10.1080/09540261.2018.1509544   EDITORIAL Psychiatry might need some psychedelic therapy In historical and modern-day studies, psychedelic drugs have shown promise in managing a variety of psychiatric disorders, but their medical use has often raised controversies. The controversies have related to social, political, and legal challenges. History Although anthropological evidence suggests that classic psychedelic drugs (hereafter, ‘psychedelics’) have been used by various indigenous peoples as sacraments and healing agents before recorded history, in the mid-twentieth century they came to occupy a place at the cutting edge of psychiatric research (Johnson, Richards, & Griffiths, [...]

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