Étiquette : psilocybine

Book Review : The psychedelic religion of mystical consciousness, Rick Strassman, 2018

Book Review : The psychedelic religion of mystical consciousness, Rick Strassman William A. Richards Sacred Knowledge: Psychedelics and Religious Experiences Columbia University Press, New York, 2016, 244 pp. Hardback ISBN: 978-0-231-17406-0 Journal of Psychedelic Studies, 2018 Doi : 10.1556/2054.2018.003   With an extreme range of terms for psychedelic drugs – from “schizotoxic” to “entheogenic” – “psychedelic,” nonetheless remains the most salient one. These substances manifest or disclose aspects of the mind of those who take them as well as the mind of those who study them. Proponents for the innumerable terms for these drugs are all able to adduce supportive evidence. Necessarily, this evidence is a subjective experience, [...]

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Psilocybin exerts distinct effects on resting state networks 1 associated with serotonin and dopamine in mice, Joanes Grandjean et al., 2019

Psilocybin exerts distinct effects on resting state networks 1 associated with serotonin and dopamine in mice Joanes Grandjean, David Buehlmann, Michaela Buerge, Hannes Sigrist, Erich Seifritz, Franz X. Vollenweider, Christopher R. Pryce, Markus Rudin Preprint · September 2019 Doi : 10.1101/751255   Abstract Hallucinogenic agents have been proposed as potent antidepressants; this includes the serotonin (5-HT) receptor 2A agonist psilocybin. In human subjects, psilocybin alters functional connectivity (FC) within the default-mode network (DMN), a constellation of inter-connected regions that is involved in self-reference and displays altered FC in depressive disorders. In this study we investigated the effects of psilocybin on FC in the analogue of the [...]

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Le microdosage de substances psychédéliques : bref historique et nouveaux axes de recherche, Vittorio Biancardi, 2019

Le microdosage de substances psychédéliques : bref historique et nouveaux axes de recherche Vittorio Biancardi Revue CIRCE, 2019, 11,   Résumé Le micro-dosage est un phénomène social de plus en plus répandu parmi la communauté des consommateurs et consommatrices des substances dites psychédéliques. Il consiste une consommation d’un dixième de la dose typique de substance (principalement LSD ou Psilocybine) de façon fréquente, deux ou trois fois par semaine, pour améliorer les capacités cognitives ou comme auto-thérapie. L’analyse de ce phénomène est actuellement très fragmentaire et inconsistante, tant du point de vue des sciences humaines que du point de vue des sciences dites «dures». L’objectif de [...]

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Scientists mass-produce ‘magic mushroom’ active ingredient from bacteria, ZEM Science, 2019

Scientists mass-produce 'magic mushroom' active ingredient from bacteria The study shows that psilocybin can be produced in a sustainable manner. https://www.zmescience.com/medicine/scientists-mass-produce-magic-mushroom-active-ingredient-from-bacteria/ byTibi Puiu October 3, 2019 Psilocybin, the active psychoactive compound found in specific mushrooms, is a promising drug that can be used to treat depression, anxiety, addiction, and post-traumatic stress disorder. Looking towards the future, researchers at Miami University have used genetic engineering to coax harmless E. coli bacteria to produce psilocybin. Psilocybe semilanceata. Credit: Pixabay. The mushrooms that produce psilocybin, such as Psilocybe cubensis, are not particularly expensive or difficult to grow. However, they do take up a lot of space and require many [...]

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Psychedelics, David E. Nichols, 2016

Psychedelics David E. Nichols Pharmacological Review, 2016, 68, 264–355 http://dx.doi.org/10.1124/pr.115.011478   Abstract . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . .266 I. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [...]

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Les psychédéliques peuvent-ils traiter l’anorexie et la dépression ?, RESPADD, Actualités des Addictions, n°102, septembre 2019

Les psychédéliques peuvent-ils traiter l'anorexie et la dépression ? RESPADD, Actualités des Addictions, n°102, septembre 2019   Depuis son enfance, Rachael Petersen a vécu avec un sentiment de chagrin inexplicable qu'aucune pharmacothérapie ou psychothérapie n’a pu entièrement atténuer. Aussi, en 2017, elle s'est portée volontaire pour participer à un petit essai clinique à l'Université Johns Hopkins, qui testait la psilocybine, l'ingrédient actif des champignons hallucinogènes, pour le traitement de la dépression chronique. «J'étais tellement déprimée», a récemment déclaré Petersen, 29 ans. «J’ai eu l’impression que le monde m’avait abandonné, que j’avais perdu le droit d’exister sur cette planète. Vraiment, c’était comme si mes [...]

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The Past and Future of Psychedelic Science : An Introduction to This Issue, Richard E. Doblin et al., 2019

The Past and Future of Psychedelic Science : An Introduction to This Issue Richard E. Doblin, Merete Christiansen, Lisa Jerome, Brad Burge JOURNAL OF PSYCHOACTIVE DRUGS, 2019, VOL. 51, NO. 2, 93–97 https://doi.org/10.1080/02791072.2019.1606472   ABSTRACT Psychedelic plants and fungi have been used in indigenous medicinal traditions for millennia. Modern psychedelic research began when Albert Hofmann first synthesized lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD-25) in 1938. Five years later, became the first person to ingest LSD. Hofmann was unaware of the significance of his actions, and the effects they would set in motion. After a burgeoning period of scientific and cultural exploration in the1950s and ‘60s, psychedelic research was [...]

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Psychedelic drugs in the treatment of anxiety, depression and addiction, Tor-Morten  KVAM et al., 2018

Psychedelic drugs in the treatment of anxiety, depression and addiction Tor-Morten  KVAM, Lowan H. STEWART, Ole A. ANDREASSEN  Tidsskrift for Den norske legeforening, 2018. Doi : 10.4045/tidsskr.17.1110   B A C K G R O U N D There is growing interest in the use of psychedelic drugs for the treatment of mental disorders. The drugs are considered safe when administered within a clinical framework. Older studies performed prior to 1970 had methodological shortcomings, but studies in recent years have shown promising results regarding the use of psychedelic drugs in unipolar depression, depression in life-threatening illness, anxiety and addiction. The aim of this literature review is [...]

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Psilocybine mindfulness training modulates self-consciousness and brain default mode network connectivity with lasting effects, SMIGIELSKI Lukasz et al., 2019

Psilocybine mindfulness training modulates self-consciousness and brain default mode network connectivity with lasting effects SMIGIELSKI Lukasz, SCHEIDEGGER Milan, KOMETER Michael, VOLLENWEIDER Franz X. NeuroImage, 2019, 196, 207-215 Doi : 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2019.04.009   A B S T R A C T Both psychedelics and meditation exert profound modulatory effects on consciousness, perception and cognition, but their combined, possibly synergistic effects on neurobiology are unknown. Accordingly, we conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study with 38 participants following a single administration of the psychedelic psilocybin (315 μg/kg p.o.) during a 5-day mindfulness retreat. Brain dynamics were quantified directly pre- and post-intervention by functional magnetic resonance imaging during the resting state and [...]

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Clinical potential of psilocybine as a treatment for mental health conditions, Jeremy Daniel & Margaret Haberman, 2017.

Clinical potential of psilocybine as a treatment for mental health conditions Jeremy Daniel & Margaret Haberman Mental Health Clinician, 2017, Vol. 7, No. 1, pp. 24-28 https://doi.org/10.9740/mhc.2017.01.024   Abstract Psilocybin, a classic hallucinogen, is a chemical produced by more than 100 species of mushrooms worldwide. It has high affinity for several serotonin receptors, including 5-HT1A, 5-HT2A, and 5-HT2C, located in numerous areas of the brain, including the cerebral cortex and thalamus. With legislation introduced in 1992, more work is being done to further understand the implications of psilocybin use in a number of disease states. Certain mental health disease states and symptoms have been studied, including [...]

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