Étiquette : psilocybine

Effects of psilocybin on hippocampal neurogenesis and extinction of trace fear conditionning, Briony J. Catlow et al., 2013

Effects of psilocybin on hippocampal neurogenesis and extinction of trace fear conditionning CATLOW B.J., SONG S., PAREDES D.A., KIRSTEIN C.L., SANCHEZ-RAMOS J. Experimental Brain Research, 2013, 228, 481-491. Doi : 10.1007/s00221-013-3579-0   Abstract Drugs that modulate serotonin (5-HT) synaptic concentrations impact neurogenesis and hippocampal (HPC)-dependent learning. The primary objective is to determine the extent to which psilocybin (PSOP) modulates neurogenesis and thereby affects acquisition and extinction of HPC-dependent trace fear conditioning. PSOP, the 5-HT2A agonist 25I-NBMeO and the 5-HT2A/C antagonist ketanserin were administered via an acute intraperitoneal injection to mice. Trace fear conditioning was measured as the amount of time spent immobile in the presence of the conditioned [...]

Lire la suite

Lysergic Acid Diethylamide and Psilocybin Revisited, Mark A. Geyer, 2015

Lysergic Acid Diethylamide and Psilocybin Revisited Mark A. Geyer Biological Psychiatry, 2015, Volume 78, Issue 8, 544-553 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsych.2015.08.003   The past decade brought the beginnings of a renaissance in research on psychedelic drugs. Two articles in this issue of Biological Psychiatry signify that the resurrection of this long ignored topic has begun to mature and bear at least the promise of fruit. In the early 1970s, the onset of the “War on Drugs” brought with it a near-total hiatus in serious research on psychedelic drugs, especially in the United States. The resumption of credible work in this area has come from Switzerland, where many of [...]

Lire la suite

Hallucinogen persisting perception disorder after psilocybin consumption : a case study, Marie-Laure Espiard et al., 2005

Hallucinogen persisting perception disorder after psilocybin consumption : a case study Marie-Laure Espiard, Laurent Lecardeur, Pascale Abadie, Isabelle Halbecq, Sonia Dolfuss European Psychiatry, 2005, 20, (5-6), 458-60 DOI: 10.1016/j.eurpsy.2005.04.008   Abstract The recurrence of flashbacks without acute or chronic hallucinogen consumption has been recognized in the DSM IV criteria as the hallucinogen persisting perception disorder (HPPD). Perceptual disturbances may last for 5 years or more and represent a real psychosocial distress. We reported here a case of a 18 year-old young man presenting HPPD after a mixed intoxication with psylocibin and cannabis. This report shows symptomatic recurrences persisting more than 8 months. Various differential diagnoses were [...]

Lire la suite

Survey study of challenging experiences after ingesting psilocybin mushrooms : Acute and enduring positive and negative consequences, Theresa M. Carbonaro et al., 2016

Survey study of challenging experiences after ingesting psilocybin mushrooms : Acute and enduring positive and negative consequences Theresa M. Carbonaro, Matthew P. Bradstreet, Frederick S. Barrett, Katherine A. MacLean, Robert Jesse, Matthew W. Johnson and Roland R. Griffiths Journal of Psychopharmacology, 2016, 1 –11 DOI: 10.1177/0269881116662634 Abstract Acute and enduring adverse effects of psilocybin have been reported anecdotally, but have not been well characterized. For this study, 1993 individuals (mean age 30 yrs; 78% male) completed an online survey about their single most psychologically difficult or challenging experience (worst “bad trip”) after consuming psilocybin mushrooms. Thirty-nine percent rated it among the top five most challenging [...]

Lire la suite

Psilocybin can occasion mystical-type experiences having substantial and sustained personal meaning and spiritual significance, Roland R. Griffiths et al., 2006

Psilocybin can occasion mystical-type experiences having substantial and sustained personal meaning and spiritual significance Roland R. Griffiths, William A. Richards, Una McCann, Robert Jesse Psychopharmacology, 2006 DOI 10.1007/s00213-006-0457-5   Abstract Rationale : Although psilocybin has been used for centuries for religious purposes, little is known scientifically about its acute and persisting effects. Objectives : This double-blind study evaluated the acute and longer-term psychological effects of a high dose of psilocybin relative to a comparison compound administered under comfortable, supportive conditions. Materials and methods : The participants were hallucinogennaïve adults reporting regular participation in religious or spiritual activities. Two or three sessions were conducted at 2-month intervals. Thirty volunteers [...]

Lire la suite

Psilocybin-occasioned mystical-type experience in combination with meditation and other spiritual practices produces enduring positive changes in psychological functioning and in trait measures of prosocial attitudes and behaviors, Roland R. Griffiths et al., 2017

Psilocybin-occasioned mystical-type experience in combination with meditation and other spiritual practices produces enduring positive changes in psychological functioning and in trait measures of prosocial attitudes and behaviors Roland R. Griffiths, Matthew W. Johnson, William A. Richards, Brian D. Richards3, Robert Jesse, Katherine A. MacLean, Frederick S. Barrett, Mary P. Cosimano and Maggie A. Klinedinst Journal of Psychopharmacology, 2017, 1–21 DOI: 10.1177/0269881117731279   Abstract Psilocybin can occasion mystical-type experiences with participant-attributed increases in well-being. However, little research has examined enduring changes in traits. This study administered psilocybin to participants who undertook a program of meditation/spiritual practices. Healthy participants were randomized to three groups (25 each): (1) very [...]

Lire la suite

Mystical experiences occasioned by the hallucinogen psilocybin lead to increases in the personnality domain of openness, Katherine A. MacLean, Matthew W. Johnson and Roland R. Griffiths, 2011

Mystical experiences occasioned by the hallucinogen psilocybin lead to increases in the personnality domain of openness Katherine A. MacLean, Matthew W. Johnson and Roland R. Griffiths Journal of Psychopharmacology, 2011, 25, (11), 1453-1461. doi: 10.1177/0269881111420188.   Abstract A large body of evidence, including longitudinal analyses of personality change, suggests that core personality traits are predominantly stable after age 30. To our knowledge, no study has demonstrated changes in personality in healthy adults after an experimentally manipulated discrete event. Intriguingly, double-blind controlled studies have shown that the classic hallucinogen psilocybin occasions personally and spiritually significant mystical experiences that predict longterm changes in behaviors, attitudes and values. In [...]

Lire la suite

Mystical-type experiences occasioned by psilocybin mediate the attribution of personal meaning and spiritual significance 14 months later, Roland R. Griffiths et al., 2008

Mystical-type experiences occasioned by psilocybin mediate the attribution of personal meaning and spiritual significance 14 months later Roland R. Griffiths ,W.A. Richards , Matthew W. Johnson, Una D. McCann, R. Jesse Journal of Psychopharmacology, 2008, 1–12. Doi : 10.1177/0269881108094300   Abstract Psilocybin has been used for centuries for religious purposes; however, little is known scientifically about its long-term effects. We previously reported the effects of a double-blind study evaluating the psychological effects of a high psilocybin dose. This report presents the 14-month follow-up and examines the relationship of the follow-up results to data obtained at screening and on drug session days. Participants were 36 hallucinogen-naïve adults [...]

Lire la suite

Psilocybin occasioned mystical-type experiences : immediate and persisting dose-related effects, Roland R. Griffiths et al., 2011

Psilocybin occasioned mystical-type experiences : immediate and persisting dose-related effects Roland R. Griffiths, Matthew W. Johnson, William A. Richards, Brian D. Richards, Una McCann, Robert Jesse Psychopharmacology, 2011 DOI 10.1007/s00213-011-2358-5   Abstract Rationale : This dose-effect study extends previous observations showing that psilocybin can occasion mystical-type experiences having persisting positive effects on attitudes, mood, and behavior. Objectives : This double-blind study evaluated psilocybin (0, 5, 10, 20, 30 mg/70 kg, p.o.) administered under supportive conditions. Methods : Participants were 18 adults (17 hallucinogennaïve). Five 8-h sessions were conducted individually for each participant at 1-month intervals. Participants were randomized to receive the four active doses in either ascending or [...]

Lire la suite

Psilocybin dose-dependently causes delayed, transient headaches in healthy volunteers, Matthew W. Johnson et al., 2012

Psilocybin dose-dependently causes delayed, transient headaches in healthy volunteers Matthew W. Johnson, R. Andrew Sewell, and Roland R. Griffiths Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 2012, 123, (1-3), 132–140. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2011.10.029   Abstract Background—Psilocybin is a well-characterized classic hallucinogen (psychedelic) with a long history of religious use by indigenous cultures, and nonmedical use in modern societies. Although psilocybin is structurally related to migraine medications, and case studies suggest that psilocybin may be efficacious in treatment of cluster headache, little is known about the relationship between psilocybin and headache. Methods—This double-blind study examined a broad range of psilocybin doses (0, 5, 10, 20, and 30 mg/70 kg) on headache in [...]

Lire la suite