Étiquette : psilocybine

Trial of Psilocybin versus Escitalopram for Depression, Robin Carhart-Harris et al., 2021

Trial of Psilocybin versus Escitalopram for Depression Robin Carhart-Harris, Ph.D., Bruna Giribaldi, B.Sc., Rosalind Watts, D.Clin.Psy., Michelle Baker-Jones, B.A., Ashleigh Murphy-Beiner, M.Sc., Roberta Murphy, M.D., Jonny Martell, M.D., Allan Blemings, M.Sc., David Erritzoe, M.D. and David J. Nutt, M.D.New England Journal of Medicine, 2021, 384, 1402-1411Doi : 10.1056/NEJMoa2032994 Abstract Background Psilocybin may have antidepressant properties, but direct comparisons between psilocybin and established treatments for depression are lacking. Methods In a phase 2, double-blind, randomized, controlled trial involving patients with long-standing, moderate-to-severe major depressive disorder, we compared psilocybin with escitalopram, a selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitor, over a 6-week period. Patients were assigned in a 1:1 ratio to receive [...]

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Psilocybin for treatment-resistant depression : fMRI-measured brain mechanisms, Robin L. Carhart-Harris et al., 2017

Psilocybin for treatment-resistant depression : fMRI-measured brain mechanisms Robin L Carhart-Harris, Leor Roseman, Mark Bolstridge, Lysia Demetriou, J Nienke Pannekoek, Matthew B Wall, Mark Tanner, Mendel Kaelen, John McGonigle, Kevin Murphy, Robert Leech, H Valerie Curran & David J Nutt Nature, Scientific Reports, 2017, 7, 13187 |1-11 Doi : 10.1038/s41598-017-13282-7   Abstract Psilocybin with psychological support is showing promise as a treatment model in psychiatry but its therapeutic mechanisms are poorly understood. Here, cerebral blood flow (CBF) and blood oxygen-level dependent (BOLD) resting-state functional connectivity (RSFC) were measured with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) before and after treatment with psilocybin (serotonin agonist) for treatment-resistant depression (TRD). [...]

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Psilocybin Delivers ‘Remarkable’ Relief in Severe Depression, Batya Swift Yasgur, Medscape.com, 2020

Psilocybin Delivers 'Remarkable' Relief in Severe Depression Batya Swift Yasgur, MA, LSW Medscape Medical News, November 05, 2020   Psilocybin, the psychedelic compound in "magic mushrooms," rapidly improves symptoms and produces remission in as little as two sessions for patients with major depression, new research suggests. Results of a small randomized trial showed that treatment with psilocybin was associated with a greater than 50% reduction in depressive symptoms in 67% of study participants. In addition, 71% showed improvement at 4-week follow-up, with more than 50% achieving remission. "The finding that the majority of people whom we treated showed efficacy was quite a remarkable and gratifying finding [...]

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Psilocybin Matches SSRI for Moderate-to-Severe Depression in Phase 2 Study, Sarah Edmonds, 2021

Psilocybin Matches SSRI for Moderate-to-Severe Depression in Phase 2 Study Sarah Edmonds Medscape Medical News, April 14, 2021   The psychedelic drug psilocybin performed just as well as a widely used antidepressant in easing the symptoms of major depression, and outperformed the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) on a range of secondary measures, results of a small-scale phase 2 study show. In a 6-week trial that included 59 patients with moderate-to-severe depression, there was no significant difference between the impact of high-dose psilocybin on the study's primary yardstick — the 16-item Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology–Self-Report (QIDS-SR-16) — and that of selective serotonin reuptake [...]

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‘Magic Mushrooms’ Effective for Severe Depression, Batya Swift Yasgur, medscape.com, 2017

'Magic Mushrooms' Effective for Severe Depression Batya Swift Yasgur, MA, LSW Medscape Medical News © 2017 October 20, 2017   Psilocybin, the psychoactive compound in “magic mushrooms,” is a promising intervention for patients with treatment-resistant depression (TRD) and appears to offer a rapid, sustained effect, new research shows. Investigators led by David Nutt, MD, PhD, professor of neuropsychopharmacology, Imperial College, London, United Kingdom, collected pre- and posttreatment fMRI data on the use of psilocybin in 19 patients with severe major depression who had failed to respond to conventional treatments. The patients experience dramatic improvements in depressive symptoms 1 day following treatment; close to half met criteria for full response at 5 [...]

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FDA Grants Psilocybin Second Breakthrough Therapy Designation for Resistant Depression, Megan Brooks, medscape.com, 2019

FDA Grants Psilocybin Second Breakthrough Therapy Designation for Resistant Depression Megan Brooks Medscape Medical News © 2019 November 25, 2019   The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has granted the Usona Institute breakthrough therapy designation for psilocybin for the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD). This marks the second time the FDA has granted breakthrough designation for psilocybin, the psychoactive ingredient in "magic mushrooms." In October 2018, Compass Pathways received the designation to test the safety and efficacy of psilocybin-assisted therapy for treatment-resistant depression, as reported by Medscape Medical News. "The results from previous studies clearly demonstrate the remarkable potential for psilocybin as a treatment in MDD patients, which Usona is [...]

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How ecstasy and psilocybin are shaking up psychiatry, Paul Tullis, 2021

How ecstasy and psilocybin are shaking up psychiatry Regulators will soon grapple with how to safely administer powerful psychedelics for treating depression and post-traumatic stress disorder. Paul Tullis https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-021-00187-9?utm_source=twt_nnc&utm_medium=social&utm_campaign=naturenews&sf242359384=1 Nature, 2021,  589, 506-509 doi: 10.1038/d41586-021-00187-9   Illustration by Gizem Vural PDF version On a sunny day in London in 2015, Kirk Rutter rode the Tube to Hammersmith Hospital in hopes of finally putting an end to his depression. Rutter had lived with the condition off and on for years, but the burden had grown since the death of his mother in 2011, followed by a relationship break-up and a car accident the year [...]

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Positive expectations predict improved mental-health outcomes linked to psychedelic microdosing, L.S. Kaertner et al., 2021

Positive expectations predict improved mental-health outcomes linked to psychedelic microdosing, KAERTNER L.S., STEINBORN M.B., KETTNER H., SPRIGGS M.J., ROSEMAN L., BUCHBORN T., BALAET M., TIMMERMANN C., ERRITZOE D., CARHARDT-HARRIS R.L. : Nature, 2021, 11, 1941 Doi : 1038/s41598-021-81446-7   Abstract Psychedelic microdosing describes the ingestion of near-threshold perceptible doses of classic psychedelic substances. Anecdotal reports and observational studies suggest that microdosing may promote positive mood and well-being, but recent placebo-controlled studies failed to find compelling evidence for this. The present study collected web-based mental health and related data using a prospective (before, during and after) design. Individuals planning a weekly microdosing regimen completed surveys at strategic [...]

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Reviewing the Potential of Psychedelics for the Treatment of PTSD, Erwin Krediet et al., 2020

Reviewing the Potential of Psychedelics for the Treatment of PTSD Erwin Krediet, Tijmen Bostoen, Joost Breeksema, Annette van Schagen, Torsten Passie, Eric Vermetten International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology, 2020, 23, (6), 385–400 doi : 10.1093/ijnp/pyaa018 https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32170326/   Abstract There are few medications with demonstrated efficacy for the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Treatment guidelines have unequivocally designated psychotherapy as a first line treatment for PTSD. Yet, even after psychotherapy, PTSD often remains a chronic illness, with high rates of psychiatric and medical comorbidity. Meanwhile, the search for and development of drugs with new mechanisms of action has stalled. Therefore, there is an urgent need to explore not [...]

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Mind Menders: The Future of Psychedelics for Mental Illness, Batya Swift Yasgur, Medscape.com, 2020

Mind Menders: The Future of Psychedelics for Mental Illness Batya Swift Yasgur MA, LSW Medscape.com, November 10, 2020 https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/940749?nlid=138288_425&src=WNL_mdplsfeat_201117_mscpedit_psyc&uac=292598PZ&spon=12&impID=2682236&faf=1   After a 50-year hiatus, psychedelic drugs are undergoing a research renaissance. Agents including psilocybin, methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), and others are all under investigation to treat a variety of psychiatric illnesses. Medscape spoke with Roland R. Griffiths, professor in the Departments of Psychiatry and Neuroscience and the Oliver Lee McCabe III Professor in the Neuropsychopharmacology of Consciousness, and director of the Center for Psychedelic and Consciousness Research at Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, to discuss the status of these drugs in the United States and their therapeutic potential. Griffiths: Classic psychedelics are [...]

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