Étiquette : adverse effects

Adverse Reactions to Psychedelic Drugs. A Review of the Literature, Rick J. STRASSMAN, 1984.

Adverse Reactions to Psychedelic Drugs. A Review of the Literature Rick J. STRASSMAN, M.D. THE JOURNAL OF NERVOUS AND MENTAL DISEASE, 1984, VOL. 172, NO. 10, 577-595. DOI : 10.1097/00005053-198410000-00001   The use of naturally occurring and synthetically derived compounds for their "psychedelic" effects has been a part of human culture for thousands of years. The basic pharmacology of the major synthetic psychedelic compounds primarily lysergic acid diethylamide [LSD]-25 is described and reference is made to their potentially beneficial psychological effects. Adverse reactions, defined as dysphoric and/or maladaptive/dysfunctional responses to the use of these drugs, sometimes require careful clinical judgment in order to diagnose. These reactions [...]

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A Phase 1, Randomised, Placebo-Controlled, Dose Escalation Study to Investigate the Safety, Tolerability and Pharmacokinetics of Cannabidiol in Fed Healthy Volunteers, Daniel Perkins et al., 2020

A Phase 1, Randomised, Placebo-Controlled, Dose Escalation Study to Investigate the Safety, Tolerability and Pharmacokinetics of Cannabidiol in Fed Healthy Volunteers Daniel Perkins · Juliet Butler · Katherine Ong · Tri‑Hung Nguyen · Susan Cox · Barbara Francis · Michelle Mcintosh · Brian Lilley European Journal of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics, 2020, Doi : 10.1007/s13318-020-00624-6 Abstract Background : There is increasing interest in the use of purified cannabidiol (CBD) as a treatment for a wide range of conditions due to its reported anti-inflammatory, anxiolytic, antiemetic and anticonvulsant properties. Objective : The objective of this study was to assess the [...]

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Cannabis (Marijuana) : Psychoactive Properties, Addiction, Therapeutic Uses, and Toxicity, Sumanasekera W.K. and Spio K., 2016

Cannabis (Marijuana) : Psychoactive Properties, Addiction, Therapeutic Uses, and Toxicity Sumanasekera W.K. and Spio K. Journal of Addictive Behaviors, Therapy and Rehabilitation, 2016, 5, 2, 1-9. Doi : 10.4172/2324-9005.10001562016   Abstract Background and Objectives : To analyze the existing literature on cannabis (marijuana) under several sub topics; history of use, addiction, mechanism of action, therapeutic uses, and adverse effects. Methods : A comprehensive literature search was conducted. Data sources include original research articles, systematic reviews and meta- analysis, and web-based references such as Drug strategy monographs and Merck Index. Data bases such as PubMed and Cinhal was used. References were from 1979 -2016. Hypothesis : Based on the [...]

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Long-term effects of psychedelic drugs : A systematic review, Jacob S.Aday et al., 2020

Long-term effects of psychedelic drugs : A systematic review Jacob S.Adaya, Cayla M.Mitzkovitz, Emily K.Bloesch, Christopher C.Davoli, Alan K.Davis Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 2020. Doi : 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2020.03.017   A B S T R A C T Research into the basic effects and therapeutic applications of psychedelic drugs has grown considerably in recent years. Yet, pressing questions remain regarding the substances’ lasting effects. Although individual studies have begun monitoring sustained changes, no study to-date has synthesized this information. Therefore, this systematic review aims to fill this important gap in the literature by synthesizing results from 34 contemporary experimental studies which included classic psychedelics, human subjects, and follow-up [...]

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Is there a role for cannabidiol in psychiatry ?, Julia Machado Khoury et al., 2017

Is there a role for cannabidiol in psychiatry ? Julia Machado Khoury , Maila de Castro Lourenço das Neves, Marco Antônio Valente Roque, Daniela Alves de Brito Queiroz , Andre Augusto Corrêa de Freitas, Angelo de Fatima, Fabrıcio Moreira and Frederico Duarte Garcia The World Journal of Biological Psychiatry, 2017, 16 p. Doi : 10.1080/15622975.2017.1285049   ABSTRACT Objectives : Understanding whether cannabidiol (CBD) is useful and safe for the treatment of psychiatric disorders is essential to empower psychiatrists and patients to take good clinical decisions. Our aim was to conduct a systematic review regarding the benefits and adverse events (AEs) of CBD in the treatment of schizophrenia, psychotic [...]

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Association Between Recreational Cannabis Use and Cardiac Structure and Function, Mohammed Y. Khanji et al., 2019

Association Between Recreational Cannabis Use and Cardiac Structure and Function Mohammed Y. Khanji, Magnus T. Jensen, Asmaa A. Kenawy, Zahra Raisi-Estabragh, Jose M. Paiva, Nay Aung, Kenneth Fung, Elena Lukaschuk, Filip Zemrak, Aaron M. Lee, Ahmet Barutcu, Edd Maclean, Jackie Cooper, Stefan K. Piechnik, Stefan Neubauer and Steffen E. Petersen JACC : Cardiovascular Imaging, 2019. Doi : 10.1016/j.jcmg.2019.10.012   LETTER TO THE EDITOR Cannabis is one of the most widely produced and consumed recreational drugs in the world, with over 192 million global users (1). The World Health Organization has warned against the potential harmful health effects of nonmedicinal cannabis use and highlighted the need for more [...]

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Association Between Recreational Marijuana Legalization in the United States and Changes in Marijuana Use and Cannabis Use Disorder From 2008 to 2016, Magdalena Cerdá et al., 2019

Association Between Recreational Marijuana Legalization in the United States and Changes in Marijuana Use and Cannabis Use Disorder From 2008 to 2016 Magdalena Cerdá, DrPH; Christine Mauro, PhD; Ava Hamilton, BA; Natalie S. Levy, MPH; Julián Santaella-Tenorio, DrPH; Deborah Hasin, PhD; Melanie M.Wall, PhD; Katherine M. Keyes, PhD; Silvia S. Martins, MD, PhD JAMA Psychiatry, 2019. doi : 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2019.3254   IMPORTANCE : Little is known about changes in marijuana use and cannabis use disorder (CUD) after recreational marijuana legalization (RML). OBJECTIVES : To examine the associations between RML enactment and changes in marijuana use, frequent use, and CUD in the United States from 2008 to 2016. DESIGN, SETTING, AND [...]

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Bibliographie : Cannabis et Troubles cardio-vasculaires

Bibliographie Cannabis et Troubles cardio-vasculaires   Dr Christian SUEUR, GRECC, 2e édition, janvier 2020.   Actuellement, les méta-analyses ne montrent pas d'augmentation significative des pathologies cardiovasculaire chez les consommateurs de cannabis. (cf en particulier la méta-analyse de Divya RAVI et coll., Annals of Internal Medicine, 2018). Quoiqu'il en soit, l'existence de facteurs de risques liés à la consommation de cannabis fumé est semble-t-il incontestable; de même, les risques sont vraisemblablement augmentés chez les sujets prédisposés, présentant des pathologies cariaques, vasculaires, des troubles de l'excitabilité cardiaque ou de la tension artérielle. La plupart des "Case Report" consistent en des accidents par sténose vasculaire, cérébrale ou cardiaque, [...]

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Regular Cannabis Use Linked to Cardiac Abnormalities, Fran Lowry, Medscape, 2019.

Regular Cannabis Use Linked to Cardiac Abnormalities Fran Lowry Medscape - Dec 30, 2019. https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/923220?nlid=133282_2052&src=WNL_mdplsnews_200103_mscpedit_psyc&uac=292598PZ&spon=12&impID=2232271&faf=1 Regular recreational use of cannabis is associated with potentially adverse features of left ventricular size and subclinical impairment of left ventricular function, compared with rare or no cannabis use, an observational study concludes. Previous use of recreational cannabis was not associated with such features, suggesting that any deleterious effects may not be permanent. "These are early data which included a relatively small group of regular cannabis users, and the changes we detected were subtle," lead author Mohammed Y. Khanji, MBBCh, PhD, William Harvey Research Institute, NIHR Barts Biomedical Center, Queen Mary University of London, and [...]

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