Étiquette : adverse effects

Se cacher, assumer, éviter d’en parler… comment font les parents qui fument du cannabis ?, Romain Geoffroy, 27 janvier 2019, Le Monde

Se cacher, assumer, éviter d’en parler… comment font les parents qui fument du cannabis ? On peut mener une vie familiale tranquille et pourtant, chaque jour, s’allumer un joint. Des gestes parfois difficiles à assumer avec les enfants. Par Romain Geoffroy Publié le 27 janvier 2019 à 06h34 - Mis à jour le 01 août 2019 à 17h06 QUENTIN HUGON / LE MONDE Il est 22 heures, Sébastien* s’enferme dans la salle de bains de son appartement parisien. C’est par cette fenêtre que, presque tous les soirs de la semaine, il souffle l’épaisse fumée de son joint. Une fois [...]

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Therapeutic Effects of Prolonged Cannabidiol Treatment on Psychological Symptoms and Cognitive Function in Regular Cannabis Users : A Pragmatic Open-Label Clinical Trial, Nadia Solowij et al., 2019yang

Therapeutic Effects of Prolonged Cannabidiol Treatment on Psychological Symptoms and Cognitive Function in Regular Cannabis Users : A Pragmatic Open-Label Clinical Trial Nadia Solowij, Samantha J. Broyd, Camilla Beale, Julie-Anne Prick, Lisa-marie Greenwood, Hendrika van Hell, Chao Suo, Peter Galettis, Nagesh Pai, Shanlin Fu, Rodney J. Croft, Jennifer H. Martin, and Murat Yücel Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, 2018, 3, 1,21-35 Doi : 10.1089/can.2017.0043   Abstract Introduction : Chronic cannabis use has been associated with impaired cognition and elevated psychological symptoms, particularly psychotic-like experiences. While D9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is thought to be primarily responsible for these deleterious effects, cannabidiol (CBD) is purported to have antipsychotic properties and to [...]

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Prolonged Cannabidiol Treatment Effects on Hippocampal Subfield Volumes in Current Cannabis Users, Camilla Beale et al., 2018

Prolonged Cannabidiol Treatment Effects on Hippocampal Subfield Volumes in Current Cannabis Users Camilla Beale, Samantha J. Broyd, Yann Chye, Chao Suo, Mark Schira, Peter Galettis, Jennifer H. Martin, Murat Yücel and Nadia Solowij Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, 2018, 3, 1, 94-107. Doi : 10.1089/can.2017.0047 Abstract Introduction : Chronic cannabis use is associated with neuroanatomical alterations in the hippocampus. While adverse impacts of cannabis use are generally attributed to D9 tetrahydro-cannabinol, emerging naturalistic evidence suggests cannabidiol (CBD) is neuroprotective and may ameliorate brain harms associated with cannabis use, including protection from hippocampal volume loss. This study examined whether prolonged administration of CBD to regular cannabis users [...]

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No Link Between Marijuana Use and Cancer, Except TGCT, Nick Mulcahy, 2019

No Link Between Marijuana Use and Cancer, Except TGCT Nick Mulcahy Medscape Psychiatry, November 27, 2019 https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/921889?nlid=132907_2052&src=WNL_mdplsnews_191206_mscpedit_psyc&uac=292598PZ&spon=12&impID=2194053&faf=1 More than 10 years of marijuana use is associated with the development of testicular germ cell tumor (TGCT), but the quality of the evidence is "low strength" and there is insufficient evidence to support an association between ever having used marijuana and other types of cancer. These are the conclusions from a new systematic review and meta-analysis published online today in JAMA Open Network. Lead author Mehrnaz Ghasemiesfe, MD, Northern California Institute of Research and Education, San Francisco, and colleagues explain that they wondered if marijuana smoke might cause [...]

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Medical cannabis and mental health : A guided systematic review, Zach Walsh et al., 2017

Medical cannabis and mental health : A guided systematic review, Zach Walsh, Raul Gonzalez, Kim Crosby, Michelle S. Thiessen, Chris Carroll, Marcel O. Bonn-Miller Clinical Psychology Review, 2017, 51, 15-29. Doi : 10.1016/j.cpr.2016.10.002   a b s t r a c t This review considers the potential influences of the use of cannabis for therapeutic purposes (CTP) on areas of interest to mental health professionals, with foci on adult psychopathology and assessment. We identified 31 articles relating to the use of CTP and mental health, and 29 review articles on cannabis use and mental health that did not focus on use for therapeutic purposes. Results reflect the [...]

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Medical use of cannabis products. Lessons to be learned from Israel and Canada, Jacob Ablin et al., 2016

Medical use of cannabis products. Lessons to be learned from Israel and Canada J. Ablin, P.A. Ste-Marie, M. Schäfer, W. Häuser, M.-A. Fitzcharles Der Schmerz, 2016, 1-10 DOI 10.1007/s00482-015-0083-4 © Deutsche Schmerzgesellschaft e.V. Published by Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg - all rights reserved 2015   Abstract Introduction : The German government intends to reduce the barriers for the medical use of cannabis products. A discussion on the indications and contraindications of the medical use of cannabis and on the changes of the regulatory framework has already begun in Germany. It is useful to draw from the experiences of other countries with a more liberal medical use of cannabis. Methods [...]

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Emergency department presentations related to acute toxicity following recreational use of cannabis products in Switzerland, Yasmin Schmid et al., 2019

Emergency department presentations related to acute toxicity following recreational use of cannabis products in Switzerland Yasmin Schmid, Irene Scholz, Laura Mueller, Aristomenis K. Exadaktylos, Alessandro Ceschi, Matthias E. Liechti, Evangelia Liakoni Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2019.107726   A B S T R A C T Background : Concomitant use of cannabis and other psychoactive substances is common and it is often difficult to differentiate its acute effects from those of other substances. This study aimed to characterize the acute toxicity of cannabis with and without co-use of other substances. Methods : Retrospective analysis of cases presenting at the emergency departments of three large hospitals in Switzerland due [...]

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Associations of Parental Marijuana Use With Offspring Marijuana, Tobacco, and Alcohol Use and Opioid Misuse, Bertha K. Madras et al., 2019

Associations of Parental Marijuana Use With Offspring Marijuana, Tobacco, and Alcohol Use and Opioid Misuse Bertha K. Madras, Beth Han, Wilson M. Compton, Christopher M. Jones, Elizabeth I. Lopez, Elinore F. McCance-Katz JAMA Network Open, 2019, 2, (11), e1916015. doi : 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.16015 Abstract IMPORTANCE : Marijuana use is increasing among adults and often co-occurs with other substance use; therefore, it is important to examine whether parental marijuana use is associated with elevated risk of substance use among offspring living in the same household. OBJECTIVE : To examine associations of parental marijuana use with offspring marijuana, tobacco, and alcohol use and opioid misuse. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS : [...]

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Association Between Marijuana Use and Risk of Cancer. A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis, Mehrnaz Ghasemiesfe et al., 2019

Association Between Marijuana Use and Risk of Cancer. A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis Mehrnaz Ghasemiesfe, Brooke Barrow, Samuel Leonard, Salomeh Keyhani, Deborah Korenstein, JAMA Network Open, 2019, 2, (11), e1916318. doi : 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.16318   Abstract IMPORTANCE : Marijuana use is common and growing in the United States amid a trend toward legalization. Exposure to tobacco smoke is a well-described preventable cause of many cancers; the association of marijuana use with the development of cancer is not clear. OBJECTIVE : To assess the association of marijuana use with cancer development. DATA SOURCES : A search of PubMed, Embase, PsycINFO, MEDLINE, and the Cochrane Library was conducted on June 11, 2018, and updated [...]

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Adolescent Cannabis Use : What is the Evidence for Functional Brain Alteration ?, V. Lorenzetti et al., 2016

Adolescent Cannabis Use : What is the Evidence for Functional Brain Alteration ? V. Lorenzetti, S. Alonso-Lanaa, G. J. Youssef, A. Verdejo-Garcia, C. Suo, J. Cousijn, M. Takagi, M. Yücel and N. Solowij Current Pharmaceutical Design, 2016, 22, 1-14. DOI: 10.2174/1381612822666160805155922   Abstract Background : Cannabis use typically commences during adolescence, a period during which the brain undergoes profound remodeling in areas that are high in cannabinoid receptors and that mediate cognitive control and emotion regulation. It is therefore important to determine the impact of adolescent cannabis use on brain function. Objective : We investigate the impact of adolescent cannabis use on brain function by reviewing the functional [...]

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