Étiquette : histoire

BIBLIOGRAPHIE : Substances psychédéliques : anthropologie, sociologie, spiritualité, chamanisme, culture…, Docteur Christian Sueur, GRECC, mai 2020

BIBLIOGRAPHIE : Substances psychédéliques : anthropologie, sociologie, spiritualité, chamanisme, culture…   Docteur Christian Sueur, GRECC, mai 2020   Substances psychédéliques, anthropologie, sociologie, culture… : pp 1 - 6 Substances psychédéliques et Chamanisme : pp 7 - 10 Psychédéliques et “spiritualité” : religion, mysticisme, enthéogènes : pp 11 - 23  

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The origins of cannabis smoking: Chemical residue evidence from the first millennium BCE in the Pamirs, Meng Ren et al., 2019

The origins of cannabis smoking: Chemical residue evidence from the first millennium BCE in the Pamirs Meng Ren, Zihua Tang, Xinhua Wu, Robert Spengler, Hongen Jiang, Yimin Yang, Nicole Boivin Science Advances, 2019, 5, eaaw1391. Doi : 10.1016/sciadv.aaw1391   Cannabis is one of the oldest cultivated plants in East Asia, grown for grain and fiber as well as for recreational, medical, and ritual purposes. It is one of the most widely used psychoactive drugs in the world today, but little is known about its early psychoactive use or when plants under cultivation evolved the phenotypical trait of increased specialized compound production. The archaeological evidence for [...]

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De la première vague à la renaissance psychédélique, Dr Bertrand LEBEAU, ATHS 2019

De la première vague à la renaissance psychédélique ATHS 2019, Biarritz, 1-4 octobre 2019 Dr Bertrand LEBEAU LEIBOVICI     Les psychédéliques « classiques » A l’exception du LSD, ce sont des substances naturelles consommées par certains peuples depuis des millénaires Les psychédéliques « classiques » interagissent avec le récepteur 5HT2a : LSD psilocybine DMT (Diméthyltryptamine) mescaline Une définition plus large des psychédéliques : Les entactogènes et empathogènes: MDMA, MDA, 2-CB, 2C-T-7 etc. Les substances dissociatives antagonistes NMDA : kétamine, PCP Les substances dissociatives agonistes kappa-opioïdes : ibogaïne et Salvia Divinorum Tryptamines et phényléthylamines : Les psychédéliques sont : soit des tryptamines : LSD, psilocybine, DMT, ibogaïne, bufoténine (5-hydroxy-DMT) soit des phényléthylamines: MDMA, mescaline, MDA, 2C-B etc. La psychiatrie en [...]

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The Consciousness Research of Stanislav Grof, Richard Yensen & Donna Dryer, 1998

The Consciousness Research of Stanislav Grof : A Cosmic Portal Beyond Individuality By Richard Yensen, Ph.D. and Donna A. Dryer, M.D., M.P.H. ©1998 Richard Yensen & Donna Dryer     I. Introduction Stanislav Grof began his research in Prague, Czechoslovakia, as a psychiatric resident, in the late 1950’s. His initial observations seemed to confirm and offer a laboratory proof for many of the basic tenets of Freudian psychoanalytic thought. At that time his conclusion was politically unsettling because psychoanalysis was repressed in the iron curtain countries. Forty years later the outcome of Grof’s continued research is a theoretical framework for understanding human consciousness. His theory has [...]

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Mescal : A New Artificial Paradise, Havelock Ellis, 1898

Mescal : A New Artificial Paradise Havelock Ellis The Contemporary Review, Jan 1898 https://erowid.org/plants/peyote/peyote_article1.shtml It has been known for some years that the Kiowa Indians of New Mexico are accustomed to eat, in their religious ceremonies, a certain cactus called Anhalonium Lewinii, or mescal button. Mescal -- which must not be confounded with the intoxicating drink of the same name made from an agave -- is found in the Mexican Valley of the Rio Grande, the ancestral home of the Kiowa Indians, as well as in Texas, and is a brown and brittle substance, nauseous and bitter to the taste, composed mainly of the [...]

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Covid-19 ou l’indigence de la santé publique démasquée, Laurence Monnais, AOC, 18/03/2020

Covid-19 ou l’indigence de la santé publique démasquée  Laurence Monnais AOC, 18 mars 2020 https://aoc.media/analyse/2020/03/17/covid-19-ou-lindigence-de-la-sante-publique-demasquee/   La pandémie interroge les différents systèmes de santé publique et oblige les homo hygienicus 2.0 à l’autodiscipline improvisée. Mais le confinement est aussi porteur d’inégalités, de vulnérabilités et de marginalisation. Tantôt pointé comme insuffisant, tantôt décrété comme essentiel, le masque médical, donne à voir les limites et paradoxes de la santé publique contemporaine. En couverture de The Economist le 1er février dernier et du New Yorker le 9 mars, emmaillotant une mappemonde aux couleurs du drapeau chinois ou porté sur les yeux par un président Trump en déni, le masque [...]

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Long-term effects of psychedelic drugs : A systematic review, Jacob S.Aday et al., 2020

Long-term effects of psychedelic drugs : A systematic review Jacob S.Adaya, Cayla M.Mitzkovitz, Emily K.Bloesch, Christopher C.Davoli, Alan K.Davis Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 2020. Doi : 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2020.03.017   A B S T R A C T Research into the basic effects and therapeutic applications of psychedelic drugs has grown considerably in recent years. Yet, pressing questions remain regarding the substances’ lasting effects. Although individual studies have begun monitoring sustained changes, no study to-date has synthesized this information. Therefore, this systematic review aims to fill this important gap in the literature by synthesizing results from 34 contemporary experimental studies which included classic psychedelics, human subjects, and follow-up [...]

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Cannabis in Chinese Medicine : Are Some Traditional Indications Referenced in Ancient Literature Related to Cannabinoids ?, E. Joseph Brand and Zhongzhen Zhao

Cannabis in Chinese Medicine : Are Some Traditional Indications Referenced in Ancient Literature Related to Cannabinoids? E. Joseph Brand and Zhongzhen Zhao Frontiers in Pharmacology, 2017, vol 8, Article 108, 1-11. doi : 10.3389/fphar.2017.00108   Cannabis sativa L. (Cannabaceae) has a long history of utilization as a fiber and seed crop in China, and its achenes (“seeds”) as well as other plant parts have been recorded in Chinese medical texts for nearly 2000 years. While the primary applications of cannabis in Chinese medicine center around the use of the achenes, ancient indications for the female inflorescence, and other plant parts include conditions such as pain [...]

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A propos de : Voyage aux confins de l’esprit, de Michael Pollan, Dopamine, 13, 2020

A propos de : Voyage aux confins de l’esprit, de Michael Pollan (Ce que le LSD et la psilocybine nous apprennent sur nous-mêmes, la conscience, la mort, les addictions et la dépression) à propos de l'ouvrage de Michael Pollan Traduction : Leslie Talaga et Caroline Lee Editions Quanto, octobre 2019 444 pages - 23,25 euros Dans l'excellente Revue Dopamine, 2020, n°13, pp 59-69 Ce voyage aux confins de l’esprit de Michael Pollan, journaliste scientifique, nous embarque sur la planète psychédélique, celle où des substances comme le LSD ou les champignons psilocybes, par exemple, ont acquis du galon... Après avoir eu leurs heures de gloire dans les années [...]

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A dangerous method ? Psychedelic therapy at Modum Bad, Norway, 1961–76, Petter Grahl Johnstad, 2020

A dangerous method ? Psychedelic therapy at Modum Bad, Norway, 1961–76 Petter Grahl Johnstad History of Psychiatry, 2020, 1–10 Doi : 10.1177/0957154X19894537   Abstract After many years of disregard, the use of psychedelic drugs in psychiatric treatment has re-emerged in recent years. The prospect that psychedelics may again be integrated into mainstream psychiatry has aroused interest in long-forgotten research and experience from the previous phase of psychedelic therapy, which lasted from the late 1940s to the 1970s. This article will discuss one large-scale psychedelic therapy programme at Modum Bad Nervesanatorium, a psychiatric clinic which treated 379 inpatients with psychedelic drugs during the years 1961–76. The psychiatrists [...]

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