Étiquette : cannabinoïdes

Cannabinoids and Reproduction : A Lasting and Intriguing History, Giovanna Cacciola et al, 2010

Cannabinoids and Reproduction : A Lasting and Intriguing History Giovanna Cacciola, Rosanna Chianese, Teresa Chioccarelli, Vincenza Ciaramella, Silvia Fasano, Riccardo Pierantoni, RosariaMeccariello and Gilda Cobellis Pharmaceuticals, 2010, 3, 3275-3323. doi : 10.3390/ph3103275   Abstract : Starting from an historical overview of lasting Cannabis use over the centuries, we will focus on a description of the cannabinergic system, with a comprehensive analysis of chemical and pharmacological properties of endogenous and synthetic cannabimimetic analogues. The metabolic pathways and the signal transduction mechanisms, activated by cannabinoid receptors stimulation, will also be discussed. In particular, we will point out the action of cannabinoids and endocannabinoids on the different neuronal networks [...]

Lire la suite

Access to cannabidiol without a prescription : A cross-country comparison and analysis, Iain S. McGregor et al, 2020

Access to cannabidiol without a prescription : A cross-country comparison and analysis Iain S. McGregor, Elizabeth A. Cairns, Sarah Abelev, Rhys Cohen, Mat Henderson, Daniel Couch, Jonathon C. Arnold, Natalie Gauld International Journal of Drug Policy, 2020, 85, 102935 Doi : 10.1016/j.drugpo.2020.102935   A B S T R A C T Background : Recent legislative change has allowed increased access to cannabis products in many jurisdictions. In some locations, this includes over-the-counter (OTC) and/or online access to products containing cannabidiol (CBD), a non-intoxicating cannabinoid with therapeutic properties. Here we compared the availability of CBD products and the associated legislative and regulatory background in nine selected countries. Methods [...]

Lire la suite

IACM : Le premier webinaire gratuit de l’IACM commence dans 3 heures : Dr Roger Pertwee

Dans 3 heures, le premier webinaire de la série d'événements gratuits de l'IACM commencera, qui se déroulera jusqu'au 3 décembre 2020. Tous les webinaires peuvent être consultés gratuitement jusqu'au 31 mars 2021. Il n'y a donc aucun problème si vous manquez un rendez-vous. O. k. Vous pouvez copier le Magath ici https://new.cannabis-med.org/e2020 15 octobre 2020, 18 heures (CET) Dr. Roger Pertwee Les utilisations thérapeutiques potentielles de certains cannabinoïdes dérivés du cannabis et synthétiques révélées par leurs propriétés pharmacologiques -- Quels sont les médicaments cannabinoïdes approuvés qui ont déjà été développés ? -- Existe-t-il des cannabinoïdes végétaux (phytocannabinoïdes) ayant des propriétés pharmacologiques, pour lesquels des applications thérapeutiques [...]

Lire la suite

The role of cannabinoid transmission in emotional memory formation : implications for addiction and schizophrenia, Huibing Tan et al., 2014

The role of cannabinoid transmission in emotional memory formation: implications for addiction and schizophrenia Huibing Tan, Tasha Ahmad, Michael Loureiro, Jordan Zunder and Steven R. Laviolette Frontiers in Psychiatry, 2014,Vol 5, Article 73, 1-12 doi : 10.3389/fpsyt.2014.00073   Emerging evidence from both basic and clinical research demonstrates an important role for endo-cannabinoid (ECB) signaling in the processing of emotionally salient information, learning, and memory. Cannabinoid transmission within neural circuits involved in emotional processing has been shown to modulate the acquisition, recall, and extinction of emotionally salient memories and importantly, can strongly modulate the emotional salience of incoming sensory information. Two neural regions in particular, the [...]

Lire la suite

Pharmacotherapy for the Treatment of Cannabis Use Disorder. A Systematic Review, Karli K. Kondo et al., 2020,

Pharmacotherapy for the Treatment of Cannabis Use Disorder. A Systematic Review Karli K. Kondo, PhD; Benjamin J. Morasco, PhD; Shannon M. Nugent, PhD; Chelsea K. Ayers, MPH; Maya E. O’Neil, PhD; Michele Freeman, MPH, and Devan Kansagara, MD, MCR Annals of Internal Medicine, 2020, 172, 398-412. doi : 10.7326/M19-1105   Background : Cannabis use disorder (CUD) is a growing concern, and evidence-based data are needed to inform treatment options. Purpose : To review the benefits and risks of pharmacotherapies for the treatment of CUD. Data Sources : MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and clinical trial registries from inception through September 2019. Study Selection : Pharmacotherapy trials [...]

Lire la suite

Cannabinoids : Extraction Methods, Analysis and Physicochemical Characterization, Cristina Lujan RAMIREZ et al., 2019, ,

Cannabinoids : Extraction Methods, Analysis and Physicochemical Characterization Cristina Lujan RAMIREZ, Maria Alejandra FANOVICH, Maria Sandra CHURIO. Studies in Natural Products Chemistry, Chapter 4, 2019, Volume 61, 143-173 (1-44). Doi : 10.1016/B978-0-444-64183-0.00004-X ABSTRACT : A new paradigm has been established in the application of cannabinoids in the last decade. The growing accessibility to different types of Cannabis products and the rise in concern about their health benefits have provoked a rapid expansion of the research interests in phytocannabinoids with promising pharmacological properties. The characterization of the diverse chemotypes of Cannabis sativa, the elucidation of their various structures, and quantification of cannabinoids in the complex [...]

Lire la suite

FDA Approves Clinical Trials for Cannabinoid Drug Designed to Reduce COVID Lung Inflammation, Ralph Ellis, 2020

FDA Approves Clinical Trials for Cannabinoid Drug Designed to Reduce COVID Lung Inflammation Ralph Ellis Medscape, August 21, 2020 The US Food and Drug Administration has approved phase one clinical trials for a synthetic cannabinoid drug designed to treat acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), a life-threatening lung condition which may occur in severe cases of the novel coronavirus, Forbes reported. ARDS can be triggered by over-creation of cytokines, proteins which tell the body to produce more inflammation, Forbes said. The drug going to clinical trials, ARDS-003, would “dampen the cytokine release" and prevent development of ARDS, Tetra Bio-Pharma company CEO and chief regulatory officer Guy Chamberland, MD, [...]

Lire la suite

5-HT1A receptors are involved in the cannabidiol-induced attenuation of behavioural and cardiovascular responses to acute restraint stress in rats, Leonardo B.M. Resstel et al., 2009

5-HT1A receptors are involved in the cannabidiol-induced attenuation of behavioural and cardiovascular responses to acute restraint stress in rats Leonardo B.M. Resstel, Rodrigo F. Tavares, Sabrina F.S. Lisboa, Sâmia R.L. Joca, Fernando M.A. Corrêa and Francisco S. Guimarães British Journal of Pharmacology, 2009, 156, 181–188; doi : 10.1111/j.1476-5381.2008.00046.x Background and purpose : Cannabidiol (CBD) is a non-psychotomimetic compound from Cannabis sativa which induces anxiolytic- and antipsychotic-like effects in rodents. These effects could be mediated by facilitation of the endocannabinoid system or by the activation of 5-HT1A receptors. As either of these mechanisms could promote adaptation to inescapable stress, the aim of the present work [...]

Lire la suite

The nephrologist’s guide to cannabis and cannabinoids, Joshua L. Rein, 2020

The nephrologist’s guide to cannabis and cannabinoids Joshua L. Rein   Purpose of review Cannabis (marijuana, weed, pot, ganja, Mary Jane) is the most commonly used federally illicit drug in the United States. The present review provides an overview of cannabis and cannabinoids with relevance to the practice of nephrology so that clinicians can best take care of patients. Recent findings Cannabis may have medicinal benefits for treating symptoms of advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage renal disease including as a pain adjuvant potentially reducing the need for opioids. Cannabis does not seem to affect kidney function in healthy individuals. However, renal function should be [...]

Lire la suite

Infection VIH et cannabinoides. Etat des lieux et pistes en recherche clinique, Roland Tubiana et Fabienne Caby, RESPADD – GRECC, 2019

Infection VIH et cannabinoides. Etat des lieux et pistes en recherche clinique Roland Tubiana et Fabienne Caby, 24e Rencontres du RESPADD - GRECC, "Usages Cliniques des Cannabinoïdes" 21 juin 2019   (...) Inflammation/ Activation immune et CB Chez les PVVIH traités efficacement, la consommation de CB a été associée: – À des niveaux moins élevés de marqueurs d’inflammation (L B TNF-α+ )/ activation immune (L TCD4+ et CD8+ HLA-DR+CD38+) – A une décroissance plus rapide du niveau d’ADN proviralVIH Mécanismes sous jacents CB (Cannabis Sativa) : > 60 cannabinoides, > 200 non cannabinoides • Cannabinoides: Composant capables d’activer la proteine G couplée aux récepteurs CB1 ou CB2 • Les 2 plus étudiés: Δ9-THC [...]

Lire la suite