Catégorie : Publications

A Conversion of Oral Cannabidiol to Delta9-Tetrahydrocannabinol Seems Not to Occur in Humans

A Conversion of Oral Cannabidiol to Delta9-Tetrahydrocannabinol Seems Not to Occur in Humans Gerhard Nahler, Franjo Grotenhermen, Antonio Waldo Zuardi, and Jose´ A.S. Crippa3 Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, 2017, 2, 1, 81-86 DOI: 10.1089/can.2017.0009 Abstract Cannabidiol (CBD), a major cannabinoid of hemp, does not bind to CB1 receptors and is therefore devoid of psychotomimetic properties. Under acidic conditions, CBD can be transformed to delta9 tetrahydro-cannabinol (THC) and other cannabinoids. It has been argued that this may occur also after oral administration in humans. However, the experimental conversion of CBD to THC and delta8-THC in simulated gastric fluid (SGF) is a highly artificial approach that deviates [...]

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The Clinical Significance of Endocannabinoids in Endometriosis Pain Management, Jerome Bouaziz et al.,

The Clinical Significance of Endocannabinoids in Endometriosis Pain Management Jerome Bouaziz, Alexandra Bar On, Daniel S. Seidman, and David Soriano Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, 2017, 2, 1, 72-80 DOI : 10.1089/can.2016.0035   Abstract Introduction : Patients with endometriosis often suffer from diffuse and poorly localized severe pain. The current pain management strategies include medical and hormonal therapy, as well as surgery. Medical management of pain is often insufficient and is associated with high rate of recurrence. Better pain management is therefore of urgent need. Methods : Among the various candidates, the endocannabinoid system (ECS) has recently emerged as a relevant pharmacological target for themanagement of endometriosis-related pain. [...]

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Psychedelic drug use in healthy individuals : A review of benefits, costs, and implications for drug policy, James W.B. Elsey, 2017

Psychedelic drug use in healthy individuals : A review of benefits, costs, and implications for drug policy James W.B. Elsey Drug Science, Policy and Law, 2017, 3, 1-11 sagepub.co.uk/journalsPermissions.nav DOI: 10.1177/2050324517723232   Abstract The potential of psychedelic drugs in the treatment of mental health problems is increasingly being recognized. However, relatively little thrust has been given to the suggestion that individuals without any mental health problems may benefit from using psychedelic drugs, and that they may have a right to do so. This review considers contemporary research into the use of psychedelic drugs in healthy individuals, including neurobiological and subjective effects. In line with findings suggesting positive [...]

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Identification of Terpenoid Chemotypes Among High (-)-trans-D9- Tetrahydrocannabinol-Producing Cannabis sativa L. Cultivars, Justin T. Fischedick,

Identification of Terpenoid Chemotypes Among High (-)-trans-D9- Tetrahydrocannabinol-Producing Cannabis sativa L. Cultivars Justin T. Fischedick Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, 2017, 2, 1, 34-47 DOI: 10.1089/can.2016.0040   Abstract Introduction : With laws changing around the world regarding the legal status of Cannabis sativa (cannabis) it is important to develop objective classification systems that help explain the chemical variation found among various cultivars. Currently cannabis cultivars are named using obscure and inconsistent nomenclature. Terpenoids, responsible for the aroma of cannabis, are a useful group of compounds for distinguishing cannabis cultivars with similar cannabinoid content. Methods : In this study we analyzed terpenoid content of cannabis samples obtained from a [...]

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The Therapeutic Potential of Psychedelic Drugs: Past, Present, and Future, Robin L Carhart-Harris and Guy M Goodwin, 2017

The Therapeutic Potential of Psychedelic Drugs: Past, Present, and Future Robin L Carhart-Harris and Guy M Goodwin Neuropsychopharmacology, 2017, 42, 2105–2113 doi:10.1038/npp.2017.84; published online 17 May 2017 Plant-based psychedelics, such as psilocybin, have an ancient history of medicinal use. After the first English language report on LSD in 1950, psychedelics enjoyed a short-lived relationship with psychology and psychiatry. Used most notably as aids to psychotherapy for the treatment of mood disorders and alcohol dependence, drugs such as LSD showed initial therapeutic promise before prohibitive legislature in the mid-1960s effectively ended all major psychedelic research programs. Since the early 1990s, there has been a steady [...]

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Cannabinoids in Parkinson’s Disease, Mario Stampanoni Bassi et al., 2017

Cannabinoids in Parkinson's Disease Mario Stampanoni Bassi, Andrea Sancesario, Roberta Morace, Diego Centonze, and Ennio Iezzi Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, 2017, Volume 2.1 DOI: 10.1089/can.2017.0002 Abstract The endocannabinoid system plays a regulatory role in a number of physiological processes and has been found altered in different pathological conditions, including movement disorders. The interactions between cannabinoids and dopamine in the basal ganglia are remarkably complex and involve both the modulation of other neurotransmitters (c-aminobutyric acid, glutamate, opioids, peptides) and the activation of different receptors subtypes (cannabinoid receptor type 1 and 2). In the last years, experimental studies contributed to enrich this scenario reporting interactions between cannabinoids [...]

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Predicting Responses to Psychedelics : A Prospective Study, Eline C. H. M. Haijen et al., 2018

Predicting Responses to Psychedelics : A Prospective Study Eline C. H. M. Haijen, Mendel Kaelen, Leor Roseman, Christopher Timmermann, Hannes Kettner, Suzanne Russ, David Nutt, Richard E. Daws, Adam D. G. Hampshire, Romy Lorenz  and Robin L. Carhart-Harris Frontiers in Pharmacology, 2018 doi: 10.3389/fphar.2018.00897   Abstract Responses to psychedelics are notoriously difficult to predict, yet significant work is currently underway to assess their therapeutic potential and the level of interest in psychedelics among the general public appears to be increasing. We aimed to collect prospective data in order to improve our ability to predict acute- and longer-term responses to psychedelics. Individuals who planned to take a [...]

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How Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Spontaneously Attend to Real-World Scenes : Use of a Change Blindness Paradigm, Michal Hochhauser et al., 2018

How Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Spontaneously Attend to Real-World Scenes : Use of a Change Blindness Paradigm Michal Hochhauser, Adi Aran, Ouriel Grynszpan Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018, 48, 502–510 DOI 10.1007/s10803-017-3343-6 https://www.researchgate.net/publication/320647151_How_Adolescents_with_Autism_Spectrum_Disorder_ASD_Spontaneously_Attend_to_Real-World_Scenes_Use_of_a_Change_Blindness_Paradigm [accessed Jul 16 2019].   Abstract Visual attention of adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) was assessed using a change blind-ness paradigm. Twenty-five adolescents with ASD aged 12–18 years and 25 matched typically developing (TD) adolescents viewed 36 pairs of digitized real-world images. Each pair of images was displayed in a ‘flicker paradigm’ whereby a particular item alternately appeared and disappeared. This item was either a central or a marginal [...]

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Qualitative and Quantitative Features of Music Reported to Support Peak Mystical Experiences during Psychedelic Therapy Sessions, Frederick S. Barrett et al., 2017

Qualitative and Quantitative Features of Music Reported to Support Peak Mystical Experiences during Psychedelic Therapy Sessions Frederick S. Barrett, Hollis Robbins, David Smooke, Jenine L. Brown and Roland R. Griffiths Frontiers in Psychology, 2017 ORIGINAL RESEARCH published: 25 July 2017 doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01238 Abstract Psilocybin is a classic (serotonergic) hallucinogen (“psychedelic” drug) that may occasion mystical experiences (characterized by a profound feeling of oneness or unity) during acute effects. Such experiences may have therapeutic value. Research and clinical applications of psychedelics usually include music listening during acute drug effects, based on the expectation that music will provide psychological support during the acute effects of psychedelic drugs, and [...]

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Beyond LSD : A Broader Psychedelic Zeitgeist during the Early to Mid-20th Century, Jacob S. Aday et al., 2019

Beyond LSD : A Broader Psychedelic Zeitgeist during the Early to Mid-20th Century Jacob S. Aday, M.S. , Emily K. Bloesch, Ph.D. , and Christopher C. Davoli, Ph.D. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, 2019 https://doi.org/10.1080/02791072.2019.1581961   ABSTRACT During the 1950s and 1960s, there was a tremendous surge in research into the effects of psychedelic drugs. When discussing this period of research, the discovery of the psychoactive properties of LSD in 1943 is often presented as the main, and sometimes only, driving force of the boom in research. This “Great Person,” or “Great Chemical,” historiographical lens fails to acknowledge other factors that were fundamental in setting the stage [...]

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