Étiquette : psychédéliques

Psychedelics as Medicines for Substance Abuse Rehabilitation : Evaluating Treatments with LSD, Peyote, Ibogaine and Ayahuasca Michael Winkelman, 2014

Psychedelics as Medicines for Substance Abuse Rehabilitation : Evaluating Treatments with LSD, Peyote, Ibogaine and Ayahuasca Michael Winkelman Current Drug Abuse Reviews, 2014, 7, 101-116   Abstract : Substances known as psychedelics, hallucinogens and entheogens have been employed in ethnomedical traditions for thousands of years, but after promising uses in the 1950’s and 1960’s they were largely prohibited in medical treatment and human research starting in the 1970’s as part of the fallout from the war on drugs. Nonetheless, there are a number of studies which suggest that these substances have potential applications in the treatment of addictions. While these substances are generally classified as [...]

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Can Psychedelic Drugs Attenuate Age-Related Changes in Cognition and Affect ?, Jacob S. Aday et al., 2019

Can Psychedelic Drugs Attenuate Age-Related Changes in Cognition and Affect ? Jacob S. Aday, Emily K. Bloesch, & Christopher C. Davoli Journal of Cognitive Enhancement, August 2019 DOI: 10.1007/s41465-019-00151-6   Abstract Older adulthood can be characterized by various cognitive and affective changes. In general, older adults show declines in creativity and executive functioning. They also score lower in openness to experience, empathy, and many suffer from a paucity of meaningful experiences. Further, depression, pessimism, and suicide can be major concerns for this population. Although currently there are few interventions that can effectively address these changes, recent findings from psychedelic science suggest myriad parallels between the effects [...]

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Heaven and Hell Revisited, Peter Webster, 1996

Heaven and Hell Revisited Peter Webster Composed in 1996 for The Psychedelic Library   How is it possible for two persons of such obvious intellectual talent as William Braden and Aldous Huxley to have such radically different experiences as a result of ingestion of a similar quantity of mescaline? Both Huxley and Braden brought to their first psychedelic experiment a wide knowledge and understanding of science, religion, mysticism, literature and fine arts, yet Huxley’s initial psychedelic experience was a revelation, and led to the writing of The Doors of Perception, a book which launched a movement, if not a revolution. William Braden’s experiment, recounted [...]

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Clinical potential of psilocybine as a treatment for mental health conditions, Jeremy Daniel & Margaret Haberman, 2017.

Clinical potential of psilocybine as a treatment for mental health conditions Jeremy Daniel & Margaret Haberman Mental Health Clinician, 2017, Vol. 7, No. 1, pp. 24-28 https://doi.org/10.9740/mhc.2017.01.024   Abstract Psilocybin, a classic hallucinogen, is a chemical produced by more than 100 species of mushrooms worldwide. It has high affinity for several serotonin receptors, including 5-HT1A, 5-HT2A, and 5-HT2C, located in numerous areas of the brain, including the cerebral cortex and thalamus. With legislation introduced in 1992, more work is being done to further understand the implications of psilocybin use in a number of disease states. Certain mental health disease states and symptoms have been studied, including [...]

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Multiple receptors contribute to the behavioral effects of indoleamine hallucinogens, Adam L. Halberstadt & Mark A. Geyer, 2011

Multiple receptors contribute to the behavioral effects of indoleamine hallucinogens Adam L. Halberstadt & Mark A. Geyer Neuropharmacology, 2011, 61, (3), 364–381. doi:10.1016/j.neuropharm.2011.01.017.   Abstract Serotonergic hallucinogens produce profound changes in perception, mood, and cognition. These drugs include phenylalkylamines such as mescaline and 2,5-dimethoxy-4-methylamphetamine (DOM), and indoleamines such as (+)-lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) and psilocybin. Despite their differences in chemical structure, the two classes of hallucinogens produce remarkably similar subjective effects in humans, and induce cross-tolerance. The phenylalkylamine hallucinogens are selective 5-HT2 receptor agonists, whereas the indoleamines are relatively nonselective for serotonin (5-HT) receptors. There is extensive evidence, from both animal and human studies, that the [...]

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You Have a Constitutional Right to Psychedelics. Academic Freedom, Personal Conscience, and Psychotechnologies, Thomas B. Roberts , 2016

  Chapter 1 : You Have a Constitutional Right to Psychedelics. Academic Freedom, Personal Conscience, and Psychotechnologies Thomas B. Roberts From: Ellens, H. J. & T. B. Roberts. 2015. The Psychedelic Policy Quagmire: Health, Law, Freedom, and Society. Santa Barbara, CA. ABC-CLIO. Author’s note: This also applies to the European Charter of Human Rights and to similar national and international statements. Added Mar. 16, 2016.   The problem : we do not suppress books and the ideas they contain; we do suppress psychedelic mindstates and the ideas they contain. Censorship is the issue of contention here: intellectual censorship. In this chapter, we’ll spot the single-state fallacy as [...]

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Psychedelic Elephant, Peter Webster, 2019

Psychedelic Elephant A critique of psychedelic research Peter Webster juillet 2019 https://www.researchgate.net/search.Search.html?type=researcher&query=Psychedelic%20Elephant   My title might lead some who are old enough to remember the incident 1 2 to expect from this essay an indictment of the idiots who conducted the "scientific research" during which an elephant was clearly murdered.3 It is always great fun to expose foolishness and willful ignorance. But unfortunately, psychedelic research in those days, the 1950s and 1960s, attracted no small number of other scientists who, at least in retrospect, could also be called idiots. Jean Houston (1967) has described one of her initial observations of LSD administration. The subject was told by [...]

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Expanding the Scientific Study of Self-Experience with Psychedelics, Manesh Girn and Kalina Christoff, 2018

Expanding the Scientific Study of Self-Experience with Psychedelics Manesh Girn and Kalina Christoff Journal of Consciousness Studies, 2018, 25, (11–12), 131–54 Abstract : The nature of the self has long been a topic of discussion in philosophical and religious contexts, and has recently also garnered significant scientific attention. Although evidence exists to suggest the multifaceted nature of self-experience, the amount of research done on each of its putative components has not been uniform. Whereas selfreflective processing has been studied extensively, non-reflective aspects of self-experience have been the subject of comparatively little empirical research. This discrepancy may be linked to the methodological difficulties in experimentally [...]

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Psilocybin – Summary of knowledge and new perspectives, Filip Tylša et al., 2014

Psilocybin – Summary of knowledge and new perspectives Filip Tylša,b,n, Tomáš Páleníčeka,b, Jiří Horáčeka European Neuropsychopharmacology, 2014, 24, 342–356 Doi : 10.1016/j.euroneuro.2013.12.006   Abstract Psilocybin, a psychoactive alkaloid contained in hallucinogenic mushrooms, is nowadays given a lot of attention in the scientific community as a research tool for modeling psychosis as well as due to its potential therapeutic effects. However, it is also a very popular and frequently abused natural hallucinogen. This review summarizes all the past and recent knowledge on psilocybin. It briefly deals with its history, discusses the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics, and compares its action in humans and animals. It attempts to describe the mechanism of psychedelic effects [...]

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Introduction, Psycholytic and Psychedelic Therapy Research 1931-1995, Torsten PASSIE, 1997

Psycholytic and Psychedelic Therapy Research 1931-1995 : Introduction (A Complete International Bibliography) Torsten PASSIE Laurentius Publishers, Hannover, Germany, 1997   1 . INTRODUCTION "The future may teach us to exercise a direct influence, by means of particular chemical substances, on the amounts of energy and their distribution in the mental apparatus. It may be that there are other still undreamt of possibilities of therapy" . Sigmund Freud The present bibliography includes nearly all publications on the psychotherapeutic treatment procedures which are referred to as "psycholytic" or "psychedelic" therapy and their foundations. The methods in question use the psychic activating properties of specific substances to reinforce psychotherapeutic treatments. Some appropriate [...]

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