Étiquette : sociologie

A History of Drug Use : Mind-Altering Drugs in Social Context, Eric Shepperd, 2017

A History of Drug Use : Mind-Altering Drugs in Social Context Eric Shepperd January 21, 2017, 26 p.   It seems that an intrinsic property of consciousness is a desire to alter itself. The natural world is full of tools for changing the functioning of the mind, and both humans and nonhuman animals have used many different drugs throughout history. Some are derived directly from plant or animal sources, while others are refined extracts, or synthesized by purely chemical methods. Many of the drugs in use today are applied primarily for physiologically therapeutic purposes, while others have primarily psychological components, or a combination thereof. Psychoactive [...]

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Entheogens — Sacramentals or Sacrilege ?, Thomas Roberts, 2012

Entheogens — Sacramentals or Sacrilege ? (a working draft for a syllabus) Thomas ROBERTS in  "Roberts, B. Thomas. (editor) (2012). Spiritual Growth with Entheogens"   To most people who are even moderately experienced with entheogens, concepts such as awe, sacredness, eternity, grace, agapé, transcendence, transfiguration, dark night of the soul, born-again, heaven, and hell are more than theological ideas; they are experiences.   Introduction to Entheogens: Sacramentals or Sacrilege? It should not be necessary to supply more proof that psychedelic drugs produce experiences that those who undergo them regard as religious in the fullest sense. Grinspoon and Bakalar, Psychedelic Drugs Reconsidered Are we experiencing a reorganization in Western religions now, [...]

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Review of Sacred Knowledge : Psychedelics and Religious Experience, William A. Richards, 2016

Review of Sacred Knowledge : Psychedelics and Religious Experience William A. Richards New York, NY: Columbia University Press, 2016. 269 pp. ISBN 978-0-231-17406-0 $29.95 Reviewed by Michael J. Winkelman http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0040299   Abstract Reviews the book, Sacred knowledge: Psychedelics and religious experiences, by William A. Richards. Richards’s career of clinical research with psychedelics and professional formation in theology, comparative religion and the psychology of religion bring integrative perspectives to understanding psychedelic experiences. Clinical accounts, scientific research and his personal experiences with psychedelics enable Richards to address issues of core importance in religious studies, medicine and society in general. Clinical studies with psychedelics provide findings that contribute to assessment of [...]

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« Heureusement qu’il y a l’herbe ! », Anne Coppel, Chimères, 2014

« Heureusement qu’il y a l’herbe ! » Anne Coppel ERES | « Chimères », 2014/1 N° 82 | pages 33 à 42 https://www.cairn.inforevue-chimeres-2014-1-page-33.htm « On ne trouve pas trace dans les livres, ni ailleurs, du nom de Govan- Eremetus, ni du pays d’Archaos où il régna, entre la fin des Temps- Barbares et le commencement des Temps-Barbares. Pourtant quelque chose manque là, à la fois dans le temps et dans l’espace. À ce tournant mal éclairé de l’histoire, il y a comme un trou, des événements postérieurs restent inexpliqués. Les coordonnées ne se rejoignent pas ; à partir d’un certain point on les [...]

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Il y a herbe et herbe, Michka Seeliger-Chatelain, Chimères, 2014

Il y a herbe et herbe Michka SEELIGER-CHATELAIN ERES | « Chimères », 2014/1 N° 82 | pages 43 à 48 https://www.cairn.inforevue-chimeres-2014-1-page-43.htm   Jean-Philippe Cazier : Vous dites que fumer de l’herbe vous a permis d’échapper à une forme de rationalité trop stricte. Est-ce que vous diriez que le cannabis a rendu possible, pour vous, un nouveau rapport au monde et à soi, de produire une forme de subjectivité ? M. : Le mot « cannabis » est encore plus vague que le mot « vin ». Il y a un monde entre le gros rouge de base et un grand cru élevé avec amour. Le [...]

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2018 : A Watershed Year for Psychedelic Science ?, Jacob S. Aday et al., 2019

2018 : A Watershed Year for Psychedelic Science ? Jacob S. Aday, Christopher C. Davoli, & Emily K. Bloesch Article, ·August 2019 DOI: 10.1177/2050324519872284 Abstract While interest in the study of psychedelic drugs has increased over much of the last decade, in this article we argue that 2018 marked the true turning point for the field. Substantive advances in the scientific, public, and regulatory communities in 2018 significantly elevated the status and long-term outlook of psychedelic science, particularly in the United States. Advances in the scientific community can be attributed to impactful research applications of psychedelics as well as acknowledgement in preeminent journals. In the [...]

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Epidemiology of adolescent Salvia divinorum use in Canada, Cheryl L. Currie, 2012

Epidemiology of adolescent Salvia divinorum use in Canada Cheryl L. Currie Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 2012, 128, (1-2) DOI: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2012.08.008   a b s t r a c t Background : Salvia divinorum is a potent, naturally occurring hallucinogen gaining popularity as a recreational drug in North America. To date, detailed epidemiologic information about the use of this substance among adolescents living outside the United States has been limited. This study provides information on the prevalence and correlates of Salvia divinorum use among adolesecents in Canada using a nationally representative sample. Methods : Data were obtained from a representative sample of 42,179 Canadian adolescents aged 12–17 years living [...]

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Salvia divinorum, EMCDDA, 2010

Salvia divinorum EMCDDA, 2010. http://www.emcdda.europa.eu/publications/drug-profiles/salvia/fr Chimie Forme physique Pharmacologie Origine Mode de consommation Autres dénominations Analyse Pureté typique Contrôle Prévalence Prix au détail Usage médical Bibliographie Lecture complémentaire Photo: Wikimedia Commons La plante psychotrope Salvia divinorum, ou «Sauge des devins», est un membre rare de la famille des menthes (Lamiaceae; anciennement Labiatae), qui a été caractérisée au milieu du vingtième siècle. La plante est endémique d’une petite région montagneuse de l’État d’Oaxaca (Mexique), où les Indiens mazatèques ingèrent ses feuilles fraîches ou des préparations à base de feuilles lors de rituels divinatoires, de rites de guérison ou à des fins médicales. Depuis la fin [...]

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Use of Marijuana, Meth, Hallucinogens Up in New SAMHSA Survey, Damian McNamara, August 2019

Use of Marijuana, Meth, Hallucinogens Up in New SAMHSA Survey Damian McNamara Medscape - Aug 22, 2019 Medscape Medical News © 2019 https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/917131?nlid=131240_2052&src=WNL_mdplsnews_190823_mscpedit_psyc&uac=292598PZ&spon=12&impID=2070816&faf=1 Almost 1 million more Americans ages 12 or older reported using marijuana in their lifetime in 2018 than in 2017, according to new data from a national survey. The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) 2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Report notes that approximately 1.2 million more people reported use of hallucinogens, which include LSD, PCP, and Ecstasy, compared with 2017. In addition, about 170,000 more people used methamphetamine. Not all substance use increased year over year. For example, 187,000 fewer adolescent and adult Americans [...]

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Ayahuasca and Public Health : Health Status, Psychosocial Well-Being, Lifestyle, and Coping Strategies in a Large Sample of Ritual Ayahuasca Users, Genis Ona et al., 2019,

Ayahuasca and Public Health : Health Status, Psychosocial Well-Being, Lifestyle, and Coping Strategies in a Large Sample of Ritual Ayahuasca Users Genís Ona, Maja Kohek, Tomàs Massaguer, Alfred Gomariz, Daniel F. Jiménez, Rafael G. Dos Santos, Jaime E. C. Hallak, Miguel Ángel Alcázar-Córcoles & José Carlos Bouso Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, 2019 Doi : 10.1080/02791072.2019.1567961.   Assessing the health status of ayahuasca users has been challenging due to the limitations involved in randomized clinical trials and psychometric approaches. The main objective of this study is the implementation of an approach based on public health indicators. We developed a self-administered questionnaire that was administered to long-term ayahuasca [...]

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