Étiquette : phytocannabinoïdes

BIBLIOGRAPHIE : Système endocannabinoïdes et récepteurs aux cannabinoïdes, Dr Christian Sueur, GRECC, avril 2020.

BIBLIOGRAPHIE : Système endocannabinoïdes et récepteurs aux cannabinoïdes   Dr Christian Sueur, GRECC, avril 2020.     1 - Système endocannabinoïde : 1 - 7 2 - Récepteurs des cannabinoïdes : 8 - 13 3 - THC et récepteurs non-cannabinoïdes : 14 4 - CBD et récepteurs non cannabinoïdes : 15 5 - Neurophysiologie des endocannabinoïdes : 16 - 19 6 - Neuropharmacologie des cannabinoïdes de synthèse : 20 - 21 7 - Neuropharmacologie des Phytocannabinoïdes : 22 - 29    

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Endocannabinoids : A Promising Impact for Traumatic Brain Injury, Lesley D. Schurman et al., 2017

Endocannabinoids : A Promising Impact for Traumatic Brain Injury Lesley D. Schurman and Aron H. Lichtman Frontiers in Pharmacology, 2017. doi: 10.3389/fphar.2017.00069   The endogenous cannabinoid (endocannabinoid) system regulates a diverse array of physiological processes and unsurprisingly possesses considerable potential targets for the potential treatment of numerous disease states, including two receptors (i.e., CB1 and CB2 receptors) and enzymes regulating their endogenous ligands N-arachidonoylethanolamine (anandamide) and 2-arachidonyl glycerol (2-AG). Increases in brain levels of endocannabinoids to pathogenic events suggest this system plays a role in compensatory repair mechanisms. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) pathology remains mostly refractory to currently available drugs, perhaps due to its heterogeneous [...]

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Cannabis and cannabinoid drug development: evaluating botanical versus single molecule approaches, Marcel O. Bonn-Miller et al., 2018

Cannabis and cannabinoid drug development: evaluating botanical versus single molecule approaches Marcel O. Bonn-Miller, Mahmoud A. ElSohly, Mallory J. E. Loflin, Suman Chandra and Ryan Vandrey International Review of Psychiatry, 2018, VOL. 30, NO. 3, 277–284 Doi : 10.1080/09540261.2018.1474730   ABSTRACT Accumulating evidence suggests that the endocannabinoid system is a promising target for the treatment of a variety of health conditions. Two paths of cannabinoid drug development have emerged. One approach is focused on developing medications that are directly derived from the cannabis plant. The other utilizes a single molecule approach whereby individual phytocannabinoids or novel cannabinoids with therapeutic potential are identified and synthesized for pharmaceutical [...]

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A cross-sectional examination of choice and behavior of veterans with access to free medicinal cannabis, Mallory J. E. Loflin et al., 2019

A cross-sectional examination of choice and behavior of veterans with access to free medicinal cannabis Mallory J E Loflin, Kimberly Babson, James Sottile, Sonya B Norman, Staci Gruber, and Marcel O Bonn-Miller The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 2019, VOL. 45, NO. 5, 506–513. Doi : 10.1080/00952990.2019.1604722   ABSTRACT Background : With a rise in public pressure to increase veteran access to medicinal cannabis, free cannabis collectives for military veterans are proliferating across the US. Objectives : The aim of the current study was to document which cannabis formulations and routes of administration are chosen by veterans with increased access to cannabis, and to determine [...]

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Cannabis species and cannabinoid concentration preference among sleep-disturbed medicinal cannabis users, Katherine A. Belendiuk et al., 2015

Cannabis species and cannabinoid concentration preference among sleep-disturbed medicinal cannabis users Katherine A. Belendiuk, Kimberly A. Babson, Ryan Vandrey, Marcel O. Bonn-Miller Addictive Behaviors, 2015, 50, 178–181 doi : 10.1016/j.addbeh.2015.06.032   a b s t r a c t Introduction : Individuals report using cannabis for the promotion of sleep, and the effects of cannabis on sleep may vary by cannabis species. Little research has documented preferences for particular cannabis types or cannabinoid concentrations as a function of use for sleep disturbances. Methods : 163 adults purchasing medical cannabis for a physical or mental health condition at a cannabis dispensary were recruited. They provided self-report of (a)whether [...]

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Therapeutic Satisfaction and Subjective Effects of Different Strains of Pharmaceutical-Grade Cannabis, Tibor M. Brunt et al., 2014

Therapeutic Satisfaction and Subjective Effects of Different Strains of Pharmaceutical-Grade Cannabis Tibor M. Brunt, Marianne van Genugten, Kathrin Honer-Snoeken, Marco J. van de Velde, and Raymond J.M. Niesink Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacoly, 2014, 34, 344Y349 Doi : 10.1097/JCP.0000000000000129   Abstract : In The Netherlands, pharmaceutical-grade cultivated cannabis is distributed for medicinal purposes as commissioned by the Ministry of Health. Few studies have thus far described its therapeutic efficacy or subjective (adverse) effects in patients. The aims of this study are to assess the therapeutic satisfaction within a group of patients using prescribed pharmaceutical-grade cannabis and to compare the subjective effects among the available strains with special [...]

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Comprehensive classification of USA cannabis samples based on chemical profiles of major cannabinoids and terpenoids, Ramia Z. Al Bakain et al., 2019

Comprehensive classification of USA cannabis samples based on chemical profiles of major cannabinoids and terpenoids Ramia Z. Al Bakain, Yahya S. Al-Degs, James V. Cizdziel and Mahmoud A. Elsohly Journal of Liquid Chromatography & Related Technologies, 2019 Doi : 10.1080/10826076.2019.1701015   ABSTRACT Different USA-origin cannabis samples were analyzed by GC-FID to quantify all possible cannabinoids and terpenoids prior to their clustering. Chromatographic analysis confirmed the presence of seven cannabinoids and sixteen terpenoids with variable levels. Among tested cannabinoids, D9-Tetrahydro-cannabinol D9-THC and cannabinol CBN were available in excess amounts (1.2–8.0 wt%) and (0.22–1.1 wt%), respectively. Fenchol was the most abundant terpenoid with a range of (0.03–1.0 wt%). [...]

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Cannabinoids in Pain Management and Palliative Medicine, Winfried Häuser et al., 2017

Cannabinoids in Pain Management and Palliative Medicine An Overview of Systematic Reviews and Prospective Observational Studies Winfried Häuser, Mary-Ann Fitzcharles, Lukas Radbruch, Frank Petzke The Deutsches Ärzteblatt International,  2017, 114, 627–634. Doi : 10.3238/arztebl.2017.0627   SUMMARY Background : There are conflicting interpretations of the evidence regarding the efficacy, tolerability, and safety of cannabinoids in pain management and palliative medicine. Methods : We conducted a systematic review (SR) of systematic reviews of randomized controlled trials (RCT) and prospective long-term observational studies of the use of cannabinoids in pain management and palliative medicine. Pertinent publications from January 2009 to January 2017 were retrieved by a selective search in the Cochrane [...]

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A novel phytocannabinoid isolated from Cannabis sativa L. with an in vivo cannabimimetic activity higher than Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol : Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabiphorol, Cinzia Citti et al., 2019

A novel phytocannabinoid isolated from Cannabis sativa L. with an in vivo cannabimimetic activity higher than Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol : Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabiphorol Cinzia Citti, Pasquale Linciano, Fabiana Russo, Livio Luongo, Monica Iannotta, Sabatino Maione, Aldo Laganà, Anna Laura Capriotti, Flavio Forni, Maria Angela Vandelli, Giuseppe Gigli & Giuseppe Cannazza Scientific Reports | (2019) 9:20335 | www.nature.com/scientificreports Doi : 10.1038/s41598-019-56785-1   (-)-Trans-Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC) is the main compound responsible for the intoxicant activity of Cannabis sativa L. The length of the side alkyl chain influences the biological activity of this cannabinoid. In particular, synthetic analogues of Δ9-THC with a longer side chain have shown cannabimimetic properties far higher than Δ9-THC [...]

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Isolation and Pharmacological Evaluation of Minor Cannabinoids from High-Potency Cannabis sativa, Mohamed M. Radwan et al., 2015

Isolation and Pharmacological Evaluation of Minor Cannabinoids from High-Potency Cannabis sativa Mohamed M. Radwan, Mahmoud A. ElSohly, Abir T. El-Alfy, Safwat A. Ahmed, Desmond Slade, Afeef S. Husni, Susan P. Manly, Lisa Wilson, Suzanne Seale, Stephen J. Cutler, and Samir A. Ross Journal of Natural Products, 2015 June 26, 78, (6), 1271–1276. doi : 10.1021/acs.jnatprod.5b00065   Abstract Seven new naturally occurring hydroxylated cannabinoids (1–7), along with the known cannabiripsol (8), have been isolated from the aerial parts of high-potency Cannabis sativa. The structures of the new compounds were determined by 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopic analysis, GC-MS, and HRESIMS as 8α hydroxy-Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (1), 8β-hydroxy-Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (2), 10α-hydroxy-Δ8 [...]

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