Étiquette : phytocannabinoïdes

Minor Cannabinoids of Cannabis sativa L., Fabian Thomas & Oliver Kayser, 2019

Minor Cannabinoids of Cannabis sativa L. Fabian Thomas & Oliver Kayser Journal of Medical Science, 2019, 88, (3), 141-149. Doi : 10.20883/jms.367   ABSTRACT Cannabinoids from Cannabis sativa L. play an important role as natural products in clinics. The major cannabinoids compromise tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA) and cannabidiolic acid (CBDA) and its decarboxylated analogs. In this review, we focus on often neglected minor cannabinoids and discuss biosynthetic and chemical degradation routes to other neglected cannabinoids in Cannabis sativa starting from THCA, CBDA and cannabichromenic acid (CBCA). Based on the literature, patents and scientific reports, essential routes for the chemical modifi cation of cannabinoids are discussed to explain [...]

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Cannabis sativa L. CANNABACEAE, Rainer W. Bussmann et al., 2020

Cannabis sativa L. CANNABACEAE Rainer W. Bussmann, Ketevan Batsatsashvili, Zaal Kikvidze, Narel Y. Paniagua-Zambrana, Manana Khutsishvili, Inesa Maisaia, Shalva Sikharulidze, and David Tchelidze © Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020 in K. Batsatsashvili et al. (eds.), Ethnobotany of the Mountain Regions of Far Eastern Europe, Ethnobotany of Mountain Regions, doi : 10.1007/978-3-030-28940-9_33 Synonyms : Cannabis sativa L., Cannabis chinense Delile, Cannabis indica Lam, Cannabis sativa var. indica (Lam.) E. Small & Cronquist R. Local Names : Georgian : კანაფი (k’anapi); ქან (qan) (Grossheim 1952; Ketskhoveli et al. 1971–2011; Makashvili 1991; Fedorov 1984); English : Cannabis Botany and Ecology Annual; stems 50–150 cm, covered with appressed hairs; leaves long petioled, [...]

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Determination of cannabinoids in Cannabis sativa L. samples for recreational, medical, and forensic purposes by reversed-phase liquid chromatography-ultraviolet detection, Sanja Zivovinovic, et al., 2018

Determination of cannabinoids in Cannabis sativa L. samples for recreational, medical, and forensic purposes by reversed-phase liquid chromatography-ultraviolet detection Sanja Zivovinovic, Ruth Alder, Martina D. Allenspach and Christian Steuer Journal of Analytical Science and Technology, 2018, 9, 27, 1-10 doi : 10.1186/s40543-018-0159-8   Abstract Background : Currently, an increasing demand of cannabis-derived products for recreational and medical use is observed. Therefore, the reliable and fast quantification of cannabinoids in hemp samples is essential for the control of product from Cannabis sativa, L. strains. In general, gas chromatography (GC) is the method of choice for the quantification of cannabinoids whereas this method is time consuming and the [...]

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Activation of CB1R Promotes Lipopolysaccharide-Induced IL-10 Secretion by Monocytic Myeloid-Derived Suppressive Cells and Reduces Acute Inflammation and Organ Injury, Jérémie Joffre et al., 2020,

Activation of CB1R Promotes Lipopolysaccharide-Induced IL-10 Secretion by Monocytic Myeloid-Derived Suppressive Cells and Reduces Acute Inflammation and Organ Injury Jérémie Joffre, Che-Chung Yeh, Erika Wong, Mayuri Thete, Fengyun Xu, Ivana Zlatanova, Elliot Lloyd, Lester Kobzik, Matthieu Legrand, and Judith Hellman The Journal of Immunology, 2020, 204: 1–20. doi : 10.4049/jimmunol.2000213   Cannabis sativa and its principal components, D9-tetrahydrocannabinol (D9-THC) and cannabidiol, are increasingly being used to treat a variety of medical problems, including inflammatory conditions. Although studies suggest that the endocannabinoid system has immunomodulatory properties, there remains a paucity of information on the effects of cannabinoids on immunity and on outcomes of infection and injury. [...]

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BIBLIOGRAPHIE : Système endocannabinoïdes et récepteurs aux cannabinoïdes, Dr Christian Sueur, GRECC, avril 2020.

BIBLIOGRAPHIE : Système endocannabinoïdes et récepteurs aux cannabinoïdes   Dr Christian Sueur, GRECC, avril 2020.     1 - Système endocannabinoïde : 1 - 7 2 - Récepteurs des cannabinoïdes : 8 - 13 3 - THC et récepteurs non-cannabinoïdes : 14 4 - CBD et récepteurs non cannabinoïdes : 15 5 - Neurophysiologie des endocannabinoïdes : 16 - 19 6 - Neuropharmacologie des cannabinoïdes de synthèse : 20 - 21 7 - Neuropharmacologie des Phytocannabinoïdes : 22 - 29    

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Endocannabinoids : A Promising Impact for Traumatic Brain Injury, Lesley D. Schurman et al., 2017

Endocannabinoids : A Promising Impact for Traumatic Brain Injury Lesley D. Schurman and Aron H. Lichtman Frontiers in Pharmacology, 2017. doi: 10.3389/fphar.2017.00069   The endogenous cannabinoid (endocannabinoid) system regulates a diverse array of physiological processes and unsurprisingly possesses considerable potential targets for the potential treatment of numerous disease states, including two receptors (i.e., CB1 and CB2 receptors) and enzymes regulating their endogenous ligands N-arachidonoylethanolamine (anandamide) and 2-arachidonyl glycerol (2-AG). Increases in brain levels of endocannabinoids to pathogenic events suggest this system plays a role in compensatory repair mechanisms. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) pathology remains mostly refractory to currently available drugs, perhaps due to its heterogeneous [...]

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Cannabis and cannabinoid drug development: evaluating botanical versus single molecule approaches, Marcel O. Bonn-Miller et al., 2018

Cannabis and cannabinoid drug development: evaluating botanical versus single molecule approaches Marcel O. Bonn-Miller, Mahmoud A. ElSohly, Mallory J. E. Loflin, Suman Chandra and Ryan Vandrey International Review of Psychiatry, 2018, VOL. 30, NO. 3, 277–284 Doi : 10.1080/09540261.2018.1474730   ABSTRACT Accumulating evidence suggests that the endocannabinoid system is a promising target for the treatment of a variety of health conditions. Two paths of cannabinoid drug development have emerged. One approach is focused on developing medications that are directly derived from the cannabis plant. The other utilizes a single molecule approach whereby individual phytocannabinoids or novel cannabinoids with therapeutic potential are identified and synthesized for pharmaceutical [...]

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A cross-sectional examination of choice and behavior of veterans with access to free medicinal cannabis, Mallory J. E. Loflin et al., 2019

A cross-sectional examination of choice and behavior of veterans with access to free medicinal cannabis Mallory J E Loflin, Kimberly Babson, James Sottile, Sonya B Norman, Staci Gruber, and Marcel O Bonn-Miller The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 2019, VOL. 45, NO. 5, 506–513. Doi : 10.1080/00952990.2019.1604722   ABSTRACT Background : With a rise in public pressure to increase veteran access to medicinal cannabis, free cannabis collectives for military veterans are proliferating across the US. Objectives : The aim of the current study was to document which cannabis formulations and routes of administration are chosen by veterans with increased access to cannabis, and to determine [...]

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Cannabis species and cannabinoid concentration preference among sleep-disturbed medicinal cannabis users, Katherine A. Belendiuk et al., 2015

Cannabis species and cannabinoid concentration preference among sleep-disturbed medicinal cannabis users Katherine A. Belendiuk, Kimberly A. Babson, Ryan Vandrey, Marcel O. Bonn-Miller Addictive Behaviors, 2015, 50, 178–181 doi : 10.1016/j.addbeh.2015.06.032   a b s t r a c t Introduction : Individuals report using cannabis for the promotion of sleep, and the effects of cannabis on sleep may vary by cannabis species. Little research has documented preferences for particular cannabis types or cannabinoid concentrations as a function of use for sleep disturbances. Methods : 163 adults purchasing medical cannabis for a physical or mental health condition at a cannabis dispensary were recruited. They provided self-report of (a)whether [...]

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Therapeutic Satisfaction and Subjective Effects of Different Strains of Pharmaceutical-Grade Cannabis, Tibor M. Brunt et al., 2014

Therapeutic Satisfaction and Subjective Effects of Different Strains of Pharmaceutical-Grade Cannabis Tibor M. Brunt, Marianne van Genugten, Kathrin Honer-Snoeken, Marco J. van de Velde, and Raymond J.M. Niesink Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacoly, 2014, 34, 344Y349 Doi : 10.1097/JCP.0000000000000129   Abstract : In The Netherlands, pharmaceutical-grade cultivated cannabis is distributed for medicinal purposes as commissioned by the Ministry of Health. Few studies have thus far described its therapeutic efficacy or subjective (adverse) effects in patients. The aims of this study are to assess the therapeutic satisfaction within a group of patients using prescribed pharmaceutical-grade cannabis and to compare the subjective effects among the available strains with special [...]

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