Catégorie : Dossiers scientifiques

Renseignements destinés aux professionnels de la santé : Le cannabis (marijuana, marihuana) et les cannabinoïdes, Santé Canada, dernière version octobre 2018

Renseignements destinés aux professionnels de la santé : Le cannabis (marijuana, marihuana) et les cannabinoïdes (Version PDF - 2,690 Ko) https://www.canada.ca/fr/sante-canada/services/drogues-medicaments/cannabis/renseignements-medecins/renseignements-destines-professionnels-sante-cannabis-cannabinoides.html Santé Canada Auteur : Hanan Abramovici Ph.D. Co-auteurs : Sophie-Anne Lamour, Ph.D. et George Mammen, Ph.D. Nous republions cet excellent document de Santé Canada, et surtout, le résumé des indications reconnues, et envisagées, du cannabis thérapeutique.   Aperçu des énoncés récapitulatifs Les énoncés récapitulatifs suivants visent à résumer le contenu des sections 4.0 (Usages thérapeutiques possibles) et 7.0 (Effets indésirables) et leurs sous-sections respectives. Les énoncés récapitulatifs peuvent être également trouvés dans leurs sections et sous-sections respectives dans le corps même du document. Remarque: la plupart des études [...]

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Clinicians’ Guide to Cannabidiol and Hemp Oils, Harrison J. VanDolah et al., 2019

Clinicians’ Guide to Cannabidiol and Hemp Oils Harrison J. VanDolah, Brent A. Bauer, and Karen F. Mauck  Mayo Clinic Proceedings, 2019, 94, (9), 1840-1851 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mayocp.2019.01.003   Abstract Cannabidiol (CBD) oils are low tetrahydrocannabinol products derived from Cannabis sativa that have become very popular over the past few years. Patients report relief for a variety of conditions, particularly pain, without the intoxicating adverse effects of medical marijuana. In June 2018, the first CBD-based drug, Epidiolex, was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for treatment of rare, severe epilepsy, further putting the spotlight on CBD and hemp oils. There is a growing body of preclinical and [...]

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SALVIA DIVINORUM AND SALVINORIN A , The Best of The Entheogen Review, David Aardvark,1999-2000

SALVIA DIVINORUM AND SALVINORIN A The Best of The Entheogen Review David Aardvark, Editor ER MONOGRAPH SERIES, NO. 2, 1992–2000, Second Edition The Entheogen Review POB 19820 Sacramento, CA 95819-0820 TABLE OF CONTENTS A NOTE ON THE TEXT 9 CHAPTER ONE : The Early Years 11 CHAPTER TWO : Consumption Methods 21 CHAPTER THREE : Hyperspatial Maps 45 CHAPTER FOUR : Extraction 73 CHAPTER FIVE : Salvinorin A & More 81 CHAPTER SIX : Combinations 103 CHAPTER SEVEN : Cultivation 113 CHAPTER EIGHT : Reviews, Interviews, Commentary & Press 133 APPENDIX A : Sources 171 APPENDIX B : The Internet 185 ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY 197 INDEX 231 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS 249 A NOTE ON THE TEXT Most of the information presented herein comes from the first [...]

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Heavy Cannabis Use, Dependence and the Brain : A Clinical Perspective, KROON E. et al., 2019

Heavy Cannabis Use, Dependence and the Brain: A Clinical Perspective KROON E., KUHNS L., HOCH E., COUSIJN J. Addictions,  2019 Aug 13. doi: 10.1111/add.14776. PMID: 31408248 Abstract AIMS : To summarize and evaluate our knowledge of the relationship between heavy cannabis use, Cannabis Use Disorder (CUD), and the brain. METHODS : Narrative review of relevant literature identified through existing systematic reviews, meta-analyses and a PubMed search. Epidemiology, clinical representations, potential causal mechanisms, assessments, treatment and prognosis are discussed. RESULTS : Although causality is unclear, heavy and dependent cannabis use is consistently associated with a high prevalence of comorbid psychiatric disorders and learning and memory impairments that seem [...]

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Multiple receptors contribute to the behavioral effects of indoleamine hallucinogens, Adam L. Halberstadt & Mark A. Geyer, 2011

Multiple receptors contribute to the behavioral effects of indoleamine hallucinogens Adam L. Halberstadt & Mark A. Geyer Neuropharmacology, 2011, 61, (3), 364–381. doi:10.1016/j.neuropharm.2011.01.017.   Abstract Serotonergic hallucinogens produce profound changes in perception, mood, and cognition. These drugs include phenylalkylamines such as mescaline and 2,5-dimethoxy-4-methylamphetamine (DOM), and indoleamines such as (+)-lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) and psilocybin. Despite their differences in chemical structure, the two classes of hallucinogens produce remarkably similar subjective effects in humans, and induce cross-tolerance. The phenylalkylamine hallucinogens are selective 5-HT2 receptor agonists, whereas the indoleamines are relatively nonselective for serotonin (5-HT) receptors. There is extensive evidence, from both animal and human studies, that the [...]

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Salvia divinorum, EMCDDA, 2010

Salvia divinorum EMCDDA, 2010. http://www.emcdda.europa.eu/publications/drug-profiles/salvia/fr Chimie Forme physique Pharmacologie Origine Mode de consommation Autres dénominations Analyse Pureté typique Contrôle Prévalence Prix au détail Usage médical Bibliographie Lecture complémentaire Photo: Wikimedia Commons La plante psychotrope Salvia divinorum, ou «Sauge des devins», est un membre rare de la famille des menthes (Lamiaceae; anciennement Labiatae), qui a été caractérisée au milieu du vingtième siècle. La plante est endémique d’une petite région montagneuse de l’État d’Oaxaca (Mexique), où les Indiens mazatèques ingèrent ses feuilles fraîches ou des préparations à base de feuilles lors de rituels divinatoires, de rites de guérison ou à des fins médicales. Depuis la fin [...]

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An Overview of Galenic Preparation Methods for Medicinal Cannabis, Luigi Romano and Arno Hazekamp, 2018

An Overview of Galenic Preparation Methods for Medicinal Cannabis Luigi Romano and Arno Hazekamp Current Bioactive Compounds, 2018, 14, DOI: 10.2174/1573407214666180612080412   Abstract : In recent years, the Cannabis plant (Cannabis sativa L.) has been rediscovered as a source of new medicines around the world. Despite the fact that a number of registered medicines have been developed on the basis of purified cannabis components, there is a rapid increasing acceptance and use of cannabis in its herbal form. Licensed producers of high quality cannabis plants now operate in various countries including The Netherlands, Canada, Israel, and Australia, and in many US states. The legal availability of [...]

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Unifying Theories of Psychedelic Drug Effects, Link R. Swanson, 2018

Unifying Theories of Psychedelic Drug Effects Link R. Swanson Frontiers in Pharmacology, 2018, Volume 9, Article 172, 1-23 www.frontiersin.org (2 March 2018) doi: 10.3389/fphar.2018.00172   Abstract How do psychedelic drugs produce their characteristic range of acute effects in perception, emotion, cognition, and sense of self? How do these effects relate to the clinical efficacy of psychedelic-assisted therapies? Efforts to understand psychedelic phenomena date back more than a century in Western science. In this article I review theories of psychedelic drug effects and highlight key concepts which have endured over the last 125 years of psychedelic science. First, I describe the subjective phenomenology of acute psychedelic effects using [...]

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Associations between Adolescent Cannabis Use and Neuropsychological Decline : A Longitudinal Co-Twin Control Study, Madeline H. Meier et al., 2018

Associations between Adolescent Cannabis Use and Neuropsychological Decline : A Longitudinal Co-Twin Control Study Madeline H. Meier, Avshalom Caspi, Andrea Danese, Helen L. Fisher, Renate Houts, Louise Arseneault, & Terrie E. Moffitt Addiction. 2018, 113, (2), 257-265. doi: 10.1111/add.13946.   Abstract Aims : This study tested whether adolescents who used cannabis or met criteria for cannabis dependence showed neuropsychological impairment prior to cannabis initiation and neuropsychological decline from before to after cannabis initiation. Design : A longitudinal co-twin control study. Setting and Participants : Participants were 1,989 twins from the Environmental Risk (E-Risk) Longitudinal Twin Study, a nationally representative birth cohort of twins born in England and Wales [...]

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Retrouvez l’ensemble des interventions des 24es Rencontres du RESPADD – GRECC : Utilisation cliniques des cannabinoïdes, juin 2019

Retrouvez l’ensemble des interventions des 24es Rencontres du RESPADD - GRECC : Utilisation cliniques des cannabinoïdes, juin 2019 Sarah LEJCZAK "Utilisation du Marinol en France : enquête auprès des prescripteurs" Roland TUBIANA et Fabienne CABY "Infection VIH et cannabinoïdes, état des lieux et pistes en recherche clinique" Allison McKIM : "Addicted to rehab : race, gender and drugs in the era of mass incarceration" Fabrice Olivet : "Races et drogues, les termes du sujet" François BAILLY : "Le cannabidiol en traitement "anti-addictif" chez les patients alcooliques : l'étude Caramel" Julien AZUAR "Usage de CBD et maladie psychiatrique" Pierre CHAMPY : "Cannabis sativa, plante médicinale en France ?" Jean-Michel [...]

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