Catégorie : Dossiers scientifiques

Long-term effects of psychedelic drugs : A systematic review, Jacob S.Aday et al., 2020

Long-term effects of psychedelic drugs : A systematic review Jacob S.Adaya, Cayla M.Mitzkovitz, Emily K.Bloesch, Christopher C.Davoli, Alan K.Davis Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 2020. Doi : 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2020.03.017   A B S T R A C T Research into the basic effects and therapeutic applications of psychedelic drugs has grown considerably in recent years. Yet, pressing questions remain regarding the substances’ lasting effects. Although individual studies have begun monitoring sustained changes, no study to-date has synthesized this information. Therefore, this systematic review aims to fill this important gap in the literature by synthesizing results from 34 contemporary experimental studies which included classic psychedelics, human subjects, and follow-up [...]

Lire la suite

A Comparative Literature Survey of Psilocybin and LSD-25 Metabolism, Ian Joyce, 2017

A Comparative Literature Survey of Psilocybin and LSD-25 Metabolism Ian Joyce Capstone Project CHM 400 H Cal Poly Pomona, Winter 2017 | 1 - &ç   Psilocybin and lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD-25) are two of the most popular and well known psychedelic drugs. Although both of the compounds are currently illegal in the United States, a renewed interest has begun in recent years to examine and analyze these drugs for therapeutic use. This review analyzes the current research pertaining to the metabolism, biochemical pathways, receptor activity, biological signaling, physiological effects and the behavioral effects associated with both of these compounds. For psychedelic compounds to [...]

Lire la suite

Cannabis and cannabinoid drug development: evaluating botanical versus single molecule approaches, Marcel O. Bonn-Miller et al., 2018

Cannabis and cannabinoid drug development: evaluating botanical versus single molecule approaches Marcel O. Bonn-Miller, Mahmoud A. ElSohly, Mallory J. E. Loflin, Suman Chandra and Ryan Vandrey International Review of Psychiatry, 2018, VOL. 30, NO. 3, 277–284 Doi : 10.1080/09540261.2018.1474730   ABSTRACT Accumulating evidence suggests that the endocannabinoid system is a promising target for the treatment of a variety of health conditions. Two paths of cannabinoid drug development have emerged. One approach is focused on developing medications that are directly derived from the cannabis plant. The other utilizes a single molecule approach whereby individual phytocannabinoids or novel cannabinoids with therapeutic potential are identified and synthesized for pharmaceutical [...]

Lire la suite

CANNABIDIOL (CBD), Pre-Review Report, Agenda Item 5.2, Expert Committee on Drug Dependence, WHO, 2017

CANNABIDIOL (CBD), Pre-Review Report, Agenda Item 5.2 Expert Committee on Drug Dependence Thirty-ninth Meeting, Geneva, 6-10 November 2017 39th ECDD (2017) Agenda item 5.2 Cannabidiol (CBD) Contents Acknowledgements .................................................................................................................. 4 Summary ................................................................................................................................... 5 1. Substance identification ........................................................................................................ 6 A. International Nonproprietary Name (INN) .......................................................................... 6 B. Chemical Abstract Service (CAS) Registry Number .............................................................. 6 C. Other Chemical Names .......................................................................................................... 6 D. Trade Names .......................................................................................................................... 6 E. Street Names .......................................................................................................................... 6 F. Physical Appearance .............................................................................................................. 6 G. WHO Review History ............................................................................................................. 6 2. Chemistry ............................................................................................................................... 6 A. Chemical Name ...................................................................................................................... 6 B. Chemical Structure ................................................................................................................. 7 C. Stereoisomers ......................................................................................................................... 7 D. Methods and Ease of Illicit Manufacturing ............................................................................ 7 E. Chemical Properties ............................................................................................................... 9 F. Identification and Analysis ..................................................................................................... 9 3. Ease of [...]

Lire la suite

Neuroprotective Effect of Cannabidiol Against Hydrogen Peroxide in Hippocampal Neuron Culture, Jungnam Kim et al. 2020

Neuroprotective Effect of Cannabidiol Against Hydrogen Peroxide in Hippocampal Neuron Culture Jungnam Kim, Ji Yu Choi, Jeongyeon Seo, and Insung S. Choi Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, 2020,Volume X, Number X, Doi : 10.1089/can.2019.0102   Abstract Introduction: Reports on the neurotoxic and neuroprotective effects of cannabidiol (CBD) have not been in complete accord, showing different and somewhat contradictory results depending upon the brain cell types and experimental conditions employed. This work systematically examines the neuroprotective capability of CBD against oxidative stress (i.e., hydrogen peroxide [H2O2]) as well as its toxicity profile in the in vitro culture platform of primary hippocampal neurons. Materials and Methods: The low cell-density (100 neurons [...]

Lire la suite

Nonlinear Disposition and Metabolic Interactions of Cannabidiol Through CYP3A Inhibition In Vivo in Rats, Michiru Nagao et al., 2020

Nonlinear Disposition and Metabolic Interactions of Cannabidiol Through CYP3A Inhibition In Vivo in Rats Michiru Nagao, Yukako Nakano, Masataka Tajima, Erika Sugiyama, Vilasinee Hirunpanich Sato, Makoto Inada, and Hitoshi Sato Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, 2020, Volume X, Number X, 1-8. DOI: 10.1089/can.2019.0098   Abstract Introduction : Cannabidiol (CBD) is known to affect the pharmacokinetics of other drugs through metabolic inhibition of CYP2C19 and CYP3A4. However, there is a lack of in vivo evidence for such drug interactions. Therefore, we investigated the saturability of CBD metabolism and CBD-drug interactions through inhibition of CYP3A in vivo. Materials and Methods : A nanoemulsion formulation of CBD (CBD-NE) was orally administered to [...]

Lire la suite

Therapeutic Use of LSD in Psychiatry : A Systematic Review of Randomized- Controlled Clinical Trials, Juan Jose Fuentes et al., 2020

Therapeutic Use of LSD in Psychiatry : A Systematic Review of Randomized-Controlled Clinical Trials Juan José Fuentes, Francina Fonseca, Matilde Elices, Magí Farré and Marta Torrens Frontiers in Psychiatry, 2020, Vol 10, Article 943. doi : 10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00943   Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) was studied from the 1950s to the 1970s to evaluate behavioral and personality changes, as well as remission of psychiatric symptoms in various disorders. LSD was used in the treatment of anxiety, depression, psychosomatic diseases and addiction. However, most of the studies were not performed under contemporary standards, and it has taken several decades for a resurgence of interest in LSD research and [...]

Lire la suite

Acute and chronic effects of cannabinoids on effort-related decision-making and reward learning: an evaluation of the cannabis ‘amotivational’ hypotheses, Will Lawn et al., 2016

Acute and chronic effects of cannabinoids on effort-related decision-making and reward learning: an evaluation of the cannabis ‘amotivational’ hypotheses Will Lawn, Tom P. Freeman, Rebecca A. Pope, Alyssa Joye, Lisa Harvey, Chandni Hindocha, Claire Mokrysz, Abigail Moss, Matthew B. Wall, Michael A.P. Bloomfield, Ravi K. Das, Celia J.A. Morgan, David J. Nutt, H. Valerie Curran Psychopharmacology, 2016, 233, 3537–3552 Doi : 10.1007/s00213-016-4383-x   Abstract Rationale : Anecdotally, both acute and chronic cannabis use have been associated with apathy, amotivation, and other reward processing deficits. To date, empirical support for these effects is limited, and no previous studies have assessed both acute effects of Δ-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and [...]

Lire la suite

Cannabinoids in Pain Management and Palliative Medicine, Winfried Häuser et al., 2017

Cannabinoids in Pain Management and Palliative Medicine An Overview of Systematic Reviews and Prospective Observational Studies Winfried Häuser, Mary-Ann Fitzcharles, Lukas Radbruch, Frank Petzke The Deutsches Ärzteblatt International,  2017, 114, 627–634. Doi : 10.3238/arztebl.2017.0627   SUMMARY Background : There are conflicting interpretations of the evidence regarding the efficacy, tolerability, and safety of cannabinoids in pain management and palliative medicine. Methods : We conducted a systematic review (SR) of systematic reviews of randomized controlled trials (RCT) and prospective long-term observational studies of the use of cannabinoids in pain management and palliative medicine. Pertinent publications from January 2009 to January 2017 were retrieved by a selective search in the Cochrane [...]

Lire la suite

Marijuana use and coronary artery disease in young adults, Jeremy R. Burt et al., 2020

Marijuana use and coronary artery disease in young adults Jeremy R. Burt, Ali M. Agha, Basel Yacoub, Aryan Zahergivar, Julie Pepe PLoS ONE, 2020, 15, (1), e0228326, 1-8. Doi : 10.1371/journal.pone.0228326   Abstract Background Marijuana is the most popular drug of abuse in the United States. The association between its use and coronary artery disease has not yet been fully elucidated. This study aims to determine the frequency of coronary artery disease among young to middle aged adults presenting with chest pain who currently use marijuana as compared to nonusers. Methods In this retrospective study, 1,420 patients with chest pain or angina equivalent were studied. Only men between 18 [...]

Lire la suite