Catégorie : Dossiers scientifiques

Early Consumption of Cannabinoids : From Adult Neurogenesis to Behavior, Citlalli Netzahualcoyotzi et al., 2021

Early Consumption of Cannabinoids : From Adult Neurogenesis to Behavior Citlalli Netzahualcoyotzi, Luis Miguel Rodríguez-Serrano, María Elena Chávez-Hernández and Mario Humberto Buenrostro-Jáuregui International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2021, 22, 7450. doi : 10.3390/ijms22147450   Abstract The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is a crucial modulatory system in which interest has been increasing, particularly regarding the regulation of behavior and neuroplasticity. The adolescent–young adulthood phase of development comprises a critical period in the maturation of the nervous system and the ECS. Neurogenesis occurs in discrete regions of the adult brain, and this process is linked to the modulation of some behaviors. Since marijuana (cannabis) is the most consumed illegal [...]

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Cannabinoid Addiction: Behavioral Models and Neural Correlates, Rafael Maldonado et al., 2002

Cannabinoid Addiction: Behavioral Models and Neural Correlates Rafael Maldonado and Fernando Rodriguez de Fonseca The Journal of Neuroscience, 2002, 22, (9), 3326–3331. Abstract The use of cannabis sativa preparations as recreational drugs can be traced back to the earliest civilizations. However, animal models of cannabinoid addiction allowing the exploration of neural correlates of cannabinoid abuse have been developed only recently. We review these models and the role of the CB1 cannabinoid receptor, the main target of natural cannabinoids, and its interaction with opioid and dopamine transmission in reward circuits. Extensive reviews on the molecular basis of cannabinoid action are available elsewhere (Piomelli et al., [...]

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Cannabinoids and the endocannabinoid system in reward processing and addiction: from mechanisms to interventions, Rainer Spanagel, 2020

Cannabinoids and the endocannabinoid system in reward processing and addiction: from mechanisms to interventions Rainer Spanagel, PhD Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience, 2020, 22, (3), 241-250. doi : 10.31887/DCNS.2020.22.3/rspanagel   The last decades have seen a major gain in understanding the action of cannabinoids and the endocannabinoid system in reward processing and the development of addictive behavior. Cannabis-derived psychoactive compounds such as Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol and synthetic cannabinoids directly interact with the reward system and thereby have addictive properties. Cannabinoids induce their reinforcing properties by an increase in tonic dopamine levels through a cannabinoid type 1 (CB1) receptor–dependent mechanism within the ventral tegmental area. Cues that are conditioned [...]

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The (Poly)Pharmacology of Cannabidiol in Neurological and Neuropsychiatric Disorders : Molecular Mechanisms and Targets, Rosa Maria Vitale et al., 2021

The (Poly)Pharmacology of Cannabidiol in Neurological and Neuropsychiatric Disorders: Molecular Mechanisms and Targets Rosa Maria Vitale, Fabio Arturo Iannotti and Pietro Amodeo International journal of Molecular Sciences, 2021, 22, 4876, 1-20. Doi : 10.3390/ijms22094876   Abstract : Cannabidiol (CBD), the major nonpsychoactive Cannabis constituent, has been proposed for the treatment of a wide panel of neurological and neuropsychiatric disorders, including anxiety, schizophrenia, epilepsy and drug addiction due to the ability of its versatile scaffold to interact with diverse molecular targets that are not restricted to the endocannabinoid system. Albeit the molecular mechanisms responsible for the therapeutic effects of CBD have yet to be fully elucidated, many [...]

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Role of Cannabidiol in the Therapeutic Intervention for Substance Use Disorders, Francisco Navarrete et al., 2021

Role of Cannabidiol in the Therapeutic Intervention for Substance Use Disorders Francisco Navarrete, María Salud García-Gutiérrez, Ani Gasparyan, Amaya Austrich-Olivares and Jorge Manzanares Frontiers in Pharmacology, 2021, 12, Article 696010, 1-24. Doi : 10.3389/fphar.2021.626010   Drug treatments available for the management of substance use disorders (SUD) present multiple limitations in efficacy, lack of approved treatments or alarming relapse rates. These facts hamper the clinical outcome and the quality of life of the patients supporting the importance to develop new pharmacological agents. Lately, several reports suggest that cannabidiol (CBD) presents beneficial effects relevant for the management of neurological disorders such as epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s, or [...]

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Psychedelic Medicines for Mood Disorders. Current Evidence and Clinical Considerations, Jerome Sarris et al., 2022

Psychedelic Medicines for Mood Disorders Current Evidence and Clinical Considerations Jerome Sarris; Diego Pinzon Rubiano; Kimberley Day; Nicole L. Galvão-Coelho; Daniel Perkins Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 2022, 35, (1), 22-29. doi : 10.1097/YCO.0000000000000759 https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/964245   Abstract and Introduction Abstract Purpose of Review: Despite advances in treatment modalities for mood disorders over recent decades, further therapeutic options are still required. Increased research is occurring, with the pursuit of psychedelic-based pharmacotherapies for a range of mood disorders and other conditions. Recent Findings: Serotonergic psychedelics have been found to modulate brain networks underlying various psychiatric disorders, as well promoting neurogenesis and neuroplasticity. Randomized placebo-controlled trials have found psilocybin with psychological support effective at [...]

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Novel Treatment Approaches for Substance Use Disorders : Therapeutic Use of Psychedelics and the Role of Psychotherapy, Michael Koslowski et al., 2021

Novel Treatment Approaches for Substance Use Disorders : Therapeutic Use of Psychedelics and the Role of Psychotherapy Michael Koslowski, Matthew W. Johnson, Gerhard Gründer, Felix Betzler Current Addiction Reports, 2021, 1-11. doi : 10.1007/s40429-021-00401-8   Abstract Purpose of Review : The use of psychedelics in a therapeutical setting has been reported for the treatment of various diagnoses in recent years. However, as psychedelic substances are still commonly known for their (illicit) recreational use, it may seem counterintuitive to use psychedelic therapy to treat substance use disorders. This review aims to discuss how psychedelics can promote and intensify psychotherapeutic key processes, in different approaches like psychodynamic and [...]

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Molecular and Functional Imaging Studies of Psychedelic Drug Action in Animals and Humans, Paul Cumming et al., 2021

Molecular and Functional Imaging Studies of Psychedelic Drug Action in Animals and Humans Paul Cumming, Milan Scheidegger, Dario Dornbierer, Mikael Palner, Boris B. Quednow and Chantal Martin-Soelch Molecules, 2021, 26, 2451 doi : 10.3390/molecules26092451   Abstract : Hallucinogens are a loosely defined group of compounds including LSD, N,Ndimethyltryptamines, mescaline, psilocybin/psilocin, and 2,5-dimethoxy-4-methamphetamine (DOM), which can evoke intense visual and emotional experiences. We are witnessing a renaissance of research interest in hallucinogens, driven by increasing awareness of their psychotherapeutic potential. As such, we now present a narrative review of the literature on hallucinogen binding in vitro and ex vivo, and the various molecular imaging studies with positron [...]

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Cannabidiol EPIDYOLEX 100 mg/ml, solution buvable, Première évaluation, HAS, Commisssion de la Transparence, Avis 13 mai 2020

Cannabidiol EPIDYOLEX 100 mg/ml, solution buvable Première évaluation COMMISSION DE LA TRANSPARENCE AVIS 13 MAI 2020 Haute Autorité de Santé, HAS - Direction de l'Evaluation Médicale, Economique et de Santé Publique Avis définitif    L’essentiel Avis favorable au remboursement en association au clobazam dans le traitement des crises d’épilepsie associées au syndrome de Lennox-Gastaut (SLG) ou au syndrome de Dravet (SD), chez les patients de 2 ans et plus.  Quel progrès ? Un progrès thérapeutique dans le traitement des crises d’épilepsie associées au syndrome de Lennox-Gastaut ou au syndrome de Dravet, chez les patients de 2 ans et plus.  Quelle place dans la stratégie thérapeutique ? Crises d’épilepsie [...]

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Pharmacologie du Cannabidiol : Points de vigilance, conséquences et risques chez l’homme, Association Française des centres d’Addictovigilance : Pr Joëlle MICALLEF, Dr Anne BATISSE, Dr Bruno REVOL, décembre 2021

Pharmacologie du Cannabidiol : Points de vigilance, conséquences et risques chez l’homme Note rédigée par l’Association Française des centres d’Addictovigilance : Pr Joëlle MICALLEF, Dr Anne BATISSE, Dr Bruno REVOL, décembre 2021   Contexte Le Cannabidiol (CBD) est l’un des principaux phytocannabinoïdes présent dans Cannabis sativa, avec le THC. A ce jour, un seul produit contenant uniquement du CBD (nom de ce médicament Epidyolex®) est disponible sur le marché français, son Autorisation de Mise sur le Marché (AMM) lui conférant une indication médicale en association au clobazam dans le traitement des crises d’épilepsie associées au syndrome de Lennox-Gastaut ou au syndrome de Dravet, chez les [...]

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