Étiquette : psychothérapie

Cannabinoid Regulation of Fear and Anxiety : an Update, Eleni P. Papagianni & Carl W. Stevenson, 2019

Cannabinoid Regulation of Fear and Anxiety : an Update Eleni P. Papagianni & Carl W. Stevenson Current Psychiatry Reports, 2019, 21, 38 doi : 10.1007/s11920-019-1026-z   Abstract Purpose of Review : Anxiety- and trauma-related disorders are prevalent and debilitating mental illnesses associated with a significant socioeconomic burden. Current treatment approaches often have inadequate therapeutic responses, leading to symptom relapse. Here we review recent preclinical and clinical findings on the potential of cannabinoids as novel therapeutics for regulating fear and anxiety. Recent Findings : Evidence from preclinical studies has shown that the non-psychotropic phyto-cannabinoid cannabidiol and the endocannabinoid anandamide have acute anxiolytic effects and also regulate learned fear [...]

Lire la suite

Patient Experiences of Psilocybin-Assisted Psychotherapy : An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis, Alexander B. Belser et al., 2017

Patient Experiences of Psilocybin-Assisted Psychotherapy : An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis Alexander B. Belser, Gabrielle Agin-Liebes, T. Cody Swift, Sara Terrana, Neşe Devenot, Harris L. Friedman, Jeffrey Guss, Anthony Bossis and Stephen Ross Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 2017, 1 –35 Doi : 10.1177/0022167817706884 journals.sagepub.com/home/jhp   Abstract The psychological mechanisms of action involved in psilocybin-assisted psychotherapy are not yet well understood. Despite a resurgence of quantitative research regarding psilocybin, the current study is the first qualitative study of participant experiences in psilocybin-assisted psychotherapy. Semistructured interviews were carried out with 13 adult participants aged 22 to 69 years (M = 50 years) with clinically elevated anxiety associated with a cancer [...]

Lire la suite

Emerging from the dark side : new therapeutic applications of scheduled psychoactive substances, Edward James et al., 2019

Emerging from the dark side : new therapeutic applications of scheduled psychoactive substances Edward James, Thomas L Robertshaw & Andrew D Westwell Future Medical Chemistry, 2019 Doi : 10.4155/fmc-2018-0447 C  -  ISSN 1756-8919   “Public and mainstream scientific perceptions of these substances are shifting, and it is not difficult to envision a future in which MDMA and psilocybin play a role in contemporary medicine.” Keywords : harm reduction • healthcare • MDMA • positive psychology • psilocybin • psychoactive • psychotherapy   The discovery and development of new medicines occupies years of painstaking and expensive scientific work, with multidisciplinary teams working together in the hope of developing a [...]

Lire la suite

Psilocybin-assisted therapy for depression : How do we advance the field ?, Sally E Meikle et al., 2019

Psilocybin-assisted therapy for depression : How do we advance the field ? Sally E Meikle, Paul Liknaitzky, Susan L Rossell, Margaret Ross, Nigel Strauss, Neil Thomas, Greg Murray, Martin Williams, David J Castle Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 2019, 1–7 Doi : 10.1177/0004867419888575   Abstract In the quest for new treatment options for depression, attention is being paid to the potential role of psychedelic drugs. Psilocybin is of particular interest given its mechanism of action, its benefits in early trials and its relatively low side effects burden. This viewpoint outlines a number of key issues that remain to be elucidated about its potential use [...]

Lire la suite

Psychedelics and music : neuroscience and therapeutic implications, Frederick S. Barrett et al., 2018

Psychedelics and music : neuroscience and therapeutic implications Frederick S. Barrett, Katrin H. Preller & Mendel Kaelen International Review of Psychiatry, 2018 https://doi.org/10.1080/09540261.2018.1484342   ABSTRACT From the beginning of therapeutic research with psychedelics, music listening has been consistently used as a method to guide or support therapeutic experiences during the acute effects of psychedelic drugs. Recent findings point to the potential of music to support meaning-making, emotionality, and mental imagery after the administration of psychedelics, and suggest that music plays an important role in facilitating positive clinical outcomes of psychedelic therapy. This review explores the history of, contemporary research on, and future directions regarding the use [...]

Lire la suite

Tribune pour l’expérimentation des psychédéliques en médecine, contre la dépression, l’anxiété, les addictions et pour les soins palliatifs, Société Psychédélique Française, 2019

Tribune pour l’expérimentation des psychédéliques en médecine, contre la dépression, l’anxiété, les addictions et pour les soins palliatifs. Société Psychédélique Française, novembre 2019   D’après l’Organisation mondiale de la santé, une personne sur quatre dans le monde sera affectée à un moment donné de sa vie par des troubles mentaux ou neurologiques. Or, après des décennies d’oubli, nous assistons en dehors de nos frontières à un regain de la recherche clinique psychothérapeutique sur les psychédéliques et au développement de thérapies novatrices impliquant ces substances. Les psychédéliques sont des composés, issus du monde vivant ou de la chimie, provoquant des effets analogues sur le psychisme [...]

Lire la suite

Chapter 8 : Pilgrimage to the Light ? On the Threshold of a Dream: Sacred Plants, Passionate Dedication to Ideals, and Healing, Richard Yensen, 2015

Chapter 8 : Pilgrimage to the Light ? On the Threshold of a Dream: Sacred Plants, Passionate Dedication to Ideals, and Healing Richard Yensen January 2015 https://www.researchgate.net/publication/282132139   The desire to incorporate ancient healing practices with sacred plants into modern medicine has been a central passion of my career as a clinician and psychedelic researcher for over 40 years. During that time Mexico has offered me friendship, collegiality, adventure, and wonder. At times I have felt when visiting first Nations in Mexico like I was stepping back into ancient times. The wonder and honor of knowing Maria Sabina, Don Ricardo, Niuweme, and other healers and [...]

Lire la suite

Emerging from the dark side : new therapeutic applications of scheduled psychoactive substances, Edward James et al., 2019

Emerging from the dark side : new therapeutic applications of scheduled psychoactive substances Edward James, Thomas L. Robertshaw & Andrew D. Westwell Future medicinal chemistry, February 2019 Doi : 10.4155/fmc-2018-0447   Keywords : harm reduction • healthcare • MDMA • positive psychology • psilocybin • psychoactive • psychotherapy The discovery and development of new medicines occupies years of painstaking and expensive scientific work, with multidisciplinary teams working together in the hope of developing a new chemical entity that outperforms the current standard of care within the chosen disease setting. Once optimized in the laboratory and achieving acceptable regulatory preclinical benchmarks, years of clinical evaluation are required [...]

Lire la suite

Why Psychiatry Needs 3,4 Methylenedioxymethamphetamine : A Child Psychiatrist’s Perspective, Ben SESSA, 2017

Why Psychiatry Needs 3,4 Methylenedioxymeth-amphetamine : A Child Psychiatrist’s Perspective Ben SESSA Neurotherapeutics, 2017, 14, (3), 741-749. doi:10.1007/s13311-017-0531-1 Abstract Since the late 1980s the psychoactive drug 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) has had a well-known history as the recreationally used drug ecstasy. What is less well known by the public is that MDMA started its life as a therapeutic agent and that in recent years an increasing amount of clinical research has been undertaken to revisit the drug’s medical potential. MDMA has unique pharmacological properties that translate well to its proposed agent to assist trauma-focused psychotherapy. Psychological trauma—especially that which arises early in life from child abuse—underpins many [...]

Lire la suite

Assessment of the Psychotherapeutic Effects of Ritual Ayahuasca Use on Drug Dependency : A Pilot Study, Xavier Fernández et al., 2014

Assessment of the Psychotherapeutic Effects of Ritual Ayahuasca Use on Drug Dependency : A Pilot Study Xavier Fernández, Rafael Guimarães dos Santos, Marta Cutchet, Sabela Fondevila, Débora González, Miguel Ángel Alcázar, Jordi Riba, José Carlos Bouso, Josep María Fábregas, Xavier Fernández, Rafael Guimarães dos Santos in "The Therapeutic Use of Ayahuasca", Chapter 11, 183-196 Beatriz Caiuby LABATE, Clancy CAVNAR Editors, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014 First Online: 23 November 2013 Abstract Using personality, psychopathology, and neuropsychological assessment instruments, our team assessed the therapeutic effects of an ayahuasca ritual treatment. Data was collected at the Institute of Applied Amazonian Ethnopsychology (IDEAA), in the Brazilian Amazon Basin. Psychological assessments [...]

Lire la suite