Étiquette : psychothérapie

Effects of a Psychedelic, Tropical Tea, Ayahuasca, on the Electroencephalographic (EEG) Activity of the Human Brain during a Shamanistic Ritual, Erik Hoffmann et al., 2001

Effects of a Psychedelic, Tropical Tea, Ayahuasca, on the Electroencephalographic (EEG) Activity of the Human Brain during a Shamanistic Ritual Erik Hoffmann, Jan M. Keppel Hesselink, Yatra-W.M. da Silveira Barbosa MAPS Bulletin, Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies, USA, Spring 2001, pp 25-30   Abstract Eight channels of EEG from 12 volunteers participating in a workshop in Brazil were recorded under field conditions before and after a shamanistic ritual in which the psychoactive tea, ayahuasca, was consumed. Following three doses of the tea, the subjects showed strong and statistically significant increases of both EEG alpha (8-13Hz) and theta (4-8Hz) mean amplitudes compared to baseline while beta [...]

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The Therapeutic Potentials of Ayahuasca : Possible Effects against Various Diseases of Civilization, Ede Frecska et al., 2016

The Therapeutic Potentials of Ayahuasca : Possible Effects against Various Diseases of Civilization Ede Frecska, Petra Bokor and Michael Winkelman Frontiers in Pharmacology, 2016, Vol 7, Article 35, 1-17. doi: 10.3389/fphar.2016.00035   Ayahuasca is an Amazonian psychoactive brew of two main components. Its active agents are b-carboline and tryptamine derivatives. As a sacrament, ayahuasca is still a central element of many healing ceremonies in the Amazon Basin and its ritual consumption has become common among the mestizo populations of South America. Ayahuasca use amongst the indigenous people of the Amazon is a form of traditional medicine and cultural psychiatry. During the last two decades, the [...]

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Consideration of Ayahuasca for the Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Jessica L. NIELSON, & Julie D. MEGLER, 2012

Consideration of Ayahuasca for the Treatment of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Jessica L. NIELSON, & Julie D. MEGLER MAPS Bulletin Annual Report, Winter 2012, 29-31.   THERE IS A GROWING AMOUNT OF RESEARCH on the development of PTSD and its various treatments. The fact that many people who su!er from PTSD struggle with the currently approved therapeutic options that are available to them suggests that we need to start exploring alternative strategies to treat this disorder.1 With the large number of veterans returning home from war that may have or will develop PTSD, we must have a diverse framework of therapy and integration in place [...]

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A Psychotherapeutic View on the Therapeutic Effects of Ritual Ayahuasca Use in the Treatment of Addiction, Anja LOIZAGA-VELDER, 2013

A Psychotherapeutic View on the Therapeutic Effects of Ritual Ayahuasca Use in the Treatment of Addiction Anja LOIZAGA-VELDER MAPS Bulletin Special Edition, Spring 2013, 36-40.   Ayahuasca is a traditional plant preparation of the Amazon basin with psychoactive properties. In recent decades ayahuasca has gained the attention of researchers in multiple disciplines worldwide due to its acclaimed therapeutic and spiritual qualities. It is an admixture of two plants : the harmaline containing vine Banisteriopsis caapi, and the DMT-containing leafs from the Psychotria viridis bush. It is typically administered by a trained expert in a ritual context. The use of ayahuasca has spread beyond the Amazon [...]

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You Have a Constitutional Right to Psychedelics. Academic Freedom, Personal Conscience, and Psychotechnologies, Thomas B. Roberts , 2016

  Chapter 1 : You Have a Constitutional Right to Psychedelics. Academic Freedom, Personal Conscience, and Psychotechnologies Thomas B. Roberts From: Ellens, H. J. & T. B. Roberts. 2015. The Psychedelic Policy Quagmire: Health, Law, Freedom, and Society. Santa Barbara, CA. ABC-CLIO. Author’s note: This also applies to the European Charter of Human Rights and to similar national and international statements. Added Mar. 16, 2016.   The problem : we do not suppress books and the ideas they contain; we do suppress psychedelic mindstates and the ideas they contain. Censorship is the issue of contention here: intellectual censorship. In this chapter, we’ll spot the single-state fallacy as [...]

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Nabiximols combined with motivational enhancement/cognitive behavioral therapy for the treatment of cannabis dependence : A pilot randomized clinical trial, Jose M. Trigo et al., 2018

Nabiximols combined with motivational enhancement/cognitive behavioral therapy for the treatment of cannabis dependence : A pilot randomized clinical trial Jose M. Trigo, Alexandra Soliman, Lena C. Quilty, Benedikt Fischer, JuÈrgen Rehm, Peter Selby, Allan J. Barnes11¤a, Marilyn A. Huestis, Tony P. George, David L. Streiner, Gregory Staios, Bernard Le Foll PLoS ONE, 2018, 13, (1), e0190768. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0190768   Abstract Background The current lack of pharmacological treatments for cannabis use disorder (CUD) warrants novel approaches and further investigation of promising pharmacotherapy. We previously showed that nabiximols (27 mg/ml Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)/ 25 mg/ml cannabidiol (CBD), Sativex®) can decrease cannabis withdrawal symptoms. Here, we assessed in a pilot study the [...]

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Psychedelic Elephant, Peter Webster, 2019

Psychedelic Elephant A critique of psychedelic research Peter Webster juillet 2019 https://www.researchgate.net/search.Search.html?type=researcher&query=Psychedelic%20Elephant   My title might lead some who are old enough to remember the incident 1 2 to expect from this essay an indictment of the idiots who conducted the "scientific research" during which an elephant was clearly murdered.3 It is always great fun to expose foolishness and willful ignorance. But unfortunately, psychedelic research in those days, the 1950s and 1960s, attracted no small number of other scientists who, at least in retrospect, could also be called idiots. Jean Houston (1967) has described one of her initial observations of LSD administration. The subject was told by [...]

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Expanding the Scientific Study of Self-Experience with Psychedelics, Manesh Girn and Kalina Christoff, 2018

Expanding the Scientific Study of Self-Experience with Psychedelics Manesh Girn and Kalina Christoff Journal of Consciousness Studies, 2018, 25, (11–12), 131–54 Abstract : The nature of the self has long been a topic of discussion in philosophical and religious contexts, and has recently also garnered significant scientific attention. Although evidence exists to suggest the multifaceted nature of self-experience, the amount of research done on each of its putative components has not been uniform. Whereas selfreflective processing has been studied extensively, non-reflective aspects of self-experience have been the subject of comparatively little empirical research. This discrepancy may be linked to the methodological difficulties in experimentally [...]

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The Influence of Psychedelic Induced Ego-Dissolution on Self-Compassion, Kevin Allan Stansbury, 2019

The Influence of Psychedelic Induced Ego-Dissolution on Self-Compassion Kevin Allan Stansbury B.A., 2011, California State University, Dominguez Hills, May 2019 A THESIS Presented to the School of Social Work California State University, Long Beach In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Master of Social Work   Abstract Prior research has shown that psychedelic induced ego-dissolution mediates therapeutic outcomes and enhances well-being. The experience of psychedelics has been shown to increase certain mindfulness capacities. A cross-sectional descriptive study was implemented in an online community to examine the relationship between psychedelic induced ego-dissolution and self-compassion in adults who have used psychedelics in the past. This study also [...]

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Acute Effects of Lysergic Acid Diethylamide in Healthy Subjects, Yasmin Schmid et al., 2014,

Acute Effects of Lysergic Acid Diethylamide in Healthy Subjects Yasmin Schmid, Florian Enzler, Peter Gasser, Eric Grouzmann, Katrin H. Preller, Franz X. Vollenweider, Rudolf Brenneisen, Felix Müller, Stefan Borgwardt, and Matthias E. Liechti Biological Psychiatry, 2014, Vol. 78, 8, 544-553 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsych.2014.11.015   ABSTRACT BACKGROUND : After no research in humans for .40 years, there is renewed interest in using lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) in clinical psychiatric research and practice. There are no modern studies on the subjective and autonomic effects of LSD, and its endocrine effects are unknown. In animals, LSD disrupts prepulse inhibition (PPI) of the acoustic startle response, and patients with schizophrenia exhibit similar [...]

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