Étiquette : psychothérapie

Legalizing MDMA-Assisted Psychotherapy for the Treatment of Trauma-Related Mental Health Disorders, Prakash THAMBIPILLAI, 2021

Legalizing MDMA-Assisted Psychotherapy for the Treatment of Trauma-Related Mental Health Disorders Prakash THAMBIPILLAI Revue YOUR,  2021, Review 8, 51-61   3, 4–methylenedioxymethamphetamine, or MDMA as it is commonly known, is classified as a “Schedule 1” substance in Canada and the United States. For decades, the compound has been shrouded by the stigma of being a dangerous party drug thought to kill brain cells and be severely addictive. However, when it was originally discovered, it was experimentally used in clinical settings as an adjunct to therapy. This idea is now resurfacing as researchers are turning back to MDMA as an innovative way to treat trauma-related [...]

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Acute and Sustained Reductions in Loss of Meaning and Suicidal Ideation Following Psilocybin-Assisted Psychotherapy for Psychiatric and Existential Distress in Life-Threatening Cancer, Stephen Ross et al., 2021

Acute and Sustained Reductions in Loss of Meaning and Suicidal Ideation Following Psilocybin-Assisted Psychotherapy for Psychiatric and Existential Distress in Life-Threatening Cancer Stephen Ross, Gabrielle Agin-Liebes, Sharon Lo, Richard J. Zeifman, Leila Ghazal, Julia Benville, Silvia Franco Corso, Christian Bjerre Real, Jeffrey Guss, Anthony Bossis, and Sarah E. Mennenga ACS Pharmacology & Translational Science, 2021, 4, 553−562. doi : 10.1021/acsptsci.1c00020   ABSTRACT: People with advanced cancer are at heightened risk of desire for hastened death (DHD), suicidal ideation (SI), and completed suicide. Loss of Meaning (LoM), a component of demoralization, can be elevated by a cancer diagnosis and predicts DHD and SI in this population. We completed [...]

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Efficacy and safety of psilocybin-assisted treatment for major depressive disorder : Prospective 12-month follow-up, Natalie Gukasyan et al., 2022

Efficacy and safety of psilocybin-assisted treatment for major depressive disorder : Prospective 12-month follow-up Natalie Gukasyan, Alan K Davis, Frederick S Barrett, Mary P Cosimano, Nathan D Sepeda, Matthew W Johnson and Roland R Griffiths Journal of Psychopharmacology, 2022, Vol. 36(2) 151–158. Doi : 10.1177/02698811211073759   Abstract Background : Preliminary data suggest that psilocybin-assisted treatment produces substantial and rapid antidepressant effects in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD), but little is known about long-term outcomes. Aims : This study sought to examine the efficacy and safety of psilocybin through 12 months in participants with moderate to severe MDD who received psilocybin. Methods : This randomized, waiting-list controlled study [...]

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Psychedelic-Assisted Group Therapy : A Systematic Review, Alexander Trope et al., 2019

Psychedelic-Assisted Group Therapy : A Systematic Review Alexander Trope, Brian T. Anderson, Andrew R. Hooker, Giancarlo Glick, Christopher Stauffer, Joshua D. Woolley Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, 2019, 51, (2) 174–188. doi : 10.1080/02791072.2019.1593559 Abstract Contemporary research with classic psychedelic drugs (e.g. lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) and psilocybin) is indebted to the 20th century researchers and clinicians who generated valuable clinical knowledge of these substances through experimentation. Several recent reviews that highlight the contributions of this early literature have focused on psychedelic-assisted individual psychotherapy modalities. None have attempted to systematically identify and compile experimental studies of psychedelic-assisted group therapy. In therapeutic settings, psychedelics were often used [...]

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Future Directions for Clinical Psychedelic Research : The Relaxed Symptom Network, Evan Lewis-Healey et al., 2021

Future Directions for Clinical Psychedelic Research : The Relaxed Symptom Network Evan Lewis-Healey, Ruben Laukkonen , Michiel van Elk Pre-Print, May 2021 Doi : 10.31234/osf.io/q3ymd Abstract Recent clinical trials have demonstrated that psilocybin may have strong antidepressant effects, and may be effective in the treatment of depressive disorders when embedded in a psychotherapeutic protocol (psychedelic-assisted psychotherapy; PAP). There are now dozens of registered and ongoing clinical trials that intend to test for the efficacy of psilocybin within a psychotherapeutic protocol. Despite promising results, the mechanism(s) that may be responsible for the antidepressant effects of PAP are still hotly contested. In this paper, we provide a [...]

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Learning to Let Go : A Cognitive-Behavioral Model of How Psychedelic Therapy Promotes Acceptance, Max Wolf et al., 2020

Learning to Let Go : A Cognitive-Behavioral Model of How Psychedelic Therapy Promotes Acceptance Max Wolff, Ricarda Evens, Lea J. Mertens, Michael Koslowski, Felix Betzler, Gerhard Gründer and Henrik Jungaberle Frontiers in Psychiatry, February 2020 | Volume 11 | Article 5, 1-13. doi : 10.3389/fpsyt.2020.00005   The efficacy of psychedelic-assisted therapies for mental disorders has been attributed to the lasting change from experiential avoidance to acceptance that these treatments appear to facilitate. This article presents a conceptual model that specifies potential psychological mechanisms underlying such change, and that shows substantial parallels between psychedelic therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy: We propose that in the carefully controlled [...]

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Novel Treatment Approaches for Substance Use Disorders : Therapeutic Use of Psychedelics and the Role of Psychotherapy, Michael Koslowski et al., 2021

Novel Treatment Approaches for Substance Use Disorders : Therapeutic Use of Psychedelics and the Role of Psychotherapy Michael Koslowski, Matthew W. Johnson, Gerhard Gründer, Felix Betzler Current Addiction Reports, 2021, 1-11. doi : 10.1007/s40429-021-00401-8   Abstract Purpose of Review : The use of psychedelics in a therapeutical setting has been reported for the treatment of various diagnoses in recent years. However, as psychedelic substances are still commonly known for their (illicit) recreational use, it may seem counterintuitive to use psychedelic therapy to treat substance use disorders. This review aims to discuss how psychedelics can promote and intensify psychotherapeutic key processes, in different approaches like psychodynamic and [...]

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L’évaluation et l’efficacité des psychothérapies psychanalytiques et de la psychanalyse, Thomas Rabeyron, 2021

L’évaluation et l’efficacité des psychothérapies psychanalytiques et de la psychanalyse The evaluation and the efficacy of psychoanalytical therapies and psychoanalysis Thomas Rabeyron L’Évolution Psychiatrique, 2021, 86, 3, 455-488 Doi : 10.1016/j.evopsy.2020.07.003   Résumé Objectif. – Cet article propose une revue de littérature concernant l’évaluation et l’efficacité des psychothérapies psychanalytiques et de la psychanalyse (PPP). Méthode. – Après avoir proposé une vue d’ensemble de l’évaluation des psychothérapies, nous reprenons les travaux portant sur l’évaluation empirique et quantitative des PPP avant de nous centrer sur leur évaluation qualitative et processuelle.Résultats. – Les résultats des études menées en ce domaine démontrent que les psychothérapies sont efficaces aussi bien sur le court [...]

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Evolution historique et place du concept de psychothérapie dans les thérapies psychédéliques. Revue de la Littérature, Christian Sueur, Colloque ATHS, Biarritz, 22 octobre 2021.

Evolution historique et place du concept de psychothérapie dans les thérapies psychédéliques. Revue de la Littérature.   Colloque ATHS, Biarritz, 22 octobre 2021.     Dr Christian SUEUR Psychiatre, addictologue, praticien hospitalier Président du GRECC     Nous allons, dans une revue de la littérature sur la médecine psychédélique, tenter de repérer les concepts intégrés dans la sémantique employée dans cette littérature, et l’évolution de la notion de psychothérapie, au cours de l’histoire : au début des années 1950 1960, le concept de « thérapie psychédélique » n’existe pas : les thérapies sont intimement liées à administration de LSD (et dans une moindre mesure de mescaline), et, soit il s’agit d’observations cliniques, psychiatrique avec peu [...]

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LSD, madness and healing : Mystical experiences as possible link between psychosis model and therapy model, Isabel Wießner et al., 2021

LSD, madness and healing : Mystical experiences as possible link between psychosis model and therapy model Isabel Wießner, Marcelo Falchi, Fernanda Palhano-Fontes, Amanda Feilding, Sidarta Ribeiro and Luís Fernando Tófoli Psychological Medicine, 2021, 1-15. Doi : 10.1017/S0033291721002531   Abstract Background : For a century, psychedelics have been investigated as models of psychosis for demonstrating phenomenological similarities with psychotic experiences and as therapeutic models for treating depression, anxiety, and substance use disorders. This study sought to explore this paradoxical relationship connecting key parameters of the psychotic experience, psychotherapy, and psychedelic experience. Methods : In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover design, 24 healthy volunteers received 50 μg D-lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) or inactive placebo. [...]

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