Étiquette : cannabidiol

Cannabidiol as a Therapeutic Alternative for Post-traumatic Stress Disorder : From Bench Research to Confirmation in Human Trials, Rafael M. Bitencourt and Reinaldo N. Takahashi, 2018

Cannabidiol as a Therapeutic Alternative for Post-traumatic Stress Disorder : From Bench Research to Confirmation in Human Trials Rafael M. Bitencourt and Reinaldo N. Takahashi Frontiers in Neuroscience, 2018, 12, 502, 1-10. Doi : 10.3389/fnins.2018.00502   Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is characterized by poor adaptation to a traumatic experience. This disorder affects approximately 10% of people at some point in life. Current pharmacological therapies for PTSD have been shown to be inefficient and produce considerable side effects. Since the discovery of the involvement of the endocannabinoid (eCB) system in emotional memory processing, pharmacological manipulation of eCB signaling has become a therapeutic possibility for the treatment of [...]

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The (Poly)Pharmacology of Cannabidiol in Neurological and Neuropsychiatric Disorders : Molecular Mechanisms and Targets, Rosa Maria Vitale et al., 2021

The (Poly)Pharmacology of Cannabidiol in Neurological and Neuropsychiatric Disorders: Molecular Mechanisms and Targets Rosa Maria Vitale, Fabio Arturo Iannotti and Pietro Amodeo International journal of Molecular Sciences, 2021, 22, 4876, 1-20. Doi : 10.3390/ijms22094876   Abstract : Cannabidiol (CBD), the major nonpsychoactive Cannabis constituent, has been proposed for the treatment of a wide panel of neurological and neuropsychiatric disorders, including anxiety, schizophrenia, epilepsy and drug addiction due to the ability of its versatile scaffold to interact with diverse molecular targets that are not restricted to the endocannabinoid system. Albeit the molecular mechanisms responsible for the therapeutic effects of CBD have yet to be fully elucidated, many [...]

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Cannabidiol as a Treatment for Mood Disorders : A Systematic Review – Le cannabidiol comme traitement des troubles de l’humeur : une revue systématique, Jairo Vinicius Pinto et al., 2020,

Cannabidiol as a Treatment for Mood Disorders : A Systematic Review Le cannabidiol comme traitement des troubles de l’humeur : une revue systématique Jairo Vinicius Pinto, MD, Gayatri Saraf, MD, Christian Frysch, MD, Daniel Vigo, MD, DrPH, Kamyar Keramatian, MD, MSc, FRCPC, Trisha Chakrabarty, MD, Raymond W. Lam, MD, Marcia Kauer-Sant’Anna, MD, PhD, and Lakshmi N. Yatham, MBBS, FRCPC The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry /La Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie, 2020, Vol. 65, (4), 213-227. Doi : 10.1177/0706743719895195   Abstract Objective : To review the current evidence for efficacy of cannabidiol in the treatment of mood disorders. Methods : We systematically searched PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, PsychInfo, Scielo, [...]

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Cannabidiol as a treatment for craving and relapse inindividuals with cocaine use disorder: a randomizedplacebo-controlled trial, Violaine Mongeau-Pérusse, et al., 2021

Cannabidiol as a treatment for craving and relapse inindividuals with cocaine use disorder: a randomized placebo-controlled trial Violaine Mongeau-Pérusse, Suzanne Brissette, Julie Bruneau, Patricia Conrod, Simon Dubreucq, Guillaume Gazil, EmmanuelStip & DidierJutras-Aswad Addiction, 2021, 116, (9), 1-12. Doi : 10.1111/add.15417   ABSTRACT Background and Aims : Cocaine use disorder (CUD) is a significant public health concern for which no efficacious phar-macologicalinterventionsare available. Cannabidiol (CBD) has attracted considerable interest as a promisingtreatmentforaddiction. This study tested CBD efficacy for reducing craving and preventing relapse in people with CUD.DesignSingle-site double-blind randomized controlled superiority trial comparing CBD with placebo. Setting and Participants : Centre Hospitalier de l’Université de Montréal, Canada. Seventy-eight [...]

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Role of Cannabidiol in the Therapeutic Intervention for Substance Use Disorders, Francisco Navarrete et al., 2021

Role of Cannabidiol in the Therapeutic Intervention for Substance Use Disorders Francisco Navarrete, María Salud García-Gutiérrez, Ani Gasparyan, Amaya Austrich-Olivares and Jorge Manzanares Frontiers in Pharmacology, 2021, 12, Article 696010, 1-24. Doi : 10.3389/fphar.2021.626010   Drug treatments available for the management of substance use disorders (SUD) present multiple limitations in efficacy, lack of approved treatments or alarming relapse rates. These facts hamper the clinical outcome and the quality of life of the patients supporting the importance to develop new pharmacological agents. Lately, several reports suggest that cannabidiol (CBD) presents beneficial effects relevant for the management of neurological disorders such as epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s, or [...]

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Pharmacologie du Cannabidiol : Points de vigilance, conséquences et risques chez l’homme, Association Française des centres d’Addictovigilance : Pr Joëlle MICALLEF, Dr Anne BATISSE, Dr Bruno REVOL, décembre 2021

Pharmacologie du Cannabidiol : Points de vigilance, conséquences et risques chez l’homme Note rédigée par l’Association Française des centres d’Addictovigilance : Pr Joëlle MICALLEF, Dr Anne BATISSE, Dr Bruno REVOL, décembre 2021   Contexte Le Cannabidiol (CBD) est l’un des principaux phytocannabinoïdes présent dans Cannabis sativa, avec le THC. A ce jour, un seul produit contenant uniquement du CBD (nom de ce médicament Epidyolex®) est disponible sur le marché français, son Autorisation de Mise sur le Marché (AMM) lui conférant une indication médicale en association au clobazam dans le traitement des crises d’épilepsie associées au syndrome de Lennox-Gastaut ou au syndrome de Dravet, chez les [...]

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CANNABIDIOL (CBD) : Critical Review Report, WHO, 2018

CANNABIDIOL (CBD) : Critical Review Report, WHO, 2018 Expert Committee on Drug Dependence Fortieth Meeting Geneva, 4-7 June 2018   Contents Acknowledgements .................................................................................................................. 4 Summary................................................................................................................................... 5 1. Substance identification ........................................................................................................ 6 A. International Nonproprietary Name (INN) ............................................................................ 6 B. Chemical Abstract Service (CAS) Registry Number .............................................................. 6 C. Other Chemical Names .......................................................................................................... 6 D. Trade Names .......................................................................................................................... 6 E. Street Names........................................................................................................................... 6 F. Physical Appearance.............................................................................................................. 6 G. WHO Review History ............................................................................................................. 6 2. Chemistry ............................................................................................................................... 6 A. Chemical Name ...................................................................................................................... 6 B. Chemical Structure................................................................................................................. 7 C. Stereoisomers ......................................................................................................................... 7 D. Methods and Ease of Illicit Manufacturing............................................................................ 7 E. Chemical Properties............................................................................................................... 9 F. Identification and Analysis ..................................................................................................... 9 3. Ease of Convertibility Into Controlled Substances ............................................................ 10 4. General Pharmacology........................................................................................................ 11 A. Routes of administration and [...]

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Real life Experience of Medical Cannabis Treatment in Autism : Analysis of Safety and Efficacy, Lihi Bar-Lev Schleider et al., 2019

Real life Experience of Medical Cannabis Treatment in Autism : Analysis of Safety and Efficacy Lihi Bar-Lev Schleider, Raphael Mechoulam, Naama Saban, Gal Meiri & Victor Novack Scientific Reports, Nature.com, 2019, 9, 200, 1-7 Doi : 10.1038/s41598-018-37570-y   There has been a dramatic increase in the number of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) worldwide. Recently anecdotal evidence of possible therapeutic effects of cannabis products has emerged. The aim of this study is to characterize the epidemiology of ASD patients receiving medical cannabis treatment and to describe its safety and efficacy. We analysed the data prospectively collected as part of the treatment program of [...]

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Current state of evidence of cannabis utilization for treatment of autism spectrum disorders, Rumi Agarwal et al., 2019

Current state of evidence of cannabis utilization for treatment of autism spectrum disorders Rumi Agarwal, Shanna L. Burke and Marlaina Maddux BMC Psychiatry, 2019, 19, 328 Doi : 10.1186/s12888-019-2259-4   Abstract The core symptoms and co-morbidities associated with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) affect daily living and quality of life. Existing pharmacological interventions are only able to attenuate some related symptoms but are unable to address the underlying etiologies associated with ASD. Anecdotal evidence, which claims benefit from the use of cannabis to treat symptoms among this population, has been gaining popularity as families seek solutions. This paper analyzed recent peer-reviewed literature to identify the current state of [...]

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The effect of cannabidiol (CBD) on low-frequency activity and functional connectivity in the brain of adults with and without autism spectrum disorder (ASD), Charlotte M Pretzsch et al., 2019

The effect of cannabidiol (CBD) on low-frequency activity and functional connectivity in the brain of adults with and without autism spectrum disorder (ASD) Charlotte M. Pretzsch, Bogdan Voinescu, Maria A. Mendez, Robert Wichers, Laura Ajram, Glynis Ivin, Martin Heasman, Steven Williams, Declan GM Murphy, Eileen Daly and Gráinne M. McAlonan Journal of Psychopharmacology, 2019, Vol. 33, (9), 1141–1148 Doi : 10.1177/0269881119858306   Abstract Background : The potential benefits of cannabis and its major non-intoxicating component cannabidiol (CBD) are attracting attention, including as a potential treatment in neurodevelopmental disorders such as autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, the neural action of CBD, and its relevance to ASD, remains [...]

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