Étiquette : cannabidiol

5-HT1A receptors are involved in the cannabidiol-induced attenuation of behavioural and cardiovascular responses to acute restraint stress in rats, Leonardo B.M. Resstel et al., 2009

5-HT1A receptors are involved in the cannabidiol-induced attenuation of behavioural and cardiovascular responses to acute restraint stress in rats Leonardo B.M. Resstel, Rodrigo F. Tavares, Sabrina F.S. Lisboa, Sâmia R.L. Joca, Fernando M.A. Corrêa and Francisco S. Guimarães British Journal of Pharmacology, 2009, 156, 181–188; doi : 10.1111/j.1476-5381.2008.00046.x Background and purpose : Cannabidiol (CBD) is a non-psychotomimetic compound from Cannabis sativa which induces anxiolytic- and antipsychotic-like effects in rodents. These effects could be mediated by facilitation of the endocannabinoid system or by the activation of 5-HT1A receptors. As either of these mechanisms could promote adaptation to inescapable stress, the aim of the present work [...]

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Does cannabidiol reduce severe behavioural problems in children with intellectual disability? Study protocol for a pilot single-site phase I/II randomised placebo controlled trial, Daryl Efron et al.,

Does cannabidiol reduce severe behavioural problems in children with intellectual disability? Study protocol for a pilot single-site phase I/II randomised placebo controlled trial Daryl Efron, Kaitlyn Taylor, Jonathan M Payne, Jeremy L Freeman, Noel Cranswick, Melissa Mulraney, Chidambaram Prakash, Katherine J Lee, Katrina Williams BMJ Open, 2020, 10, e034362. doi : 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-034362   Abstract Introduction : Severe behavioural problems (SBPs) are a common contributor to morbidity and reduced quality of life in children with intellectual disability (ID). Current medication treatment for SBP is associated with a high risk of side effects. Innovative and safe interventions are urgently needed. Anecdotal reports and preliminary research suggest that medicinal [...]

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A Pilot Randomised Placebo-Controlled Trial of Cannabidiol to Reduce Severe Behavioural Problems in Children and Adolescents With Intellectual Disability, Daryl Efron et al., 2020

  A Pilot Randomised Placebo-Controlled Trial of Cannabidiol to Reduce Severe Behavioural Problems in Children and Adolescents With Intellectual Disability Daryl Efron, Jeremy L Freeman, Noel Cranswick, Jonathan M Payne, Melissa Mulraney, Chidambaram Prakash, Katherine J Lee, Kaitlyn Taylor, Katrina Williams British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 2020 Jun 1. doi : 10.1111/bcp.14399. Abstract Introduction : Severe Behavioural Problems (SBP) are a major contributor to morbidity in children with Intellectual Disability (ID). Medications used to treat SBP in ID are associated with a high risk of side effects. Cannabidiol has potential therapeutic effects in SBP. This pilot study aimed to investigate the feasibility of conducting a randomized placebo-controlled [...]

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The nephrologist’s guide to cannabis and cannabinoids, Joshua L. Rein, 2020

The nephrologist’s guide to cannabis and cannabinoids Joshua L. Rein   Purpose of review Cannabis (marijuana, weed, pot, ganja, Mary Jane) is the most commonly used federally illicit drug in the United States. The present review provides an overview of cannabis and cannabinoids with relevance to the practice of nephrology so that clinicians can best take care of patients. Recent findings Cannabis may have medicinal benefits for treating symptoms of advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage renal disease including as a pain adjuvant potentially reducing the need for opioids. Cannabis does not seem to affect kidney function in healthy individuals. However, renal function should be [...]

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The Therapeutic Effectiveness of Full Spectrum Hemp Oil Using a Chronic Neuropathic Pain Model, Jacob M. Vigil et al., 2020

The Therapeutic Effectiveness of Full Spectrum Hemp Oil Using a Chronic Neuropathic Pain Model Jacob M. Vigil, Marena A. Montera, Nathan S. Pentkowski, Jegason P. Diviant, Joaquin Orozco, Anthony L. Ortiz, Lawrence J. Rael  and Karin N. Westlund Life, 2020, 10, 69, 1-12 doi : 10.3390/life10050069   Abstract : Background : Few models exist that can control for placebo and expectancy effects commonly observed in clinical trials measuring ‘Cannabis’ pharmacodynamics. We used the Foramen Rotundum Inflammatory Constriction Trigeminal Infraorbital Nerve injury (FRICT-ION) model to measure the effect of “full-spectrum” whole plant extracted hemp oil on chronic neuropathic pain sensitivity in mice. Methods : Male BALBc mice were [...]

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Developing Robust Standardised Analytical Procedures for Cannabinoid Quantification : Laying the Foundations for an Emerging Cannabis-Based Pharmaceutical Industry, Matthew T. Welling et al., 2019

Developing Robust Standardised Analytical Procedures for Cannabinoid Quantification : Laying the Foundations for an Emerging Cannabis-Based Pharmaceutical Industry Matthew T. Welling, Lei Liu, Arno Hazekamp, Ashley Dowell, Graham J. King Medical Cannabis & Cannabinoids, 2019, 2, 1–13 Doi : 10.1159/000496868   Abstract The plant genus Cannabis is a prolific producer of unique pharmaceutically relevant metabolites, commonly referred to as cannabinoids. Robust and standardised methods for the quantification of cannabinoids within botanical and drug forms is a critical step forward for an emerging Cannabis- based pharmaceutical industry, which is poised for rapid expansion. Despite a growing body of analytical methods for the quantification of cannabinoids, few have [...]

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A Phase 1, Randomised, Placebo-Controlled, Dose Escalation Study to Investigate the Safety, Tolerability and Pharmacokinetics of Cannabidiol in Fed Healthy Volunteers, Daniel Perkins et al., 2020

A Phase 1, Randomised, Placebo-Controlled, Dose Escalation Study to Investigate the Safety, Tolerability and Pharmacokinetics of Cannabidiol in Fed Healthy Volunteers Daniel Perkins · Juliet Butler · Katherine Ong · Tri‑Hung Nguyen · Susan Cox · Barbara Francis · Michelle Mcintosh · Brian Lilley European Journal of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics, 2020, Doi : 10.1007/s13318-020-00624-6 Abstract Background : There is increasing interest in the use of purified cannabidiol (CBD) as a treatment for a wide range of conditions due to its reported anti-inflammatory, anxiolytic, antiemetic and anticonvulsant properties. Objective : The objective of this study was to assess the [...]

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Altered dopamine D3 receptor gene expression in MAM model of schizophrenia is reversed by peripubertal cannabidiol treatment, Tibor Stark, 2020,

Altered dopamine D3 receptor gene expression in MAM model of schizophrenia is reversed by peripubertal cannabidiol treatment Tibor Stark, Martina Di Bartolomeo, Roberta Di Marco, Eva Drazanova, Chiara Bianca Maria Platania, Fabio Arturo Iannotti, Jana Ruda-Kucerova, Claudio D'Addario, Lucie Kratka, Vladimir Pekarik, Fabiana Piscitelli, Zuzana Babinska, Julia Fedotova, Giovanni Giurdanella, Salvatore Salomone, Alexandra Sulcova, Claudio Bucolo, Carsten T.Wotjak, Zenon Starcuk Jr, Filippo Drago, Raphael Mechoulam, Vincenzo Di Marzo, Vincenzo Micale Biochemical Pharmacology, April 2020, 1-12. doi : 10.1016/j.bcp.2020.114004     Un excellent article international (République Tchèque, Allemagne, Italy, Russie, Israel, Canada), avec la plus grande plume de la recherche sur les cannabinoïdes (Mechoulam, Di Marzo...) qui [...]

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Cannabinol inhibits proliferation and induces cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in glioblastoma, hepatocellular carcinoma and breast cancer cells, Nuanying Zhong, 2020

Cannabinol inhibits proliferation and induces cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in glioblastoma, hepatocellular carcinoma and breast cancer cells Nuanying ZHONG, Thesis, Master of Science in Biological Sciences Faculty of Arts and Science, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Lethbridge Research Repository, Canada 2020 https://hdl.handle.net/10133/5697   ABSTRACT Cannabis sativa is an agriculturally and medicinally plant with many pharmaceutical properties. Cancer is a deadly disease; it is estimated that it will cause over 80 thousand deaths in 2019 in Canada. Although numerous studies have demonstrated that cannabinoids have anti-tumorous properties in various cancers, the anti-malignant activities of cannabinol (CBN) on carcinogenesis and underlying mechanisms remain largely unknown. In this study, we [...]

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CBD Reverts the Mesenchymal Invasive Phenotype of Breast Cancer Cells Induced by the Inflammatory Cytokine IL-1, Lázaro García-Morales et al., 2020

CBD Reverts the Mesenchymal Invasive Phenotype of Breast Cancer Cells Induced by the Inflammatory Cytokine IL-1 Lázaro García-Morales, Aída M Castillo, José Tapia Ramírez, Horacio Zamudio-Meza, Ma del Carmen Domínguez-Robles and Isaura Meza International Journal of Molecular Science, 2020, 21, 2429 doi : 10.3390/ijms21072429   Abstract : Cannabidiol (CBD) has been used to treat a variety of cancers and inflammatory conditions with controversial results. In previous work, we have shown that breast cancer MCF-7 cells, selected by their response to inflammatory IL-1 cytokine, acquire a malignant phenotype (6D cells) through an epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT).We evaluated CBD as a potential inhibitor of this transition and inducer of [...]

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