Étiquette : serotonine

The Therapeutic Potential of Psychedelic Drugs: Past, Present, and Future, Robin L Carhart-Harris and Guy M Goodwin, 2017

The Therapeutic Potential of Psychedelic Drugs: Past, Present, and Future Robin L Carhart-Harris and Guy M Goodwin Neuropsychopharmacology, 2017, 42, 2105–2113 doi:10.1038/npp.2017.84; published online 17 May 2017 Plant-based psychedelics, such as psilocybin, have an ancient history of medicinal use. After the first English language report on LSD in 1950, psychedelics enjoyed a short-lived relationship with psychology and psychiatry. Used most notably as aids to psychotherapy for the treatment of mood disorders and alcohol dependence, drugs such as LSD showed initial therapeutic promise before prohibitive legislature in the mid-1960s effectively ended all major psychedelic research programs. Since the early 1990s, there has been a steady [...]

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‘Magic Mushrooms’ Effective for Severe Depression – Medscape – Oct 20, 2017.

'Magic Mushrooms' Effective for Severe Depression Batya Swift Yasgur, MA, LSW Medscape, October 20, 2017 https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/887384   Psilocybin, the psychoactive compound in “magic mushrooms,” is a promising intervention for patients with treatment-resistant depression (TRD) and appears to offer a rapid, sustained effect, new research shows. Investigators led by David Nutt, MD, PhD, professor of neuropsychopharmacology, Imperial College, London, United Kingdom, collected pre- and posttreatment fMRI data on the use of psilocybin in 19 patients with severe major depression who had failed to respond to conventional treatments. The patients experience dramatic improvements in depressive symptoms 1 day following treatment; close to half met criteria for full response at [...]

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Evidences for the Anti-panic Actions of Cannabidiol, Vanessa P. Soares and Alline C. Campos, 2017

Evidences for the Anti-panic Actions of Cannabidiol Vanessa P. Soares and Alline C. Campos Current Neuropharmacology, 2017, 15, 291-299 DOI : 10.2174/1570159X14666160509123955   Abstract : Background : Panic disorder (PD) is a disabling psychiatry condition that affects approximately 5% of the worldwide population. Currently, long-term selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are the first-line treatment for PD; however, the common side-effect profiles and drug interactions may provoke patients to abandon the treatment, leading to PD symptoms relapse. Cannabidiol (CBD) is the major non-psychotomimetic constituent of the Cannabis sativa plant with antianxiety properties that has been suggested as an alternative for treating anxiety disorders. The aim of the [...]

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Intercultural, intermolecular : An ethnobotanical examination of the potential therapeutic value of LSD for the treatment of depression, Karsten FATUR, 2019

Intercultural, intermolecular : An ethnobotanical examination of the potential therapeutic value of LSD for the treatment of depression Karsten FATUR Journal of Psychedelic Studies, 2019, 3, (1), 32–34. DOI: 10.1556/2054.2019.002   Lysergic acid diethylamide holds great therapeutic potential in the treatment of depression, although currently illegal in many parts of the world and seen as a recreational drug. An intercultural ethnobotanical examination of plant substances with similar chemical profiles and effects displays the true potential value of this substance and justifies an increased focus on clinical trials and studies involving it. Keywords : psychedelic, LSD, ayahuasca, depression, serotonin   Despite its current status as an illegal substance, lysergic [...]

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Neural correlates of the LSD experience revealed by multimodal neuroimaging, Robin L. Carhart-Harris et al., 2016

Neural correlates of the LSD experience revealed by multimodal neuro-imagerie Robin L. Carhart-Harris, Suresh Muthukumaraswamy, Leor Roseman, Mendel Kaelen, Wouter Droog, Kevin Murphy, Enzo Tagliazucchi, Eduardo E. Schenberg, Timothy Nest, Csaba Orban, Robert Leech, Luke T. Williams, Tim M. Williams, Mark Bolstridge, Ben Sessa, John McGonigle, Martin I. Sereno, David Nichols, Peter J. Hellyer, Peter Hobden, John Evans, Krish D. Singh, Richard G. Wise, H. Valerie Curran, Amanda Feilding, and David J. Nutt PNAS (Proceedings of The National Academy of Sciences of the USA), 2016, 113, 17, 4853-4858 www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.1518377113   Abstract Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) is the prototypical psychedelic drug, but its effects on the human [...]

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How do hallucinogens work on the brain?, Robin Carhart-Harris, Mendel Kaelen and David Nutt, 2014

How do hallucinogens work on the brain? Robin Carhart-Harris, Mendel Kaelen and David Nutt The Psychologist, 2014, 27, 9, 662-665 What do we know about how hallucinogens work on the brain to produce their characteristic subjective effects? This question can be approached from a number of different levels. At the lowest functionally relevant level, how do the hallucinogenic compounds themselves interact with a certain neurotransmitter receptor to alter neuronal activity? Then at the neuronal population level, how does a drug-induced change in neuronal firing interact with the integrated oscillatory activity of large populations of neurons? Finally, how does this all play out at [...]

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Intérêt de la psilocybine, de l’acide lysergique diéthylamide (LSD) et de ladiméthyltryptamine (DMT) dans la dépression : une revue de la littérature, Sami Sergent, 2019

Intérêt de la psilocybine, de l’acide lysergique diéthylamide (LSD) et de la diméthyltryptamine (DMT) dans la dépression : une revue de la littérature THÈSE MÉDECINE SPÉCIALISÉE CLINIQUE en Psychiatrie Présentée et soutenue publiquement par Sami SERGENT le 22 février 2019 ANNÉE 2019 (2019 TOU3 1503) Directeur de thèse : Dr François MONTASTRUC JURY Monsieur le Professeur Christophe ARBUS Président Monsieur le Professeur Laurent SCHMITT Assesseur Monsieur le Professeur Nicolas FRANCHITTO Assesseur Monsieur le Docteur François MONTASTRUC Assesseur Madame le Docteur Bénédicte JULLIAN Suppléant Monsieur le Docteur Nicolas NAVARRO membre invité   RESUME EN FRANÇAIS : La psilocybine, l’acide lysergique diéthylamide et la diméthyltryptamine sont des psychédéliques agonistes sérotoninergiques. Les sociétés humaines en font usages depuis [...]

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Spectral signatures of serotonergic psychedelics and glutamatergic dissociatives, Carla Pallavicini et al., 2019

Spectral signatures of serotonergic psychedelics and glutamatergic dissociatives Carla Pallavicini, Martina G. Vilas, Mirta Villarreal, Federico Zamberlan, Suresh Muthukumaraswamy, David Nutt, Robin Carhart-Harris, Enzo Tagliazucchi NeuroImage, 2019 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2019.06.053 Abstract Classic serotonergic psychedelics are remarkable for their capacity to induce reversible alterations in consciousness of the self and the surroundings, mediated by agonism at serotonin 5-HT2A receptors. The subjective effects elicited by dissociative drugs acting as N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) antagonists (e.g. ketamine and phencyclidine) overlap in certain domains with those of serotonergic psychedelics, suggesting some potential similarities in the brain activity patterns induced by both classes of drugs, despite different pharmacological mechanisms of action. We investigated source-localized [...]

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Comparison of the behavioral effects of mescaline analogs using the head twitch response in mice, Adam L. Halberstadt et al., 2019

Comparison of the behavioral effects of mescaline analogs using the head twitch response in mice Adam L. Halberstadt, Muhammad Chatha, Stephen J. Chapman and Simon D. Brandt Journal of Psychopharmacology, 2019, 1 –9 DOI: 10.1177/0269881119826610 journals.sagepub.com/home/jop Abstract Background : In recent years, there has been increasing scientific interest in the effects and pharmacology of serotonergic hallucinogens. While a large amount of experimental work has been conducted to characterize the behavioral response to hallucinogens in rodents, there has been little systematic investigation of mescaline and its analogs. The hallucinogenic potency of mescaline is increased by α-methylation and by homologation of the 4-methoxy group but it not clear [...]

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Pilot study of the 5-HT2AR agonist psilocybin in the treatment of tobacco addiction, Matthew W. Johnson et al., 2014

Pilot study of the 5-HT2AR agonist psilocybin in the treatment of tobacco addiction Matthew W Johnson, Albert Garcia-Romeu, Mary P Cosimano and Roland R Griffiths Journal of Psychopharmacology, 2014, Vol. 28(11) 983–992 © The Author(s) 2014 Reprints and permissions: sagepub.co.uk/journalsPermissions.nav DOI: 10.1177/0269881114548296 Abstract Despite suggestive early findings on the therapeutic use of hallucinogens in the treatment of substance use disorders, rigorous follow-up has not been conducted. To determine the safety and feasibility of psilocybin as an adjunct to tobacco smoking cessation treatment we conducted an openlabel pilot study administering moderate (20 mg/70 kg) and high (30 mg/70 kg) doses of psilocybin within a structured 15-week smoking cessation treatment [...]

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