Étiquette : auto experimentation

Access to cannabidiol without a prescription : A cross-country comparison and analysis, Iain S. McGregor et al, 2020

Access to cannabidiol without a prescription : A cross-country comparison and analysis Iain S. McGregor, Elizabeth A. Cairns, Sarah Abelev, Rhys Cohen, Mat Henderson, Daniel Couch, Jonathon C. Arnold, Natalie Gauld International Journal of Drug Policy, 2020, 85, 102935 Doi : 10.1016/j.drugpo.2020.102935   A B S T R A C T Background : Recent legislative change has allowed increased access to cannabis products in many jurisdictions. In some locations, this includes over-the-counter (OTC) and/or online access to products containing cannabidiol (CBD), a non-intoxicating cannabinoid with therapeutic properties. Here we compared the availability of CBD products and the associated legislative and regulatory background in nine selected countries. Methods [...]

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CBD (Cannabidiol) Product Attitudes, Knowledge, and Use Among Young Adults, Meghann Wheelera et al, 2020

CBD (Cannabidiol) Product Attitudes, Knowledge, and Use Among Young Adults Meghann Wheelera, Julie Williams Mertena, Benjamin T Gordonb, and Hanadi Hamadic SUBSTANCE USE & MISUSE, 2020, VOL. 55, NO. 7, 1138–1145 doi : 10.1080/10826084.2020.1729201 ABSTRACT Background : Cannabidiol (CBD), a non-psychoactive component of cannabis is marketed as a potential treatment for many conditions and widely available to purchase as a dietary supplement. In 2017, sales of CBD exceeded 820 million dollars despite many unconfirmed health claims, murky legality, and limited product efficacy and safety testing. Purpose/Objectives : This study aims to explore cannabidiol (CBD) knowledge, attitudes, and use among young adults. Methods : The anonymous 36-item survey [...]

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The EU CBD CONSUMER REPORT SERIES : Segmentation & Archetypes,

The EU CBD CONSUMER REPORT SERIES : Segmentation & Archetypes Executive Summary, Volume II New Frontier Data 2019-2020, European CBD Survey, 7 pp.   As the active ingredient cannabidiol (CBD) from cannabis has undergone an explosive growth in popularity, consumers in the European Union (EU) are increasingly being exposed to information and products—and trying to understand the cannabinoid’s potential and how it might best fit into their lives. As of February 2020, within the EU’s 27 member states, its 445 million citizens find increasing opportunities to participate in the burgeoning CBD market, and brands will play a critical role in defining their experiences. Having already [...]

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Adolescent Treatment Admissions for Marijuana Following Recreational Legalization in Colorado and Washington, Jeremy Mennis, Gerald J Stahler, 2020

Adolescent Treatment Admissions for Marijuana Following Recreational Legalization in Colorado and Washington Jeremy Mennis, Gerald J Stahler Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 2020 May 1, 210, 107960. doi : 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2020.107960 Abstract Introduction : There is concern that recreational marijuana legalization (RML) may lead to increased cannabis use disorder (CUD) among youth due to increased marijuana use. This study investigates whether adolescent substance use disorder treatment admissions for marijuana use increased in Colorado and Washington following RML. Methods : Annual data on 2008-2017 treatment admissions for marijuana use from the SAMHSA TEDS-A dataset for adolescents age 12-17 were used to model state treatment admissions trends. [...]

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Quality of Life, Mental Health, Personality and Patterns of Use in Self-Medicated Cannabis Users with Chronic Diseases : A 12-Month Longitudinal Study, BOUSO J.C. et al., 2020

Quality of Life, Mental Health, Personality and Patterns of Use in Self-Medicated Cannabis Users with Chronic Diseases : A 12-Month Longitudinal Study. BOUSO J.C., JIMENEZ-GARRIDO D., ONA G., WOZNICA D., dos SANTOS R.G., HALLAK J.E.C., PARANHOS B. A., de ALMEIDA MENDES F., YONAMINE M. et al. : Phytotherapy Research, 2020. Doi : 10.1002/ptr.6639 © 2020 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Abstract The number of patients using cannabis for therapeutic purposes is growing worldwide. While research regarding the treatment of certain diseases/disorders with cannabis and cannabinoids is also expanding, only a few longitudinal studies have assessed the mid-term impacts of medical cannabis use on psychological variables and quality [...]

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Mapping cannabis potency in medical and recreational programs in the United States, Mary Catherine Cash et al., 2020

Mapping cannabis potency in medical and recreational programs in the United States Mary Catherine Cash, Katharine Cunnane, Chuyin Fan, E. Alfonso Romero-Sandoval PLoS ONE, 2020, 15, (3), e0230167. Doi : 10.1371/journal.pone.0230167     Opinion d'expert: Les allégations sur l'infaisabilité du cannabis avec des concentrations élevées de THC à des fins médicales ne sont pas étayées par la science En mars 2020, le conseil d'administration de l'IACM a décidé d'installer une nouvelle catégorie dans le Bulletin de l’IACM, qui encourage à rédiger des opinions et des déclarations de chercheurs sur les rapports scientifiques actuels et des déclarations de collègues. Ces avis visent à stimuler la discussion sur [...]

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Abuse potential assessment of cannabidiol (CBD) in recreational polydrug users : A randomized, double-blind, controlled trial, Kerri A. Schoedel et al., 2018

Abuse potential assessment of cannabidiol (CBD) in recreational polydrug users : A randomized, double-blind, controlled trial Kerri A. Schoedel, Isabella Szeto, Beatrice Setnik, Edward M. Sellers, Naama Levy-Cooperman, Catherine Mills, Tilden Etges, Kenneth Sommerville Epilepsy & Behavior, 2018, 88, 162–171. Doi : 10.1016/j.yebeh.2018.07.027   a b s t r a c t Rationale : Treatment with a highly purified oral solution of cannabidiol (CBD), derived from the plant Cannabis sativa L., demonstrated some evidence of central nervous system (CNS)-related adverse events in patients enrolled in phase 3 trials for treatment of childhood-onset epilepsy. Cannabidiol was categorized as a Schedule 1 substance by the United States Drug [...]

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Long-term effects of psychedelic drugs : A systematic review, Jacob S.Aday et al., 2020

Long-term effects of psychedelic drugs : A systematic review Jacob S.Adaya, Cayla M.Mitzkovitz, Emily K.Bloesch, Christopher C.Davoli, Alan K.Davis Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 2020. Doi : 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2020.03.017   A B S T R A C T Research into the basic effects and therapeutic applications of psychedelic drugs has grown considerably in recent years. Yet, pressing questions remain regarding the substances’ lasting effects. Although individual studies have begun monitoring sustained changes, no study to-date has synthesized this information. Therefore, this systematic review aims to fill this important gap in the literature by synthesizing results from 34 contemporary experimental studies which included classic psychedelics, human subjects, and follow-up [...]

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Microdosing psychedelics : Motivations, subjective effects and harm reduction, Toby Lea et al., 2020

Microdosing psychedelics : Motivations, subjective effects and harm reduction Toby Lea, Nicole Amada, Henrik Jungaberl, Henrike Schecke, Michael Klein International Journal of Drug Policy, 2020, 75, 102600, 9 p. Doi : 10.1016/j.drugpo.2019.11.008 A B S T R A C T Background : In recent years there has been growing media attention on microdosing psychedelics (e.g., LSD, psilocybin). This refers to people routinely taking small doses of psychedelic substances to improve mental health and wellbeing, or to enhance cognitive performance. Research evidence is currently limited. This paper examines microdosing motivations, dosing practices, perceived short-term benefits, unwanted effects, and harm reduction practices. Methods : An international online survey [...]

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Perceived outcomes of psychedelic microdosing as self-managed therapies for mental and substance use disorders, Toby Lea et al., 2020

Perceived outcomes of psychedelic microdosing as self-managed therapies for mental and substance use disorders Toby Lea & Nicole Amada & Henrik Jungaberle & Henrike Schecke & Norbert Scherbaum & Michael Klein Psychopharmacology, 2020. Di : 10.1007/s00213-020-05477-0   Abstract Rationale : The regular consumption of very small doses of psychedelic drugs (known as microdosing) has been a source of growing media and community attention in recent years. However, there is currently limited clinical and social research evidence on the potential role of microdosing as therapies for mental and substance use disorders. Objectives : This paper examined subjective experiences of microdosing psychedelics to improve mental health or to cease [...]

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