Catégorie : Cannabis et Réduction des Risques

Cannabis legalization in Canada: how might ‘strict’ regulation impact youth ?, Tara Marie Watson & Patricia G. Erickson, 2018

Cannabis legalization in Canada: how might ‘strict’ regulation impact youth? Tara Marie Watson & Patricia G. Erickson DRUGS: EDUCATION, PREVENTION AND POLICY, 2018 https://doi.org/10.1080/09687637.2018.1482258   EDITORIAL Cannabis legalization in Canada: how might ‘strict’ regulation impact youth? Canada is on course to become, in October 2018, the second country in the world, after Uruguay, to federally legalize cannabis for recreational use. Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s Liberal government has set out to achieve several objectives with this major drug policy reform, including ‘[to] Protect young Canadians by keeping marijuana out of the hands of children and youth’ (Government of Canada, 2016). While protecting the health and safety of [...]

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Sex Differences in Cannabis Use and Effects: A Cross-Sectional Survey of Cannabis Users, Carrie Cuttler et al., 2016

Sex Differences in Cannabis Use and Effects: A Cross-Sectional Survey of Cannabis Users Carrie Cuttler, Laurie K. Mischley, and Michelle Sexton Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, 2016, 1, 1, 166-175 DOI : 10.1089/can.2016.0010 Abstract Introduction : Despite known sex differences in the endocannabinoid system of animals, little attention has been paid to sex differences in human's cannabis use patterns and effects. The purpose of the present study was to examine sex differences in cannabis use patterns and effects in a large sample of recreational and medical cannabis users. Methods : A large sample (n=2374) of cannabis users completed an anonymous, online survey that assessed their cannabis use [...]

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Association of Cannabis Use in Adolescence and Risk of Depression, Anxiety, and Suicidality in Young Adulthood – A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis, Gabriella Gobbi et al., 2019

Association of Cannabis Use in Adolescence and Risk of Depression, Anxiety, and Suicidality in Young Adulthood - A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis Gabriella Gobbi, Tobias Atkin, Tomasz Zytynski, Shouao Wang, Sorayya Askari, Jill Boruff,  Mark Ware, Naomi Marmorstein, Andrea Cipriani, Nandini Dendukuri, Nancy Mayo JAMA Psychiatry, 2019, 76, 4, 426-434. doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2018.4500 Published online February 13, 2019. Corrected on March 13, 2019. https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamapsychiatry/fullarticle/2723657?guestAccessKey=c2ffca43-46c1-4563-8949-c1625bfbdefa&utm_source=silverchair&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=article_alert-jamanetwork&utm_content=weekly_highlights&utm_term=051919   IMPORTANCE : Cannabis is the most commonly used drug of abuse by adolescents in the world. While the impact of adolescent cannabis use on the development of psychosis has been investigated in depth, little is known about the impact of cannabis use on mood [...]

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Changes in cannabis potency and first-time admissions to drug treatment: a 16-year study in the Netherlands, Tom P. Freeman et al., 2018

Changes in cannabis potency and first-time admissions to drug treatment: a 16-year study in the Netherlands Tom P. Freeman, Peggy van der Pol, Wil Kuijpers, Jeroen Wisselink, Ravi K. Das, Sander Rigter, Margriet van Laar, Paul Griffiths, Wendy Swift, Raymond Niesink and Michael T. Lynskey Psychological Medicine, 2018 https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291717003877   Abstract Background : The number of people entering specialist drug treatment for cannabis problems has increased considerably in recent years. The reasons for this are unclear, but rising cannabis potency could be a contributing factor. Methods : Cannabis potency data were obtained from an ongoing monitoring programme in the Netherlands. We analysed concentrations of δ-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) from [...]

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Les Nouveaux Produits de Synthèse : Essayer la régulation des usages…, Pierre Chappard et Martine Lacoste,

Supplément Technique : Les Nouveaux Produits de Synthèse Essayer la régulation des usages…. L’arrivée des produits que l’on appelle les « Research Chemicals » ou « legal high » n’est pas un hasard. Elle correspond à une évolution de la société addictogène qui se décline sur plusieurs éléments : - Une nouvelle génération s’est emparée de l’outil Internet et passe énormément de temps « online », dans le monde de la « toile » où continue de s’exprimer une quête de plaisir. Cette nouvelle génération d'usagers partage ses expériences d'usage de NPS à travers des forums internet d'auto-support et acquiert une réelle expertise. - [...]

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Dossier : le Cannabis et la vision, Le Cannabiste.com, 2018

Dossier : le Cannabis et la vision Le Cannabiste.com https://lecannabiste.com/dossier-le-cannabis-et-la-vision/ 4 juillet 2018 jean-pierre Si vous posez la question à des utilisateurs réguliers de Cannabis, la plupart vous répondra que l’usage de cette plante constitue pour eux une source de confort et de bien-être. Pour autant nous savons tous que l’usage du Cannabis n’est pas sans incidence sur le corps humain. Les implications du Cannabis sur l’organisme sont nombreuses et parfois plus complexes qu’il n’y paraît. Dans cet article nous nous allons nous intéresser de plus près à l’état des connaissances et aux événements marquants qui ont émaillé la recherche dans le domaine si particulier, [...]

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Etude “Effects of Cannabis Use on Sedation Requirements for Endoscopic Procedures, Mark A. Twardowski et al.”: la consommation de cannabis peut poser problème en cas d’anesthésie, Newsweed.fr, 2019

Etude : la consommation de cannabis peut poser problème en cas d’anesthésie Newsweed.fr, Etudes 16 avril 2019 Camille Lezaun https://www.newsweed.fr/etude-cannabis-anesthesie/ Une étude récente (https://www.grecc.org/publications/essais-cliniques/effects-of-cannabis-use-on-sedation-requirements-for-endoscopic-procedures-mark-a-twardowski-et-al-2019/) publiée dans le journal de l’Association Américaine d’Ostéopathie a trouvé que la consommation de cannabis pouvait modifier la tolérance de certains patients aux sédatifs. En effet, selon cette étude, les consommateurs de cannabis ont besoin de doses en moyenne deux fois plus importantes que les non-consommateurs. Cette découverte pourrait avoir des répercussions importantes sur la pratique médicale. L’étude L’étude s’est tenue au Colorado qui a légalisé le cannabis récréatif en 2012. Les chercheurs ont étudié les fichiers de plusieurs patients ayant [...]

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Effects of Cannabis Use on Sedation Requirements for Endoscopic Procedures, Mark A. Twardowski et al., 2019

Effects of Cannabis Use on Sedation Requirements for Endoscopic Procedures Mark A. Twardowski, Margaret M. Link,  Nicole M. Twardowski The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, 2019 (Published online April 15, 2019). doi:10.7556/jaoa.2019.052   Context : Cannabis (or marijuana) became legal for recreational use in Colorado in 2012, and this legislation change has created both challenges and opportunities in medicine. More patients are using cannabis, and more patients are now willing to admit cannabis use than in the past, which increases the likelihood that they will be forthcoming about use during medical questioning. Cannabis use may have implications during medical care, including procedural sedation. Objective : [...]

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Prenatal cannabis exposure – The “first hit” to the endocannabinoid system, Kimberlei A. Richardson et al., 2016,

Prenatal cannabis exposure - The “first hit” to the endocannabinoid system Kimberlei A. Richardson, Allison K. Hester, Gabrielle L. McLemore Neurotoxicology and Teratology, 2016, 58, 5-14. DOI : 10.1016/j.ntt.2016.08.003 © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved Abstract : As more states and countries legalize medical and/or adult recreational marijuana use, the incidences of prenatal cannabis exposure (PCE) will likely increase. While young people increasingly view marijuana as innocuous, marijuana preparations have been growing in potency in recent years, potentially creating global clinical, public health, andworkforce concerns. Unlike fetal alcohol spectrumdisorder, there is no phenotypic syndrome associated with PCE. There is also no preponderance of evidence that [...]

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Using CBD to Tame a Cannabis High? Small Doses May Have the Opposite Effect Bailey Rahn, February 28, 2019, https://www.leafly.com

Using CBD to Tame a Cannabis High? Small Doses May Have the Opposite Effect Bailey Rahn, February 28, 2019, https://www.leafly.com Posted By Bailey Rahn On February 28, 2019 @ 3:52 pm In Science & Tech https://www.leafly.com/news/science-tech/how-cbd-dose-affects-cannabis-effects/print/     (imaginima/iStock) Take some CBD, they said. You’ll feel less high, they said. This common piece of advice fed to THC-shy consumers can effectively bring someone back down to earth. It works—sometimes. But new research shows there’s likely more nuance in the solution than we initially thought. Scientists found that a high dose of CBD dampened the effects of a THC high, but participants reported a stronger high when combined with low [...]

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