Étiquette : essai clinique

Acute Effects of Lysergic Acid Diethylamide in Healthy Subjects, Yasmin Schmid et al., 2014,

Acute Effects of Lysergic Acid Diethylamide in Healthy Subjects Yasmin Schmid, Florian Enzler, Peter Gasser, Eric Grouzmann, Katrin H. Preller, Franz X. Vollenweider, Rudolf Brenneisen, Felix Müller, Stefan Borgwardt, and Matthias E. Liechti Biological Psychiatry, 2014, Vol. 78, 8, 544-553 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsych.2014.11.015   ABSTRACT BACKGROUND : After no research in humans for .40 years, there is renewed interest in using lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) in clinical psychiatric research and practice. There are no modern studies on the subjective and autonomic effects of LSD, and its endocrine effects are unknown. In animals, LSD disrupts prepulse inhibition (PPI) of the acoustic startle response, and patients with schizophrenia exhibit similar [...]

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Salvia divinorum : from recreational hallucinogenic use to analgesic and anti-inflammatory action, Ulises Coffeen & Francisco Pellicer, 2019

Salvia divinorum : from recreational hallucinogenic use to analgesic and anti-inflammatory action Ulises Coffeen, Francisco Pellicer Journal of Pain Research, 2019, Volume 12, 1069-1076 DOI: 10.2147/JPR.S188619   Abstract : Salvia divinorum is a herbal plant native to the southwest region of Mexico. Traditional preparations of this plant have been used in illness treatments that converge with inflammatory conditions and pain. Currently, S. divinorum extracts have become popular in several countries as a recreational drug due to its hallucinogenic effects. Its main active component is a diterpene named salvinorin A (SA), a potent naturally occurring hallucinogen with a great affinity to the κ opioid receptors and with [...]

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Psilocybin-occasioned mystical-type experience in combination with meditation and other spiritual practices produces enduring positive changes in psychological functioning and in trait measures of prosocial attitudes and behaviors, Roland R. Griffiths et al., 2017

Psilocybin-occasioned mystical-type experience in combination with meditation and other spiritual practices produces enduring positive changes in psychological functioning and in trait measures of prosocial attitudes and behaviors Roland R. Griffiths, Matthew W. Johnson, William A. Richards, Brian D. Richards3, Robert Jesse, Katherine A. MacLean, Frederick S. Barrett, Mary P. Cosimano and Maggie A. Klinedinst Journal of Psychopharmacology, 2017, 1–21 DOI: 10.1177/0269881117731279   Abstract Psilocybin can occasion mystical-type experiences with participant-attributed increases in well-being. However, little research has examined enduring changes in traits. This study administered psilocybin to participants who undertook a program of meditation/spiritual practices. Healthy participants were randomized to three groups (25 each): (1) very [...]

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Mystical experiences occasioned by the hallucinogen psilocybin lead to increases in the personnality domain of openness, Katherine A. MacLean, Matthew W. Johnson and Roland R. Griffiths, 2011

Mystical experiences occasioned by the hallucinogen psilocybin lead to increases in the personnality domain of openness Katherine A. MacLean, Matthew W. Johnson and Roland R. Griffiths Journal of Psychopharmacology, 2011, 25, (11), 1453-1461. doi: 10.1177/0269881111420188.   Abstract A large body of evidence, including longitudinal analyses of personality change, suggests that core personality traits are predominantly stable after age 30. To our knowledge, no study has demonstrated changes in personality in healthy adults after an experimentally manipulated discrete event. Intriguingly, double-blind controlled studies have shown that the classic hallucinogen psilocybin occasions personally and spiritually significant mystical experiences that predict longterm changes in behaviors, attitudes and values. In [...]

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Psilocybin occasioned mystical-type experiences : immediate and persisting dose-related effects, Roland R. Griffiths et al., 2011

Psilocybin occasioned mystical-type experiences : immediate and persisting dose-related effects Roland R. Griffiths, Matthew W. Johnson, William A. Richards, Brian D. Richards, Una McCann, Robert Jesse Psychopharmacology, 2011 DOI 10.1007/s00213-011-2358-5   Abstract Rationale : This dose-effect study extends previous observations showing that psilocybin can occasion mystical-type experiences having persisting positive effects on attitudes, mood, and behavior. Objectives : This double-blind study evaluated psilocybin (0, 5, 10, 20, 30 mg/70 kg, p.o.) administered under supportive conditions. Methods : Participants were 18 adults (17 hallucinogennaïve). Five 8-h sessions were conducted individually for each participant at 1-month intervals. Participants were randomized to receive the four active doses in either ascending or [...]

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The administration of psilocybin to healthy, hallucinogen-experienced volunteers in a mock-functional magnetic resonnance imaging environment : a preliminary investigation of tolerability, Robin L. Carhart-Harris et al., 2010

The administration of psilocybin to healthy, hallucinogen-experienced volunteers in a mock-functional magnetic resonnance imaging environment : a preliminary investigation of tolerability Robin L. Carhart-Harris et al., Journal of Psychopharmacology, 2010, 1-6 DOI: 10.1177/0269881110367445   Abstract This study sought to assess the tolerability of intravenously administered psilocybin in healthy, hallucinogen-experienced volunteers in a mock-magnetic resonance imaging environment as a preliminary stage to a controlled investigation using functional magnetic resonance imaging to explore the effects of psilocybin on cerebral blood flow and activity. The present pilot study demonstrated that up to 2 mg of psilocybin delivered as a slow intravenous injection produces short-lived but typical drug effects that [...]

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Implications for psychedelic-assisted psychotherapy : functional magnetic resonnance imaging study with psilocybin, Robin L. Carhart-Harris et al., 2012

Implications for psychedelic-assisted psychotherapy : a functional magnetic resonance imaging study with psilocybin R. L. Carhart-Harris, R. Leech, T. M. Williams, D. Erritzoe, N. Abbasi, T. Bargiotas, P. Hobden, D. J. Sharp, J. Evans, A. Feilding, R. G. Wise and D. J. Nutt British Journal of Psychiatry, 2012, 200, 238-244. Doi : 10.1192/bjp.bp.111.103309   Background Psilocybin is a classic psychedelic drug that has a history of use in psychotherapy. One of the rationales for its use was that it aids emotional insight by lowering psychological defences. Aims To test the hypothesis that psilocybin facilitates access to personal memories and emotions by comparing subjective and neural responses to positive [...]

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Neural correlates of the psychedelic state as determined by fMRI studies with psilocybine, Robin L. Carhart-Harris et al., 2012

Neural correlates of the psychedelic state as determined by fMRI studies with psilocybine Robin L. Carhart-Harris, David Erritzoe, Tim Williams, James M. Stone, Laurence J. Reed, Alessandro Colasanti, Robin J. Tyacke, Robert Leech, Andrea L. Malizia, Kevin Murphy, Peter Hobden, John Evans, Amanda Feilding, Richard G. Wise, and David J. Nutt PNAS, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, 2012, 109, (6), 2138-2143. doi:10.1073/pnas.1119598109 www.pnas.org/lookup/suppl/doi:10.1073/pnas.1119598109/-/DCSupplemental.   Abstract Psychedelic drugs have a long history of use in healing ceremonies, but despite renewed interest in their therapeutic potential, we continue to know very little about howthey work in the brain. Here we used psilocybin, a classic [...]

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Flashback : Psychiatric Experimentation With LSD in Historical Perspective, Erika Dyck, 2005

Flashback : Psychiatric Experimentation With LSD in Historical Perspective Erika Dyck Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 2005, Vol 50, No 7, 381-388. Doi : 10.1177/070674370505000703   In the popular mind, d-lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) research in psychiatry has long been associated with the CIA-funded experiments conducted by Ewen Cameron at the Allen Memorial Institute in Montreal, Quebec. Despite this reputation, a host of medical researchers in the post–World War II era explored LSD for its potential therapeutic value. Some of the most widespread trials in the Western world occurred in Saskatchewan, under the direction of psychiatrists Humphry Osmond (in Weyburn) and Abram Hoffer (in Saskatoon). These [...]

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CB 2 Cannabinoid Receptors as a Therapeutic Target – What does the Future Hold ?, Amey Dhopeshwarkar and Ken Mackie, 2014

CB 2 Cannabinoid Receptors as a Therapeutic Target - What does the Future Hold ? Amey Dhopeshwarkar and Ken Mackie Molecular Pharmacology, 2014, 86, 430–437 http://dx.doi.org/10.1124/mol.114.094649   ABSTRACT The past decades have seen an exponential rise in our understanding of the endocannabinoid system, comprising CB1 and CB2 cannabinoid receptors, endogenous cannabinoids (endocannabinoids), and the enzymes that synthesize and degrade endocannabinoids. The primary focus of this review is the CB2 receptor. CB2 receptors have been the subject of considerable attention, primarily due to their promising therapeutic potential for treating various pathologies while avoiding the adverse psychotropic effects that can accompany CB1 receptor–based therapies. With the appreciation that [...]

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