Catégorie : Essais Cliniques

Short and Long-Term Effects of Cannabis on Symptoms of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Emily M. LaFrance et al., 2020,

Short and Long-Term Effects of Cannabis on Symptoms of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Emily M. LaFrance, Nicholas C. Glodosky, Marcel Bonn-Miller, Carrie Cuttler Journal of Affective Disorders, 2020, 274, 298–304 Doi : 10.1016/j.jad.2020.05.132   A B S T R A C T Background : Many individuals use cannabis to manage symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and evidence indicates that the endocannabinoid system represents a viable target for treating these symptoms. Method : Data from 404 medical cannabis users who self-identified as having PTSD were obtained from Strainprint®, a medical cannabis app that patients use to track changes in symptoms as a function of different strains and doses [...]

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Does cannabidiol reduce severe behavioural problems in children with intellectual disability? Study protocol for a pilot single-site phase I/II randomised placebo controlled trial, Daryl Efron et al.,

Does cannabidiol reduce severe behavioural problems in children with intellectual disability? Study protocol for a pilot single-site phase I/II randomised placebo controlled trial Daryl Efron, Kaitlyn Taylor, Jonathan M Payne, Jeremy L Freeman, Noel Cranswick, Melissa Mulraney, Chidambaram Prakash, Katherine J Lee, Katrina Williams BMJ Open, 2020, 10, e034362. doi : 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-034362   Abstract Introduction : Severe behavioural problems (SBPs) are a common contributor to morbidity and reduced quality of life in children with intellectual disability (ID). Current medication treatment for SBP is associated with a high risk of side effects. Innovative and safe interventions are urgently needed. Anecdotal reports and preliminary research suggest that medicinal [...]

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A Pilot Randomised Placebo-Controlled Trial of Cannabidiol to Reduce Severe Behavioural Problems in Children and Adolescents With Intellectual Disability, Daryl Efron et al., 2020

  A Pilot Randomised Placebo-Controlled Trial of Cannabidiol to Reduce Severe Behavioural Problems in Children and Adolescents With Intellectual Disability Daryl Efron, Jeremy L Freeman, Noel Cranswick, Jonathan M Payne, Melissa Mulraney, Chidambaram Prakash, Katherine J Lee, Kaitlyn Taylor, Katrina Williams British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 2020 Jun 1. doi : 10.1111/bcp.14399. Abstract Introduction : Severe Behavioural Problems (SBP) are a major contributor to morbidity in children with Intellectual Disability (ID). Medications used to treat SBP in ID are associated with a high risk of side effects. Cannabidiol has potential therapeutic effects in SBP. This pilot study aimed to investigate the feasibility of conducting a randomized placebo-controlled [...]

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Cannabis Misconceptions Still Common Among MS Clinicians, Nancy Melville, Medscape.com, 2020

Cannabis Misconceptions Still Common Among MS Clinicians Nancy Melville June 05, 2020 https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/931872?nlid=135873_425&src=WNL_mdplsfeat_200609_mscpedit_psyc&uac=292598PZ&spon=12&impID=2413707&faf=1   Despite the ever-increasing acceptance of medical cannabis and its notably common use in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), clinicians treating those patients still may be poorly informed about risks, benefits, regulations, and proper uses, experts say. "There is evidence of a 'clinical void,' with clinicians on one side and people with MS and other conditions on the other that doesn't usually exist regarding therapies that people with MS are using," said Allen C. Bowling, MD, PhD, director of the NeuroHealth Institute and clinical professor of neurology at the University of Colorado, in Aurora. His [...]

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Beneficial effects of the phytocannabinoid Δ9-THCV in L-DOPA-induced dyskinesia in Parkinson’s disease, Isabel Espadas et al., 2020

Beneficial effects of the phytocannabinoid Δ9-THCV in L-DOPA-induced dyskinesia in Parkinson's disease Isabel Espadas, Ettel Keifman, Cristina Palomo-Garo Sonia Burgaz, Concepción García, Javier Fernández-Ruiz, Rosario Moratalla Neurobiology of Disease, 2020, 141, 104892 doi : 10.1016/j.nbd.2020.104892   A B S T R A C T The antioxidant and CB2 receptor agonist properties of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabivarin (Δ9-THCV) afforded neuroprotection in experimental Parkinson's disease (PD), whereas its CB1 receptor antagonist profile at doses lower than 5 mg/kg caused anti-hypokinetic effects. In the present study, we investigated the anti dyskinetic potential of Δ9-THCV (administered i.p. at 2 mg/kg for two weeks), which had not been investigated before. This objective was investigated [...]

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Prescription of a THC/CBD-Based Medication to Patients with Dementia : A Pilot Study in Geneva, Barbara Broers et al., 2019

Prescription of a THC/CBD-Based Medication to Patients with Dementia : A Pilot Study in Geneva Barbara Broers, Zacharie Patà, Aline Mina, James Wampfler, Christian de Saussure, Sophie Pautex Medical Cannabis & Cannabinoids, 2019, 2, 56–59 Doi : 10.1159/000498924 Abstract Background : Dementia is increasing worldwide. No effective medication is currently available for the treatment of the underlying disease and accompanying behavioral symptoms. Cannabinoids might have a beneficial effect, but clinical studies with (low-dose) synthetic THC have not been conclusive. Objective : To test the acceptability, practical aspects, and clinical outcomes of the introduction of a THC/ CBD-based oral medication in severely demented patients in a specialized [...]

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A Phase 1, Randomised, Placebo-Controlled, Dose Escalation Study to Investigate the Safety, Tolerability and Pharmacokinetics of Cannabidiol in Fed Healthy Volunteers, Daniel Perkins et al., 2020

A Phase 1, Randomised, Placebo-Controlled, Dose Escalation Study to Investigate the Safety, Tolerability and Pharmacokinetics of Cannabidiol in Fed Healthy Volunteers Daniel Perkins · Juliet Butler · Katherine Ong · Tri‑Hung Nguyen · Susan Cox · Barbara Francis · Michelle Mcintosh · Brian Lilley European Journal of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics, 2020, Doi : 10.1007/s13318-020-00624-6 Abstract Background : There is increasing interest in the use of purified cannabidiol (CBD) as a treatment for a wide range of conditions due to its reported anti-inflammatory, anxiolytic, antiemetic and anticonvulsant properties. Objective : The objective of this study was to assess the [...]

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The Reemergence of Ketamine for Treatment in Critically Ill Adults, Kimberly P. Hurth et al., 2020

The Reemergence of Ketamine for Treatment in Critically Ill Adults Kimberly P. Hurth,  Kristen B. Thomas,  Michael A. Rudoni Critical Care Medicine, 2020,1-13. Doi : 10.1097/CCM.0000000000004335   Objectives : To assess the evidence and discuss the risks and clinical relevance of ketamine for the treatment of various disease states impacting the adult critically ill population. Data Sources : A literature review was performed using PubMed evaluating primary literature published until August 2018. Study Selection : Case reports, observational studies (cohort, case-control), and randomized controlled trials involving patients 18 years and older in a nonperioperative setting using either IV or intramuscular ketamine were included for analysis. Uses of [...]

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4th International Medical Cannabis Conference (CannX 2019), Tel Aviv, Israel, September 9–10, 2019

4th International Medical Cannabis Conference (CannX 2019) Tel Aviv, Israel, September 9–10, 2019   Abstracts Scientific Committee Dr. Adi Aran Director of the Neuro-Pediatric Unit, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Israel Prof. Gil Bar-Sela Head, Cancer Center, Emek Medical Center Afula, Israel Dr. Nirit Bernstein Principle Research Scientist, Plant Physiology and Nutrition Institute of Soil Water and Environmental Sciences, Volcani Center, Israel Prof. Lumir Hanus Chief Scientist, Lumir Lab, Associate Professor, Palacký University, Jerusalem Biotechnology Park, Hebrew University, Ein Kerem Campus, Senior Fellow, IEHP, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, USA, Professor Chaver and Research Fellow, Hebrew University (Ret.) Institute for Drug Research, School of Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Hebrew University, Israel Dr. Shaul Lev-Ran, MHA Deputy Director, Lev Hasharon Medical Center [...]

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The Intricate Influence of the Placebo Effect on Medical Cannabis and Cannabinoids, Jürg Gertsch, 2018

The Intricate Influence of the Placebo Effect on Medical Cannabis and Cannabinoids Jürg Gertsch Medical Cannabis Cannabinoids,  2018, 1, 60–64 Doi : 10.1159/000489291 Abstract The botanical drug cannabis flos (inflorescence of Cannabis sativa L.) has a unique popular status as being a potent recreational drug and bona fide universal remedy (panacea). Generally, cannabinoids exert therapeutic effects in a broad range of pathophysiologies related to inflammation, pain, metabolic and stress-related conditions in preclinical animal models. However, the translation of such data to humans still lacks an evidence-based foundation. Motivated by the booming cannabis manufacturing industry and the increasing worldwide self-therapy by patients, there are cumulative accounts [...]

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