Étiquette : réduction des risques

Survey study of challenging experiences after ingesting psilocybin mushrooms : Acute and enduring positive and negative consequences, Theresa M. Carbonaro et al., 2016

Survey study of challenging experiences after ingesting psilocybin mushrooms : Acute and enduring positive and negative consequences Theresa M. Carbonaro, Matthew P. Bradstreet, Frederick S. Barrett, Katherine A. MacLean, Robert Jesse, Matthew W. Johnson and Roland R. Griffiths Journal of Psychopharmacology, 2016, 1 –11 DOI: 10.1177/0269881116662634 Abstract Acute and enduring adverse effects of psilocybin have been reported anecdotally, but have not been well characterized. For this study, 1993 individuals (mean age 30 yrs; 78% male) completed an online survey about their single most psychologically difficult or challenging experience (worst “bad trip”) after consuming psilocybin mushrooms. Thirty-nine percent rated it among the top five most challenging [...]

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Harm potential of magic mushroom use : A review, Jan van Amsterdam et al., 2011

Harm potential of magic mushroom use : A review Jan van AMSTERDAM, Antoon OPPERTHUIZEN, Wim van den BRINK Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology, 2011, 59, 423-429. Doi : 10.1016/j.yrtph.2011.01.006   Abstract In 2007, the Minister of Health of the Netherlands requested the CAM (Coordination point Assessment and Monitoring new drugs) to assess the overall risk of magic mushrooms. The present paper is an updated redraft of the review, written to support the assessment by CAM experts. It summarizes the literature on physical or psychological dependence, acute and chronic toxicity, risk for public health and criminal aspects related to the consumption of magic mushrooms. In the Netherlands, the [...]

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Price elasticity of illegal versus legal cannabis: a behavioral economic substitutability analysis, Michael Amlung et al., 2018

Price elasticity of illegal versus legal cannabis: a behavioral economic substitutability analysis Michael Amlung, Derek D. Reed, Vanessa Morris, Elizabeth R. Aston, Jane Metrik & James MacKillop Addiction, 2018, 114, 112–118 doi:10.1111/add.14437   ABSTRACT Background and Aims : The evolving legal status of cannabis world-wide necessitates evidence-based regulatory policies to minimize risks associated with cannabis misuse. A prominent concern is the impact legalization may have on the illegal cannabis market, including whether illegal cannabis will serve as a substitute for legal cannabis. Empirical data on this issue are virtually non-existent. This study used behavioral economics to investigate substitutability of legal and illegal cannabis in legalized catchment areas [...]

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Opioïdes : le cannabidiol pour réduire la dépendance ?, RESPADD, Actualités des Addictions n°100, juillet 2019

Opioïdes  : le cannabidiol pour réduire la dépendance ? Le cannabidiol (CBD) réduit le craving et l'anxiété chez les personnes ayant des antécédents d'abus d'héroïne/opioïdes, suggérant un rôle possible du cannabis ou de son agent le cannabidiol dans la réduction de la dépendance aux opioïdes. C’est la conclusion de cette étude réalisée à l’Icahn School of Medicine du Mont Sinaï (New York), présentée dans l'American Journal of Psychiatry. L'étude confirme également les effets anti-stress du CBD avec une baisse de la fréquence cardiaque et du taux de cortisol induites par les stimuli de drogues.   La grande disponibilité des opioïdes sur prescription ces [...]

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Human hallucinogen research : Guidelines for safety, Matthew W. Johnson et al., 2008

Human hallucinogen research : Guidelines for safety. Matthew W. Johnson,  William A. Richards, Roland R. Griffiths Journal of Psychopharmacology, 2008, 22, 603–620. doi:10.1177/0269881108093587   Abstract There has recently been a renewal of human research with classical hallucinogens (psychedelics). This paper first briefly discusses the unique history of human hallucinogen research, and then reviews the risks of hallucinogen administration and safeguards for minimizing these risks. Although hallucinogens are relatively safe physiologically and are not considered drugs of dependence, their administration involves unique psychological risks. The most likely risk is overwhelming distress during drug action ('bad trip'), which could lead to potentially dangerous behaviour such as leaving the [...]

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The tripping point : The potential role of psychedelic-assisted therapy in the response to the opioid crisis, Elena Argento et al., 2018

The tripping point : The potential role of psychedelic-assisted therapy in the response to the opioid crisis Elena Argento, Kenneth W. Tupper, M. Eugenia Socias International Journal of Drug Policy, 2019,  66, 80–81 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2018.11.006 0955-3959/ © 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved A B S T R A C T The increasing contamination of the drug supply with illicitly manufactured fentanyl and related analogs in North America has resulted in the most severe drug-overdose crisis in history. Available pharmaco-therapy options for the treatment of opioid use disorder have had limited success in curbing the current crisis, and a growing body of evidence highlights the need for [...]

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Psychedelic microdosing benefits and challenges : an empirical codebook, Thomas Anderson et al., 2019

Psychedelic microdosing benefits and challenges : an empirical codebook Thomas Anderson, Rotem Petranker2, Adam Christopher, Daniel Rosenbaum, Cory Weissman, Le-Anh Dinh-Williams, Katrina Hui and Emma Hapke Harm Reduction Journal, 2019, 16, 43, 1-10 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12954-019-0308-4   Abstract Background : Microdosing psychedelics is the practice of consuming very low, sub-hallucinogenic doses of a psychedelic substance, such as lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) or psilocybin-containing mushrooms. According to media reports, microdosing has grown in popularity, yet the scientific literature contains minimal research on this practice. There has been limited reporting on adverse events associated with microdosing, and the experiences of microdosers in community samples have not been categorized. Methods : In the [...]

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Introduction, 24e Journées du RESPADD “Usages thérapeutiques des cannabinoïdes”, session du GRECC, dr Christian Sueur, 26 juin 2019

Introduction, 24e Journées du RESPADD "Usages thérapeutiques des cannabinoïdes", Session du GRECC, Docteur Christian Sueur, 26 juin 2019, Paris   Bonjour Bienvenu à toutes et à tous Merci d’être venus aussi nombreux à ce premier colloque co-organisé par le GRECC et le RESPADD sur le thème du Cannabis Thérapeutique, ou, de façon « dépassionnée », sur les Usages Cliniques des Cannabinoïdes. Je veux tout d’abord remercier Nicolas Bonnet, Anne Borgne et le RESPADD de nous avoir invité à leur colloque annuel, de nous avoir donné offert cette première demie journée, et d’avoir invité de nombreux intervenants que nous avons proposés pour ces 2 jours de rencontres cannabiques.   Le GRECC (Groupe de [...]

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Prevalence and Correlates of Cannabis Use in Outpatients with Serious Mental, Jordan Skalisky et al., 2017Illness Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use Disorders, Jordan Skalisky et al., 2017

Prevalence and Correlates of Cannabis Use in Outpatients with Serious Mental Illness Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use Disorders Jordan Skalisky, Emily Leickly, Oladunni Oluwoye, Sterling M. McPherson, Debra Srebnik, John M. Roll, Richard K. Ries, and Michael G. McDonell Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, 2017, 2, (1), 133-138 DOI: 10.1089/can.2017.0006   Abstract Introduction : People with serious mental illness (SMI) use cannabis more than any other illicit drug. Cannabis use is associated with increased psychotic symptoms and is highly comorbid with alcohol use disorders (AUDs). Despite the national trend toward decriminalization, little is known about the prevalence, correlates, and impact of cannabis use on those with SMI [...]

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Cannabis à visée thérapeutique en France : l’ANSM souscrit au cadre de la phase expérimentale de mise à disposition proposé par le Comité d’experts – Point d’information, 11/07/2019

Cannabis à visée thérapeutique en France : l’ANSM souscrit au cadre de la phase expérimentale de mise à disposition proposé par le Comité d’experts - Point d'information 11/07/2019 L’Agence nationale de sécurité du médicament et des produits de santé (ANSM) souscrit aux propositions du groupe d’experts (CSST) publiées le 28 juin sur le cadre pratique de l’accès au cannabis à visée thérapeutique en vue d’une expérimentation en France. L’agence et le ministère des solidarités et de la santé engagent dès à présent les travaux nécessaires à la mise en place de l’expérimentation.Le comité d’experts mis en place par l’ANSM en septembre 2018 [...]

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