Étiquette : réduction des risques

Association Between Recreational Marijuana Legalization in the United States and Changes in Marijuana Use and Cannabis Use Disorder From 2008 to 2016, Magdalena Cerdá et al., 2019

Association Between Recreational Marijuana Legalization in the United States and Changes in Marijuana Use and Cannabis Use Disorder From 2008 to 2016 Magdalena Cerdá, DrPH; Christine Mauro, PhD; Ava Hamilton, BA; Natalie S. Levy, MPH; Julián Santaella-Tenorio, DrPH; Deborah Hasin, PhD; Melanie M.Wall, PhD; Katherine M. Keyes, PhD; Silvia S. Martins, MD, PhD JAMA Psychiatry, 2019. doi : 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2019.3254   IMPORTANCE : Little is known about changes in marijuana use and cannabis use disorder (CUD) after recreational marijuana legalization (RML). OBJECTIVES : To examine the associations between RML enactment and changes in marijuana use, frequent use, and CUD in the United States from 2008 to 2016. DESIGN, SETTING, AND [...]

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Associations Between Marijuana Use and Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Outcomes : A Systematic Review, Divya Ravi et al., 2018

Associations Between Marijuana Use and Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Outcomes : A Systematic Review Divya Ravi, MD, MPH; Mehrnaz Ghasemiesfe, MD; Deborah Korenstein, MD; Thomas Cascino, MD; and Salomeh Keyhani, MD, MPH Annals of Internal Medicine, 2018, 168, (3), 187-194. doi : 10.7326/M17-1548      Annals.org Abstract Background : Marijuana use is increasing in the United States, and its effect on cardiovascular health is unknown. Purpose : To review harms and benefits of marijuana use in relation to cardiovascular risk factors and clinical outcomes. Data Sources : PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and the Cochrane Library between 1 January 1975 and 30 September 2017. Study Selection : Observational studies that were published [...]

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‘Standard THC units’: a proposal to standardize dose across all cannabis products and methods of administration, T.P. Freeman & V.Lorenzetti, 2019

'Standard THC units': a proposal to standardize dose across all cannabis products and methods of administration T.P. Freeman, V.Lorenzetti Addictions, 2019, Oct 12. doi : 10.1111/add.14842 © 2019 Society for the Study of Addiction. Abstract BACKGROUND AND AIMS : Cannabis products are becoming increasingly diverse, and vary considerably in concentrations of ∆9 -tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD). Higher doses of THC can increase the risk of harm from cannabis, while CBD may partially offset some of these effects. Lower Risk Cannabis Use Guidelines currently lack recommendations based on quantity of use, and could be improved by implementing standard units. However, there is currently no consensus on [...]

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Cannabis : saurez-vous bien faire la distinction entre le «bien-être» et la «récréation» ?, Jean-Yves NAU, Blog Le Monde, 23 décembre 2019

Cannabis : saurez-vous bien faire la distinction entre le «bien-être» et la «récréation» ? Jean-Yves NAU Blog Le Monde, 23 décembre 2019 Bonjour Est-ce une nouvelle tentative pour dépénaliser/légaliser une substance illicite mais très largement consommée ? L’Assemblée nationale vient de créér une « Mission d’information commune sur la réglementation et l’impact des différents usages du cannabis ». Une mission composée de trente-trois députés et issue des réflexions de … six commissions (affaires économiques, affaires sociales, lois, finances, affaires culturelles et éducatives, développement durable). Pourquoi développer une telle énergie législative ? Parce qu’ « en France  la réglementation des usages du cannabis a particulièrement évolué ces dix dernières années » [il s’agit de [...]

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Emerging from the dark side : new therapeutic applications of scheduled psychoactive substances, Edward James et al., 2019

Emerging from the dark side : new therapeutic applications of scheduled psychoactive substances Edward James, Thomas L Robertshaw & Andrew D Westwell Future Medical Chemistry, 2019 Doi : 10.4155/fmc-2018-0447 C  -  ISSN 1756-8919   “Public and mainstream scientific perceptions of these substances are shifting, and it is not difficult to envision a future in which MDMA and psilocybin play a role in contemporary medicine.” Keywords : harm reduction • healthcare • MDMA • positive psychology • psilocybin • psychoactive • psychotherapy   The discovery and development of new medicines occupies years of painstaking and expensive scientific work, with multidisciplinary teams working together in the hope of developing a [...]

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CBD & Cannabis Dosage Guide, Martin A. LEE, projectCBD.org, 2019

CBD & Cannabis Dosage Guide Martin A. Lee On May 16, 2018 (Updated on April 1, 2019) https://www.projectcbd.org/how-to/cbd-dosage-guide High dose? Low dose? CBD? THC? Optimizing one's therapeutic use of cannabis may take some experimentation. It can be relatively easy to experience medical benefits from cannabis. A puff or two of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)-rich flower can do the trick for a lot of people. Smoking marijuana, however, is not the be-all and end-all of cannabis therapeutics. There are many ways to experience the medical benefits of cannabis, and some of them are even non-intoxicating. In recent years, the advent of potent cannabis oil concentrates, non-intoxicating cannabidiol (CBD) products, [...]

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Cannabis Use in Adolescence : A Review of Neuroimaging Findings, Yann Chye et al., 2019

Cannabis Use in Adolescence : A Review of Neuroimaging Findings Yann Chye, Erynn Christensen & Murat Yücel Journal of Dual Diagnosis, 2019 Doi : 10.1080/15504263.2019.1636171   ABSTRACT Objective : Shifting policies and widespread acceptance of cannabis for medical and/or recreational purposes have fueled worries of increased cannabis initiation and use in adolescents. In particular, the adolescent period is thought to be associated with an increased susceptibility to the potential harms of repeated cannabis use, due to being a critical period for neuromaturational events in the brain. This review investigates the neuroimaging evidence of brain harms attributable to adolescent cannabis use. Methods : PubMed and Scopus searches were [...]

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Associations of Parental Marijuana Use With Offspring Marijuana, Tobacco, and Alcohol Use and Opioid Misuse, Bertha K. Madras et al, 2019

Associations of Parental Marijuana Use With Offspring Marijuana, Tobacco, and Alcohol Use and Opioid Misuse Bertha K. Madras, Beth Han, Wilson M. Compton, Christopher M. Jones, Elizabeth I. Lopez, Elinore F. McCance-Katz JAMA Network Open, 2019, 2, (11), e1916015. doi : 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.16015   Abstract IMPORTANCE : Marijuana use is increasing among adults and often co-occurs with other substance use; therefore, it is important to examine whether parental marijuana use is associated with elevated risk of substance use among offspring living in the same household. OBJECTIVE : To examine associations of parental marijuana use with offspring marijuana, tobacco, and alcohol use and opioid misuse. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS : [...]

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An update on cannabis use disorder with comment on the impact of policy related to therapeutic and recreational cannabis use, Alan J. Budney et al., 2019

An update on cannabis use disorder with comment on the impact of policy related to therapeutic and recreational cannabis use Alan J. Budney,· Michael J. Sofis,· Jacob T. Borodovsky European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, 2019 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00406-018-0976-1 © Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019   Abstract : Confusion and controversy related to the potential for cannabis use to cause harm, or alternatively to provide benefit, continues globally. This issue has grown in intensity and importance with the increased recognition of the public health implications related to the escalation of the legalization of cannabis and cannabinoid products. This selective overview and commentary attempt to succinctly [...]

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Cortical surface morphology in long-term cannabis users : A multi-site MRI study, Yann Chye et al., 2018

Cortical surface morphology in long-term cannabis users : A multi-site MRI study Yann Chye, Chao Suo, Valentina Lorenzetti, Albert Batalla, Janna Cousijn, Anna E Goudriaan, Rocio Martin-Santos, Sarah Whittle, Nadia Solowij, Murat Yücel European Neuropsychopharmacology, 2018, 17, 21, 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.euroneuro.2018.11.1110   Abstract Cannabis exerts its psychoactive effect through cannabinoid receptors that are widely distributed across the cortical surface of the human brain. It is suggested that cannabis use may contribute to structural alterations across the cortical surface. In a large, multisite dataset of 120 controls and 141 cannabis users, we examined whether differences in key characteristics of the cortical surface – including cortical thickness, surface area, [...]

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