Étiquette : delta-9 THC

Effect of D-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol and Cannabidiol on Nocturnal Sleep and Early-Morning Behavior in Young Adults, Anthony N. Nicholson et al., 2004

Effect of D-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol and Cannabidiol on Nocturnal Sleep and Early-Morning Behavior in Young Adults Anthony N. Nicholson, MD, PhD, Claire Turner, BSc, Barbara M. Stone, PhD, and Philip J. Robson, MDy Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology, 2004, Volume 24, Number 3, 305-313. Doi : 10.1097/01.jcp.0000125688.05091.8f   Abstract : The effects of cannabis extracts on nocturnal sleep, earlymorning performance, memory, and sleepiness were studied in 8 healthy volunteers (4 males, 4 females; 21 to 34 years). The study was double-blind and placebo-controlled with a 4-way crossover design. The 4 treatments were placebo, 15 mg D-9-tetrahydro-cannabinol (THC), 5 mg THC combined with 5 mg cannabidiol (CBD), and 15 mg [...]

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Plant cannabinoids : a neglected pharmacological treasure trove, Raphael Mechoulam, 2005

Plant cannabinoids : a neglected pharmacological treasure trove Raphael Mechoulam British Journal of Pharmacology, 2005, 146, 913–915 doi : 10.1038/sj.bjp.0706415 Most of the cannabinoids in Cannabis sativa L. have not been fully evaluated for their pharmacological activity. A publication in this issue presents evidence that a plant cannabinoid, D9-tetrahydro-cannabivarin is a potent antagonist of anandamide, a major endogenous cannabinoid. It seems possible that many of the non-psychoactive constituents of this plant will be of biological interest. Keywords : Anandamide; CB1 receptor antagonist; CB2 receptor antagonist; mouse vas deferens; D9 tetrahydrocannabinol; D9-tetrahydrocannabivarin; -(þ)-(R)- WIN55212   Cannabis sativa L. produces more than 60 terpeno-phenols that have not been detected [...]

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Efficacy of Dronabinol for Acute Pain Management in Adults with Traumatic Injury : Study Protocol of A Randomized Controlled Trial, Claire Swartwood et al., 2020

Efficacy of Dronabinol for Acute Pain Management in Adults with Traumatic Injury : Study Protocol of A Randomized Controlled Trial Claire Swartwood, Kristin Salottolo, Robert Madayag, David Bar-Or Brain Sciences, 2020, 10, 161, 1-9. Doi : 10.3390/brainsci10030161   Abstract Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (D9-THC) and other cannabinoids present in cannabis (marijuana) have been shown to affect the normal inhibitory pathways that influence nociception in humans. The potential benefits of cannabinoids as an analgesic are likely greatest in hyperalgesic and inflammatory states, suggesting a role as a therapeutic agent for treating acute pain following injury. Dronabinol is a licensed form of D9-THC. The primary objective of this single center randomized [...]

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Cannabinoids : the lows and the highs of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting, Toni Leigh Mortimer et al., 2019

Cannabinoids : the lows and the highs of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting Toni Leigh Mortimer, Tom Mabin & Anna-Mart Engelbrecht Future Oncology, 2019 Doi : 10.2217/fon-2018-0530   Despite remaining one of the most widely abused drugs worldwide, Cannabis sativa exhibits remarkable medicinal properties. The phytocannabinoids, cannabidiol and -9-tetrahydrocannabinol, reduce nausea and vomiting, particularly during chemotherapy. This is attributed to their ability to reduce the release of serotonin from enterochromaffin cells in the small intestine, which would otherwise orchestrate the vomiting reflex. Although there are many preclinical and clinical studies on the effects of -9- tetrahydrocannabinol during nausea and vomiting, little is known about the role [...]

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Cannabinoid modulation of corticolimbic activation to threat in trauma-exposed adults : a preliminary study, Christine A. Rabinak, 2020

Cannabinoid modulation of corticolimbic activation to threat in trauma-exposed adults : a preliminary study. Rabinak CA, Blanchette A, Zabik NL, Peters C, Marusak HA, Iadipaolo A, Elrahal F Psychopharmacology (Berl)., 2020, Mar 11. doi : 10.1007/s00213-020-05499-8. Science/Homme: Le THC peut être utile dans le trouble de stress post-traumatique (IACM 30 mars 2020) Lors d’une étude contrôlée par placebo avec 71 participants, composée de 3 groupes (25 témoins sains, 27 adultes exposés à un traumatisme sans trouble de stress post-traumatique et 19 patients souffrant d'un trouble de stress post-traumatique), de faibles doses de THC ont réduit la réactivité liée à la menace dans une certaine [...]

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Cannabidiol regulates behavioural alterations and gene expression changes induced by spontaneous cannabinoid withdrawal, Francisco Navarrete et al., 2018

Cannabidiol regulates behavioural alterations and gene expression changes induced by spontaneous cannabinoid withdrawal Francisco Navarrete, Auxiliadora Aracil-Fernández and Jorge Manzanares British Journal of Pharmacology, 2018. Doi : 10.1111/bph.14226   BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Cannabidiol (CBD) represents a promising therapeutic tool for treating cannabis use disorder (CUD). This study aimed to evaluate the effects of CBD on the behavioural and gene expression alterations induced by spontaneous cannabinoid withdrawal. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH Spontaneous cannabinoid withdrawal was evaluated 12 h after cessation of CP-55,940 treatment (0.5 mg·kg1 every 12 h, i.p.; 7 days) in C57BL/6J mice. The effects of CBD (5, 10 and 20 mg·kg1, i.p.) on withdrawal-related behavioural signs were evaluated by [...]

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Cannabis consumption and the risk of psychosis, Alice Mulè et al., 2017

Cannabis consumption and the risk of psychosis Alice Mulè, Lucia Sideli, Giuseppe Colli, Laura Ferraro, Caterina La Cascia, Crocettarachele Sartorio, Fabio Seminerio, Giada Tripoli, Marta Di Forti, Daniele La Barbera, Robin Murray Evidence-based Psychiatric Care, 2017, 3, 25-31   Enfin, un article récent (novembre 2018) explorant la co-occurence "consommation de cannabis / troubles "psychotique"", qui plus est international (anglo-italien), et comprenant, parmi les signataires, les célèbres Robin Murray du Kings Collège londonien, et Marta Di Forti de l'Université de Palerme, qui énonce clairement l'incapacité épidémiologique à établir un lien de causalité entre "consommation de cannabis et éclosion de troubles "psychotique"" !!! : "Conclusions : The [...]

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Cannabis and cannabinoid drug development: evaluating botanical versus single molecule approaches, Marcel O. Bonn-Miller et al., 2018

Cannabis and cannabinoid drug development: evaluating botanical versus single molecule approaches Marcel O. Bonn-Miller, Mahmoud A. ElSohly, Mallory J. E. Loflin, Suman Chandra and Ryan Vandrey International Review of Psychiatry, 2018, VOL. 30, NO. 3, 277–284 Doi : 10.1080/09540261.2018.1474730   ABSTRACT Accumulating evidence suggests that the endocannabinoid system is a promising target for the treatment of a variety of health conditions. Two paths of cannabinoid drug development have emerged. One approach is focused on developing medications that are directly derived from the cannabis plant. The other utilizes a single molecule approach whereby individual phytocannabinoids or novel cannabinoids with therapeutic potential are identified and synthesized for pharmaceutical [...]

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Cannabidiol for Viral Diseases : Hype or Hope ?, Alex Mabou Tagne et al., 2020

Cannabidiol for Viral Diseases : Hype or Hope ? Alex Mabou Tagne, Barbara Pacchetti, Mikael Sodergren, Marco Cosentino, and Franca Marino Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, 2020,1-11. Doi : 10.1089/can.2019.0060   Abstract Background : The possibility of cannabidiol (CBD) to be used as an antiviral or to treat viral diseases has received limited attention so far, despite the growing number of claims that CBD could be used for the treatment of viral infection-related conditions. Aim and Methods : Therefore, we systematically retrieved and critically evaluated the scientific literature available on PubMed and the claims on the Internet, to assess the current state of knowledge on the use of [...]

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Is cannabis an effective treatment for anxiety disorders ?, Anxiety.org, septembre 2019

Is cannabis an effective treatment for anxiety disorders ? https://www.anxiety.org/is-cannabis-an-effective-treatment-for-anxiety-what-research-shows Lindsey Salerno, M.Ed. from Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine Jesse McCann, B.S. from University of Pennsylvania, School of Medicine Shari Lieblich, B.S. from University of Pennsylvania, School of Medicine Jeremy Tyler, Psy.D. from University of Pennsylvania Is cannabis really an effective treatment for anxiety? Research and evidence shows mixed results so learn the facts here and consult a professional. Facts v. Fiction: What the research says What is cannabis (marijuana)? What are common misconceptions? Yes - cannabis can be an effective anxiety treatment - but the opposite is also true Participate in a clinical trial [...]

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