Étiquette : delta-9 THC

Cannabinoid-based Medications for Pain Raymond M. St. Marie, Raphael J. Leo, 2021

Cannabinoid-based Medications for Pain Raymond M. St. Marie, MD; Raphael J. Leo, MA, MD Current Psychiatry, 2021, 20(5), 21-33. Abstract and Introduction Introduction Against the backdrop of an increasing opioid use epidemic and a marked acceleration of prescription opioid–related deaths,[1,2] there has been an impetus to explore the usefulness of alternative and co-analgesic agents to assist patients with chronic pain. Preclinical studies employing animal-based models of human pain syndromes have demonstrated that cannabis and chemicals derived from cannabis extracts may mitigate several pain conditions.[3] Because there are significant comorbidities between psychiatric disorders and chronic pain, psychiatrists are likely to care for patients with chronic pain. As [...]

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Cannabinoids, Phenolics, Terpenes and Alkaloids of Cannabis, Mohamed M. Radwan et al., 2021

Cannabinoids, Phenolics, Terpenes and Alkaloids of Cannabis Mohamed M. Radwan, Suman Chandra, Shahbaz Gul and Mahmoud A. ElSohly Molecules, 2021, 26, 2774. Doi : 10.3390/molecules26092774   Abstract : Cannabis sativa is one of the oldest medicinal plants in the world. It was introduced into western medicine during the early 19th century. It contains a complex mixture of secondary metabolites, including cannabinoids and non-cannabinoid-type constituents. More than 500 compounds have been reported from C. sativa, of which 125 cannabinoids have been isolated and/or identified as cannabinoids. Cannabinoids are C21 terpeno phenolic compounds specific to Cannabis. The non-cannabinoid constituents include: non-cannabinoid phenols, flavonoids, terpenes, alkaloids and others. This review discusses [...]

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Absence of Entourage : Terpenoids Commonly Found in Cannabis sativa Do Not Modulate the Functional Activity of Δ9-THC at Human CB1 and CB2 Receptors, Marina Santiago et al., 2019

Absence of Entourage : Terpenoids Commonly Found in Cannabis sativa Do Not Modulate the Functional Activity of Δ9-THC at Human CB1 and CB2 Receptors Marina Santiago, Shivani C. Arnold, Iain S., McGregor and Mark Connor Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, 2019, Vol. 4, No. 3 doi : 10.1089/can.2019.0016 Abstract Introduction: Compounds present in Cannabis sativa such as phytocannabinoids and terpenoids may act in concert to elicit therapeutic effects. Cannabinoids such as Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC) directly activate cannabinoid receptor 1 (CB1) and cannabinoid receptor 2 (CB2); however, it is not known if terpenoids present in Cannabis also affect cannabinoid receptor signaling. Therefore, we examined six common terpenoids alone, [...]

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Oral Cannabidiol Does Not Convert to Δ8-THC or Δ9-THC in Humans : A Pharmacokinetic Study in Healthy Subjects, Jose A.S. Crippa et al., 2020

Oral Cannabidiol Does Not Convert to Δ8-THC or Δ9-THC in Humans : A Pharmacokinetic Study in Healthy Subjects José Alexandre S. Crippa, Antonio Waldo Zuardi, Jaime Eduardo Cecílio Hallak, Bruna Miyazawa, Sandra Aparecido Bernardo, Carmem Maria Donaduzzi, Silvane Guzzi, Wagner Alex Jann Favreto, Alline Campos, Maria Eugênia C. Queiroz, Francisco S. Guimarães, Patrícia Moura da Rosa Zimmermann, Letícia Mello Rechia, Volnei Jose Tondo Filho Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, 2020, Vol. 5, No. 1 Doi : 10.1089/can.2019.0024 Abstract Introduction: Recent studies have suggested that cannabidiol (CBD) could interconvert into Delta-8- and Delta-9- tetrahydrocannabinol. Materials and Methods: Thus, we tested the plasma samples of 120 healthy human subjects [...]

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Cytotoxic Effects of Cannabinoids on Human HT-29 Colorectal Adenocarcinoma Cells: Different Mechanisms of THC, CBD, and CB83, Daniela Cerretani et al., 2020

Cytotoxic Effects of Cannabinoids on Human HT-29 Colorectal Adenocarcinoma Cells : Different Mechanisms of THC, CBD, and CB83 Daniela Cerretani, Giulia Collodel, Antonella Brizzi, Anna Ida Fiaschi, Andrea Menchiari, Elena Moretti, Laura Moltoni, Lucia Micheli International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2020, 21, 5533 Doi : 10.3390/ijms21155533   Abstract In this study, we investigated the effects of exposition to IC50 dose for 24 h of a new synthetic cannabinoid (CB83) and of phytocannabinoids Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) on HT-29 colorectal carcinoma cells. Cell viability and proliferative activity evaluated using the MTT, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and CyQUANT assays showed that cell viability was significantly affected when CB83, THC, and CBD [...]

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Medicinal use of cannabis based products and cannabinoids, Tom P Freeman et al., 2019

Medicinal use of cannabis based products and cannabinoids Tom P. Freeman, Chandni Hindocha, Sebastian F. Green, Michael A. P. Bloomfield British Medical Journal, 2019, 365, l1141 doi : 10.1136/bmj.l1141   What you need to know • Cannabis based products for medicinal use contain cannabinoids derived from the cannabis plant, including Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), cannabidiol (CBD), or a combination of THC and CBD. Synthetic cannabinoids for medicinal use typically mimic the effects of specific cannabinoids such as THC • THC is the constituent of cannabis that causes the “high,” whereas CBD is not intoxicating at typical doses. THC and CBD have contrasting mechanisms of action and therapeutic indications; THC [...]

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5-HT1A receptors are involved in the cannabidiol-induced attenuation of behavioural and cardiovascular responses to acute restraint stress in rats, Leonardo B.M. Resstel et al., 2009

5-HT1A receptors are involved in the cannabidiol-induced attenuation of behavioural and cardiovascular responses to acute restraint stress in rats Leonardo B.M. Resstel, Rodrigo F. Tavares, Sabrina F.S. Lisboa, Sâmia R.L. Joca, Fernando M.A. Corrêa and Francisco S. Guimarães British Journal of Pharmacology, 2009, 156, 181–188; doi : 10.1111/j.1476-5381.2008.00046.x Background and purpose : Cannabidiol (CBD) is a non-psychotomimetic compound from Cannabis sativa which induces anxiolytic- and antipsychotic-like effects in rodents. These effects could be mediated by facilitation of the endocannabinoid system or by the activation of 5-HT1A receptors. As either of these mechanisms could promote adaptation to inescapable stress, the aim of the present work [...]

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Do medical cannabis growers attempt to produce cannabis with different cannabinoid concentrations than recreational growers?, Sharon R. Sznitman et al., 2019,

Do medical cannabis growers attempt to produce cannabis with different cannabinoid concentrations than recreational growers? Sharon R. Sznitman, Monica J. Barratt, Tom Decorte, Pekka Hakkarainen, Simon Lenton, Gary Potter, Bernd Werse and Chris Wilkins Drugs and Alcohol Today, 2019, 19, (4), 251-256, Doi : 10.1108/DAT-06-2019-0021   Abstract Purpose – It is conceivable that cannabis cultivators who grow for medical purposes aim to improve the therapeutic index of their cannabis by attempting to produce particular concentrations of CBD and/or THC. The purpose of this paper is to examine whether small-scalemedical cannabis growers differ fromthose growing for recreational reasons in terms of self-assessed concentrations of THC and CBD [...]

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Related Symptoms in People With Multiple Sclerosis : Results From a Retrospective Multicenter Study, Francesco Patti et al., 2020

Related Symptoms in People With Multiple Sclerosis : Results From a Retrospective Multicenter Study Francesco Patti, Clara Grazia Chisari, Claudio Solaro,  Maria Donata Benedetti , Eliana Berra , Assunta Bianco, Roberto Bruno Bossio, Fabio Buttari, Letizia Castelli, Paola Cavalla , Raffaella Cerqua, Gianfranco Costantino, Claudio Gasperini, Angelica Guareschi, Domenico Ippolito, Roberta Lanzillo, Giorgia Teresa Maniscalco, Manuela Matta, Damiano Paolicelli, Loredana Petrucci, Simona Pontecorvo, Isabella Righini, Margherita Russo, Francesco Saccà, Giovanna Salamone, Elisabetta Signoriello, Gabriella Spinicci, Daniele Spitaleri, Eleonora Tavazzi, Maria Trotta, Mauro Zaffaroni, Mario Zappia, SA.FE. group Doi : 10.1007/s10072-020-04413-6 Abstract Introduction : The approval of 9-δ-tetrahydocannabinol (THC)+cannabidiol (CBD) oromucosal spray (Sativex®) in Italy as an add-on medication for the management of moderate to severe spasticity in multiple sclerosis (MS) has provided a new opportunity for MS patients with drug-resistant spasticity. We aimed [...]

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Activation of CB1R Promotes Lipopolysaccharide-Induced IL-10 Secretion by Monocytic Myeloid-Derived Suppressive Cells and Reduces Acute Inflammation and Organ Injury, Jérémie Joffre et al., 2020,

Activation of CB1R Promotes Lipopolysaccharide-Induced IL-10 Secretion by Monocytic Myeloid-Derived Suppressive Cells and Reduces Acute Inflammation and Organ Injury Jérémie Joffre, Che-Chung Yeh, Erika Wong, Mayuri Thete, Fengyun Xu, Ivana Zlatanova, Elliot Lloyd, Lester Kobzik, Matthieu Legrand, and Judith Hellman The Journal of Immunology, 2020, 204: 1–20. doi : 10.4049/jimmunol.2000213   Cannabis sativa and its principal components, D9-tetrahydrocannabinol (D9-THC) and cannabidiol, are increasingly being used to treat a variety of medical problems, including inflammatory conditions. Although studies suggest that the endocannabinoid system has immunomodulatory properties, there remains a paucity of information on the effects of cannabinoids on immunity and on outcomes of infection and injury. [...]

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