Étiquette : anxiété

Developmental consequences of perinatal cannabis exposure : behavioral and neuroendocrine effects in adult rodents, Patrizia Campolongo et al., 2011

Developmental consequences of perinatal cannabis exposure : behavioral and neuroendocrine effects in adult rodents Patrizia Campolongo, Viviana Trezza, Patrizia Ratano, Maura Palmery & Vincenzo Cuomo Psychopharmacology, 2011, 214, 5–15 Doi : 10.1007/s00213-010-1892-x   Abstract Rationale : Cannabis is the most commonly used illicit drug among pregnant women. Since the endocannabinoid system plays a crucial role in brain development, maternal exposure to cannabis derivatives might result in longlasting neurobehavioral abnormalities in the exposed offspring. It is difficult to detect these effects, and their underlying neurobiological mechanisms, in clinical cohorts, because of their intrinsic methodological and interpretative issues. Objectives : The present paper reviews relevant rodent studies examining the [...]

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Antidepressant-like effects of β-caryophyllene on restraint plus stress-induced depression, Eun-Sang Hwang et al., 2020

Antidepressant-like effects of β-caryophyllene on restraint plus stress-induced depression Eun-Sang Hwang, Hyun-Bum Kim, Seok Lee, Min-Jeong Kim, Kwan-Joong Kim, Gaeul Han, Se-Young Han, Eun-A Lee, Jeong-Hee Yoon, Dae-Ok Kim, Sungho Maeng, Ji-Ho Park Behavioural Brain Research, 2020, 380, 112439 doi : 10.1016/j.bbr.2019.112439   A B S T R A C T Chronic stress is depressogenic by altering neurotrophic and neuroinflammatory environments of the organism. The endocannabinoid system controls cognitive and emotional responses related with stress through the interaction with endocannabinoid receptors. β-Caryophyllene (BCP) is a CB2 agonist that exhibited anti-inflammatory, analgesic effects but minimal psychoactive effects. To test if BCP exhibits antidepressant-like action, animals were chronically restrained with additional [...]

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Prolonged Cannabidiol Treatment Lacks on Detrimental Effects on Memory, Motor Performance and Anxiety in C57BL/6J Mice, Eva M. Schleicher et al., 2019

Prolonged Cannabidiol Treatment Lacks on Detrimental Effects on Memory, Motor Performance and Anxiety in C57BL/6J Mice Eva M. Schleicher, Frederik W. Ott, Melanie Müller, Barbara Silcher, Marius E. Sichler, Maximilian J. Löw, Jannek M. Wagner and Yvonne Bouter Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 2019, Volume 13, Article 94 doi : 10.3389/fnbeh.2019.00094   The Cannabis plant contains more than 100 currently known phytocannabinoids. Regarding the rising consumption of the non-psychotropic phytocannabinoid cannabidiol (CBD) in people’s everyday life (e.g., beauty products, food and beverages), the importance of studies on the influence of CBD on healthy humans and rodents is evident. Therefore, the behavioral profile of CBD was investigated with [...]

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A Physician’s Guide to the Cannabidiol Craze, Angela Coombs & Diana M. Martinez, 2013

COMMENTARY A Physician's Guide to the Cannabidiol Craze Angela Coombs, MD; Diana M. Martinez, MD Medscape, May 31, 2019 Last month at the Columbia University Department of Psychiatry in upper Manhattan, Columbia chief psychiatry resident Dr Angela Coombs interviewed addiction expert Dr Diana Martinez on a number of issues related to the rising popularity and usage of cannabidiol (CBD). This transcript has been edited for clarity.   Angela Coombs, MD: Hi. My name is Dr Angela Coombs and I'm a chief resident here at Columbia. We are so happy to be able to have Dr Diana Martinez, who's a professor in psychiatry at Columbia and an expert [...]

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Cannabinoid Regulation of Fear and Anxiety : an Update, Eleni P. Papagianni & Carl W. Stevenson, 2019

Cannabinoid Regulation of Fear and Anxiety : an Update Eleni P. Papagianni & Carl W. Stevenson Current Psychiatry Reports, 2019, 21, 38 doi : 10.1007/s11920-019-1026-z   Abstract Purpose of Review : Anxiety- and trauma-related disorders are prevalent and debilitating mental illnesses associated with a significant socioeconomic burden. Current treatment approaches often have inadequate therapeutic responses, leading to symptom relapse. Here we review recent preclinical and clinical findings on the potential of cannabinoids as novel therapeutics for regulating fear and anxiety. Recent Findings : Evidence from preclinical studies has shown that the non-psychotropic phyto-cannabinoid cannabidiol and the endocannabinoid anandamide have acute anxiolytic effects and also regulate learned fear [...]

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Patient Experiences of Psilocybin-Assisted Psychotherapy : An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis, Alexander B. Belser et al., 2017

Patient Experiences of Psilocybin-Assisted Psychotherapy : An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis Alexander B. Belser, Gabrielle Agin-Liebes, T. Cody Swift, Sara Terrana, Neşe Devenot, Harris L. Friedman, Jeffrey Guss, Anthony Bossis and Stephen Ross Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 2017, 1 –35 Doi : 10.1177/0022167817706884 journals.sagepub.com/home/jhp   Abstract The psychological mechanisms of action involved in psilocybin-assisted psychotherapy are not yet well understood. Despite a resurgence of quantitative research regarding psilocybin, the current study is the first qualitative study of participant experiences in psilocybin-assisted psychotherapy. Semistructured interviews were carried out with 13 adult participants aged 22 to 69 years (M = 50 years) with clinically elevated anxiety associated with a cancer [...]

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The Role of Cannabis in Treating Anxiety : An Update, Michael Van Ameringen et al., 2019

The Role of Cannabis in Treating Anxiety : An Update Michael Van Ameringen; Jasmine Zhang; Beth Patterson; Jasmine Turna Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 2019, 33, (1), 1-7. DOI : 10.1097/YCO.0000000000000566 https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/922111?nlid=133169_425&src=WNL_mdplsfeat_191224_mscpedit_psyc&uac=292598PZ&spon=12&impID=2219742&faf=1 Abstract and Introduction Abstract Purpose of review: Cannabis use for medical purposes has become increasingly common, including as treatment for mental health disorders such as anxiety. Unfortunately, the evidence examining its use in mental health has been slow to evolve, but is emerging. Given the widespread use of cannabis, it is important for both clinicians and those who suffer with anxiety to understand the effects of cannabis on symptoms of anxiety. In this review, we present [...]

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The mixed serotonin receptor agonist psilocybin reduces threat-induced modulation of amygdala connectivity, Rainer Kraehenmann et al., 2016

The mixed serotonin receptor agonist psilocybin reduces threat-induced modulation of amygdala connectivity Rainer Kraehenmann, André Schmidt, Karl Friston, Katrin H. Preller, Erich Seifritz, Franz X. Vollenweider NeuroImage : Clinical, 2016, 11, 53–60 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nicl.2015.08.009   a b s t r a c t Stimulation of serotonergic neurotransmission by psilocybin has been shown to shift emotional biases away from negative towards positive stimuli. We have recently shown that reduced amygdala activity during threat processing might underlie psilocybin's effect on emotional processing. However, it is still not known whether psilocybin modulates bottom-up or top-down connectivity within the visual-limbic-prefrontal network underlying threat processing.We therefore analyzed our previous fMRI data using [...]

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Serotonergic hallucinogens/psychedelics could be promising treatments for depressive and anxiety disorders in endstage cancer, Rafael Guimarães dos Santos et al., 2019

Serotonergic hallucinogens/psychedelics could be promising treatments for depressive and anxiety disorders in endstage cancer Rafael Guimarães dos Santos, José Carlos Bouso and Jaime E. C. Hallak BMC Psychiatry, 2019, 19, 321 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2288-z   Abstract In a recent issue of the BMC Psychiatry, the evidence of effectiveness of treatments for psychiatric conditions in end-stage cancer patients was reviewed (Johnson, 2018). The review was comprehensive, and included traditional and non-traditional/alternative treatments, including herbal medicines and spirituality. However, evidence showing that classic or serotonergic hallucinogens/psychedelics such as psilocybin and lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) could be effective treatments for depressive and anxiety disorders in end-stage cancer was not included. In [...]

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Medical cannabis trial will target 20,000 UK patients, Jamie Doward and Lily Gordon Brown, The Guardian, 3 novembre 2019.

Medical cannabis trial will target 20,000 UK patients Jamie Doward and Lily Gordon Brown The GUARDIAN, Published on Sun 3 Nov 2019 https://www.theguardian.com/society/2019/nov/03/medical-cannabis-uk-clinical-trial-patients-nhs   Project backed by Royal College of Psychiatrists aims to be largest on drug’s use in Europe • Medical cannabis: Why are doctors still not prescribing it? Tilray medicinal cannabis growing facility in Canada. Photograph: Tilray Up to 20,000 patients in the UK are to be given medical cannabis over a two-year period in an initiative that aims to create the largest body of evidence on the drug in Europe. The move, to be unveiled on Thursday, is [...]

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