Étiquette : anxiété

Effects of psilocybin on hippocampal neurogenesis and extinction of trace fear conditionning, Briony J. Catlow et al., 2013

Effects of psilocybin on hippocampal neurogenesis and extinction of trace fear conditionning CATLOW B.J., SONG S., PAREDES D.A., KIRSTEIN C.L., SANCHEZ-RAMOS J. Experimental Brain Research, 2013, 228, 481-491. Doi : 10.1007/s00221-013-3579-0   Abstract Drugs that modulate serotonin (5-HT) synaptic concentrations impact neurogenesis and hippocampal (HPC)-dependent learning. The primary objective is to determine the extent to which psilocybin (PSOP) modulates neurogenesis and thereby affects acquisition and extinction of HPC-dependent trace fear conditioning. PSOP, the 5-HT2A agonist 25I-NBMeO and the 5-HT2A/C antagonist ketanserin were administered via an acute intraperitoneal injection to mice. Trace fear conditioning was measured as the amount of time spent immobile in the presence of the conditioned [...]

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Psilocybin can occasion mystical-type experiences having substantial and sustained personal meaning and spiritual significance, Roland R. Griffiths et al., 2006

Psilocybin can occasion mystical-type experiences having substantial and sustained personal meaning and spiritual significance Roland R. Griffiths, William A. Richards, Una McCann, Robert Jesse Psychopharmacology, 2006 DOI 10.1007/s00213-006-0457-5   Abstract Rationale : Although psilocybin has been used for centuries for religious purposes, little is known scientifically about its acute and persisting effects. Objectives : This double-blind study evaluated the acute and longer-term psychological effects of a high dose of psilocybin relative to a comparison compound administered under comfortable, supportive conditions. Materials and methods : The participants were hallucinogennaïve adults reporting regular participation in religious or spiritual activities. Two or three sessions were conducted at 2-month intervals. Thirty volunteers [...]

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Psilocybin occasioned mystical-type experiences : immediate and persisting dose-related effects, Roland R. Griffiths et al., 2011

Psilocybin occasioned mystical-type experiences : immediate and persisting dose-related effects Roland R. Griffiths, Matthew W. Johnson, William A. Richards, Brian D. Richards, Una McCann, Robert Jesse Psychopharmacology, 2011 DOI 10.1007/s00213-011-2358-5   Abstract Rationale : This dose-effect study extends previous observations showing that psilocybin can occasion mystical-type experiences having persisting positive effects on attitudes, mood, and behavior. Objectives : This double-blind study evaluated psilocybin (0, 5, 10, 20, 30 mg/70 kg, p.o.) administered under supportive conditions. Methods : Participants were 18 adults (17 hallucinogennaïve). Five 8-h sessions were conducted individually for each participant at 1-month intervals. Participants were randomized to receive the four active doses in either ascending or [...]

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Psychedelic microdosing benefits and challenges : an empirical codebook, Thomas Anderson et al., 2019

Psychedelic microdosing benefits and challenges : an empirical codebook Thomas Anderson, Rotem Petranker, Adam Christopher, Daniel Rosenbaum, Cory Weissman, Le-Anh Dinh-Williams, Katrina Hui, Emma Hapke Harm Reduction Journal, 2019. Doi : 10.1186/s12954-019-0308-4   Abstract Background : Microdosing psychedelics is the practice of consuming very low, sub-hallucinogenic doses of a psychedelic substance, such as lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) or psilocybin-containing mushrooms. According to media reports, microdosing has grown in popularity, yet the scientific literature contains minimal research on this practice. There has been limited reporting on adverse events associated with microdosing, and the experiences of microdosers in community samples have not been categorized. Methods : In the present study, [...]

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Reduction in social anxiety after MDMA-assisted psychotherapy with autistic adults: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot study, Alicia L. Danforth, Charles S. Grob et al., 2018

Reduction in social anxiety after MDMA-assisted psychotherapy with autistic adults : a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot study Alicia L. Danforth, Charles S. Grob, Christopher Struble, Allison A. Feduccia, Nick Walker, Lisa Jerome, Berra Yazar-Klosinski & Amy Emerson Psychopharmacology, 2018, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00213-018-5010-9   Abstract Rationale : Standard therapeutic approaches to reduce social anxiety in autistic adults have limited effectiveness. Since 3,4- methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA)-assisted psychotherapy shows promise as a treatment for other anxiety disorders, a blinded, placebo-controlled pilot study was conducted. Objectives : To explore feasibility and safety ofMDMA-assisted psychotherapy for reduction of social fear and avoidance that are common in the autistic population. Methods : Autistic adults with marked to [...]

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Pilot Study of Psilocybin Treatment for Anxiety in Patients With Advanced-Stage Cancer, Charles S. Grob et al., 2010

Pilot Study of Psilocybin Treatment for Anxiety in Patients With Advanced-Stage Cancer Charles S. Grob,  Alicia L. Danforth,  Gurpreet S. Chopra,  Marycie Hagerty, Charles R. McKay, Adam L. Halberstadt,  George R. Greer Archive of  General Psychiatry, 2010, 68, (1), 71–78 doi: 10.1001/archgenpsychiatry.2010.116   Context : Researchers conducted extensive investigations of hallucinogens in the 1950s and 1960s. By the early 1970s, however, political and cultural pressures forced the cessation of all projects. This investigation reexamines a potentially promising clinical application of hallucinogens in the treatment of anxiety reactive to advanced-stage cancer. Objective : To explore the safety and efficacy of psilocybin in patients with advanced-stage cancer and [...]

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Serotonergic hallucinogens in the treatment of anxiety and depression in patients suffering from a life-threatening disease : A systematic review, Simon Reiche et al.,

Serotonergic hallucinogens in the treatment of anxiety and depression in patients suffering from a life-threatening disease : A systematic review Simon Reiche, Leo Hermle, Stefan Gutwinskic Henrik Jungaberle, Peter Gasser, Tomislav Majić Progress in Neuropsychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry, 2018, 81, 1–10 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pnpbp.2017.09.012   A B S T R A C T Anxiety and depression are some of the most common psychiatric symptoms of patients suffering with lifethreatening diseases, often associated with a low quality of life and a poor overall prognosis. 5-HT2A-receptor agonists (serotonergic hallucinogens, ‘psychedelics’) like lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) and psilocybin were first investigated as therapeutic agents in the 1960s. Recently, after a long [...]

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Psilocybin Scientific Papers, AEDMP, 2014

Psilocybin Scientific Papers AEDMP  - Asociación para el Estudio y la Divulgación de la Medicina Psicodélica Research conducted by: Fco. Miguel Ríos & Genís Oña  - 2014 - Asociación para el Estudio y la Divulgación de la Medicina Psicodélica. Castellarnau, 11 2º 1ª 43004 Tarragona Spain Tel. 675 55 33 44 Email: medicina.psicodelica@hotmail.com www.medicinapsicodelica.org   Content _____________________________________ 1.   What is Psilocybin? 2.   Scientific papers about Psilocybin arranged chronologically (1959-2014) -   A. Hofmann (1959). Chemical Aspects of Psilocybin, the Psychotropic Principle from the Mexican Fungus,  Psilocybe Mexicana  Heim  -   S. Malitz et al. (1960). Some Observations on Psilocybin, a New Hallucinogen, in Volunteer Subjects  -   L. E. [...]

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Chronic, Intermittent Microdoses of the Psychedelic N,N‑Dimethyltryptamine (DMT) Produce Positive Effects on Mood and Anxiety in Rodents, Lindsay P. Cameron et al., 2019

Chronic, Intermittent Microdoses of the Psychedelic N,N‑Dimethyltryptamine (DMT) Produce Positive Effects on Mood and Anxiety in Rodents Lindsay P. Cameron, Charlie J. Benson, Brian C. DeFelice, Oliver Fiehn, and David E. Olson ACS Chemical Neurosciences, 2019 DOI: 10.1021/acschemneuro.8b00692   ABSTRACT : Drugs capable of ameliorating symptoms of depression and anxiety while also improving cognitive function and sociability are highly desirable. Anecdotal reports have suggested that serotonergic psychedelics administered in low doses on a chronic, intermittent schedule, so-called “microdosing”, might produce beneficial effects on mood, anxiety, cognition, and social interaction. Here, we test this hypothesis by subjecting male and female Sprague Dawley rats to behavioral testing following the [...]

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The abuse potential of medical psilocybin according to the 8 factors of the Controlled Substances Act, Matthew W. Johnson et al., 2018

The abuse potential of medical psilocybin according to the 8 factors of the Controlled Substances Act Matthew W. Johnson, Roland R. Griffiths, Peter S. Hendricks, Jack E. Henningfiel Neuropharmacology, 2018, 142, 143-166. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropharm.2018.05.012 a b s t r a c t This review assesses the abuse potential of medically-administered psilocybin, following the structure of the 8 factors of the US Controlled Substances Act (CSA). Research suggests the potential safety and efficacy of psilocybin in treating cancer-related psychiatric distress and substance use disorders, setting the occasion for this review. A more extensive assessment of abuse potential according to an 8-factor analysis would eventually be required to [...]

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