Étiquette : addictions

Hallucinogens and redemption, Marlene Dobkin de Rios, Charles S. Grob & John R. Baker, 2002

Hallucinogens and redemption Marlene Dobkin de Rios, Charles S Grob, John R Baker Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, 2002, 34, 3, 239-248.   Abstract : This article examines drug substitution with regard to hallucinogens (ayahuasca, ibogaine, peyote and LSD) set within the concept of redemption. The model examines both religious and secular approaches to the contemporary use of hallucinogens in drug substitution, both by scientists and in religious setting worlwide. The redemptive model posits that the proper use of one psychoactive substance within a spiritual or clinical context helpsto free an individual from the adverse effects of their addiction to another substance and thus restores them [...]

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Psychedelic therapy for smoking cessation : Qualitative analysis of participant accounts, Tehseen Noorani, Albert Garcia-Romeu, Thomas C. Swift, Roland R. Griffiths and Matthew W. Johnson, 2018

Psychedelic therapy for smoking cessation : Qualitative analysis of participant accounts Tehseen Noorani, Albert Garcia-Romeu, Thomas C. Swift, Roland R. Griffiths and Matthew W. Johnson Journal of Psychopharmacology, 2018, 1 –14 https://doi.org/10.1177/0269881118780   Abstract Background : Recent pilot trials suggest feasibility and potential efficacy of psychedelic-facilitated addiction treatment interventions. Fifteen participants completed a psilocybin-facilitated smoking cessation pilot study between 2009 and 2015. Aims : The aims of this study were as follows: (1) to identify perceived mechanisms of change leading to smoking cessation in the pilot study; (2) to identify key themes in participant experiences and long-term outcomes to better understand the therapeutic process. Methods : Participants were [...]

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Medical Use of Cannabis in 2019, Kevin P. Hill, 2019

Medical Use of Cannabis in 2019 Kevin P. Hill, MD, MHS JAMA, Published online August 9, 2019 doi:10.1001/jama.2019.11868   Nearly 10% of cannabis users in the United States report using it for medicinal purposes.1 As of August 2019, 33 states and the District of Columbia have initiated policies allowing the use of cannabis or cannabinoids for the management of specific medical conditions. Yet, the federal government still classifies cannabis as illegal, complicating its medical use and research into its effectiveness as a treatment for the various conditions purported to benefit from cannabis pharmacotherapy. Because of this conflict and restrictions on cannabis research, evidence of the [...]

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Ayahuasca Scientific Papers, AEDMP, 2013

Ayahuasca Scientific Papers AEDMP - Asociación para el Estudio y la Divulgación de la Medicina Psicodélica Research conducted by: Genís Oña -2013- Asociación para el Estudio y la Divulgación de la Medicina Psicodélica. Castellarnau, 11 2º 1ª 43004 Tarragona Spain Tel. 675 55 33 44 Email: medicina.psicodelica@hotmail.com www.medicinapsicodelica.org   Content _____________________________________ 1. What is ayahuasca? 2. Scientific papers about ayahuasca arranged chronologically (1969-2013) - G. R. Dolmatoff (1969). El contexto cultural de un alucinógeno aborigen : Banisteriopsis Caapi - C. Grob et al. (1996). Human Psychopharmacology of Hoasca, a Plant Hallucinogen Used in Ritual Context in Brazil - J. C. Callaway et al. (1999). Pharmacokinetics of Hoasca Alkaloids in Healthy Humans - B. Shanon (2000). Ayahuasca and [...]

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The abuse potential of medical psilocybin according to the 8 factors of the Controlled Substances Act, Matthew W. Johnson et al., 2018

The abuse potential of medical psilocybin according to the 8 factors of the Controlled Substances Act Matthew W. Johnson, Roland R. Griffiths, Peter S. Hendricks, Jack E. Henningfiel Neuropharmacology, 2018, 142, 143-166. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropharm.2018.05.012 a b s t r a c t This review assesses the abuse potential of medically-administered psilocybin, following the structure of the 8 factors of the US Controlled Substances Act (CSA). Research suggests the potential safety and efficacy of psilocybin in treating cancer-related psychiatric distress and substance use disorders, setting the occasion for this review. A more extensive assessment of abuse potential according to an 8-factor analysis would eventually be required to [...]

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Salvinorin A : Pharmacology, therapeutic potential and structural considerations of a unique non-nitrogenous selective k-opioid receptor agonist, and active component of the sage Salvia divinorum, Adriano Ciaffoni, 2014

Salvinorin A : Pharmacology, therapeutic potential and structural considerations of a unique non-nitrogenous selective k-opioid receptor agonist, and active component of the sage Salvia divinorum. Adriano Ciaffoni Graduate School of Life Sciences, Utrecht University July 2014, Utrecht, The Netherlands   Summary Salvia divinorum is a plant indigenous of Oaxaca, Mexico. Traditionally, the plant is used for healing and divinatory purposes. At present, S. divinorum is also used recreationally by teenagers and young adults around the world. The main active component is salvinorin A, a unique non-nitrogenous kappa-opioid receptor agonist with hallucinogenic properties. Scientific interest is high, due to two facts: 1) salvinorin A was the first [...]

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Salvinorin A, a kappa-opioid receptor agonist hallucinogen : pharmacology and potential template for novel pharmacotherapeutic agents in neuropsychiatric disorders, Eduardo R. Butelman and Mary Jeanne Kreek, 2015

Salvinorin A, a kappa-opioid receptor agonist hallucinogen : pharmacology and potential template for novel pharmacotherapeutic agents in neuropsychiatric disorders Eduardo R. Butelman and Mary Jeanne Kreek Frontiers in Pharmacology, 2015 doi: 10.3389/fphar.2015.00190 Salvinorin A is a potent hallucinogen, isolated from the ethnomedical plant Salvia divinorum. Salvinorin A is a selective high efficacy kappa-opioid receptor (KOPr) agonist, and thus implicates the KOPr system and its endogenous agonist ligands (the dynorphins) in higher functions, including cognition and perceptual effects. Salvinorin A is the only selective KOPr ligand to be widely available outside research or medical settings, and salvinorin A-containing products have undergone frequent nonmedical use. KOPr/dynorphin [...]

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Psychiatry might need some psychedelic therapy, Matthew W. Johnson, 2018

Psychiatry might need some psychedelic therapy Matthew W. Johnson International Review of Psychiatry, 2018, 30, 4, 285-290, DOI: 10.1080/09540261.2018.1509544   EDITORIAL Psychiatry might need some psychedelic therapy In historical and modern-day studies, psychedelic drugs have shown promise in managing a variety of psychiatric disorders, but their medical use has often raised controversies. The controversies have related to social, political, and legal challenges. History Although anthropological evidence suggests that classic psychedelic drugs (hereafter, ‘psychedelics’) have been used by various indigenous peoples as sacraments and healing agents before recorded history, in the mid-twentieth century they came to occupy a place at the cutting edge of psychiatric research (Johnson, Richards, & Griffiths, [...]

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Long-term follow-up of psilocybin-facilitated smoking cessation, Johnson M.W. et al., 2017

Long-term follow-up of psilocybin-facilitated smoking cessation Johnson M.W., Garcia-Romeu A., Griffiths R.R. The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 2017, 43, (1), 55–60 http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00952990.2016.1170135   Abstract Background : A recent open-label pilot study (N = 15) found that two to three moderate to high doses (20 and 30 mg/70 kg) of the serotonin 2A receptor agonist, psilocybin, in combination with cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for smoking cessation, resulted in substantially higher 6-month smoking abstinence rates than are typically observed with other medications or CBT alone. Objectives : To assess long-term effects of a psilocybin-facilitated smoking cessation program at ≥12 months after psilocybin administration. Methods : The present [...]

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The tripping point : The potential role of psychedelic-assisted therapy in the response to the opioid crisis, Elena Argento et al., 2018

The tripping point : The potential role of psychedelic-assisted therapy in the response to the opioid crisis Elena Argento, Kenneth W. Tupper, M. Eugenia Socias International Journal of Drug Policy, 2019,  66, 80–81 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2018.11.006 0955-3959/ © 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved A B S T R A C T The increasing contamination of the drug supply with illicitly manufactured fentanyl and related analogs in North America has resulted in the most severe drug-overdose crisis in history. Available pharmaco-therapy options for the treatment of opioid use disorder have had limited success in curbing the current crisis, and a growing body of evidence highlights the need for [...]

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