Étiquette : addictions

Endocannabinoid-mediated synaptic plasticity and substance use disorders, E. Fernandez-Espejo & L. Nunez-Dominguez, 2019

Endocannabinoid-mediated synaptic plasticity and substance use disorders E. Fernandez-Espejo, L. Nunez-Dominguez Neurologia, 2019 Copyright © 2019 Sociedad Española de Neurología. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved. doi : 10.1016/j.nrl.2018.12.004 Abstract Drugs impact brain reward circuits, causing dependence and addiction, in a condition currently described as substance use disorders. Mechanisms of synaptic plasticity in these circuits are crucial in the development of addictive behaviour, and endocannabinoids, particularly anandamide and 2-arachidonyl-glycerol, participate in normal neuroplasticity. Substance use disorders are known to be associated with disruption of endocannabinoid-mediated synaptic plasticity, among other phenomena. Endocannabinoids mediate neuroplasticity in the short and the long term. In the short term, [...]

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Bibliographie : Kétamine, Dr Christian Sueur, GRECC, novembre 2019

Bibliographie : Kétamine Dr Christian Sueur, GRECC, novembre 2019   Kétamine en Psychiatrie .......................................................1 Kétamine et psychose ...........................................................2 Kétamine et traitement de la dépression ..............................3 Kétamine et prise en charge de l'idéation suicidaire ...........11 Kétamine et prise en charge des troubles psychotraumatiques (PTSD) ......12 Kétamine et addictions .........................................................13 Kétamine et sevrage des opiacés ..........................................14 Kétamine et prise en charge de la douleur ...........................15 Kétamine et prise en charge de la douleur chez l'enfant .....16 Pharmacologie de la kétamine ..............................................17 Neurophysiologie de la kétamine .........................................18 Neurotoxicologie de la kétamine ..........................................20 Kétamine et effets indésirables .............................................20  

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Efficacy of Ketamine in the Treatment of Substance Use Disorders : A Systematic Review,Jennifer L. Jones et al.,

Efficacy of Ketamine in the Treatment of Substance Use Disorders : A Systematic Review Jennifer L. Jones, Camilo F. Mateus, Robert J. Malcolm, Kathleen T. Brad and Sudie E. Back Frontiers in Psychiatry, 2018, 1-10. doi : 10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00277 Abstract Background : Despite advances in behavioral and pharmacotherapy interventions, substance use disorders (SUDs) are frequently refractory to treatment. Glutamatergic dysregulation has received increasing attention as one common neuropathology across multiple substances of abuse. Ketamine is a potent N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) glutamatergic receptor antagonist which has been found to be effective in the treatment of severe depression. Here we review the literature on the efficacy of ketamine in [...]

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Tribune pour l’expérimentation des psychédéliques en médecine, contre la dépression, l’anxiété, les addictions et pour les soins palliatifs, Société Psychédélique Française, 2019

Tribune pour l’expérimentation des psychédéliques en médecine, contre la dépression, l’anxiété, les addictions et pour les soins palliatifs. Société Psychédélique Française, novembre 2019   D’après l’Organisation mondiale de la santé, une personne sur quatre dans le monde sera affectée à un moment donné de sa vie par des troubles mentaux ou neurologiques. Or, après des décennies d’oubli, nous assistons en dehors de nos frontières à un regain de la recherche clinique psychothérapeutique sur les psychédéliques et au développement de thérapies novatrices impliquant ces substances. Les psychédéliques sont des composés, issus du monde vivant ou de la chimie, provoquant des effets analogues sur le psychisme [...]

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Effects of cannabidiol (CBD) in neuropsychiatric disorders: A review of pre-clinical and clinical findings, Sonja ELSAID, 2019

Effects of cannabidiol (CBD) in neuropsychiatric disorders: A review of pre-clinical and clinical findings. Molecular Basis of Neuropsychiatric Disorders : from Bench to Bedside Sonja ELSAID, Stefan KLOIBER, Bernard Le FOLL Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science, 2019, 167, 25-75. doi : 10.1016/bs.pmbts.2019.06.005. Cannabis sativa (cannabis) is on of the oldest plants cultivated by men. Cannabidiol (CBD) is the major non-psychomimetic compound derived from cannabis. It has been proposed to have a therapeutic potential over a wide range of neuropsychiatric disorders. In this narrative review, we have summarized a selected number of pre-clinical and clinical studies, examining the effects of CBD in neuropsychiatric [...]

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Why Psychiatry Needs 3,4 Methylenedioxymethamphetamine : A Child Psychiatrist’s Perspective, Ben SESSA, 2017

Why Psychiatry Needs 3,4 Methylenedioxymeth-amphetamine : A Child Psychiatrist’s Perspective Ben SESSA Neurotherapeutics, 2017, 14, (3), 741-749. doi:10.1007/s13311-017-0531-1 Abstract Since the late 1980s the psychoactive drug 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) has had a well-known history as the recreationally used drug ecstasy. What is less well known by the public is that MDMA started its life as a therapeutic agent and that in recent years an increasing amount of clinical research has been undertaken to revisit the drug’s medical potential. MDMA has unique pharmacological properties that translate well to its proposed agent to assist trauma-focused psychotherapy. Psychological trauma—especially that which arises early in life from child abuse—underpins many [...]

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Psychedelics as Medicines for Substance Abuse Rehabilitation : Evaluating Treatments with LSD, Peyote, Ibogaine and Ayahuasca Michael Winkelman, 2014

Psychedelics as Medicines for Substance Abuse Rehabilitation : Evaluating Treatments with LSD, Peyote, Ibogaine and Ayahuasca Michael Winkelman Current Drug Abuse Reviews, 2014, 7, 101-116   Abstract : Substances known as psychedelics, hallucinogens and entheogens have been employed in ethnomedical traditions for thousands of years, but after promising uses in the 1950’s and 1960’s they were largely prohibited in medical treatment and human research starting in the 1970’s as part of the fallout from the war on drugs. Nonetheless, there are a number of studies which suggest that these substances have potential applications in the treatment of addictions. While these substances are generally classified as [...]

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Clinical potential of psilocybine as a treatment for mental health conditions, Jeremy Daniel & Margaret Haberman, 2017.

Clinical potential of psilocybine as a treatment for mental health conditions Jeremy Daniel & Margaret Haberman Mental Health Clinician, 2017, Vol. 7, No. 1, pp. 24-28 https://doi.org/10.9740/mhc.2017.01.024   Abstract Psilocybin, a classic hallucinogen, is a chemical produced by more than 100 species of mushrooms worldwide. It has high affinity for several serotonin receptors, including 5-HT1A, 5-HT2A, and 5-HT2C, located in numerous areas of the brain, including the cerebral cortex and thalamus. With legislation introduced in 1992, more work is being done to further understand the implications of psilocybin use in a number of disease states. Certain mental health disease states and symptoms have been studied, including [...]

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The association between cannabis use and psychiatric comorbidity in people with personality disorders : A population-based longitudinal study, Nadav Shalita et al., 2019

The association between cannabis use and psychiatric comorbidity in people with personality disorders : A population-based longitudinal study Nadav Shalita, Jürgen Rehmb, Shaul Lev-Ran Psychiatry Research, 2019, 278, 70–77 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2019.05.041 A B S T R A C T Both personality disorders (PD) and cannabis use are highly comorbid with various psychiatric disorders. While previous research indicates specific interactions between cannabis use and schizotypal PD associated with schizophrenia, research into cannabis use among individuals with other PDs and the development of several additional psychiatric disorders is scarce. We explored the prevalence and incidence of psychiatric disorders among individuals with PDs who use cannabis, and whether individuals [...]

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