Étiquette : système endocannabinoïde

Use of Medicinal Cannabis and Synthetic Cannabinoids in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) : A Systematic Review, Laura Orsolini et al., 2019

Use of Medicinal Cannabis and Synthetic Cannabinoids in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) : A Systematic Review Laura Orsolini, Stefania Chiappini, Umberto Volpe, Domenico De Berardis, Roberto Latini, Gabriele Duccio Papanti  and John Martin Corkery Medicina, 2019, 55, 525, 1-14 doi : 10.3390/medicina55090525 www.mdpi.com/journal/medicina Abstract : Background and Objectives : Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a common psychiatric disorder resulting from a traumatic event, is manifested through hyperarousal, anxiety, depressive symptoms, and sleep disturbances. Despite several therapeutic approaches being available, both pharmacological and psychological, recently a growing interest has developed in using cannabis and synthetic cannabinoids stems from their consideration as more efficient and better tolerated alternatives [...]

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Circulating endocannabinoids and genetic polymorphisms as predictors of posttraumatic stress disorder symptom severity : heterogeneity in a community-based cohort, Terri A. deRoon-Cassini et al., 2022

Circulating endocannabinoids and genetic polymorphisms as predictors of posttraumatic stress disorder symptom severity : heterogeneity in a community-based cohort Terri A. deRoon-Cassini, Carisa L. Bergner, Samantha A. Chesney, Nicholas R. Schumann, Tara Sander Lee, Karen J. Brasel and Cecilia J. Hillard Translational Psychiatry, 2022, 12, 48, 1-12. Doi : 10.1038/s41398-022-01808-1   The endocannabinoid signaling system (ECSS) regulates fear and anxiety. While ECSS hypoactivity can contribute to symptoms of established post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), the role of the ECSS in PTSD development following trauma is unknown. A prospective, longitudinal cohort study of 170 individuals (47% non-Hispanic Caucasian and 70% male) treated at a level 1 trauma [...]

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Fibromyalgia and the endocannabinoid system, John M. McPartland, 2010

Fibromyalgia and the endocannabinoid system John M. McPartland in Fibromyalgia syndrome : A practitioner’s guide to treatment, chapter 11, 2010, 263-277. Doi : 10.1016/B978-0-443-06936-9.00011-1   CHAPTER CONTENTS Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 263 Cannabis and cannabinoid receptors . . 264 Endocannabinoids and their enzymes . 266 Nociception and pain . . . . . . . . . . 266 Around the edges of fibromyalgia . . . . 269 Enhancing the eCB system . . . . . . . 270 Other approaches . . . . . . . . . . . . 272 Conclusions . . . . [...]

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Cannabidiol as a Therapeutic Alternative for Post-traumatic Stress Disorder : From Bench Research to Confirmation in Human Trials, Rafael M. Bitencourt and Reinaldo N. Takahashi, 2018

Cannabidiol as a Therapeutic Alternative for Post-traumatic Stress Disorder : From Bench Research to Confirmation in Human Trials Rafael M. Bitencourt and Reinaldo N. Takahashi Frontiers in Neuroscience, 2018, 12, 502, 1-10. Doi : 10.3389/fnins.2018.00502   Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is characterized by poor adaptation to a traumatic experience. This disorder affects approximately 10% of people at some point in life. Current pharmacological therapies for PTSD have been shown to be inefficient and produce considerable side effects. Since the discovery of the involvement of the endocannabinoid (eCB) system in emotional memory processing, pharmacological manipulation of eCB signaling has become a therapeutic possibility for the treatment of [...]

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Integrating Endocannabinoid Signaling and Cannabinoids into the Biology and Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Matthew N. Hill et al., 2018

Integrating Endocannabinoid Signaling and Cannabinoids into the Biology and Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Matthew N. Hill, Patrizia Campolongo, Rachel Yehuda and Sachin Pate Neuropsychopharmacology REVIEWS, 2018, 43, 80–102. doi : 10.1038/npp.2017.162   Exposure to stress is an undeniable, but in most cases surmountable, part of life. However, in certain individuals, exposure to severe or cumulative stressors can lead to an array of pathological conditions including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), characterized by debilitating trauma-related intrusive thoughts, avoidance behaviors, hyperarousal, as well as depressed mood and anxiety. In the context of the rapidly changing political and legal landscape surrounding use of cannabis products in the USA, [...]

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Early Consumption of Cannabinoids : From Adult Neurogenesis to Behavior, Citlalli Netzahualcoyotzi et al., 2021

Early Consumption of Cannabinoids : From Adult Neurogenesis to Behavior Citlalli Netzahualcoyotzi, Luis Miguel Rodríguez-Serrano, María Elena Chávez-Hernández and Mario Humberto Buenrostro-Jáuregui International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2021, 22, 7450. doi : 10.3390/ijms22147450   Abstract The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is a crucial modulatory system in which interest has been increasing, particularly regarding the regulation of behavior and neuroplasticity. The adolescent–young adulthood phase of development comprises a critical period in the maturation of the nervous system and the ECS. Neurogenesis occurs in discrete regions of the adult brain, and this process is linked to the modulation of some behaviors. Since marijuana (cannabis) is the most consumed illegal [...]

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Cannabinoids and the endocannabinoid system in reward processing and addiction: from mechanisms to interventions, Rainer Spanagel, 2020

Cannabinoids and the endocannabinoid system in reward processing and addiction: from mechanisms to interventions Rainer Spanagel, PhD Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience, 2020, 22, (3), 241-250. doi : 10.31887/DCNS.2020.22.3/rspanagel   The last decades have seen a major gain in understanding the action of cannabinoids and the endocannabinoid system in reward processing and the development of addictive behavior. Cannabis-derived psychoactive compounds such as Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol and synthetic cannabinoids directly interact with the reward system and thereby have addictive properties. Cannabinoids induce their reinforcing properties by an increase in tonic dopamine levels through a cannabinoid type 1 (CB1) receptor–dependent mechanism within the ventral tegmental area. Cues that are conditioned [...]

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Involvement of the endocannabinoid system in drug addiction, Rafael Maldonado et al., 2006

Involvement of the endocannabinoid system in drug addiction, Rafael Maldonado, Olga Valverde and Fernando Berrendero Trends in Neurosciences, 2006, 29, (4), 225-232. Doi : 10.1016/j.tins.2006.01.008   Recent studies have shown that the endocannabinoid system is involved in the common neurobiological mechanism underlying drug addiction. This system participates in the primary rewarding effects of cannabinoids, nicotine, alcohol and opioids, through the release of endocannabinoids in the ventral tegmental area. Endocannabinoids are also involved in the motivation to seek drugs by a dopamine-independent mechanism, demonstrated for psychostimulants and opioids. The endocannabinoid system also participates in the common mechanisms underlying relapse to drugseeking behaviour by mediating the motivational effects [...]

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Effects of CBD-Enriched Cannabis sativa Extract on Autism Spectrum Disorder Symptoms: An Observational Study of 18 Participants Undergoing Compassionate Use, Paulo Fleury-Teixeira et al., 2019

Effects of CBD-Enriched Cannabis sativa Extract on Autism Spectrum Disorder Symptoms : An Observational Study of 18 Participants Undergoing Compassionate Use Paulo Fleury-Teixeira, Fabio Viegas Caixeta, Leandro Cruz Ramires da Silva, Joaquim Pereira Brasil-Neto and Renato Malcher-Lopes Frontiers in Neurology, 2019, volume 10, Article 1146, 1-9. doi : 10.3389/fneur.2019.01145   Autism Spectrum Disorders comprise conditions that may affect cognitive development, motor skills, social interaction, communication, and behavior. This set of functional deficits often results in lack of independence for the diagnosed individuals, and severe distress for patients, families, and caregivers. There is a mounting body of evidence indicating the effectiveness of pure cannabidiol (CBD) and [...]

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