Étiquette : système endocannabinoïde

Effects of CBD-Enriched Cannabis sativa Extract on Autism Spectrum Disorder Symptoms : An Observational Study of 18 Participants Undergoing Compassionate Use, Paulo Fleury-Teixeira et al., 2019

Effects of CBD-Enriched Cannabis sativa Extract on Autism Spectrum Disorder Symptoms : An Observational Study of 18 Participants Undergoing Compassionate Use Paulo Fleury-Teixeira, Fabio Viegas Caixeta, Leandro Cruz Ramires da Silva, Joaquim Pereira Brasil-Neto and Renato Malcher-Lopes Frontiers in Neurology, October 2019, Volume 10, Article 1145 doi : 10.3389/fneur.2019.01145   Autism Spectrum Disorders comprise conditions that may affect cognitive development, motor skills, social interaction, communication, and behavior. This set of functional deficits often results in lack of independence for the diagnosed individuals, and severe distress for patients, families, and caregivers. There is a mounting body of evidence indicating the effectiveness of pure cannabidiol (CBD) and [...]

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Study protocol for a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study evaluating the Efficacy of cannabis-based Medicine Extract in slowing the disease pRogression of Amyotrophic Lateral sclerosis or motor neurone Disease : the EMERALD trial, Berzenn Urbi et al., 2019,

Study protocol for a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study evaluating the Efficacy of cannabis-based Medicine Extract in slowing the disease progression of Amyotrophic Lateral sclerosis or motor neurone Disease : the EMERALD trial Berzenn Urbi, Simon Broadley, Richard Bedlack, Ethan Russo, Arman Sabet British Medical Journal Open, 2019, 9, e029449. doi : 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-029449   Abstract Introduction : Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disorder with no known cure and with an average life expectancy of 3–5 years post diagnosis. The use of complementary medicine such as medicinal cannabis in search for a potential treatment or cure is common in ALS. Preclinical studies have demonstrated the efficacy [...]

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A spider derived peptide, PnPP-19, induces central antinociception mediated by opioid and cannabinoid systems, Daniela da Fonseca Pacheco et al.,

A spider derived peptide, PnPP-19, induces central antinociception mediated by opioid and cannabinoid systems Daniela da Fonseca Pacheco, Ana Cristina Nogueira Freitas, Adriano Monteiro C. Pimenta, Igor Dimitri Gama Duarte and Maria Elena de Lima Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases, 2016, 22, 34, Doi : 10.1186/s40409-016-0091-6   Abstract Background : Some peptides purified from the venom of the spider Phoneutria nigriventer have been identified as potential sources of drugs for pain treatment. In this study, we characterized the antinociceptive effect of the peptide PnPP-19 on the central nervous system and investigated the possible involvement of opioid and cannabinoid systems in its action [...]

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Endocannabinoid System, Aleksandra Tarasiuka et al., 2019

Endocannabinoid System Aleksandra Tarasiuka, Maciej Salagaa, and Jakub Fichna Encyclopedia of Gastroenterology, 2nd Edition, 2019 © 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-801238-3.65635-0 1   Introduction 1 Cannabinoids and Their Role in the Physiological and Pathophysiological Processes in the GI Tract 3 Physiological Conditions 3 Gut motility 3 Gastric secretion and emptying 3 Pathophysiological Conditions 4 IBS 4 IBD 5 Colon cancer 5 Peptic ulcer disease 5 Endocannabinoid System and Its Interplay With Other Systems 5 Cholecystokinin 5 Endovanilloids 6 Opioids 6 Endocannabinoid System and Gut Microbiota 6 Conclusion 7 Acknowledgments 7 References Introduction Endocannabinoid system (ECS) is one of the crucial physiological systems that may be targeted to improve human health. Endocannabinoids and their receptors are localized in various organs (heart, lungs, urinary bladder, [...]

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CBD : The Cinderella Molecule, Martin A. LEE, projectCBD.org, 2017

CBD : The Cinderella Molecule Martin A. Lee On February 09, 2017 Originally published in High Times (Feb. 2017) https://www.projectcbd.org/culture/cbd-cinderella-molecule High Times cover story by Martin A Lee highlights the breakthrough research on CBD, and how it has revolutionized the story of cannabis medicine. “This changes everything!” That was the immediate reaction of Bay Area journalist Fred Gardner as he stood in the office of Steep Hill Laboratory in Oakland and eyed a chromatogram showing the unusual cannabinoid content of a hitherto unknown marijuana strain. The year was 2009, and the strain of interest, an oddity called Soma A-Plus, didn’t top the charts with THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), [...]

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CBD & the Psychedelic Receptor, Lex Pelger, projectCBD.org, 2019

CBD & the Psychedelic Receptor Lex Pelger On March 11, 2018 (Updated on April 16, 2019) https://www.projectcbd.org/science/cbd-psychedelic-receptor CBD and LSD bind to the same serotonin receptor, which mediates psychedelic altered states. But cannabidiol has anti-psychotic properties and doesn't cause hallucinations. In a shorthand that drives scientists mad, serotonin is often called ‘the neurotransmitter of happiness.’ This tag is especially troublesome as more and more flaws become apparent in the ‘serotonin hypothesis’ of depression – the idea that depression is caused by a serotonin deficit, which a pill (a serotonin reuptake inhibitor) could correct.1  Serotonin is a complex molecule in the brain and the [...]

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Prenatal THC exposure produces a hyperdopaminergic phenotype rescued by pregnenolone, Roberto Frau et al., 2019

Prenatal THC exposure produces a hyperdopaminergic phenotype rescued by pregnenolone Roberto Frau, Vivien Miczán, Francesco Traccis, Sonia Aroni, Csaba I. Pongor, Pierluigi Saba, Valeria Serra, Claudia Sagheddu, Silvia Fanni, Mauro Congiu, Paola Devoto, Joseph F. Cheer, István Katona and Miriam Melis Nature Neuroscience,  December 2019, VOL 22, 1975–1985 www.nature.com/natureneuroscience1975 Content courtesy of Springer Nature, terms of use apply. Rights reserved Doi : 10.1038/s41593-019-0512-2 The increased legal availability of cannabis has led to a common misconception that it is a safe natural remedy for, among others, pregnancy-related ailments such as morning sickness. Emerging clinical evidence, however, indicates that prenatal cannabis exposure (PCE) predisposes offspring to various neuropsychiatric [...]

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Cannabis Use in Adolescence : A Review of Neuroimaging Findings, Yann Chye et al., 2019

Cannabis Use in Adolescence : A Review of Neuroimaging Findings Yann Chye, Erynn Christensen & Murat Yücel Journal of Dual Diagnosis, 2019 Doi : 10.1080/15504263.2019.1636171   ABSTRACT Objective : Shifting policies and widespread acceptance of cannabis for medical and/or recreational purposes have fueled worries of increased cannabis initiation and use in adolescents. In particular, the adolescent period is thought to be associated with an increased susceptibility to the potential harms of repeated cannabis use, due to being a critical period for neuromaturational events in the brain. This review investigates the neuroimaging evidence of brain harms attributable to adolescent cannabis use. Methods : PubMed and Scopus searches were [...]

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Endocannabinoid-mediated synaptic plasticity and substance use disorders, E. Fernandez-Espejo & L. Nunez-Dominguez, 2019

Endocannabinoid-mediated synaptic plasticity and substance use disorders E. Fernandez-Espejo, L. Nunez-Dominguez Neurologia, 2019 Copyright © 2019 Sociedad Española de Neurología. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved. doi : 10.1016/j.nrl.2018.12.004 Abstract Drugs impact brain reward circuits, causing dependence and addiction, in a condition currently described as substance use disorders. Mechanisms of synaptic plasticity in these circuits are crucial in the development of addictive behaviour, and endocannabinoids, particularly anandamide and 2-arachidonyl-glycerol, participate in normal neuroplasticity. Substance use disorders are known to be associated with disruption of endocannabinoid-mediated synaptic plasticity, among other phenomena. Endocannabinoids mediate neuroplasticity in the short and the long term. In the short term, [...]

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Bibliographie : Interactions et antagonisme THC – CBD, Docteur Christian SUEUR, GRECC, novembre 2019.

Bibliographie : Interactions et antagonisme THC - CBD Docteur Christian SUEUR, GRECC, novembre 2019.   Les interactions entre le THC et le CBD sur le système endocannabinoide, quant aux effets psychotomimetic (production de "symptomes psychotiques") sont opposés : là où le THC produit préférentiellement de l'anxiété, et des effets "psychotisants", le CBD est plutôt anxiolytique et "antipsychotique". Ces deux phytocannabinoïdes sont "antagonistes", et contribuent, parmi d'autres inter-relations entre les phytocannabinoïdes, les terpènes et les flavonoïdes composant le cannabis, aux "effets d'entourage" fondamentaux, tout autant quant à la production "d'effets indésirables" et de risques pour la santé mentale du consommateur, que dans le cadre de [...]

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