Étiquette : cannabis

The Clinical Significance of Endocannabinoids in Endometriosis Pain Management, Jerome Bouaziz et al.,

The Clinical Significance of Endocannabinoids in Endometriosis Pain Management Jerome Bouaziz, Alexandra Bar On, Daniel S. Seidman, and David Soriano Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, 2017, 2, 1, 72-80 DOI : 10.1089/can.2016.0035   Abstract Introduction : Patients with endometriosis often suffer from diffuse and poorly localized severe pain. The current pain management strategies include medical and hormonal therapy, as well as surgery. Medical management of pain is often insufficient and is associated with high rate of recurrence. Better pain management is therefore of urgent need. Methods : Among the various candidates, the endocannabinoid system (ECS) has recently emerged as a relevant pharmacological target for themanagement of endometriosis-related pain. [...]

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Identification of Terpenoid Chemotypes Among High (-)-trans-D9- Tetrahydrocannabinol-Producing Cannabis sativa L. Cultivars, Justin T. Fischedick,

Identification of Terpenoid Chemotypes Among High (-)-trans-D9- Tetrahydrocannabinol-Producing Cannabis sativa L. Cultivars Justin T. Fischedick Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, 2017, 2, 1, 34-47 DOI: 10.1089/can.2016.0040   Abstract Introduction : With laws changing around the world regarding the legal status of Cannabis sativa (cannabis) it is important to develop objective classification systems that help explain the chemical variation found among various cultivars. Currently cannabis cultivars are named using obscure and inconsistent nomenclature. Terpenoids, responsible for the aroma of cannabis, are a useful group of compounds for distinguishing cannabis cultivars with similar cannabinoid content. Methods : In this study we analyzed terpenoid content of cannabis samples obtained from a [...]

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First, Marijuana. Are Magic Mushrooms Next? – Barbara Feder Ostrov – Medscape – May 21, 2018.

First, Marijuana. Are Magic Mushrooms Next ? Barbara Feder Ostrov Medscape - May 21, 2018   In Oregon and Denver, where marijuana is legal for recreational use, activists are now pushing toward a psychedelic frontier: “magic mushrooms.” Groups in both states are sponsoring ballot measures that would eliminate criminal penalties for possession of the mushrooms whose active ingredient, psilocybin, can cause hallucinations, euphoria and changes in perception. They point to research showing that psilocybin might be helpful for people suffering from depression or anxiety. “We don’t want individuals to lose their freedom over something that’s natural and has health benefits,” said Kevin Matthews, the campaign director [...]

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Cannabis sativa : The Plant of the Thousand and One Molecules, Christelle M. Andre, 2016

Cannabis sativa : The Plant of the Thousand and One Molecules Christelle M. Andre, Jean-Francois Hausman and Gea Guerriero Frontiers in Plant Science, 2016, Volume 7, Article 19. doi:10.3389/fpls.2016.00019   Cannabis sativa L. is an important herbaceous species originating from Central Asia, which has been used in folk medicine and as a source of textile fiber since the dawn of times. This fast-growing plant has recently seen a resurgence of interest because of its multi-purpose applications : it is indeed a treasure trove of phytochemicals and a rich source of both cellulosic and woody fibers. Equally highly interested in this plant are the pharmaceutical and [...]

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The diverse CB1 and CB2 receptor pharmacology of three plant cannabinoids : D9-tetrahydrocannabinol, cannabidiol and D9-tetrahydrocannabivarin, R.G. Pertwee, 2008

The diverse CB1 and CB2 receptor pharmacology of three plant cannabinoids : D9-tetrahydrocannabinol, cannabidiol and D9-tetrahydrocannabivarin Roger G. Pertwee British Journal of Pharmacology, 2008, 153, 199–215 doi:10.1038/sj.bjp.0707442   Cannabis sativa is the source of a unique set of compounds known collectively as plant cannabinoids or phytocannabinoids. This review focuses on the manner with which three of these compounds, (-)-trans-D9-tetrahydrocannabinol (D9-THC), (-)- cannabidiol (CBD) and (-)-trans-D9-tetrahydrocannabivarin (D9-THCV), interact with cannabinoid CB1 and CB2 receptors. D9-THC, the main psychotropic constituent of cannabis, is a CB1 and CB2 receptor partial agonist and in line with classical pharmacology, the responses it elicits appear to be strongly influenced both by [...]

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Cannabidiol for the Treatment of Drug Use Disorders, R.G. dos SANTOS, J.E.C. HALLAK, W. ZUARDI, J.A. de SOUZA, 2017

Chapter 97 - Cannabidiol for the Treatment of Drug Use Disorders R.G. dos SANTOS, J.E.C. HALLAK, W. ZUARDI, J.A. de SOUZA in "Handbook of Cannabis and Related Pathologies". "Biology, Pharmacology, Diagnosis, and Treatment", 2017, Pages 939-946 https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-800756-3.00113-7 Abstract The problematic use of psychoactive substances like alcohol, cannabis, cocaine, amphetamines, heroin, and nicotine carry a series of health, economic, and social costs to individuals and society. Although pharmacological treatments for alcohol, heroin, and nicotine abuse or dependence are available, there is no approved medication for the treatment of cannabis and stimulant dependence. Cannabidiol (CBD), a nonpsychotomimetic cannabinoid present in the cannabis plant, has anxiolytic, antipsychotic, antiepileptic, [...]

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Molecular Targets of the Phytocannabinoids-A Complex Picture, Paula Morales et al., 2017

Molecular Targets of the Phytocannabinoids-A Complex Picture Paula Morales, Dow P. Hurst, Patricia H. Reggio Progress in the Chemistry of Organic Natural Products, 2017 ; 103: 103–131. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-45541-9_4. 1 Introduction For centuries, hashish and marihuana, both derived from the Indian hemp Cannabis sativa L., have been used for their medicinal, as well as, their psychotropic effects. Phytocannabinoids are oxygen containing C21 aromatic hydrocarbons found in Cannabis sativa L. To date, over 120 phytocannabinoids have been isolated from Cannabis, including two compounds, (−)-trans-Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC) and (−)-trans-Δ8-THC (Δ8-THC) that have been shown to bind to cannabinoid receptors and elicit the characteristic psychotropic effect associated with Cannabis [1]. [...]

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Molecular Pharmacology of Phytocannabinoids, Sarah E. Turner et al., 2017

Molecular Pharmacology of Phytocannabinoids Sarah E. Turner, Claire M. Williams, Leslie Iversen, and Benjamin J. Whalley © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017 A.D. Kinghorn, H. Falk, S. Gibbons, J. Kobayashi (eds.), Phytocannabinoids, Progress in the Chemistry of Organic Natural Products 103, 61-100. DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-45541-9_3 Contents 1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [...]

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The origins of cannabis smoking : Chemical residue evidence from the first millennium BCE in the Pamirs, Meng Ren et al., 2019

The origins of cannabis smoking : Chemical residue evidence from the first millennium BCE in the Pamirs Meng Ren, Zihua Tang, Xinhua Wu, Robert Spengler, Hongen Jiang, Yimin Yang, Nicole Boivin Science Advances, 2019, 5 : eaaw1391 (12 June 2019) DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aaw1391   Cannabis is one of the oldest cultivated plants in East Asia, grown for grain and fiber as well as for recreational, medical, and ritual purposes. It is one of the most widely used psychoactive drugs in the world today, but little is known about its early psychoactive use or when plants under cultivation evolved the phenotypical trait of increased specialized compound production. [...]

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Phytochemical and genetic analyses of ancient cannabis from Central Asia, Ethan B. Russo et al., 2008

Phytochemical and genetic analyses of ancient cannabis from Central Asia Ethan B. Russo, Hong-En Jiang, Xiao Li, Alan Sutton, Andrea Carboni, Francesca del Bianco, Giuseppe Mandolino, David J. Potter, You-Xing Zhao, Subir Bera, Yong-Bing Zhang, En Guo Lu, David K. Ferguson, Francis Hueber, Liang-Cheng Zhao, Chang-Jiang Liu, Yu-Fei Wang and Cheng-Sen Li Journal of Experimental Botany, 2008, Vol. 59, No. 15, pp. 4171–4182, doi:10.1093/jxb/ern260 Abstract The Yanghai Tombs near Turpan, Xinjiang-Uighur Autonomous Region, China have recently been excavated to reveal the 2700-year-old grave of a Caucasoid shaman whose accoutrements included a large cache of cannabis, superbly preserved by climatic and burial conditions. A multidisciplinary international [...]

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