Étiquette : douleur

Patient-reported use of medical cannabis for pain, anxiety, and depression symptoms : Systematic review and meta-analysis, Jesse D. Kosiba et al., 2019

Patient-reported use of medical cannabis for pain, anxiety, and depression symptoms : Systematic review and meta-analysis Jesse D. Kosiba, Stephen A. Maisto, Joseph W. Ditre Social Science & Medicine, 2019, 181-192. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2019.06.005 This study is the first to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of empirical studies that assess patient-reported reasons for using medical cannabis to alleviate pain, anxiety, and depression. The present review further assessed the quality of studies and identified several methodological flaws in extant research. Highlights •Systematically reviewed studies why patients use medical cannabis. •Pain was a common reason for medical cannabis use (64%). •Anxiety (50%) and depression (34%) were [...]

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Medical cannabis trial will target 20,000 UK patients, Jamie Doward and Lily Gordon Brown, The Guardian, 3 novembre 2019.

Medical cannabis trial will target 20,000 UK patients Jamie Doward and Lily Gordon Brown The GUARDIAN, Published on Sun 3 Nov 2019 https://www.theguardian.com/society/2019/nov/03/medical-cannabis-uk-clinical-trial-patients-nhs   Project backed by Royal College of Psychiatrists aims to be largest on drug’s use in Europe • Medical cannabis: Why are doctors still not prescribing it? Tilray medicinal cannabis growing facility in Canada. Photograph: Tilray Up to 20,000 patients in the UK are to be given medical cannabis over a two-year period in an initiative that aims to create the largest body of evidence on the drug in Europe. The move, to be unveiled on Thursday, is [...]

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Myorelaxant Effect of Transdermal Cannabidiol Application in Patients with TMD : A Randomized, Double-Blind Trial, Aleksandra Nitecka-Buchta et al., 2019

Myorelaxant Effect of Transdermal Cannabidiol Application in Patients with TMD : A Randomized, Double-Blind Trial Aleksandra Nitecka-Buchta, Anna Nowak-Wachol, KacperWachol, KarolinaWalczynska-Dragon, Paweł Olczyk, Olgierd Batoryna, Wojciech Kempa and Stefan Baron Journal of Clinical Medicine, 2019, 8, 188, 1-17. doi : 10.3390/jcm8111886 Abstract Background : The healing properties of cannabidiol (CBD) have been known for centuries. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the efficiency of the myorelaxant effect of CBD after the transdermal application in patients with myofascial pain. Methods : The Polish version of the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD Ia and Ib) was used. A total of 60 patients were enrolled [...]

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A spider derived peptide, PnPP-19, induces central antinociception mediated by opioid and cannabinoid systems, Daniela da Fonseca Pacheco et al.,

A spider derived peptide, PnPP-19, induces central antinociception mediated by opioid and cannabinoid systems Daniela da Fonseca Pacheco, Ana Cristina Nogueira Freitas, Adriano Monteiro C. Pimenta, Igor Dimitri Gama Duarte and Maria Elena de Lima Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases, 2016, 22, 34, Doi : 10.1186/s40409-016-0091-6   Abstract Background : Some peptides purified from the venom of the spider Phoneutria nigriventer have been identified as potential sources of drugs for pain treatment. In this study, we characterized the antinociceptive effect of the peptide PnPP-19 on the central nervous system and investigated the possible involvement of opioid and cannabinoid systems in its action [...]

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Chemistry, pharmacology and medicinal properties of Peganum harmala L., Jinous Asgarpanah and Fereshteh Ramezanloo, 2012

Chemistry, pharmacology and medicinal properties of Peganum harmala L. Jinous Asgarpanah and Fereshteh Ramezanloo African journal of pharmacy and pharmacology, 2012, 6, (22), 1573-1580. Doi : 10.5897/AJPP11.876   Peganum harmala L. is known as Syrian rue, Wild rue and Harmal. P. harmala extracts are considered important for drug development, because they are reported to have numerous pharmacological activities in the Middle East, especially in Iran and Egypt. For a long time P. harmala has been used in traditional medicines for the relief of pain and as an antiseptic agent. P. harmala also have antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, antioxidant, antidiabetic, antitumor, antileishmanial, insecticidal and cytotoxic activities and hepatoprotective and antinociceptive effects. Harmaline, [...]

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Safety and Efficacy of Medical Cannabis in Fibromyalgia, Iftach Sagy et al., 2019

Safety and Efficacy of Medical Cannabis in Fibromyalgia Iftach Sagy, Lihi Bar-Lev Schleider, Mahmoud Abu-Shakra and Victor Novack Journal of Clinical Medicine, 2019, 8, 807 doi : 10.3390/jcm8060807   Abstract : Background : Chronic pain may be treated by medical cannabis. Yet, there is scarce evidence to support the role of medical cannabis in the treatment of fibromyalgia. The aim of the study was to investigate the characteristics, safety, and eectiveness of medical cannabis therapy for fibromyalgia. Methods : A prospective observational study with six months follow-up period based on fibromyalgia patients who were willing to answer questionnaire in a specialized medical cannabis clinic between 2015 and 2017. Results : Among the [...]

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Medicinal properties of Peganum harmala L. in traditional Iranian medicine and modern phytotherapy : a review, Mina Cheraghi Niroumand et al., 2015

Medicinal properties of Peganum harmala L. in traditional Iranian medicine and modern phytotherapy: a review Mina Cheraghi Niroumand, Mohammad Hosein Farzaei, Gholamreza Amin Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 2015, 35, (1), 104-109.   Abstract OBJECTIVE : To review the pharmacological activities of Peganum harmala L. (P. harmala, Nitrariaceae) in traditional Iranian medicine (TIM) and modern phytotherapy. METHODS : Opinions of TIM and modern phytotherapy about safety and acceptable dosage of this plant are discussed. Various medical properties of P. harmala were collected from important TIM references and added to scientific reports derived from modern medical databases like PubMed, Scirus, ScienceDirect and Scopus. RESULTS : The main medicinal [...]

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Cannabis use, pain and prescription opioid use in people living with chronic non-cancer pain : Findings from a four-year prospective cohort, Gabrielle Campbell et al., 2018

Cannabis use, pain and prescription opioid use in people living with chronic non-cancer pain : Findings from a four-year prospective cohort Gabrielle Campbell, Wayne D. Hall, Amy Peacock, Nicholas Lintzeris, Raimondo Bruno, Briony Larance, Suzanne Nielsen, Milton Cohen, Gary Chan, Richard P. Mattick, Fiona Blyth, Marian Shanahan, Timothy Dobbins, Michael Farrell, Louisa Degenhardt Lancet Public Health, 2018, 3, (7): e341–e350. doi:10.1016/S2468-2667(18)30110-5.   Abstract Background : There has been growing interest in the use of cannabis and cannabinoids to treat chronic non-cancer pain (CNCP). Cannabis and cannabinoids have attracted attention because of their greater safety compared with opioids, and the possibility that their use can reduce opioid [...]

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The effect of cannabis laws on opioid use, J.L. Flexon et al., 2019

The effect of cannabis laws on opioid use. J.L. Flexon, L. Stolzenberg, S.J. d'Alessio International Journal of Drug Policy, 2019, 74, 152-159. doi : 10.1016/j.drugpo.2019.09.013. Abstract BACKGROUND : Many Americans rely on opioids at varying dosages to help ameliorate their suffering. However, empirical evidence is mounting that opioids are ineffective at controlling non-cancer related chronic pain, and many argue the strategies meant to relieve patient suffering are contributing to the growing opioid epidemic. Concurrently, several states now allow the use of medical cannabis to treat a variety of medical conditions, including chronic pain. Needing more exploration is the impact of cannabis laws on general opioid reliance [...]

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Opportunities for cannabis in supportive care in cancer, Amber S. Kleckner et al., 2019

Opportunities for cannabis in supportive care in cancer Amber S. Kleckner , Ian R. Kleckner, Charles S. Kamen, Mohamedtaki A. Tejani, Michelle C. Janelsins, Gary R. Morrow and Luke J. Peppone Therapeutic Advances in Medical Oncology, 2019, Vol. 11, 1–29 Doi : 10.1177/1758835919866362   Abstract Cannabis has the potential to modulate some of the most common and debilitating symptoms of cancer and its treatments, including nausea and vomiting, loss of appetite, and pain. However, the dearth of scientific evidence for the effectiveness of cannabis in treating these symptoms in patients with cancer poses a challenge to clinicians in discussing this option with their patients. A review [...]

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