Étiquette : douleur

Cannabis Misconceptions Still Common Among MS Clinicians, Nancy Melville, Medscape.com, 2020

Cannabis Misconceptions Still Common Among MS Clinicians Nancy Melville June 05, 2020 https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/931872?nlid=135873_425&src=WNL_mdplsfeat_200609_mscpedit_psyc&uac=292598PZ&spon=12&impID=2413707&faf=1   Despite the ever-increasing acceptance of medical cannabis and its notably common use in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), clinicians treating those patients still may be poorly informed about risks, benefits, regulations, and proper uses, experts say. "There is evidence of a 'clinical void,' with clinicians on one side and people with MS and other conditions on the other that doesn't usually exist regarding therapies that people with MS are using," said Allen C. Bowling, MD, PhD, director of the NeuroHealth Institute and clinical professor of neurology at the University of Colorado, in Aurora. His [...]

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Prescription Opioid Distribution after the Legalization of Recreational Marijuana in Colorado, Amalie K. Kropp Lopez et al., 2020

Prescription Opioid Distribution after the Legalization of Recreational Marijuana in Colorado Amalie K. Kropp Lopez, Stephanie D. Nichols, Daniel Y. Chung, Daniel E. Kaufman, Kenneth L. McCall  and Brian J. Piper International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2020, 17, 3251 doi : 10.3390/ijerph17093251   Abstract : There have been dynamic changes in prescription opioid use in the US but the state level policy factors contributing to these are incompletely understood. We examined the association between the legalization of recreational marijuana and prescription opioid distribution in Colorado. Utah and Maryland, two states that had not legalized recreational marijuana, were selected for comparison. Prescription data reported to [...]

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Effet d’entourage contre douleur neuropathique, PrincipesActifs.org, 22 Mai 2020

Effet d’entourage contre douleur neuropathique Publié le 22 Mai 2020 https://www.principesactifs.org/effet-dentourage-contre-douleur-neuropathique/     Cette huile de cannabidiol est efficace contre la douleur neuropathique chronique, conclut cette étude pré-clinique de l’University of New Mexico (UNM). L’étude présentée dans la revue Life suggère que l’huile permet de diviser par 10 la sensibilité à la douleur mécanique et pendant plusieurs heures. Ici chez la souris modèle de douleur neuropathique postopératoire chronique. Ces données présentées dans la revue Life illustrent ce que les experts nomment l’effet d’entourage ou l’action synergique de différents composés du cannabis qui apporte cet effet thérapeutique. Dans cette expérience, il s’agit d’une huile de cannabis contenant [...]

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High Times for Painful Blues : The Endocannabinoid System in Pain-Depression Comorbidity, Marie Fitzgibbon et al., 2016

High Times for Painful Blues : The Endocannabinoid System in Pain-Depression Comorbidity Marie Fitzgibbon, David P. Finn,  Michelle Roche International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology, 2016, 19, (3), 1–20 doi : 10.1093/ijnp/pyv095   Abstract Depression and pain are two of the most debilitating disorders worldwide and have an estimate co-occurrence of up to 80%. Comorbidity of these disorders is more difficult to treat, associated with significant disability and impaired healthrelated quality of life than either condition alone, resulting in enormous social and economic cost. Several neural substrates have been identified as potential mediators in the association between depression and pain, including neuroanatomical reorganization, monoamine and neurotrophin depletion, dysregulation [...]

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What does the ecological and epidemiological evidence indicate about the potential for cannabinoids to reduce opioid use and harms ? A comprehensive review, Gabrielle Campbell, 2018

What does the ecological and epidemiological evidence indicate about the potential for cannabinoids to reduce opioid use and harms ? A comprehensive review Gabrielle Campbell, Wayne Hall and Suzanne Nielsen International Review of Psychiatry, 2018, 1-16. Doi : 10.1080/09540261.2018.1509842   ABSTRACT Pre-clinical research supports that cannabinoids reduce opioid dose requirements, but few studies have tested this in humans. This review evaluates ecological and epidemiological studies that have been cited as evidence that medical cannabis use may reduce opioid use and opioidrelated harms. Medline and Embase were searched for relevant articles. Data were extracted on study setting, analyses approach, covariates, and outcomes. Eleven ecological and 14 epidemiological [...]

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Short-term effects of cannabis consumption on cognitive performance in medical cannabis patients, Phillip Olla et al., 2019

Short-term effects of cannabis consumption on cognitive performance in medical cannabis patients Phillip Olla, Nicholas Rykulski, Jessica L. Hurtubise, Stephen Bartol, Rachel Foote, Laura Cutler, Kaitlyn Abeare, Nora McVinnie, Alana G. Sabelli, Maurissa Hastings, and Laszlo A. Erdodi Applied Neuropsychology : Adult, 2019, 1-11. Doi : 10.1080/23279095.2019.1681424   ABSTRACT This observational study examined the acute cognitive effects of cannabis. We hypothesized that cognitive performance would be negatively affected by acute cannabis intoxication. Twenty-two medical cannabis patients from Southwestern Ontario completed the study. The majority (n¼13) were male. Mean age was 36.0 years, and mean level of education was 13.7 years. Participants were administered the same brief neurocognitive battery three times during [...]

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Cannabis Use Motivations among Adults Prescribed Opioids for Pain versus Opioid Addiction, Selena N. Clem et al., 2019

Cannabis Use Motivations among Adults Prescribed Opioids for Pain versus Opioid Addiction Selena N. Clem, Teresa L. Bigand, Marian Wilson Pain Management Nursing, 2019, 1-5. Doi : 10.1016/j.pmn.2019.06.009   a b s t r a c t Background : Cannabis has been linked to reduced opioid use, although reasons for cannabis use among adults prescribed opioids are unclear. Aims : The purpose of this study was to determine whether motivations for cannabis use differ between adults prescribed opioids for persistent pain versus those receiving opioids as medication-assisted treatment for opioid use disorder. Design : A cross-sectional survey design was used. Participants : Adults prescribed opioids for persistent pain (n [...]

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Cannabis Use Moderates the Relationship between Pain and Negative Affect in Adults with Opioid Use Disorder, Marian Wilson et al.,

Cannabis Use Moderates the Relationship between Pain and Negative Affect in Adults with Opioid Use Disorder Marian Wilson, Hannah Y. Gogulski, Carrie Cuttler,  Teresa L. Bigand, Oladunni Oluwoye,Celestina Barbosa-Leiker, MaryLee A. Roberts Addictive Behaviors, 2017, 30 p. doi : 10.1016/j.addbeh.2017.10.012   Abstract Introduction : Adults in Medication-Assisted Treatment (MAT) for opioid addiction are at risk for substance use relapse and opioid overdose. They often have high rates of cannabis use and comorbid symptoms of pain, depression, and anxiety. Low levels of self-efficacy (confidence that one can self-manage symptoms) are linked to higher symptom burdens and increased substance use. The effects of cannabis use on symptom management [...]

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Efficacy of Dronabinol for Acute Pain Management in Adults with Traumatic Injury : Study Protocol of A Randomized Controlled Trial, Claire Swartwood et al., 2020

Efficacy of Dronabinol for Acute Pain Management in Adults with Traumatic Injury : Study Protocol of A Randomized Controlled Trial Claire Swartwood, Kristin Salottolo, Robert Madayag, David Bar-Or Brain Sciences, 2020, 10, 161, 1-9. Doi : 10.3390/brainsci10030161   Abstract Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (D9-THC) and other cannabinoids present in cannabis (marijuana) have been shown to affect the normal inhibitory pathways that influence nociception in humans. The potential benefits of cannabinoids as an analgesic are likely greatest in hyperalgesic and inflammatory states, suggesting a role as a therapeutic agent for treating acute pain following injury. Dronabinol is a licensed form of D9-THC. The primary objective of this single center randomized [...]

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Mapping cannabis potency in medical and recreational programs in the United States, Mary Catherine Cash et al., 2020

Mapping cannabis potency in medical and recreational programs in the United States Mary Catherine Cash, Katharine Cunnane, Chuyin Fan, E. Alfonso Romero-Sandoval PLoS ONE, 2020, 15, (3), e0230167. Doi : 10.1371/journal.pone.0230167     Opinion d'expert: Les allégations sur l'infaisabilité du cannabis avec des concentrations élevées de THC à des fins médicales ne sont pas étayées par la science En mars 2020, le conseil d'administration de l'IACM a décidé d'installer une nouvelle catégorie dans le Bulletin de l’IACM, qui encourage à rédiger des opinions et des déclarations de chercheurs sur les rapports scientifiques actuels et des déclarations de collègues. Ces avis visent à stimuler la discussion sur [...]

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