Catégorie : Botanique

An Overview of Galenic Preparation Methods for Medicinal Cannabis, Luigi Romano and Arno Hazekamp, 2018

An Overview of Galenic Preparation Methods for Medicinal Cannabis Luigi Romano and Arno Hazekamp Current Bioactive Compounds, 2018, 14, DOI: 10.2174/1573407214666180612080412   Abstract : In recent years, the Cannabis plant (Cannabis sativa L.) has been rediscovered as a source of new medicines around the world. Despite the fact that a number of registered medicines have been developed on the basis of purified cannabis components, there is a rapid increasing acceptance and use of cannabis in its herbal form. Licensed producers of high quality cannabis plants now operate in various countries including The Netherlands, Canada, Israel, and Australia, and in many US states. The legal availability of [...]

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Price elasticity of illegal versus legal cannabis: a behavioral economic substitutability analysis, Michael Amlung et al., 2018

Price elasticity of illegal versus legal cannabis: a behavioral economic substitutability analysis Michael Amlung, Derek D. Reed, Vanessa Morris, Elizabeth R. Aston, Jane Metrik & James MacKillop Addiction, 2018, 114, 112–118 doi:10.1111/add.14437   ABSTRACT Background and Aims : The evolving legal status of cannabis world-wide necessitates evidence-based regulatory policies to minimize risks associated with cannabis misuse. A prominent concern is the impact legalization may have on the illegal cannabis market, including whether illegal cannabis will serve as a substitute for legal cannabis. Empirical data on this issue are virtually non-existent. This study used behavioral economics to investigate substitutability of legal and illegal cannabis in legalized catchment areas [...]

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States Want Pot to Grow Greener as Legal Cannabis Expands, Bloomberg Environment, July 19, 2019,

States Want Pot to Grow Greener as Legal Cannabis Expands Bloomberg Environment, Posted July 19, 2019, 12:01 PM https://news.bloombergenvironment.com/environment-and-energy/states-want-pot-to-grow-greener-as-legal-cannabis-expands Sustainability considered as part of legalization Regulations address pesticides, air quality As more states legalize recreational and medical marijuana, they’re confronting the reality that cannabis production involves using huge amounts of pesticides, energy, and water, while generating tons of plant and packaging waste. The result is a patchwork of air, water, pesticide, and waste regulations for the industry across dozens of states, even as the substance remains illegal at the federal level. States like Michigan, where the Marijuana Regulatory Agency will begin accepting business licenses in [...]

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Texas Peyote Culture, Kevin Feeney, 2018

Texas Peyote Culture Kevin FEENEY Cactus and Succulent Journal, 2018, 90, (1), 29-38   Peyote (Lophophora williamsii (Lem.) Coult.) has deep roots in Texas, or a deep taproot to be precise. While Texas is currently home to a federally regulated peyote trade, where members of the Native American Church (NAC) can legally purchase peyote for use in religious ceremonies, archaeological sites in Texas, and neighboring Coahuila, also mark the earliest known ceremonial associations between humans and peyote. It is believed that the peyote rituals of the Huichol, Nahua, Tarahumara, Cora, Tepehuan, and more recently the NAC, all trace their origins to the peyote gardens [...]

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Que s’est-il dit au colloque de l’Assemblée Nationale sur le chanvre bien-être ?, Aurélien Bernard, Newsweed, 17 juillet 2019

Que s’est-il dit au colloque de l’Assemblée Nationale sur le chanvre bien-être ? Aurélien BERNARD NEWSWEED, Cannabis en France, 17 juillet 2019 https://www.newsweed.fr/que-sest-il-dit-au-colloque-de-lassemblee-nationale-sur-le-chanvre-bien-etre/   © DR Le 11 juillet dernier s’est tenu à l’Assemblée Nationale un colloque sur le chanvre bien-être, à savoir les usages non-industriels du chanvre. Porté par le député de la Creuse Jean-Baptiste Moreau, Joël Labbé (sénateur du Morbihan), Sandrine Le Feur (députée du Finistère), Ludovic Mendes (député de la Moselle) et le Syndicat Professionnel du Chanvre (SPC), il a rassemblé plus de 250 personnes en salle Colbert autour de trois table-rondes. Le colloque s’est soldé par l’annonce par Jean-Baptiste [...]

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Identification of Terpenoid Chemotypes Among High (-)-trans-D9- Tetrahydrocannabinol-Producing Cannabis sativa L. Cultivars, Justin T. Fischedick, 2017

Identification of Terpenoid Chemotypes Among High (-)-trans-D9- Tetrahydrocannabinol-Producing Cannabis sativa L. Cultivars Justin T. Fischedick Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, 2017, 2, 1, 34-47 DOI: 10.1089/can.2016.0040   Abstract Introduction : With laws changing around the world regarding the legal status of Cannabis sativa (cannabis) it is important to develop objective classification systems that help explain the chemical variation found among various cultivars. Currently cannabis cultivars are named using obscure and inconsistent nomenclature. Terpenoids, responsible for the aroma of cannabis, are a useful group of compounds for distinguishing cannabis cultivars with similar cannabinoid content. Methods : In this study we analyzed terpenoid content of cannabis samples obtained from a [...]

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Cannabis sativa : The Plant of the Thousand and One Molecules, Christelle M. Andre, 2016

Cannabis sativa : The Plant of the Thousand and One Molecules Christelle M. Andre, Jean-Francois Hausman and Gea Guerriero Frontiers in Plant Science, 2016, Volume 7, Article 19. doi:10.3389/fpls.2016.00019   Cannabis sativa L. is an important herbaceous species originating from Central Asia, which has been used in folk medicine and as a source of textile fiber since the dawn of times. This fast-growing plant has recently seen a resurgence of interest because of its multi-purpose applications : it is indeed a treasure trove of phytochemicals and a rich source of both cellulosic and woody fibers. Equally highly interested in this plant are the pharmaceutical and [...]

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Molecular Targets of the Phytocannabinoids-A Complex Picture, Paula Morales et al., 2017

Molecular Targets of the Phytocannabinoids-A Complex Picture Paula Morales, Dow P. Hurst, Patricia H. Reggio Progress in the Chemistry of Organic Natural Products, 2017 ; 103: 103–131. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-45541-9_4. 1 Introduction For centuries, hashish and marihuana, both derived from the Indian hemp Cannabis sativa L., have been used for their medicinal, as well as, their psychotropic effects. Phytocannabinoids are oxygen containing C21 aromatic hydrocarbons found in Cannabis sativa L. To date, over 120 phytocannabinoids have been isolated from Cannabis, including two compounds, (−)-trans-Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC) and (−)-trans-Δ8-THC (Δ8-THC) that have been shown to bind to cannabinoid receptors and elicit the characteristic psychotropic effect associated with Cannabis [1]. [...]

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Molecular Pharmacology of Phytocannabinoids, Sarah E. Turner et al., 2017

Molecular Pharmacology of Phytocannabinoids Sarah E. Turner, Claire M. Williams, Leslie Iversen, and Benjamin J. Whalley © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017 A.D. Kinghorn, H. Falk, S. Gibbons, J. Kobayashi (eds.), Phytocannabinoids, Progress in the Chemistry of Organic Natural Products 103, 61-100. DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-45541-9_3 Contents 1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [...]

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Chemical evidence for the use of multiple psychotropic plants in a 1,000-year-old ritual bundle from South America, Melanie J. Miller et al., 2019

Chemical evidence for the use of multiple psychotropic plants in a 1,000-year-old ritual bundle from South America Melanie J. Miller, Juan Albarracin-Jordan, Christine Moore, and José M. Capriles PNAS June 4, 2019, 116 (23) 11207-11212; first published May 6, 2019 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1902174116 Significance Humans have a long history of using natural resources, especially plants, to induce nonordinary states of consciousness. Imbibing substances derived from plants have been linked to ancient and elaborate knowledge systems and rituals. While archaeological evidence of the consumption of psychotropics, such as alcohol or caffeine, dates back thousands of years, evidence of the use of other psychoactive substances has been more [...]

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