Étiquette : ayahuasca

Post-acute psychological effects of classical serotonergic psychedelics : a systematic review and meta-analysis, Simon B. Goldberg et al, 2020,

Post-acute psychological effects of classical serotonergic psychedelics: a systematic review and meta-analysis Simon B. Goldberg, Benjamin Shechet, Christopher R. Nicholas, Chi Wing Ng, Geetanjali Deole, Zhuofan Chen and Charles L. Raison Psychological Medicine, 2020, 1–12. doi : 10.1017/S003329172000389X   Abstract Background. Scientific interest in the therapeutic effects of classical psychedelics has increased in the past two decades. The psychological effects of these substances outside the period of acute intoxication have not been fully characterized. This study aimed to: (1) quantify the effects of psilocybin, ayahuasca, and lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) on psychological outcomes in the post-acute period; (2) test moderators of these effects; and (3) evaluate [...]

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Ayahuasca : Uses, Phytochemical and Biological Activities, Edgar Antonio Estrella‑Parra et al., 2019

Ayahuasca : Uses, Phytochemical and Biological Activities Edgar Antonio Estrella‑Parra · Julio Cesar Almanza‑Pérez · Francisco Javier Alarcón‑Aguilar Natural Products and Bioprospecting, 2019, 9, 251–265 doi : 10.1007/s13659-019-0210-5   Abstract Ayahuasca (caapi, yajé), is a psychoactive brew from the Amazon Basin region of South America traditionally considered a “master plant.” It is prepared as a decoction from Banisteriopsis caapi and Psychotria viridis, which it is thought that it stimulates creative thinking and visual creativity. Native healers of the Orinoco and Amazon basins have used traditionally ayahuasca as a healing tool for multiple purposes, particularly to treat psychological disorders in the patients, with some beneficial effects experimentally [...]

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Antidepressive, anxiolytic, and antiaddictive effects of ayahuasca, psilocybin and lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) : a systematic review of clinical trials published in the last 25 years, Raphael G. dos Santos et al., 2016

Antidepressive, anxiolytic, and antiaddictive effects of ayahuasca, psilocybin and lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) : a systematic review of clinical trials published in the last 25 years Rafael G. dos Santos, Flávia L. Osório, José Alexandre S. Crippa, Jordi Riba, Antônio W. Zuardi and Jaime E. C. Hallak Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology, 2016, Vol. 6, (3) 193–213 Doi : 10.1177/2045125316638008   Abstract : To date, pharmacological treatments for mood and anxiety disorders and for drug dependence show limited efficacy, leaving a large number of patients suffering severe and persistent symptoms. Preliminary studies in animals and humans suggest that ayahuasca, psilocybin and lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) may have [...]

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Recent Advances in the Neuropsychopharmacology of Serotonergic Hallucinogens, Adam L. Halberstadt, 2015

Recent Advances in the Neuropsychopharmacology of Serotonergic Hallucinogens Adam L. Halberstadt Behavioral Brain Research, 2015, 15, 277, 99–120. doi : 10.1016/j.bbr.2014.07.016   Abstract Serotonergic hallucinogens, such as (+)-lysergic acid diethylamide, psilocybin, and mescaline, are somewhat enigmatic substances. Although these drugs are derived from multiple chemical families, they all produce remarkably similar effects in animals and humans, and they show cross-tolerance. This article reviews the evidence demonstrating the serotonin 5-HT2A receptor is the primary site of hallucinogen action. The 5-HT2A receptor is responsible for mediating the effects of hallucinogens in human subjects, as well as in animal behavioral paradigms such as drug discrimination, head twitch response, prepulse [...]

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BIBLIOGRAPHIE : Substances psychédéliques : anthropologie, sociologie, spiritualité, chamanisme, culture…, Docteur Christian Sueur, GRECC, mai 2020

BIBLIOGRAPHIE : Substances psychédéliques : anthropologie, sociologie, spiritualité, chamanisme, culture…   Docteur Christian Sueur, GRECC, mai 2020   Substances psychédéliques, anthropologie, sociologie, culture… : pp 1 - 6 Substances psychédéliques et Chamanisme : pp 7 - 10 Psychédéliques et “spiritualité” : religion, mysticisme, enthéogènes : pp 11 - 23  

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BIBLIOGRAPHIE : Substances psychédéliques : Généralités, Épistémologie, Pharmacologie, Neurophysiologie, Psychologie…, Dr Christian SUEUR, GRECC, mai 2020 (nouvelle version)

BIBLIOGRAPHIE : Substances psychédéliques : Généralités, Épistémologie, Pharmacologie, Neurophysiologie, Psychologie, … Dr Christian SUEUR, GRECC, mai 2020 (nouvelle version)   Substances psychédéliques : Généralités, Pharmacologie, Neurophysiologie : 1 - 17 Substances psychédéliques et «psychologie » : 18 - 20   Cf également : Bibliographie : Thérapies psychédéliques, Bibliographie : Substances psychédéliques, culture, chamanisme, spiritualité, religion… Bibliographie : Psilocybine, Bibliographie : LSD, Bibliographie : Ayahuasca, Bibliographie : Mescaline et Peyotl, Bibliographie : MDMA, Bibliographie : Tryptamines …

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Psychedelics and Psychedelic-Assisted Psychotherapy, Collin M. Reiff et al., 2019

Psychedelics and Psychedelic-Assisted Psychotherapy Collin M. Reiff, M.D., Elon E. Richman, M.D., Charles B. Nemeroff, M.D., Ph.D., Linda L. Carpenter, M.D., Alik S. Widge, M.D., Ph.D., Carolyn I. Rodriguez, M.D., Ph.D., Ned H. Kalin, M.D., William M. McDonald, M.D., and the Work Group on Biomarkers and Novel Treatments, a Division of the American Psychiatric Association Council of Research AJP in Advance, 2019, 1-20. doi: 10.1176/appi.ajp.2019.19010035   Objective : The authors provide an evidenced-based summary of the literature on the clinical application of psychedelic drugs in psychiatric disorders. Methods : Searches of PubMed and PsycINFO via Ovid were conducted for articles in English, in peer-reviewed journals, reportingon“psilocybin,” [...]

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Therapeutic Potential of Psychedelic Drugs, Justin Briglio, 2015

Therapeutic Potential of Psychedelic Drugs Justin Briglio University of Maine, 2015, 31 p.   Table of Contents Introduction......................................................................................................................................3 History of Psychedelic Research.....................................................................................................6 Recent Research...............................................................................................................................8 Neurobiology of Psychedelics.........................................................................................................9 Therapeutic Potential of Psilocybin...............................................................................................12 Therapeutic Potential of LSD........................................................................................................15 Therapeutic Potential of Ayahuasca..............................................................................................19 Therapeutic Potential of Ibogaine..................................................................................................22 Conclusion.....................................................................................................................................26 References......................................................................................................................................28 A psychedelic compound is a psychoactive drug whose main action is to alter perception and cognition. Psychedelics are distinctive from other psychoactive drugs in that they alter the mind, whereas opiates or stimulants alter the mood (Meyer & Quenzer, 2013). Psychedelics affect nature of consciousness itself and access otherwise unknown states of consciousness, as opposed to affecting the degree or extent of one's consciousness and inducing proverbial moods such as [...]

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Entheogens, Katie Givens Kime, 2018

Entheogens Katie Givens Kime Institute of Practical Theology, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland in D. A. Leeming (ed.), "Encyclopedia of Psychology and Religion", # Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018 Doi : 10.1007/978-3-642-27771-9_200181-1   Entheogen is a term coined in the late 1970s by a group of botanists and scholars which refers to any psychoactive agent which allows for “generating the divine within” (Ruck et al. 1979). Entheogens are psychedelic substances which, in adequate dosage under supportive conditions, are known to facilitate visionary, mystical, and/or spiritual experiences. Such substances include psilocybin, peyote, LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide), ibogaine, and ayahuasca. Typically of plant origin, entheogens are [...]

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Ayahuasca : l’importance du cadre et de l’intention lors de prise de psychédéliques, Jean-Charles Bernard, 2016

Ayahuasca : l’importance du cadre et de l’intention lors de prise de psychédéliques Jean-Charles Bernard Psychotropes, 2016, 2, Vol. 22, pages 81 à 100 ISSN 1245-2092, ISBN 9782807390485 Résumé : La boisson amazonienne ayahuasca génère de profonds états modifiés de conscience et s’ingère “traditionnellement” lors de rituels dans un but précis : apprentissage, guérison, divination… Le sens de l’expérience est consubstantiel au rituel dans la culture chamanique où l’accès au “monde-autre” appartient au champ des possibles. La globalisation de cette boisson a vu naître de nouveaux usages, tout d’abord dans les religions de l’ayahuasca au Brésil et dans les centres néo-psychothérapiques en Amérique du [...]

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