Étiquette : sociologie

LSD : microdoses festives, Céline Zünd, Le Temps, mardi 28 janvier 2020

LSD : microdoses festives Céline ZÜND Le Temps, mardi 28 janvier 2020 https://www.letemps.ch/societe/lsd-microdoses-festives?utm_campaign=article_traffic&utm_content=1580242382&utm_medium=social&utm_source=facebook&fbclid=IwAR3v1uDm_lCzk_Bb1XMeRzSxcxr-mHObGhhPeJVK-Fa0y6rczvc3DFJ3H78   La prise de LSD en petites quantités fait toujours plus d'adeptes, dans les milieux festifs, au travail ou en automédication. Or la recherche scientifique ne dispose pas de données fiables sur les véritables effets de cette substance, ni sur ses risques potentiels. Ursina s’est longtemps refusée à la tentation d’accompagner ses nuits festives de substances chimiques. «J’avais peur du mauvais trip», dit la Zurichoise de 40 ans, casquette et bomber satiné. Jusqu’à ce qu’elle entende parler du LSD en microdose. Elle se procure l’hallucinogène une première fois il y [...]

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The epidemiology of 5-Methoxy-N,N-Dimethyltryptamine (5-MeO-DMT) use: Benefits, consequences, patterns of use, subjective effects, and reasons for consumption, Alan K. Davis et al., 2018

The epidemiology of 5-Methoxy-N,N-Dimethyltryptamine (5-MeO-DMT) use: Benefits, consequences, patterns of use, subjective effects, and reasons for consumption Alan K. Davis, Joseph P. Barsuglia, Rafael Lancelotta, Robert M. Grant, and Elise Renn Journal of Psychopharmacology, 2018, 32, (7), 779–792. doi : 10.1177/0269881118769063   Abstract Background/Aim : 5-Methoxy-N,N-Dimethyltryptamine (5-MeO-DMT) is a psychoactive compound found in several plants and in high concentrations in Bufo alvarius toad venom. Synthetic, Toad, and Plant-sourced 5-MeO-DMT are used for spiritual and recreational purposes and may have psychotherapeutic effects. However, the use of 5-MeO-DMT is not well understood. Therefore, we examined patterns of use, motivations for consumption, subjective effects, and potential benefits and consequences [...]

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Investigation of Sex-Dependent Effects of Cannabis in Daily Cannabis Smokers, Ziva D. Cooper and Margaret Haney, 2014

Investigation of Sex-Dependent Effects of Cannabis in Daily Cannabis Smokers Ziva D. Cooper and Margaret Haney Drug & Alcohol Dependence, 2014 March 1, 136, 85–91. doi :10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2013.12.013   Abstract Background—Women exhibit an accelerated progression from first cannabis use to cannabis use disorder (CUD) and show pronounced negative clinical issues related to CUD relative to men. Whether sex-dependent differences in cannabis’ direct effects contribute to the heightened risk in women is unknown. This analysis directly compared cannabis’ abuse-related subjective effects in men and women matched for current cannabis use. Methods—Data from four double-blind, within-subject studies measuring the effects of active cannabis (3.27–5.50% THC, depending on study) relative to [...]

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Accounting for Microdosing Classic Psychedelics, Blake Beaton et al., 2019

Accounting for Microdosing Classic Psychedelics Blake Beaton, Heith Copes, Megan Webb, Andy Hochstetler, and Peter S. Hendricks Journal of Drug Issues, 2019, 1–12 Doi : 10.1177/0022042619871008   Abstract Microdosing classic psychedelics (e.g., LSD [lysergic acid diethylamide] and psilocybin) is the practice of taking small amounts of these substances to bring about various positive life changes. Little is known about the subjective experiences and perceptions of those who engage in the practice. Accordingly, we use the sociology of accounts as a theoretical framework to explore the ways that those who microdose excuse or justify their practice. Using data from semistructured interviews with 30 people who had microdosed, [...]

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A propos de : Voyage aux confins de l’esprit, de Michael Pollan, Dopamine, 13, 2020

A propos de : Voyage aux confins de l’esprit, de Michael Pollan (Ce que le LSD et la psilocybine nous apprennent sur nous-mêmes, la conscience, la mort, les addictions et la dépression) à propos de l'ouvrage de Michael Pollan Traduction : Leslie Talaga et Caroline Lee Editions Quanto, octobre 2019 444 pages - 23,25 euros Dans l'excellente Revue Dopamine, 2020, n°13, pp 59-69 Ce voyage aux confins de l’esprit de Michael Pollan, journaliste scientifique, nous embarque sur la planète psychédélique, celle où des substances comme le LSD ou les champignons psilocybes, par exemple, ont acquis du galon... Après avoir eu leurs heures de gloire dans les années [...]

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Risk of Persistence and Progression of Use of 5 Cannabis Products After Experimentation Among Adolescents, Jessica L. Barrington-Trimis, 2020

Risk of Persistence and Progression of Use of 5 Cannabis Products After Experimentation Among Adolescents Jessica L. Barrington-Trimis, PhD; Junhan Cho, PhD; Esthelle Ewusi-Boisvert, BA; Deborah Hasin, PhD; Jennifer B. Unger, PhD; Richard A. Miech, PhD; Adam M. Leventhal, PhD JAMA Network Open, 2020, 3, (1), e1919792. doi : 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.19792   Abstract IMPORTANCE : While a diverse array of cannabis products that may appeal to youth is currently available, it is unknown whether the risk of persistent cannabis use and progression to higher frequency of use after experimentation differs among cannabis products. OBJECTIVE : To estimate the comparative relative risk of experimental use of 5 cannabis products [...]

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A dangerous method ? Psychedelic therapy at Modum Bad, Norway, 1961–76, Petter Grahl Johnstad, 2020

A dangerous method ? Psychedelic therapy at Modum Bad, Norway, 1961–76 Petter Grahl Johnstad History of Psychiatry, 2020, 1–10 Doi : 10.1177/0957154X19894537   Abstract After many years of disregard, the use of psychedelic drugs in psychiatric treatment has re-emerged in recent years. The prospect that psychedelics may again be integrated into mainstream psychiatry has aroused interest in long-forgotten research and experience from the previous phase of psychedelic therapy, which lasted from the late 1940s to the 1970s. This article will discuss one large-scale psychedelic therapy programme at Modum Bad Nervesanatorium, a psychiatric clinic which treated 379 inpatients with psychedelic drugs during the years 1961–76. The psychiatrists [...]

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Exploring ayahuasca-assisted therapy for addiction: A qualitative analysis of preliminary findings among an Indigenous community in Canada, Elena ARGENTO et al., 2019

Exploring ayahuasca-assisted therapy for addiction: A qualitative analysis of preliminary findings among an Indigenous community in Canada Elena ARGENTO, Rielle CAPLER, Gerald THOMAS, Philippe LUCAS & Kenneth W. TUPPER Drug and Alcohol Review, 2019 Doi : 10.1111/dar.12985   Abstract Introduction and Aims. A previous observational study of ayahuasca-assisted therapy demonstrated statistically significant reductions in self-reported problematic cocaine use among members of an Indigenous community in Canada. This paper aims to qualitatively explore the impact of ayahuasca assisted therapy on addiction and other substance use-related outcomes and elucidate the lived experiences of participants. Design and Methods. Qualitative interviews were conducted with 11 adult Indigenous participants of the ayahuasca-assisted [...]

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Therapeutic Bases of Psychedelic Medicines : Psychointegrative Effects, Michael J. Winkelman, 2007,

Therapeutic Bases of Psychedelic Medicines : Psycho-integrative Effects Michael J. WINKELMAN chapter 1, in "PSYCHEDELIC MEDICINE: SOCIAL, CLINICAL, AND LEGAL PERSPECTIVES" january 2007, pp 1-19.   INTRODUCTION For thousands of years, human beings have used medicinal plants to enhance their health and well-being. In cultures around the world, plants commonly referred to as psychedelic, hallucinogens, and entheogens have played central roles in their healing practices. These vision-inducing plants have also played important roles in the religious and spiritual practices of many societies, evoking powerful emotional, cognitive, and therapeutic reactions. These plants that were central to concepts of health, spirituality, and well-being were, however, demonized and rejected [...]

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Twitter Bots Tout Cannabis as a Cure-all Despite Few Approved Medical Uses, Lisa Rapaport, Medscape,  2019.

Twitter Bots Tout Cannabis as a Cure-all Despite Few Approved Medical Uses Lisa Rapaport Medscape - Dec 27, 2019. https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/923184?nlid=133282_2052&src=WNL_mdplsnews_200103_mscpedit_psyc&uac=292598PZ&spon=12&impID=2232271&faf=1 (Reuters Health) - Social media bots are promoting cannabis as a remedy for everything from cancer to insomnia and foot pain, according to an analysis of posts on Twitter. "Social bots regularly perpetuate unsubstantiated health claims on the platform, providing one example of how false statements may drown out solid science on social media," said lead study author Jon-Patrick Allem of the Keck School of Medicine at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles. "I want the public to be aware of the difference between a demonstrated, scientifically backed [...]

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