Étiquette : Inflammation

Salvia divinorum : from recreational hallucinogenic use to analgesic and anti-inflammatory action, Ulises Coffeen & Francisco Pellicer, 2019

Salvia divinorum : from recreational hallucinogenic use to analgesic and anti-inflammatory action Ulises Coffeen, Francisco Pellicer Journal of Pain Research, 2019, Volume 12, 1069-1076 DOI: 10.2147/JPR.S188619   Abstract : Salvia divinorum is a herbal plant native to the southwest region of Mexico. Traditional preparations of this plant have been used in illness treatments that converge with inflammatory conditions and pain. Currently, S. divinorum extracts have become popular in several countries as a recreational drug due to its hallucinogenic effects. Its main active component is a diterpene named salvinorin A (SA), a potent naturally occurring hallucinogen with a great affinity to the κ opioid receptors and with [...]

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CB 2 Cannabinoid Receptors as a Therapeutic Target – What does the Future Hold ?, Amey Dhopeshwarkar and Ken Mackie, 2014

CB 2 Cannabinoid Receptors as a Therapeutic Target - What does the Future Hold ? Amey Dhopeshwarkar and Ken Mackie Molecular Pharmacology, 2014, 86, 430–437 http://dx.doi.org/10.1124/mol.114.094649   ABSTRACT The past decades have seen an exponential rise in our understanding of the endocannabinoid system, comprising CB1 and CB2 cannabinoid receptors, endogenous cannabinoids (endocannabinoids), and the enzymes that synthesize and degrade endocannabinoids. The primary focus of this review is the CB2 receptor. CB2 receptors have been the subject of considerable attention, primarily due to their promising therapeutic potential for treating various pathologies while avoiding the adverse psychotropic effects that can accompany CB1 receptor–based therapies. With the appreciation that [...]

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Beta-caryophyllene is a dietary cannabinoid, Jürg Gertsch et al., 2008

Beta-caryophyllene is a dietary cannabinoid Jürg Gertsch, Marco Leonti, Stephan Raduner, Ildiko Racz, Jian-Zhong Chen, Xiang-Qun Xie, Karl-Heinz Altmann, Meliha Karsak and Andreas Zimmer PNAS (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA),  2008, 105, (26), 9099-9104. Doi : 10.1073/pnas.0803601105   Abstract The psychoactive cannabinoids from Cannabis sativa L. and the arachidonic acid-derived endocannabinoids are nonselective natural ligands for cannabinoid receptor type 1 (CB1) and CB2 receptors. Although the CB1 receptor is responsible for the psychomodulatory effects, activation of the CB2 receptor is a potential therapeutic strategy for the treatment of inflammation, pain, atherosclerosis, and osteoporosis. Here, we report that the widespread plant volatile [...]

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N-Arachidonoyl Dopamine : A Novel Endocannabinoid and Endovanilloid with Widespread Physiological and Pharmacological Activities, Urszula Grabiec and Faramarz Dehghan, 2017

N-Arachidonoyl Dopamine : A Novel Endocannabinoid and Endovanilloid with Widespread Physiological and Pharmacological Activities Urszula Grabiec and Faramarz Dehghani Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, 2017, 2, (1), 183-196 DOI: 10.1089/can.2017.0015   Abstract N-arachidonoyl dopamine (NADA) is a member of the family of endocannabinoids to which several other N-acyldopamines belong as well. Their activity is mediated through various targets that include cannabinoid receptors or transient receptor potential vanilloid (TRPV)1. Synthesis and degradation of NADA are not yet fully understood. Nonetheless, there is evidence that NADA plays an important role in nociception and inflammation in the central and peripheral nervous system. The TRPV1 receptor, for which NADA is a [...]

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Cannabidiol provides long-lasting protection against the deleterious effects of inflammation in a viral model of multiple sclerosis : A role for A2A receptors, M. Mecha et al., 2013

Cannabidiol provides long-lasting protection against the deleterious effects of inflammation in a viral model of multiple sclerosis : A role for A2A receptors M. Mecha, A. Feliú, P.M. Iñigo, L. Mestre, F.J. Carrillo-Salinas, C. Guaza Neurobiology of Disease, 2013, 59, 141–150 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nbd.2013.06.016   Inflammation in the central nervous system (CNS) is a complex process that involves a multitude of mole-cules and effectors, and it requires the transmigration of blood leukocytes across the blood–brain barrier(BBB) and the activation of resident immune cells. Cannabidiol (CBD), a non-psychotropic cannabinoid constituent of Cannabis sativa, has potent anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive properties. Yet, how this compound modifies the deleterious effects of [...]

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Improved Social Interaction, Recognition and Working Memory with Cannabidiol Treatment in a Prenatal Infection (poly I:C) Rat Model, Ashleigh L. Osborne, 2017

Improved Social Interaction, Recognition and Working Memory with Cannabidiol Treatment in a Prenatal Infection (poly I:C) Rat Model Ashleigh L. Osborne, Nadia Solowij, Ilijana Babic, Xu-Feng Huang and Katrina Weston-Green Neuropsychopharmacology, 2017, 42, 1447–1457 0893-133X/17 www.neuropsychopharmacology.org doi:10.1038/npp.2017.40 Neuropsychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia are associated with cognitive impairment, including learning, memory and attention deficits. Antipsychotic drugs are limited in their efficacy to improve cognition; therefore, new therapeutic agents are required. Cannabidiol (CBD), the non-intoxicating component of cannabis, has anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective and antipsychotic-like properties; however, its ability to improve the cognitive deficits of schizophrenia remains unclear. Using a prenatal infection model, we examined the effect of chronic CBD [...]

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Purified Cannabidiol, the main non-psychotropic component of Cannabis sativa, alone, counteracts neuronal apoptosis in experimental multiple sclerosis, S. GIACOPPO, 2015

Purified Cannabidiol, the main non-psychotropic component of Cannabis sativa, alone, counteracts neuronal apoptosis in experimental multiple sclerosis S. GIACOPPO, T. SOUNDARA RAJAN, M. GALUPPO, F. POLLASTRO, G. GRASSI, P. BRAMANTI, E. MAZZON European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences, 2015, 19, 4906-4919. Abstract. – OBJECTIVE : Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a global concern disease leading to a progressive, chronic and demyelinating condition, affecting the central nervous system (CNS). The pathology has an inflammatory/autoimmune origin; nevertheless, neuronal cell death mechanisms are not to be underestimated. The present study was designed to test the effects of intraperitoneal administration of cannabidiol (CBD), the main non-psychotropic cannabinoid of [...]

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Cannabis sativa L. and Nonpsychoactive Cannabinoids : Their Chemistry and Role againstOxidative Stress, Inflammation, and Cancer, Federica Pellati et al., 2018

Cannabis sativa L. and Nonpsychoactive Cannabinoids : Their Chemistry and Role against Oxidative Stress, Inflammation, and Cancer Federica Pellati, Vittoria Borgonetti, Virginia Brighenti, Marco Biagi, Stefania Benvenuti, and Lorenzo Corsi Hindawi, BioMed Research International, 2018, Volume 2018, Article ID 1691428, 15 pages https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/1691428   Abstract In the last decades, a lot of attention has been paid to the compounds present in medicinal Cannabis sativa L., such as Δ9- tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC) and cannabidiol (CBD), and their effects on inflammation and cancer-related pain.The National Cancer Institute (NCI) currently recognizes medicinal C. sativa as an effective treatment for providing relief in a number of symptoms associatedwith cancer, including pain, [...]

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Cannabinoïds and cancer: causation, remediation, and palliation, Wayne Hall et al., 2005

Cannabinoïds and cancer: causation, remediation, and palliation Wayne Hall, MacDonald Christie, David Currow Lancet Oncology, 2005, 6, 35–42 http://oncology.thelancet.com   This review discusses three different associations between cannabinoids and cancer. First, it assesses evidence that smoking of cannabis preparations may cause cancers of the aerodigestive and respiratory system. There have been case reports of upper-respiratory-tract cancers in young adults who smoke cannabis, but evidence from a few epidemiological cohort studies and case-control studies is inconsistent. Second, there is mixed evidence on the effects of THC and other cannabinoids on cancers: in some in vitro and in vivo studies THC and some synthetic cannabinoids have had [...]

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Cannabis à usage médical : la France saura-t-elle combler son retard ?, Bertrand Lebeau Leibovici, juin 2019

Cannabis à usage médical : la France saura-t-elle combler son retard ? Bertrand Lebeau Leibovici Médecin addictologue Membre fondateur du GRECC  Juin 2019   Agnès Buzin réussira-t-elle là où Bernard Kouchner puis Marisole Touraine ont échoué ? En queue de peloton européen sur la question de l’accès au cannabis à usage thérapeutique, la France, reconnait l’actuelle ministre de la Santé, a pris du « retard ». Pour le rattraper, elle a demandé à l’Agence Nationale de Sécurité du Médicament (ANSM) de créer un Comité Scientifique Spécialisé Temporaire (CSST) présidé par le professeur Nicolas Authier, qui dirige aussi la Commission des Stupéfiants et Psychotropes, dans le cadre de l’ANSM.   L’enfant chéri de l’Agence a [...]

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