Étiquette : ethnopharmacologie

Ayahuasca in Adolescence : A Neuropsychological Assessment, Evelyn Doering-Silveira, Charles S. Grob et al., 2005

Ayahuasca in Adolescence : A Neuropsychological Assessment Evelyn Doering-Silveira, Enrique Lopez,  Charles S. Grob, Marlene Dobkin de Rios, Luisa K. Alonso, Cristiane Tacla,Itiro Shirakawa,  Paulo H. Bertolucci,  & Dartiu X. Da Silveira Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, 2005, 37, (2), 123-128.   Abstract The purpose of the study was to evaluate neuropsychologically adolescents who use ayahuasca in a religious context. A battery of neuropsychological tests was administered to adolescents who use ayahuasca. These subjects were compared to a matched control group of adolescents who did not use ayahuasca. The controls were matched with regards to sex, age, and education. The neuropsychological battery included tests of speeded [...]

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Effects of a Psychedelic, Tropical Tea, Ayahuasca, on the Electroencephalographic (EEG) Activity of the Human Brain during a Shamanistic Ritual, Erik Hoffmann et al., 2001

Effects of a Psychedelic, Tropical Tea, Ayahuasca, on the Electroencephalographic (EEG) Activity of the Human Brain during a Shamanistic Ritual Erik Hoffmann, Jan M. Keppel Hesselink, Yatra-W.M. da Silveira Barbosa MAPS Bulletin, Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies, USA, Spring 2001, pp 25-30   Abstract Eight channels of EEG from 12 volunteers participating in a workshop in Brazil were recorded under field conditions before and after a shamanistic ritual in which the psychoactive tea, ayahuasca, was consumed. Following three doses of the tea, the subjects showed strong and statistically significant increases of both EEG alpha (8-13Hz) and theta (4-8Hz) mean amplitudes compared to baseline while beta [...]

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Ayahuasca, Psychedelic Studies and Health Sciences: The Politics of Knowledge and Inquiry into an Amazonian Plant Brew, Kenneth W. Tupper and Beatriz C. Labate, 2014

Ayahuasca, Psychedelic Studies and Health Sciences: The Politics of Knowledge and Inquiry into an Amazonian Plant Brew Kenneth W. Tupper, and Beatriz C. Labate Current Drug Abuse Reviews, 2014, 7, 71-80   Abstract : This article offers critical sociological and philosophical reflections on ayahuasca and other psychedelics as objects of research in medicine, health and human sciences. It situates 21st century scientific inquiry on ayahuasca in the broader context of how early modern European social trends and intellectual pursuits translated into new forms of empiricism and experimental philosophy, but later evolved into a form of dogmatism that convenienced the political suppression of academic inquiry into [...]

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Il y a herbe et herbe, Michka Seeliger-Chatelain, Chimères, 2014

Il y a herbe et herbe Michka SEELIGER-CHATELAIN ERES | « Chimères », 2014/1 N° 82 | pages 43 à 48 https://www.cairn.inforevue-chimeres-2014-1-page-43.htm   Jean-Philippe Cazier : Vous dites que fumer de l’herbe vous a permis d’échapper à une forme de rationalité trop stricte. Est-ce que vous diriez que le cannabis a rendu possible, pour vous, un nouveau rapport au monde et à soi, de produire une forme de subjectivité ? M. : Le mot « cannabis » est encore plus vague que le mot « vin ». Il y a un monde entre le gros rouge de base et un grand cru élevé avec amour. Le [...]

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Textes – Recueil du Bon Plant, François Olivier Gagnon-Hébert, 2019

Textes - Recueil du Bon Plant François Olivier Gagnon-Hébert 2019   Titre : Pas de panique ! Le cannabis était là avant nous… et il le sera sûrement encore après nous.   Le cannabis, ce n’est pas le nom d’un poison, ni d’une drogue pharmaceutique. Ce n’est pas non plus un mot inventé par les politiciens pour faire peur ou pour influencer les résultats d’un concours de popularité à l’échelle du pays. Le cannabis peut être bien des choses pour bien des personnes, mais avant même d’être le démon incarné qui rend les mœurs légères, et avant même d’être le prochain remède holistique à tous les maux [...]

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The genus Datura L. (Solanaceae) in Mexico and Spain – Ethnobotanical perspective at the interface of medical and illicit uses, Guillermo Benítez et al., 2018

The genus Datura L. (Solanaceae) in Mexico and Spain – Ethnobotanical perspective at the interface of medical and illicit uses Guillermo Benítez, Martí March-Salas, Alberto Villa-Kamel, Ulises Cháves-Jiménez, Javier Hernández, Nuria Montes-Osuna, Joaquín Moreno-Chocano, Paloma Cariñanos Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 2018, Volume 219, Pages 133-151. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2018.03.007   A B S T R A C T Ethnopharmacological relevance : The different species of the genus Datura have been used traditionally by some pre-Columbian civilizations, as well as in medieval rituals linked to magic and witchcraft in both Mexico and Europe. It is also noteworthy the use of different alkaloids obtained from the plants for medicinal purposes in the treatment [...]

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SALVIA DIVINORUM AND SALVINORIN A , The Best of The Entheogen Review, David Aardvark,1999-2000

SALVIA DIVINORUM AND SALVINORIN A The Best of The Entheogen Review David Aardvark, Editor ER MONOGRAPH SERIES, NO. 2, 1992–2000, Second Edition The Entheogen Review POB 19820 Sacramento, CA 95819-0820 TABLE OF CONTENTS A NOTE ON THE TEXT 9 CHAPTER ONE : The Early Years 11 CHAPTER TWO : Consumption Methods 21 CHAPTER THREE : Hyperspatial Maps 45 CHAPTER FOUR : Extraction 73 CHAPTER FIVE : Salvinorin A & More 81 CHAPTER SIX : Combinations 103 CHAPTER SEVEN : Cultivation 113 CHAPTER EIGHT : Reviews, Interviews, Commentary & Press 133 APPENDIX A : Sources 171 APPENDIX B : The Internet 185 ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY 197 INDEX 231 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS 249 A NOTE ON THE TEXT Most of the information presented herein comes from the first [...]

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From local to global—Fifty years of research on Salvia divinorum, Ivan Casselman et al., 2014

From local to global—Fifty years of research on Salvia divinorum Ivan Casselman, Catherine J. Nock, Hans Wohlmuth, Robert P. Weatherby, Michael Heinrich Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 2014, 151, 768–783 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2013.11.032   a b s t r a c t Ethnopharmacological relevance : In 1962 ethnopharmacologists, Hofmann and Wasson, undertook an expedition to Oaxaca,Mexico. These two researchers were the first scientists to collecta flowering specimen of Salvia divinorum allowing theidentification ofthisspecies.Whilet he species'traditional use is confined to a very small region of Mexico, since Hofmann and Wasson's expedition 50 years ago, Salvia divinorum has become globally recognized for its main active constituent, the diterpene salvinorin A, which has [...]

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The Therapeutic Potentials of Ayahuasca : Possible Effects against Various Diseases of Civilization, Ede Frecska et al., 2016

The Therapeutic Potentials of Ayahuasca : Possible Effects against Various Diseases of Civilization Ede Frecska, Petra Bokor and Michael Winkelman Frontiers in Pharmacology, 2016, Vol 7, Article 35, 1-17. doi: 10.3389/fphar.2016.00035   Ayahuasca is an Amazonian psychoactive brew of two main components. Its active agents are b-carboline and tryptamine derivatives. As a sacrament, ayahuasca is still a central element of many healing ceremonies in the Amazon Basin and its ritual consumption has become common among the mestizo populations of South America. Ayahuasca use amongst the indigenous people of the Amazon is a form of traditional medicine and cultural psychiatry. During the last two decades, the [...]

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A Psychotherapeutic View on the Therapeutic Effects of Ritual Ayahuasca Use in the Treatment of Addiction, Anja LOIZAGA-VELDER, 2013

A Psychotherapeutic View on the Therapeutic Effects of Ritual Ayahuasca Use in the Treatment of Addiction Anja LOIZAGA-VELDER MAPS Bulletin Special Edition, Spring 2013, 36-40.   Ayahuasca is a traditional plant preparation of the Amazon basin with psychoactive properties. In recent decades ayahuasca has gained the attention of researchers in multiple disciplines worldwide due to its acclaimed therapeutic and spiritual qualities. It is an admixture of two plants : the harmaline containing vine Banisteriopsis caapi, and the DMT-containing leafs from the Psychotria viridis bush. It is typically administered by a trained expert in a ritual context. The use of ayahuasca has spread beyond the Amazon [...]

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