Étiquette : ethnopharmacologie

Within-treatment changes in a novel addiction treatment program using traditional Amazonian medicine, David M. O’Shaughnessy et al., 2021

Within-treatment changes in a novel addiction treatment program using traditional Amazonian medicine David M. O’Shaughnessy , Ilana Berlowitz, Robin Rodd, Zoltán Sarnyai and Frances Quirk Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology, 2021, Vol. 11,  1–18 DOI : 10.1177/2045125320986634 Abstract Aims : The therapeutic use of psychedelics is regaining scientific momentum, but similarly psychoactive ethnobotanical substances have a long history of medical (and other) uses in indigenous contexts. Here we aimed to evaluate patient outcomes in a residential addiction treatment center that employs a novel combination of Western and traditional Amazonian methods. Methods : The study was observational, with repeated measures applied throughout treatment. All tests were administered in [...]

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BIBLIOGRAPHIE : Salvia Divinorum: Pharmacologie, Neurophysiologie, usages thérapeutiques…, Docteur Christian SUEUR, GRECC, mai 2020

BIBLIOGRAPHIE : Salvia Divinorum: Pharmacologie, Neurophysiologie, usages thérapeutiques…   Docteur Christian SUEUR, GRECC, mai 2020   1 - Salvia Divinorum : généralités : 1 - 3 2 - Salvia Divinorum et Neurophysiologie : 4 – 6 3 - Salvinorin A et Pharmacologie : 7 - 10 4 - Salvia Divinorum et Chamanisme : 11 5 - Salvia Divinorum et Psychiatrie : 12 6 - Salvia Divinorum et Thérapeutique : 13 - 14    

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Bibliographie : Mescaline et Peyotl, Dr Christian SUEUR, GRECC, avril 2020.

Bibliographie : Mescaline et Peyotl   Dr Christian SUEUR, GRECC, avril 2020.   1 - Mescaline et Peyotl, Histoire et culture : 1 - 2 2 - Neuro-Psychophysiologie de la mescaline : 3 - 4 3 - Pharmacologie de la mescaline : 5 - 7 4 - Toxicologie de la mescaline : 8 5 - Complications psychiatriques de la mescaline : 8 6 - Ethnopharmacologie du Peyotl : 9 - 11 7 - Mescaline et thérapie psychédélique : 12 - 13    

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Medicinal Plants of the Russian Pharmacopoeia ; their history and applications, Alexander N. Shikov et al., 2014

Medicinal Plants of the Russian Pharmacopoeia; their history and applications Alexander N. Shikov, Olga N. Pozharitskaya, Valery G. Makarov, Hildebert Wagner, Rob Verpoorte, Michael Heinrich Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 2014, 154, 481–536 Doi : 10.1016/j.jep.2014.04.007   Ethnopharmacological relevance : Due to the location of Russia between West and East, Russian phytotherapy has accumulated and adopted approaches that originated in European and Asian traditional medicine. Phytotherapy is an official and separate branch of medicine in Russia; thus, herbal medicinal preparations are considered official medicaments.The aim of the present review is to summarize and critically appraise data concerning plants used in Russian medicine.This review describes the history of herbal [...]

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Therapeutic Potential of Psychedelic Drugs, Justin Briglio, 2015

Therapeutic Potential of Psychedelic Drugs Justin Briglio University of Maine, 2015, 31 p.   Table of Contents Introduction......................................................................................................................................3 History of Psychedelic Research.....................................................................................................6 Recent Research...............................................................................................................................8 Neurobiology of Psychedelics.........................................................................................................9 Therapeutic Potential of Psilocybin...............................................................................................12 Therapeutic Potential of LSD........................................................................................................15 Therapeutic Potential of Ayahuasca..............................................................................................19 Therapeutic Potential of Ibogaine..................................................................................................22 Conclusion.....................................................................................................................................26 References......................................................................................................................................28 A psychedelic compound is a psychoactive drug whose main action is to alter perception and cognition. Psychedelics are distinctive from other psychoactive drugs in that they alter the mind, whereas opiates or stimulants alter the mood (Meyer & Quenzer, 2013). Psychedelics affect nature of consciousness itself and access otherwise unknown states of consciousness, as opposed to affecting the degree or extent of one's consciousness and inducing proverbial moods such as [...]

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Ayahuasca : l’importance du cadre et de l’intention lors de prise de psychédéliques, Jean-Charles Bernard, 2016

Ayahuasca : l’importance du cadre et de l’intention lors de prise de psychédéliques Jean-Charles Bernard Psychotropes, 2016, 2, Vol. 22, pages 81 à 100 ISSN 1245-2092, ISBN 9782807390485 Résumé : La boisson amazonienne ayahuasca génère de profonds états modifiés de conscience et s’ingère “traditionnellement” lors de rituels dans un but précis : apprentissage, guérison, divination… Le sens de l’expérience est consubstantiel au rituel dans la culture chamanique où l’accès au “monde-autre” appartient au champ des possibles. La globalisation de cette boisson a vu naître de nouveaux usages, tout d’abord dans les religions de l’ayahuasca au Brésil et dans les centres néo-psychothérapiques en Amérique du [...]

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Therapeutic Applications of Ayahuasca and Other Sacred Medicines, Michael J. Winkelman, 2014

Therapeutic Applications of Ayahuasca and Other Sacred Medicines Michael J. Winkelman chapter 1, in B. Caiuby Labate and C. Cavnar (eds.) : "The Therapeutic Use of Ayahuasca", Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014 Doi : 10.1007/978-3-642-40426-9_1   Abstract : Therapeutic applications of the psychedelics or hallucinogens found cross-culturally involve treatment of a variety of physical, psychological, and social maladies. Modern medicine has similarly found that a range of conditions may be successfully treated with these agents. The ability to treat a wide variety of conditions derives from variation in active ingredients, doses and modes of application, and factors of set and setting manipulated in ritual. Similarities in effects reported [...]

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Therapeutic Bases of Psychedelic Medicines : Psychointegrative Effects, Michael J. Winkelman, 2007,

Therapeutic Bases of Psychedelic Medicines : Psycho-integrative Effects Michael J. WINKELMAN chapter 1, in "PSYCHEDELIC MEDICINE: SOCIAL, CLINICAL, AND LEGAL PERSPECTIVES" january 2007, pp 1-19.   INTRODUCTION For thousands of years, human beings have used medicinal plants to enhance their health and well-being. In cultures around the world, plants commonly referred to as psychedelic, hallucinogens, and entheogens have played central roles in their healing practices. These vision-inducing plants have also played important roles in the religious and spiritual practices of many societies, evoking powerful emotional, cognitive, and therapeutic reactions. These plants that were central to concepts of health, spirituality, and well-being were, however, demonized and rejected [...]

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The Confrontation between Ethnopharmacology and Pharmacological Tests of Medicinal Plants Associated with Mental and Neurological Disorders, Giovanna Felipe Cavalcante e Costa et al., 2018

The Confrontation between Ethnopharmacology and Pharmacological Tests of Medicinal Plants Associated with Mental and Neurological Disorders Giovanna Felipe Cavalcante e Costa, Hisao Nishijo, Leonardo Ferreira Caixeta, and Tales Alexandre Aversi-Ferreira Hindawi - Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Volume 2018, Article ID 7686913, 27 pages Doi : 10.1155/2018/7686913   Abstract For neurological disorders, pharmacological tests have shown promising results in the reduction of side effects when using plants with known therapeutic effects in the treatment of some types of dementia. Therefore, the goals of this study are to gather data about the major medicinal plants used in the nervous system as described in ethnopharmacological surveys from South [...]

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Bibliographie : Psilocybes, psilocybine, Dr Christian Sueur, GRECC, octobre 2019

BIBLIOGRAPHIE : Psilocybes, psilocybine. Dr Christian SUEUR, GRECC, décembre 2019   Psilocybes, psilocybine : généralités ..............................1 Psilocybes : ethnologie ...................................................2 Psilocybine : clinique psychiatrique ..............................4 Psilocybine : pharmacologie ..........................................5 Psilocybine : toxicologie - "effets indésirables" .............7 Psilocybine : neurophysiologie ......................................9 Psilocybine : expériences mystiques .............................13 Psilocybine : thérapie psychédélique ............................15-19    

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