Étiquette : ethnopharmacologie

Therapeutic Applications of Ayahuasca and Other Sacred Medicines, Michael J. Winkelman, 2014

Therapeutic Applications of Ayahuasca and Other Sacred Medicines Michael J. Winkelman chapter 1, in B. Caiuby Labate and C. Cavnar (eds.) : "The Therapeutic Use of Ayahuasca", Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014 Doi : 10.1007/978-3-642-40426-9_1   Abstract : Therapeutic applications of the psychedelics or hallucinogens found cross-culturally involve treatment of a variety of physical, psychological, and social maladies. Modern medicine has similarly found that a range of conditions may be successfully treated with these agents. The ability to treat a wide variety of conditions derives from variation in active ingredients, doses and modes of application, and factors of set and setting manipulated in ritual. Similarities in effects reported [...]

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Therapeutic Bases of Psychedelic Medicines : Psychointegrative Effects, Michael J. Winkelman, 2007,

Therapeutic Bases of Psychedelic Medicines : Psycho-integrative Effects Michael J. WINKELMAN chapter 1, in "PSYCHEDELIC MEDICINE: SOCIAL, CLINICAL, AND LEGAL PERSPECTIVES" january 2007, pp 1-19.   INTRODUCTION For thousands of years, human beings have used medicinal plants to enhance their health and well-being. In cultures around the world, plants commonly referred to as psychedelic, hallucinogens, and entheogens have played central roles in their healing practices. These vision-inducing plants have also played important roles in the religious and spiritual practices of many societies, evoking powerful emotional, cognitive, and therapeutic reactions. These plants that were central to concepts of health, spirituality, and well-being were, however, demonized and rejected [...]

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The Confrontation between Ethnopharmacology and Pharmacological Tests of Medicinal Plants Associated with Mental and Neurological Disorders, Giovanna Felipe Cavalcante e Costa et al., 2018

The Confrontation between Ethnopharmacology and Pharmacological Tests of Medicinal Plants Associated with Mental and Neurological Disorders Giovanna Felipe Cavalcante e Costa, Hisao Nishijo, Leonardo Ferreira Caixeta, and Tales Alexandre Aversi-Ferreira Hindawi - Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Volume 2018, Article ID 7686913, 27 pages Doi : 10.1155/2018/7686913   Abstract For neurological disorders, pharmacological tests have shown promising results in the reduction of side effects when using plants with known therapeutic effects in the treatment of some types of dementia. Therefore, the goals of this study are to gather data about the major medicinal plants used in the nervous system as described in ethnopharmacological surveys from South [...]

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Bibliographie : Psilocybes, psilocybine. Usages, ethnologie, psychiatrie, neurophysiologie, pharmacologie, spiritualité, thérapeutique…, Dr Christian Sueur, GRECC, octobre 2019

BIBLIOGRAPHIE : Psilocybes, psilocybine. Dr Christian SUEUR, GRECC, décembre 2019   Psilocybes, psilocybine : généralités ..............................1 Psilocybes : ethnologie ...................................................2 Psilocybine : clinique psychiatrique ..............................4 Psilocybine : pharmacologie ..........................................5 Psilocybine : toxicologie - "effets indésirables" .............7 Psilocybine : neurophysiologie ......................................9 Psilocybine : expériences mystiques .............................13 Psilocybine : thérapie psychédélique ............................15-19    

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Distribution, Status, Pharmacological, and Traditional importance of Peganum harmala L., Nissar Ahmad Khan et al., 2017

Distribution, Status, Pharmacological, and Traditional importance of Peganum harmala L. Nissar Ahmad Khan, Aamir Raina, Nasir Aziz Wagay, Younas Rasheed Tantray International Journal of Advance research in Science and Engineering, 2017, 6, (8), 1887-1894. www.ijarse.com   ABSTRACT Peganum harmala L. Commonly known as Syrian rue, Wild rue or Harmal is native to arid and semi-arid regions of Northern African and Asian deserts that have spread to parts of the southwestern United States and Northern Mexico. It is a multipurpose medicinal plant with antimicrobial, antifungal, anti inflammatory, antidiabetic, anti cancerous, hypothermic and hallucinogenic activities. Phytochemical investigations has revealed the presences of a number of active alkaloids [...]

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Chapter 8 : Pilgrimage to the Light ? On the Threshold of a Dream: Sacred Plants, Passionate Dedication to Ideals, and Healing, Richard Yensen, 2015

Chapter 8 : Pilgrimage to the Light ? On the Threshold of a Dream: Sacred Plants, Passionate Dedication to Ideals, and Healing Richard Yensen January 2015 https://www.researchgate.net/publication/282132139   The desire to incorporate ancient healing practices with sacred plants into modern medicine has been a central passion of my career as a clinician and psychedelic researcher for over 40 years. During that time Mexico has offered me friendship, collegiality, adventure, and wonder. At times I have felt when visiting first Nations in Mexico like I was stepping back into ancient times. The wonder and honor of knowing Maria Sabina, Don Ricardo, Niuweme, and other healers and [...]

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Medicinal properties of Peganum harmala L. in traditional Iranian medicine and modern phytotherapy : a review, Mina Cheraghi Niroumand et al., 2015

Medicinal properties of Peganum harmala L. in traditional Iranian medicine and modern phytotherapy: a review Mina Cheraghi Niroumand, Mohammad Hosein Farzaei, Gholamreza Amin Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 2015, 35, (1), 104-109.   Abstract OBJECTIVE : To review the pharmacological activities of Peganum harmala L. (P. harmala, Nitrariaceae) in traditional Iranian medicine (TIM) and modern phytotherapy. METHODS : Opinions of TIM and modern phytotherapy about safety and acceptable dosage of this plant are discussed. Various medical properties of P. harmala were collected from important TIM references and added to scientific reports derived from modern medical databases like PubMed, Scirus, ScienceDirect and Scopus. RESULTS : The main medicinal [...]

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Amanita muscaria: chemistry, biology, toxicology, and ethnomycology, Didier MICHELOT, Leda Maria MELENDEZ-HOWELL, 2003 

Amanita muscaria: chemistry, biology, toxicology, and ethnomycology Didier MICHELOT, Leda Maria MELENDEZ-HOWELL Mycological Research, 2003, 107, (2), 131-146. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0953756203007305   The fly agaric is a remarkable mushroom in many respects; these are its bearing, history, chemical components and the poisoning that it provokes when consumed. The ‘pantherina’ poisoning syndrome is characterized by central nervous system dysfunction. The main species responsible are Amanita muscaria and A. pantherina (Amanitaceae) ; however, some other species of the genus have been suspected for similar actions. Ibotenic acid and muscimol are the active components, and probably, some other substances detected in the latter species participate in the psychotropic effects. The [...]

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Bibliographie : Ayahuasca, Dr Christian Sueur, GRECC, octobre 2019

BIBLIOGRAPHIE : Ayahuasca Dr Christian Sueur, GRECC, octobre 2019 18 pages   - Bibliographie "générale"......................................1 - Neurophysiologie de l'Ayahuasca........................4 - Pharmacologie de l'Ayahuasca.............................6 - Ayahuasca et Thérapeutique................................8 - Ayahuasca et Chamanisme..................................13  

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The therapeutic potential of harmine and ayahuasca in depression : Evidence from exploratory animal and human studies, Flávia de Lima Osório et al., 2011

The therapeutic potential of harmine and ayahuasca in depression : Evidence from exploratory animal and human studies Flávia de Lima Osório, Ligia Ribeiro Horta de Macedo, João Paulo Machado de Sousa, Joel Porfírio Pinto, João Quevedo, José Alexandre de Souza Crippa and Jaime Eduardo C. Hallak The Ethnopharmacology of Ayahuasca, chapitre 5, 2011, 75-85 Editor : Rafael Guimarães dos Santos ISBN: 978-81-7895-526-1 Abstract The high prevalence and the socio-functional impairment associated with depressive disorders, added to the limitations of currently available treatments, justify the search for novel pharmacological strategies for the management of depression. This chapter presents the major results of animal and human studies conducted [...]

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