Étiquette : psychopharmacology

Cannabinoid Regulation of Fear and Anxiety : an Update, Eleni P. Papagianni & Carl W. Stevenson, 2019

Cannabinoid Regulation of Fear and Anxiety : an Update Eleni P. Papagianni & Carl W. Stevenson Current Psychiatry Reports, 2019, 21, 38 doi : 10.1007/s11920-019-1026-z   Abstract Purpose of Review : Anxiety- and trauma-related disorders are prevalent and debilitating mental illnesses associated with a significant socioeconomic burden. Current treatment approaches often have inadequate therapeutic responses, leading to symptom relapse. Here we review recent preclinical and clinical findings on the potential of cannabinoids as novel therapeutics for regulating fear and anxiety. Recent Findings : Evidence from preclinical studies has shown that the non-psychotropic phyto-cannabinoid cannabidiol and the endocannabinoid anandamide have acute anxiolytic effects and also regulate learned fear [...]

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The Confrontation between Ethnopharmacology and Pharmacological Tests of Medicinal Plants Associated with Mental and Neurological Disorders, Giovanna Felipe Cavalcante e Costa et al., 2018

The Confrontation between Ethnopharmacology and Pharmacological Tests of Medicinal Plants Associated with Mental and Neurological Disorders Giovanna Felipe Cavalcante e Costa, Hisao Nishijo, Leonardo Ferreira Caixeta, and Tales Alexandre Aversi-Ferreira Hindawi - Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Volume 2018, Article ID 7686913, 27 pages Doi : 10.1155/2018/7686913   Abstract For neurological disorders, pharmacological tests have shown promising results in the reduction of side effects when using plants with known therapeutic effects in the treatment of some types of dementia. Therefore, the goals of this study are to gather data about the major medicinal plants used in the nervous system as described in ethnopharmacological surveys from South [...]

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d-Lysergic acid diethylamide has major potential as a cognitive enhancer, Felipe Augusto Cini et al., 2019

d-Lysergic acid diethylamide has major potential as a cognitive enhancer Felipe Augusto Cini, Isis Ornelas, Encarni Marcos, Livia Goto-Silva, Juliana Nascimento, Sergio Ruschi, José Salerno, Karina Karmirian, Marcelo Costa, Eduardo Sequerra, Dráulio de Araújo, Luis Fernando Tófoli, César Rennó-Costa, Daniel Martins-de-Souza, Amanda Feilding, Stevens Rehen, Sidarta Ribeiro BioRxiv, 6 december 2019. Doi : 10.1101/866814   Abstract Psychedelic agonists of serotonin receptors induce neural plasticity and synaptogenesis, but their potential to enhance learning remains uncharted. Here we show that a single dose of d-LSD, a potent serotonergic agonist, increased novel object preference in young and adult rats several days after treatment. d- LSD alone did not increase preference [...]

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Efficacy and Enlightenment: LSD Psychotherapy and the Drug Amendments of 1962, Matthew ORAM, 2012

Efficacy and Enlightenment: LSD Psychotherapy and the Drug Amendments of 1962 Matthew ORAM Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences, 2012, Volume 69, Number 2, 221-250. doi:10.1093/jhmas/jrs050   ABSTRACT. The decline in therapeutic research with lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) in the United States over the course of the 1960s has commonly been attributed to the growing controversy surrounding its recreational use. However, research difficulties played an equal role in LSD psychotherapy’s demise, as they frustrated researchers’ efforts to clearly establish the efficacy of treatment. Once the Kefauver Harris Drug Amendments of 1962 introduced the requirement that proof of efficacy be established through controlled clinical [...]

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Ayahuasca Scientific Papers, AEDMP, 2013

Ayahuasca Scientific Papers AEDMP - Asociación para el Estudio y la Divulgación de la Medicina Psicodélica Research conducted by: Genís Oña -2013- Asociación para el Estudio y la Divulgación de la Medicina Psicodélica. Castellarnau, 11 2º 1ª 43004 Tarragona Spain Tel. 675 55 33 44 Email: medicina.psicodelica@hotmail.com www.medicinapsicodelica.org   Content _____________________________________ 1. What is ayahuasca? 2. Scientific papers about ayahuasca arranged chronologically (1969-2013) - G. R. Dolmatoff (1969). El contexto cultural de un alucinógeno aborigen : Banisteriopsis Caapi - C. Grob et al. (1996). Human Psychopharmacology of Hoasca, a Plant Hallucinogen Used in Ritual Context in Brazil - J. C. Callaway et al. (1999). Pharmacokinetics of Hoasca Alkaloids in Healthy Humans - B. Shanon (2000). Ayahuasca and [...]

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Peyote – Mescaline Scientific Papers, AEDMP – 2014-

Peyote - Mescaline Scientific Papers AEDMP - Asociación para el Estudio y la Divulgación de la Medicina Psicodélica Research conducted by : Juan Spuch & Genís Oña Divulgación de la Medicina Psicodélica. Castellarnau, 11 2º 1ª 43004 Tarragona Spain Tel. 675 55 33 44 Email: medicina.psicodelica@hotmail.com www.medicinapsicodelica.org Content _____________________________________ 1. What is peyote? 2. Scientific papers about peyote - mescaline arranged chronologically (1954-2012) - H. Denber & S. Merlis (1954). A Note on Some Therapeutic Implications of the Mescaline induced State - C. Landis & J. Clausen (1954). Certain Effects of Mescaline and Lysergic Acid on Psychological Functions - J. Cattell (1954). The Influence of Mescaline on Psychodynamic Material - W. Frederking (1955). Intoxicant [...]

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Pharmacology of Consciousness or Pharmacology of Spirituality ? A Historical Review of Psychedelic Clinical Studies, Ismael Apud, 2016

Pharmacology of Consciousness or Pharmacology of Spirituality ? A Historical Review of Psychedelic Clinical Studies Ismael Apud The Journal of Transpersonal Psychology, 2016, Vol. 48, No. 2, 150-167.   ABSTRACT: In the second half of the twentieth century, when psychopharmacology was not developed as we know it today and psychoanalysis was an influential school, various psychiatrists began to develop a ‘pharmacology of consciousness,’ and became interested in hallucinogens as new paths for accessing the unconscious. However, with the psychedelic model, the pharmacology of consciousness turned also into a ‘pharmacology of spirituality,’ focused on the use of spiritual experiences as catalyzers of psychological change. This article [...]

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The Pharmacology of Lysergic Acid Diethylamide : a Review, Torsten PASSIE et al., 2008,

The Pharmacology of Lysergic Acid Diethylamide : a Review Torsten PASSIE, John H. HALPERN, Dirk O. STICHTENOTH, Hinderk M. EMRICH, Annelie HINTZEN CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics, 2008, 14, 295-314. Doi: 10.1111/j.1755-5949.2008.00059.x   Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) was synthesized in 1938 and its psychoactive effects discovered in 1943. It was used during the 1950s and 1960s as an experimental drug in psychiatric research for producing so-called “experimental psychosis” by altering neurotransmitter system and in psychotherapeutic procedures (“psycholytic” and “psychedelic” therapy). From the mid 1960s, it became an illegal drug of abuse with widespread use that continues today. With the entry of new methods of research and [...]

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Ayahuasca : Uses, Phytochemical and Biological Activities, Edgar Antonio Estrella‑Parra et al., 2019

Ayahuasca : Uses, Phytochemical and Biological Activities Edgar Antonio Estrella‑Parra, · Julio Cesar Almanza‑Pérez, · Francisco Javier Alarcón‑Aguilar Natural Products and Bioprospecting, 2019 https://doi.org/10.1007/s13659-019-0210-5 Abstract Ayahuasca (caapi, yajé), is a psychoactive brew from the Amazon Basin region of South America traditionally considered a “master plant.” It is prepared as a decoction from Banisteriopsis caapi and Psychotria viridis, which it is thought that it stimulates creative thinking and visual creativity. Native healers of the Orinoco and Amazon basins have used traditionally ayahuasca as a healing tool for multiple purposes, particularly to treat psychological disorders in the patients, with some beneficial effects experimentally and clinically validated. Recently, [...]

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N, N-Dimethyltryptamine (DMT), an Endogenous Hallucinogen : Past, Present, and Future Research to Determine Its Role and Function, Steven A. Barker, 2018

N, N-Dimethyltryptamine (DMT), an Endogenous Hallucinogen : Past, Present, and Future Research to Determine Its Role and Function Steven A. Barker Frontiers in Neuroscience, 2018, 12, 536. doi: 10.3389/fnins.2018.00536   This report provides a historical overview of research concerning the endogenous hallucinogen N, N-dimethyltryptamine (DMT), focusing on data regarding its biosynthesis and metabolism in the brain and peripheral tissues, methods and results for DMT detection in body fluids and brain, new sites of action for DMT, and new data regarding its possible physiological and therapeutic roles. Research that further elaborates its consideration as a putative neurotransmitter is also addressed. Taking these studies together, the report [...]

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