Étiquette : NPS

Clinical and Toxicological Profile of NBOMes : A Systematic Review, Nino Cesar Marchi et al., 2019

Clinical and Toxicological Profile of NBOMes : A Systematic Review Nino Cesar Marchi, Juliana Nichterwitz Scherer, Letícia Schwanck Fara, Lysa Remy, Rafaela Ornel, Monique Reis, Amanda Zamboni, Mariana Paim, Taís Regina Fiorentin, Carlos Alberto Yasin Wayhs, Lisia Von Diemen, Flavio Pechansky, Felix Henrique Paim Kessler, Renata Pereira Limberger Psychosomatics, 2019 Mar - Apr, 60, (2), 129-138. doi : 10.1016/j.psym.2018.11.002   Background : NBOMes are a new class of potent hallucinogens widely present in illicit drugs. Little is known about this class of drugs, regarding its detection and clinical manifestations of intoxication. Objective : This study aims to enhance care involving NBOMes by reviewing the literature on their [...]

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Hallucinogen Persistent Perception Disorder Induced by New Psychoactive Substituted Phenethylamines; A Review with Illustrative Case, Cornel N. Stanciu and Thomas M. Penders, 2016.

Hallucinogen Persistent Perception Disorder Induced by New Psychoactive Substituted Phenethylamines; A Review with Illustrative Case Cornel N. Stanciu and Thomas M. Penders Current Psychiatry Reviews, 2016, Vol. 12, No. 2, 1-3. DOI: 10.2174/1573400512666160216234850   Abstract : Hallucinogen Persistent Perception Disorder (HPPD) is considered an “uncommon” disorder described in association with use of hallucinogens such as LSD, mescaline and psilocybin. Despite multiple mentions of persistence of visual disturbances reported by users on online forums, clinicians may not be aware of this complication. There have been few descriptions of HPPD in association with use of new psychoactive substances (such as 2C-E). Increasing use of these designer stimulants places [...]

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Legal highs : staying on top of the flood of novel psychoactive substances, David Baumeister et al., 2015

Legal highs : staying on top of the flood of novel psychoactive substances David Baumeister, Luis M. Tojo and Derek K. Tracy Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology, 2015, Vol. 5, (2), 97–132 DOI: 10.1177/2045125314559539   Abstract : There has been growing clinical, public, and media awareness and concern about the availability and potential harmfulness of so-called ‘legal highs’, which are more appropriately called new or novel psychoactive substances (NPS). A cat-and-mouse process has emerged wherein unknown chemists and laboratories are producing new, and as yet nonproscribed, compounds for human consumption; and as soon as they are banned, which they inevitably are, slightly modified analogues are produced to [...]

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The Relevance of Sex in the Association of Synthetic Cannabinoid Use With Psychosis and Agitation in an Inpatient Population, Anahita Bassir Nia et al., 2019

The Relevance of Sex in the Association of Synthetic Cannabinoid Use With Psychosis and Agitation in an Inpatient Population Anahita Bassir Nia, MD‡; Claire L. Mann, BA; Sharron Spriggs, MA; Daniel R. DeFrancisco, MD; Steven Carbonaro, MD; Lyla Parvez, MA; Igor I. Galynker, MD, PhD; Charles A. Perkel, MD; and Yasmin L. Hurd, PhD Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 2019, 80, (4), 18m12539 https://doi.org/10.4088/JCP.18m12539 Background : Current evidence suggests that women are more sensitive to the effects of cannabinoids. The aim of this study was to investigate the relevance of sex in the association of synthetic cannabinoid (SC) use with psychosis and agitation. Methods : A [...]

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The “Endless Trip” among the NPS Users : Psychopathology and Psychopharmacology in the Hallucinogen-Persisting Perception Disorder. A Systematic Review, Laura Orsolini et al., 2017

The “Endless Trip” among the NPS Users : Psychopathology and Psychopharmacology in the Hallucinogen-Persisting Perception Disorder. A Systematic Review Laura Orsolini, Gabriele Duccio Papanti, Domenico De Berardis, Amira Guirguis, John Martin Corkery and Fabrizio Schifano Frontiers in Psychiatry, 2017, Vol. 8, article 240 doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2017.00240   Hallucinogen-persisting perception disorder (HPPD) is a syndrome characterized by prolonged or reoccurring perceptual symptoms, reminiscent of acute hallucinogen effects. HPPD was associated with a broader range of LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide)-like substances, cannabis, methylenedioxy-methamphetamine (MDMA), psilocybin, mescaline, and psychostimulants. The recent emergence of novel psychoactive substances (NPS) posed a critical concern regarding the new onset of psychiatric symptoms/syndromes, including cases [...]

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Toujours plus avec la chimie psychédélique, Thibault Henneton, 2019

Toujours plus avec la chimie psychédélique par Thibault Henneton Manière de Voir (Le Monde Diplomatique), 2019, 163,   Fruits d’une inventivité chimique sans limites, les nouveaux produits de synthèse (NPS) se sont multipliés ces dix dernières années, notamment dans les milieux festifs alternatifs. Moins chers que la cocaïne, ils restent difficiles à cerner tant pour les autorités que pour les usagers, incapables d’en connaître à l’avance les effets véritables, dont certains mènent aux hôpitaux, désarmés pour les traiter. Akatre ///// « Djeff », 2018 Placés récemment sous les projecteurs, les nouveaux produits de synthèse (NPS) inonderaient le marché des stupéfiants. Dans son dernier rapport annuel, l’Observatoire français des [...]

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Use of new and uncommon synthetic psychoactive drugs among a nationally representative sample in the United States, 2005–2017, Joseph J. Palamar & Austin Le, 2019

Use of new and uncommon synthetic psychoactive drugs among a nationally representative sample in the United States, 2005–2017 Joseph J. Palamar & Austin Le Human Psychopharmacology Clinical and Experimental, 2019, e2690 DOI: 10.1002/hup.2690   Abstract Objectives : This study aims to examine patterns and first mentions of reported use of new or uncommon drugs across 13 years, among nationally representative samples in the United States. Methods : Participants (ages ≥12) in the National Surveys on Drug Use and Health (2005–2017, N = 730,418) were provided opportunities to type in names of new or uncommon drugs they had ever used that were not specifically queried. We examined self‐reported [...]

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Prevalence and epidemiological associates of novel psychedelic use in the United States adult population, James D Sexton et al., 2019

Prevalence and epidemiological associates of novel psychedelic use in the United States adult population James D. Sexton, Michael S. Crawford, Noah W. Sweat, Allyson Varley , Emma E. Green and Peter S. Hendricks Journal of Psychopharmacology, 1-10 DOI : 10.1177/0269881119827796 journals.sagepub.com/home/jopract Abstract Background : Novel psychedelics approximate classic psychedelics, but unlike classic psychedelics, novel psychedelics have been used by humans for a shorter period of time, with fewer data available on these substances. Aims : The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of novel psychedelic use and the associations of novel psychedelic use with mental health outcomes. Methods : We estimated the prevalence of self-reported, [...]

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Comparison of the behavioral effects of mescaline analogs using the head twitch response in mice, Adam L. Halberstadt et al., 2019

Comparison of the behavioral effects of mescaline analogs using the head twitch response in mice Adam L. Halberstadt, Muhammad Chatha, Stephen J. Chapman and Simon D. Brandt Journal of Psychopharmacology, 2019, 1 –9 DOI: 10.1177/0269881119826610 journals.sagepub.com/home/jop Abstract Background : In recent years, there has been increasing scientific interest in the effects and pharmacology of serotonergic hallucinogens. While a large amount of experimental work has been conducted to characterize the behavioral response to hallucinogens in rodents, there has been little systematic investigation of mescaline and its analogs. The hallucinogenic potency of mescaline is increased by α-methylation and by homologation of the 4-methoxy group but it not clear [...]

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Cannabis Use Disorder During the Perinatal Period, Martha L. Velez et al., 2019

Cannabis Use Disorder During the Perinatal Period Martha L. Velez, Chloe J. Jordan, and Lauren M. Jansson Chapter 17, in : I. D. Montoya, S. R. B. Weiss (eds.), Cannabis Use Disorders, 2019, © Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019 177 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-90365-1_17   Introduction Cannabis use in the perinatal period has been increasing in recent years, coincident with increasing legalization in the USA for medical or recreational purposes [1]. Marijuana is the most commonly used illicit drug during pregnancy [2], and among some populations, it is used more frequently than tobacco [3, 4]. Although the prevalence of cannabis use during pregnancy is difficult to ascertain with accuracy, [...]

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