Étiquette : expérience mystique

A Comparative Literature Survey of Psilocybin and LSD-25 Metabolism, Ian Joyce, 2017

A Comparative Literature Survey of Psilocybin and LSD-25 Metabolism Ian Joyce Capstone Project CHM 400 H Cal Poly Pomona, Winter 2017 | 1 - &ç   Psilocybin and lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD-25) are two of the most popular and well known psychedelic drugs. Although both of the compounds are currently illegal in the United States, a renewed interest has begun in recent years to examine and analyze these drugs for therapeutic use. This review analyzes the current research pertaining to the metabolism, biochemical pathways, receptor activity, biological signaling, physiological effects and the behavioral effects associated with both of these compounds. For psychedelic compounds to [...]

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Therapeutic Potential of Psychedelic Drugs, Justin Briglio, 2015

Therapeutic Potential of Psychedelic Drugs Justin Briglio University of Maine, 2015, 31 p.   Table of Contents Introduction......................................................................................................................................3 History of Psychedelic Research.....................................................................................................6 Recent Research...............................................................................................................................8 Neurobiology of Psychedelics.........................................................................................................9 Therapeutic Potential of Psilocybin...............................................................................................12 Therapeutic Potential of LSD........................................................................................................15 Therapeutic Potential of Ayahuasca..............................................................................................19 Therapeutic Potential of Ibogaine..................................................................................................22 Conclusion.....................................................................................................................................26 References......................................................................................................................................28 A psychedelic compound is a psychoactive drug whose main action is to alter perception and cognition. Psychedelics are distinctive from other psychoactive drugs in that they alter the mind, whereas opiates or stimulants alter the mood (Meyer & Quenzer, 2013). Psychedelics affect nature of consciousness itself and access otherwise unknown states of consciousness, as opposed to affecting the degree or extent of one's consciousness and inducing proverbial moods such as [...]

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Entheogens, Katie Givens Kime, 2018

Entheogens Katie Givens Kime Institute of Practical Theology, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland in D. A. Leeming (ed.), "Encyclopedia of Psychology and Religion", # Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018 Doi : 10.1007/978-3-642-27771-9_200181-1   Entheogen is a term coined in the late 1970s by a group of botanists and scholars which refers to any psychoactive agent which allows for “generating the divine within” (Ruck et al. 1979). Entheogens are psychedelic substances which, in adequate dosage under supportive conditions, are known to facilitate visionary, mystical, and/or spiritual experiences. Such substances include psilocybin, peyote, LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide), ibogaine, and ayahuasca. Typically of plant origin, entheogens are [...]

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Intensity of Mystical Experiences Occasioned by 5-MeO-DMT and Comparison With a Prior Psilocybin Study, Joseph Barsuglia et al., 2018

Intensity of Mystical Experiences Occasioned by 5-MeO-DMT and Comparison With a Prior Psilocybin Study Joseph Barsuglia, Alan K. Davis, Robert Palmer, Rafael Lancelotta, Austin-Marley Windham-Herman, Kristel Peterson, Martin Polanco, Robert Grant and Roland R. Griffiths Frontiers in Psychology, 2018, Vol 9, Article doi : 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02459   5-MeO-DMT is a psychoactive substance found in high concentrations in the bufotoxin of the Colorado River Toad (Bufo alvarius). Emerging evidence suggests that vaporized 5-MeO-DMT may occasion mystical experiences of comparable intensity to those occasioned by more widely studied psychedelics such as psilocybin, but no empirical study has tested this hypothesis. Data was obtained from 20 individuals (Mage = [...]

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Classic Hallucinogens and Mystical Experiences : Phenomenology and Neural Correlates, Frederick S. Barrett & Roland R. Griffiths, 2018

Classic Hallucinogens and Mystical Experiences : Phenomenology and Neural Correlates Frederick S. Barrett, Roland R. Griffiths Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences, 2018, 36, 393–430. doi : 10.1007/7854_2017_474   Abstract This chapter begins with a brief review of descriptions and definitions of mystical-type experiences and the historical connection between classic hallucinogens and mystical experiences. The chapter then explores the empirical literature on experiences with classic hallucinogens in which claims about mystical or religious experiences have been made. A psychometrically validated questionnaire is described for the reliable measurement of mystical-type experiences occasioned by classic hallucinogens. Controlled laboratory studies show that under double-blind conditions that provide significant controls for [...]

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Ayahuasca : l’importance du cadre et de l’intention lors de prise de psychédéliques, Jean-Charles Bernard, 2016

Ayahuasca : l’importance du cadre et de l’intention lors de prise de psychédéliques Jean-Charles Bernard Psychotropes, 2016, 2, Vol. 22, pages 81 à 100 ISSN 1245-2092, ISBN 9782807390485 Résumé : La boisson amazonienne ayahuasca génère de profonds états modifiés de conscience et s’ingère “traditionnellement” lors de rituels dans un but précis : apprentissage, guérison, divination… Le sens de l’expérience est consubstantiel au rituel dans la culture chamanique où l’accès au “monde-autre” appartient au champ des possibles. La globalisation de cette boisson a vu naître de nouveaux usages, tout d’abord dans les religions de l’ayahuasca au Brésil et dans les centres néo-psychothérapiques en Amérique du [...]

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Psychedelics and potential benefits in “healthy normals”: A review of the literature, Sam GANDY, 2019

Psychedelics and potential benefits in “healthy normals”: A review of the literature Sam GANDY Journal of Psychedelic Studies, 2019, 3, (3), 280–287. Doi : 10.1556/2054.2019.029   We are in the midst of a psychedelic research renaissance. With research examining the efficacy of psychedelics as a treatment for a range of mental health indications still in its early stages, there is an increasing body of research to show that careful use of psychedelics can yield a variety of benefits in “healthy normals” and so lead to “the betterment of well people.” Psychedelics have been found to modulate neuroplasticity, and usage in a supportive setting can result [...]

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A phenomenology of subjectively relevant experiences induced by ayahuasca in Upper Amazon vegetalismo tourism, Tom John Wolff et al., 2018

A phenomenology of subjectively relevant experiences induced by ayahuasca in Upper Amazon vegetalismo tourism Tom John Wolff, Simon Ruffell, Nigel Netzband and Torsten Passie Journal of Psychedelic Studies, 2018 Doi : 10.1556/2054.2019.007   Aims : This heuristic study reports observations on the phenomenology of ayahuasca experiences of nine foreign tourist participants of an ayahuasca retreat in Peru. Methods : Narrative interviews, reflecting individual experiences after ayahuasca “night ceremony,” have been analyzed by qualitative content analysis using a data-driven strategy in order to extract themes and categories inherent in the interviews. Previously, a demographic questionnaire was given. The dose–response connection was uncontrolled, which is typical for this [...]

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A Comparative Review of the Neuro- Psychopharmacology of Hallucinogen-Induced Altered States of Consciousness : The Uniqueness of Some Hallucinogens, Ümit Sayin, 2012

A Comparative Review of the Neuro- Psychopharmacology of Hallucinogen-Induced Altered States of Consciousness : The Uniqueness of Some Hallucinogens Ümit Sayin NeuroQuantology, June 2012, Volume 10, Issue 2,  316-340. eISSN 1303-5150   ABSTRACT Altered states of consciousness induced by hallucinogens (H-ASC) is still a vaguely understood phenomenon. Taken the diverse psychological effects they exert, the main mechanism of action of hallucinogens; LSD, ibogaine, THC, PCP, MDMA, methamphetamine, mescaline, psilocybin and DMT, of which psychological effects are discussed in the article, are not properly understood and explained by the modern methods of neuroscience due to the lack of vigorous research. The involvement of some receptors, such as, [...]

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The Religious Significance of Entheogenic Drugs, Hugh Asher,

The Religious Significance of Entheogenic Drugs Hugh Asher More Info: This is my unpublished Master's Dissertation.   Abstract This paper examines the use of psychoactive substances such as Psilocybin, Mescaline, and LSD as adjuncts to mystical, religious or spiritual experiences. There is an analysis of the psychological changes and the changes in perception that these substances cause and how these can be interpreted as contributing to religious or spiritual enlightenment. There is also a discussion on the nature of what could be considered a religious experience. An overview of the use of such ‘entheogenic’ drugs from an historical perspective follows, looking specifically at the use of [...]

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