Étiquette : essais cliniques

Effectiveness of Psilocybin on Depression : A Qualitative Study, Redhwan Ahmed Al-Naggar et al., 2021

Effectiveness of Psilocybin on Depression : A Qualitative Study Redhwan Ahmed Al-Naggar, Hisham Alshaikhli, Gwen Erlam Electronic Journal of General Medicine, 2021, 18, (3), em296. doi : 10.29333/ejgm/10862   ABSTRACT Introduction : Psilocybin mushroom use is well documented in spiritual and religious ceremonies globally. This drug is now the most popular in Europe and the USA. Objective : The objective of this study is to explore the experiences and effects of psilocybin on patients with depression and anxiety. Method : A qualitative study was conducted interviewing ten participants currently taking psilocybin while experiencing depression and/or anxiety. Ethical approval was obtained from the University ethics committee. Participants were recruited [...]

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Flashback phenomena after administration of LSD and psilocybin in controlled studies with healthy participants, Felix Müller et al., 2022

Flashback phenomena after administration of LSD and psilocybin in controlled studies with healthy participants Felix Müller, Elias Kraus, Friederike Holze, Anna Becker, Laura Ley, Yasmin Schmid, Patrick Vizeli, Matthias E. Liechti, Stefan Borgwardt Psychopharmacology, 2022, 1-11. doi : 10.1007/s00213-022-06066-z   Abstract Background : LSD and psilocybin are increasingly used in phase I trials and evaluated as therapeutic agents for mental disorders. The phenomenon of reoccurring drug-like experiences after the acute substance effects have worn off was described for both substances and especially attributed to LSD. According to the DSM-V, the persisting and distressing manifestation of these experiences is called hallucinogen-persisting perception disorder (HPPD). Data on both conditions [...]

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Psychedelic Therapy and Suicide: A Myth Busted ?, Megan Brooks, Medscape, 01/02/2022

Psychedelic Therapy and Suicide : A Myth Busted ? Megan Brooks Medscape Psychiatry, February 01, 2022 www.medscape.com/viewarticle/967669_print   A commonly held belief that classic psychedelic therapy can trigger suicidal thoughts, actions, or other types of self-harm is not supported by research, and, in fact, the opposite may be true. Results from a meta-analysis of individual patient data showed that psychedelic therapy was associated with large, acute, and sustained decreases in suicidality across a range of clinical patient populations. "This is the first analysis to synthesize suicidality outcome data from recent clinical trials with psychedelics. It gives us a better understanding of the effects of psychedelics on suicidality in the [...]

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The neurobiology of psychedelic drugs : implications for the treatment of mood disorders, Franz X. Vollenweider and Michael Kometer, 2010

The neurobiology of psychedelic drugs : implications for the treatment of mood disorders Franz X. Vollenweider and Michael Kometer Perspectives, www.nature.com, 2010, 11, 642-651.   Abstract After a pause of nearly 40 years in research into the effects of psychedelic drugs, recent advances in our understanding of the neurobiology of psychedelics, such as lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD), psilocybin and ketamine have led to renewed interest in the clinical potential of psychedelics in the treatment of various psychiatric disorders. Recent behavioural and neuroimaging data show that psychedelics modulate neural circuits that have been implicated in mood and affective disorders, and can reduce the clinical symptoms of [...]

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Hallucinogens in Mental Health : Preclinical and Clinical Studies on LSD, Psilocybin, MDMA, and Ketamine, Danilo De Gregorio et al., 2021

Hallucinogens in Mental Health : Preclinical and Clinical Studies on LSD, Psilocybin, MDMA, and Ketamine Danilo De Gregorio, Argel Aguilar-Valles, Katrin H. Preller, Boris Dov Heifets, Meghan Hibicke, Jennifer Mitchell, and Gabriella Gobbi The Journal of Neuroscience,  2021, 41 (5), 891–900. Doi :10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1659-20.2020   A revamped interest in the study of hallucinogens has recently emerged, especially with regard to their potential application in the treatment of psychiatric disorders. In the last decade, a plethora of preclinical and clinical studies have confirmed the efficacy of ketamine in the treatment of depression. More recently, emerging evidence has pointed out the potential therapeutic properties of psilocybin and LSD, as well as [...]

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Future Directions for Clinical Psychedelic Research : The Relaxed Symptom Network, Evan Lewis-Healey et al., 2021

Future Directions for Clinical Psychedelic Research : The Relaxed Symptom Network Evan Lewis-Healey, Ruben Laukkonen , Michiel van Elk Pre-Print, May 2021 Doi : 10.31234/osf.io/q3ymd Abstract Recent clinical trials have demonstrated that psilocybin may have strong antidepressant effects, and may be effective in the treatment of depressive disorders when embedded in a psychotherapeutic protocol (psychedelic-assisted psychotherapy; PAP). There are now dozens of registered and ongoing clinical trials that intend to test for the efficacy of psilocybin within a psychotherapeutic protocol. Despite promising results, the mechanism(s) that may be responsible for the antidepressant effects of PAP are still hotly contested. In this paper, we provide a [...]

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Cannabis and cannabinoid use in autism spectrum disorder : a systematic review, Estácio Amaro da Silva Junior et al., 2021

Cannabis and cannabinoid use in autism spectrum disorder : a systematic review Estácio Amaro da Silva Junior, Wandersonia Moreira Brito Medeiros, Nelson Torro, João Marçal Medeiros de Sousa, Igor Bronzeado Cahino Moura de Almeida, Filipe Barbosa da Costa, Katiúscia Moreira Pontes, Eliane Lima Guerra Nunes, Marine Diniz da Rosa, Katy Lísias Gondim Dias de Albuquerque Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, 2021, 1-10. Doi : 10.47626/2237-6089-2020-0149 Abstract Introduction : Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by persistent deficits in social communication and social interaction, associated with the presence of restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, or activities. Cannabis has been used to alleviate [...]

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Bibliographie : Kétamine, Dr Christian Sueur, GRECC, mai 2021

Bibliographie : Kétamine Dr Christian Sueur, GRECC, (mai 2021)   Kétamine en Psychiatrie : 1 - 3 Usages thérapeutiques en médecine psychédélique : 4 Kétamine et psychose : 5 - 6 Kétamine et traitement de la dépression : 7 - 20 Kétamine et prise en charge de l’idéation suicidaire : 21 - 22 Kétamine et traitement de la dépression chez les enfants et adolescents : 23 - 24 Kétamine et prise en charge des troubles psychotraumatiques (PTSD) : 25 - 27 Ketamine et addictions : 28 - 29 Kétamine et sevrage des opiacés : 30 Kétamine et prise en charge de la douleur : 31 - 32 Kétamine et prise en charge de [...]

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Cannabidiol Adverse Effects and Toxicity, Marilyn A. Huestis et al., 2019

Cannabidiol Adverse Effects and Toxicity Marilyn A. Huestis, Renata Solimini, Simona Pichini, Roberta Pacifici, Jeremy Carlier and Francesco Paolo Busardò Current Neuropharmacology, 2019, 17, 974-989 Doi : 10.2174/1570159XI7666190603171901 Abstract : Background : Currently, there is a great interest in the potential medical use of cannabidiol (CBD), a non-intoxicating cannabinoid. Productive pharmacological research on CBD occurred in the 1970s and intensified recently with many discoveries about the endocannabinoid system. Multiple preclinical and clinical studies led to FDA-approval of Epidiolex®, a purified CBD medicine formulated for oral administration for the treatment of infantile refractory epileptic syndromes, by the US Food and Drug Administration in 2018. The World [...]

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Clinical and Preclinical Evidence for Functional Interactions of Cannabidiol and Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol, Douglas L Boggs et al., 2018

Clinical and Preclinical Evidence for Functional Interactions of Cannabidiol and Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol Douglas L Boggs, Jacques D Nguyen, Daralyn Morgenson, Michael A Taffe and Mohini Ranganathan Neuropsychopharmacology Reviews, 2018, 43, 142–154. doi : 10.1038/npp.2017.209; The plant Cannabis sativa, commonly called cannabis or marijuana, has been used for its psychotropic and mind-altering side effects for millennia. There has been growing attention in recent years on its potential therapeutic efficacy as municipalities and legislative bodies in the United States, Canada, and other countries grapple with enacting policy to facilitate the use of cannabis or its constituents for medical purposes. There are 4550 chemical compounds and 4100 phytocannabinoids [...]

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