Étiquette : efficacité

Psychedelics and Psychedelic-Assisted Psychotherapy, Collin M. Reiff et al., 2019

Psychedelics and Psychedelic-Assisted Psychotherapy Collin M. Reiff, M.D., Elon E. Richman, M.D., Charles B. Nemeroff, M.D., Ph.D., Linda L. Carpenter, M.D., Alik S. Widge, M.D., Ph.D., Carolyn I. Rodriguez, M.D., Ph.D., Ned H. Kalin, M.D., William M. McDonald, M.D., and the Work Group on Biomarkers and Novel Treatments, a Division of the American Psychiatric Association Council of Research AJP in Advance, 2019, 1-20. doi: 10.1176/appi.ajp.2019.19010035   Objective : The authors provide an evidenced-based summary of the literature on the clinical application of psychedelic drugs in psychiatric disorders. Methods : Searches of PubMed and PsycINFO via Ovid were conducted for articles in English, in peer-reviewed journals, reportingon“psilocybin,” [...]

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Posttraumatic Growth After MDMA-Assisted Psychotherapy for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Ingmar Gorman et al., 2020

Posttraumatic Growth After MDMA-Assisted Psychotherapy for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Ingmar Gorman, Alexander B. Belser, Lisa Jerome, Colin Hennigan, Ben Shechet, Scott Hamilton, Berra Yazar-Klosinski, Amy Emerson, and Allison A. Feduccia Journal of Traumatic Stress, 2020, 1-10. Doi : 10.1002/jts.22479   3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA)–assisted psychotherapy for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been shown to significantly reduce clinical symptomatology, but posttraumatic growth (PTG), which consists of positive changes in self-perception, interpersonal relationships, or philosophy of life, has not been studied with this treatment. Participant data (n = 60) were pooled from three Phase 2 clinical studies employing triple-blind crossover designs. Participants were required to meet DSM-IV-R criteria for [...]

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Cannabis for pediatric epilepsy : protocol for a living systematic review, Jesse Elliott et al., 2018

Cannabis for pediatric epilepsy : protocol for a living systematic review Jesse Elliott, Deirdre DeJean, Tammy Clifford, Doug Coyle, Beth Potter, Becky Skidmore, Christine Alexander, Alexander E. Repetski, Bláthnaid McCoy and George A. Wells Systematic Reviews, 2018, 7, 95 doi : 10.1186/s13643-018-0761-2   Abstract Background : Pediatric epilepsy, including treatment-resistant forms, has a major effect on the quality of life, morbidity, and mortality of affected children. Interest has been growing in the use of medical cannabis as a treatment for pediatric epilepsy, yet there has been no comprehensive review of the benefits and harms of cannabis use in this population. In this systematic review, we will [...]

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Cannabinoids in Pain Management and Palliative Medicine, Winfried Häuser et al., 2017

Cannabinoids in Pain Management and Palliative Medicine An Overview of Systematic Reviews and Prospective Observational Studies Winfried Häuser, Mary-Ann Fitzcharles, Lukas Radbruch, Frank Petzke The Deutsches Ärzteblatt International,  2017, 114, 627–634. Doi : 10.3238/arztebl.2017.0627   SUMMARY Background : There are conflicting interpretations of the evidence regarding the efficacy, tolerability, and safety of cannabinoids in pain management and palliative medicine. Methods : We conducted a systematic review (SR) of systematic reviews of randomized controlled trials (RCT) and prospective long-term observational studies of the use of cannabinoids in pain management and palliative medicine. Pertinent publications from January 2009 to January 2017 were retrieved by a selective search in the Cochrane [...]

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Psilocybin-Assisted Therapy : A Review of a Novel Treatment for Psychiatric Disorders, Kelan Thomas et al., 2017

Psilocybin-Assisted Therapy : A Review of a Novel Treatment for Psychiatric Disorders Kelan Thomas, Pharm.D., M.S., Benjamin Malcolm, Pharm.D., M.P.H., and Dan Lastra, B.S. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, 2017 Doi : 10.1080/02791072.2017.1320734   Abstract Recent research suggests that functional connectivity changes may be involved in the pathophysiology of psychiatric disorders. Hyperconnectivity in the default mode network has been associated with psycho-pathology, but psychedelic serotonin agonists like psilocybin may profoundly disrupt these dysfunctional neural network circuits and provide a novel treatment for psychiatric disorders. We have reviewed the current literature to investigate the efficacy and safety of psilocybin-assisted therapy for the treatment of psychiatric disorders. There were [...]

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A Physician’s Guide to the Cannabidiol Craze, Angela Coombs & Diana M. Martinez, 2013

COMMENTARY A Physician's Guide to the Cannabidiol Craze Angela Coombs, MD; Diana M. Martinez, MD Medscape, May 31, 2019 Last month at the Columbia University Department of Psychiatry in upper Manhattan, Columbia chief psychiatry resident Dr Angela Coombs interviewed addiction expert Dr Diana Martinez on a number of issues related to the rising popularity and usage of cannabidiol (CBD). This transcript has been edited for clarity.   Angela Coombs, MD: Hi. My name is Dr Angela Coombs and I'm a chief resident here at Columbia. We are so happy to be able to have Dr Diana Martinez, who's a professor in psychiatry at Columbia and an expert [...]

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Patient Experiences of Psilocybin-Assisted Psychotherapy : An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis, Alexander B. Belser et al., 2017

Patient Experiences of Psilocybin-Assisted Psychotherapy : An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis Alexander B. Belser, Gabrielle Agin-Liebes, T. Cody Swift, Sara Terrana, Neşe Devenot, Harris L. Friedman, Jeffrey Guss, Anthony Bossis and Stephen Ross Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 2017, 1 –35 Doi : 10.1177/0022167817706884 journals.sagepub.com/home/jhp   Abstract The psychological mechanisms of action involved in psilocybin-assisted psychotherapy are not yet well understood. Despite a resurgence of quantitative research regarding psilocybin, the current study is the first qualitative study of participant experiences in psilocybin-assisted psychotherapy. Semistructured interviews were carried out with 13 adult participants aged 22 to 69 years (M = 50 years) with clinically elevated anxiety associated with a cancer [...]

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Evaluation of the effects of CBD hemp extract on opioid use and quality of life indicators in chronic pain patients : a prospective cohort study, Alex Capano et al., 2019

Evaluation of the effects of CBD hemp extract on opioid use and quality of life indicators in chronic pain patients : a prospective cohort study Alex Capano, Richard Weaver & Elisa Burkman Postgraduate Medicine, 2019, © 2019 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. Doi : 10.1080/00325481.2019.1685298   ABSTRACT Context : Chronic pain is highly prevalent in most of the industrialized nations around the world. Despite the documented adverse effects, opioids are widely used for pain management. Cannabinoids, and specifically Cannabidiol, is proposed as an opioid alternative, having comparable efficacy with better safety profile. Objectives : We aim to investigate the impact [...]

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Effects of CBD-Enriched Cannabis sativa Extract on Autism Spectrum Disorder Symptoms : An Observational Study of 18 Participants Undergoing Compassionate Use, Paulo Fleury-Teixeira et al., 2019

Effects of CBD-Enriched Cannabis sativa Extract on Autism Spectrum Disorder Symptoms : An Observational Study of 18 Participants Undergoing Compassionate Use Paulo Fleury-Teixeira, Fabio Viegas Caixeta, Leandro Cruz Ramires da Silva, Joaquim Pereira Brasil-Neto and Renato Malcher-Lopes Frontiers in Neurology, October 2019, Volume 10, Article 1145 doi : 10.3389/fneur.2019.01145   Autism Spectrum Disorders comprise conditions that may affect cognitive development, motor skills, social interaction, communication, and behavior. This set of functional deficits often results in lack of independence for the diagnosed individuals, and severe distress for patients, families, and caregivers. There is a mounting body of evidence indicating the effectiveness of pure cannabidiol (CBD) and [...]

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Medical use of cannabis products. Lessons to be learned from Israel and Canada, Jacob Ablin et al., 2016

Medical use of cannabis products. Lessons to be learned from Israel and Canada J. Ablin, P.A. Ste-Marie, M. Schäfer, W. Häuser, M.-A. Fitzcharles Der Schmerz, 2016, 1-10 DOI 10.1007/s00482-015-0083-4 © Deutsche Schmerzgesellschaft e.V. Published by Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg - all rights reserved 2015   Abstract Introduction : The German government intends to reduce the barriers for the medical use of cannabis products. A discussion on the indications and contraindications of the medical use of cannabis and on the changes of the regulatory framework has already begun in Germany. It is useful to draw from the experiences of other countries with a more liberal medical use of cannabis. Methods [...]

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